Publications by authors named "Michaël Torfs"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Life threatening abscess in the visceral space with penicillin and metronidazole resistant Prevotella Denticola following use of a laryngeal mask airway: case report.

BMC Anesthesiol 2021 Apr 5;21(1):102. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Head of the department Nose Throat Ear surgery, University hospital Antwerp, Drie Eikenstraat 655, 2650, Edegem, Belgium.

Background: Laryngeal mask airways (LMA) are commonly used for airway management. Complications with this device are rare. However, when they do occur, there is a high risk for respiratory problems, necessitating early diagnosis and treatment. We present the first case of a life-threatening abscess spreading in the visceral space caused by a penicillin and metronidazole resistant Prevotella Denticola after the use of an LMA.

Case Presentation: A female patient was admitted to our day care centre for bunion surgery. A single use LMA size 3 (Solus®, intersurgical, Wokingham, Berkshire, United Kingdom) was successfully inserted. After surgery, the patient complained of a sore throat and amoxicillin was prescribed by the general practitioner. Three days after surgery the patient was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for obstructive breathing, due to an abscess in the visceral space. Retropharyngeal and certainly parapharyngeal abscesses in adults are already rare. This case however, is unique because it is the first case of abscess spreading into the visceral space after the use of an LMA. Amoxicillin/clavulanate and vancomycin were started. The abscess was incised 5 days later and microbiology showed 3 positive cultures of the anaerobe Prevotella denticola, resistant for penicillin and metronidazole, but sensitive for amoxicillin/clavulanate. The patient fully recovered.

Conclusion: LMA's are easy to use and are established, safe tools to support ventilation of the airway. In this case, the authors hypothesise a small wound in the lateral pharyngeal wall probably created an opening into the visceral space causing infection with Prevotella denticola, supporting the idea that the pharyngeal mucosal space must be part of the visceral space. Additionally, early recognition and treatment of an LMA induced abscess is necessary to prevent evolution of complications leading to airway obstruction.
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April 2021

Diffusion tensor imaging of the anterior cruciate ligament graft.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2017 11 14;46(5):1423-1432. Epub 2017 Feb 14.

Imec/Vision Lab, Department of Physics, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium.

Purpose: A great need exists for objective biomarkers to assess graft healing following ACL reconstruction to guide the time of return to sports. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and reliability of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to delineate the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft and to investigate its diffusion properties using a clinical 3T scanner.

Materials And Methods: DTI of the knee (b = 0, 400, and 800 s/mm , 10 diffusion directions, repeated 16 times for a total of 336 diffusion-weighted volumes) was performed at 3T in 17 patients between 3 and 7 months (mean, 4 months) following ACL reconstruction. Tractography was performed by two independent observers to delineate the ACL graft. Fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity (RD) were calculated within the graft. Interrater reliability was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and the scan-rescan reproducibility was evaluated based on the percentage coefficient of variance (%CV) across 20 repetition bootknife samples.

Results: In all subjects, tractography of the ACL graft was feasible. Quantitative evaluation of the diffusion properties of the ACL graft yielded the following mean ± SD values: FA = 0.23 ± 0.04; MD = 1.30 ± 0.11 × 10 mm /s; AD = 1.61 ± 0.12 × 10 mm /s, and RD = 1.15 ± 0.11 × 10 mm /s. Interrater reliability for the DTI parameters was excellent (ICC = 0.91-0.98). Mean %CVs for FA, MD, AD, and RD were 4.6%, 3.5%, 3.7%, and 4.4%, respectively.

Conclusion: We demonstrated the feasibility and reliability of DTI for the visualization and quantitative evaluation of the ACL graft at 3T.

Level Of Evidence: 3 Technical Efficacy: Stage 1 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2017;46:1423-1432.
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November 2017

A Curious Case of Acute Myocardial Calcifications.

Circulation 2016 Mar;133(10):e426-7

From Departments of Radiology (M.T., R.S., B.C., P.M.P.), Cardiology (P.V.H.), and Intensive Care (D.R.), Antwerp University Hospital, Belgium.

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March 2016