Publications by authors named "Michał Sulik"

4 Publications

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Single and double modified salinomycin analogs target stem-like cells in 2D and 3D breast cancer models.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jun 12;141:111815. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, United States.

Breast cancer remains one of the leading cancers among women. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are tumor-initiating cells which drive progression, metastasis, and reoccurrence of the disease. CSCs are resistant to conventional chemo- and radio-therapies and their ability to survive such treatment enables tumor reestablishment. Metastasis is the main cause of mortality in women with breast cancer, thus advances in treatment will depend on therapeutic strategies targeting CSCs. Salinomycin (SAL) is a naturally occurring polyether ionophore antibiotic known for its anticancer activity towards several types of tumor cells. In the present work, a library of 17 C1-single and C1/C20-double modified SAL analogs was screened to identify compounds with improved activity against breast CSCs. Six single- and two double-modified analogs were more potent (IC range of 1.1 ± 0.1-1.4 ± 0.2 µM) toward the breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 compared to SAL (IC of 4.9 ± 1.6 µM). Double-modified compound 17 was found to be more efficacious than SAL against the majority of cancer cell lines in the NCI-60 Human Tumor Cell Line Panel. Compound 17 was more potent than SAL in inhibiting cell migration and cell renewal properties of MDA-MB-231 cells, as well as inducing selective loss of the CD44/CD24 stem-cell-like subpopulation in both monolayer (2D) and organoid (3D) culture. The present findings highlight the therapeutic potential of SAL analogs towards breast CSCs and identify select compounds that merit further study and clinical development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2021.111815DOI Listing
June 2021

Synthesis and Anticancer Activity of Dimeric Polyether Ionophores.

Biomolecules 2020 07 12;10(7). Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Department of Medical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University, Uniwersytetu Poznańskiego 8, 61-614 Poznań, Poland.

Polyether ionophores represent a group of natural lipid-soluble biomolecules with a broad spectrum of bioactivity, ranging from antibacterial to anticancer activity. Three seem to be particularly interesting in this context, namely lasalocid acid, monensin, and salinomycin, as they are able to selectively target cancer cells of various origin including cancer stem cells. Due to their potent biological activity and abundant availability, some research groups around the world have successfully followed semi-synthetic approaches to generate original derivatives of ionophores. However, a definitely less explored avenue is the synthesis and functional evaluation of their multivalent structures. Thus, in this paper, we describe the synthetic access to a series of original homo- and heterodimers of polyether ionophores, in which (i) two salinomycin molecules are joined through triazole linkers, or (ii) salinomycin is combined with lasalocid acid, monensin, or betulinic acid partners to form 'mixed' dimeric structures. Of note, all 11 products were tested in vitro for their antiproliferative activity against a panel of six cancer cell lines including the doxorubicin resistant colon adenocarcinoma LoVo/DX cell line; five dimers (-, - and ) were identified to be more potent than the reference agents (i.e., both parent compound(s) and commonly used cytostatic drugs) in selective targeting of various types of cancer. Dimers and were also found to effectively overcome the resistance of the LoVo/DX cancer cell line.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biom10071039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7408349PMC
July 2020

Antibacterial activity of singly and doubly modified salinomycin derivatives.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2020 05 24;30(9):127062. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Medical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University, Uniwersytetu Poznańskiego 8, 61-614 Poznań, Poland. Electronic address:

The increasing challenge of antibiotic resistance stimulates the search for novel antibacterial agents, especially such that would be effective against multi-drug resistant bacterial strains. Fortunately, natural compounds are excellent sources of potentially new drug leads. Particularly interesting in this context are polyether antibiotic salinomycin (SAL) and its semi-synthetic derivatives, as they exhibit large spectrum of bioactivity. We synthesized and evaluated the antibacterial activity of a series of SAL analogs; four singly (2-3, 15, 17) and two doubly modified (16, 18) derivatives were found to show excellent inhibitory activity not only against planktonic Gram(+) bacterial cells, but also towards select strains of methicillin-resistant staphylococci with the MIC values of 1-4 µg mL. Of note, the most promising candidates were more effective in preventing bacterial biofilm formation than unmodified SAL and a commonly used antibiotic - ciprofloxacin. Furthermore, we proved that rational modification of C20 hydroxyl of SAL may reduce genotoxic properties of the obtained analogs. Mechanistically, the structure-activity relationship studies suggested that electroneutral transport mechanism could be beneficial in terms of ensuring high antibacterial activity of SAL derivatives.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2020.127062DOI Listing
May 2020

Anti-trypanosomal activity of doubly modified salinomycin derivatives.

Eur J Med Chem 2019 Jul 3;173:90-98. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89b, 61‒614, Poznań, Poland.

As a group of biologically active compounds, polyether antibiotics (ionophores) show a broad spectrum of interesting pharmacological properties, ranging from anti-bacterial to anti-cancer activities. There is increasing evidence that ionophores, including salinomycin (SAL), and their semi-synthetic analogues are promising candidates for the development of drugs against parasitic diseases. Our previous studies have shown that esterification and amidation of the C1 carboxylate moiety of SAL provides compounds with potent activity against Trypanosoma brucei, protozoan parasites responsible for African trypanosomiasis. In this paper, we present the synthetic pathways, crystal structures and anti-trypanosomal activity of C1 esters, amides and hydroxamic acid conjugates of SAL, its C20-oxo and propargylamine analogues as well novel C1/C20 doubly modified derivatives. Evaluation of the trypanocidal and cytotoxic activity using bloodstream forms of T. brucei and human myeloid HL-60 cells revealed that the single-modified C20-oxo and propargylamine precursor molecules 10 and 16 were the most anti-trypanosomal and selective compounds with 50% growth inhibition (GI) values of 0.037 and 0.035 μM, and selectivity indices of 252 and 300, respectively. Also the salicylhydroxamic acid conjugate of SAL (compound 9) as well as benzhydroxamic acid and salicylhydroxamic acid conjugates of 10 (compounds 11 and 12) showed promising trypanocidal activities with GI values between 0.032 and 0.035 μM but less favorable selectivities. The findings confirm that modification of SAL can result in derivatives with improved trypanocidal activity that might be interesting lead compounds for further anti-trypanosomal drug development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2019.03.061DOI Listing
July 2019