Publications by authors named "Mian-Shin Tan"

15 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Decreased Ambient Oxygen Tension Alters the Expression of Endothelin-1, iNOS and cGMP in Rat Alveolar Macrophages.

Int J Med Sci 2019 28;16(3):443-449. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Hypoxia plays an important role in the vascular tone of pulmonary circulation via the vasculature and parenchymal tissue. Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictive peptide, plays a role in inflammation in mononuclear cells. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS), which generates nitric oxide (NO)/cyclic 3', 5'-monophosphate (cGMP), is coexpressed with ET-1 in many cell types. The aim of this study was to assess whether hypoxia induces the production of ET-1 and associated expression of NOS, NO/cGMP and chemokines in rat alveolar macrophages (AMs). NR8383 cells were cultured under hypoxic (1% oxygen) conditions for 0, 2, 4, 8 and 12 hours. Levels of ET-1, inducible NOS (iNOS), phosphorylated iNOS (p-iNOS), nitrite/nitrate (NOx), cGMP and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) were measured. ET-1, p-iNOS, NOx, and cGMP increased significantly in AMs after 4 hours of hypoxia (p < 0.05). ET-1 and MCP-1 mRNA increased after 8 hours (p < 0.05). The protein expression of ET-1, MCP-1, and p-iNOS increased in a time-dependent manner, while iNOS expression decreased with time. The changes in ET-1, p-iNOS, and the NO/cGMP pathway in AMs may help elucidate the mechanisms in the hypoxic lung. Understanding changes in the endothelin axis in hypoxic AMs is a crucial first step to unravel its role in pulmonary circulation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/ijms.28353DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428981PMC
July 2019

Mitochondrial Genetic Diversity of the Freshwater Snail Melanoides tuberculata.

Biochem Genet 2019 Apr 26;57(2):323-337. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Biology, The Affiliated School of National Tainan First Senior High School, Tainan, 701, Taiwan.

According to geological history, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo formed at different times and were once connected during Quaternary glaciations. To determine how this history has influenced phylogeography, our study examined the population genetic structure of the tropical freshwater gastropod Melanoides tuberculata across Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo using the sequences from mitochondrial DNA 16S rRNA and cytochrome oxidase subunit I genes (1168 bp). In total, 104 specimens were collected from seventeen populations. All mtDNA haplotypes were identified as belonging to two highly divergent lineages, and these lineages were almost allopatric in their distributions. Our study found that the freshwater fauna in Malaysia might be divided into four regions: northeast Peninsular Malaysia, northwest Peninsular Malaysia, south Peninsular Malaysia, and Borneo. The phylogeography of M. tuberculata in Malaysia was shaped by the landforms of Peninsular Malaysia and by the paleo-river systems in the Sunda continental shelf. In addition, our study found that these two lineages in Malaysia have invaded the globe. These results suggest that Malaysia is located in important shipping lanes throughout the world, and the populations of M. tuberculate might be widely distributed throughout the world by shipping.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10528-018-9892-3DOI Listing
April 2019

Statins ameliorate pulmonary hypertension secondary to left ventricular dysfunction through the Rho-kinase pathway and NADPH oxidase.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2017 04 28;52(4):443-457. Epub 2016 Dec 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Sun-Ming District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a devastating disorder, for which no therapy is curative. It has been reported that pulmonary vascular remodeling, associated with increasing mean pulmonary arterial pressure and upregulated expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), endothelin-1 (ET-1), RhoA/RhoH-kinase results in the development of PH. Oxidative stress and the RhoA/Rho-kinase pathway are also thought to be involved in the pathophysiology of PH. Statins are 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors) with pleiotropic effects and are potential agents for the treatment of PH. In this study, we investigated the beneficial effects of simvastatin on the development of PH secondary to left ventricular dysfunction.

Methods: A PH secondary to left ventricular dysfunction model was established in 6-week-old aortic-banded rats. The pulmonary expression of Rho kinase, ET-1, eNOS, p-eNOS, nitrite/nitrate (NOx), cGMP, p47 , and p67 were investigated in the early-treatment group, to which was administered simvastatin (30 mg/kg/day) from days 1 to 42 or the late-treatment group, to which was administered simvastatin (30 mg/kg/day) from days 29 to 42.

Results: Simvastatin attenuated the mean pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary arteriolar remodeling, plasma brain natriuretic peptide, ET-1, reactive oxygen species, and the NADPH oxidase 2 regulatory subunits, p47 and p67 , and upregulated pulmonary p-eNOS, NOx, and cGMP in both the early- and late-treated groups.

Conclusions: Inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase may have therapeutic potential for preventing and attenuating the development of PH in left ventricular dysfunction through the Rho-kinase pathway and NADPH oxidase. A translational study in humans is needed to substantiate these findings. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2017;52:443-457. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.23610DOI Listing
April 2017

Origins of Semisulcospira libertina (gastropoda: semisulcospiridae) in Taiwan.

Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal 2017 07 8;28(4):518-525. Epub 2016 Mar 8.

f Department of Biology, The Affiliated School of National Tainan First Senior High School , Tainan , Taiwan.

The most accepted hypothesis has suggested that the fauna in Taiwan Island originated from South China, but some studies supported the Japan, Ryukyu Archipelago, and Taiwan Islands as a unique biogeographical district. This study examines whether the populations of freshwater snail Semisulcospira libertina in Taiwan are closer to those in Japan based on the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene sequences. Our study shows the populations in North Taiwan originated from Japan and the cyclic glacial caused the migrations among islands and continent repeatedly; the populations in South Taiwan might originate from South China or South Asia. Our results will not only affect the conclusions in phylogeography of freshwater species in Taiwan but also change the sampling plans in the future studies about evolutionary of freshwater species in East Asia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/24701394.2016.1149823DOI Listing
July 2017

Mitochondrial DNA phylogeography of Semisulcospira libertina (Gastropoda: Cerithioidea: Pleuroceridae): implications the history of landform changes in Taiwan.

Mol Biol Rep 2014 Jun 1;41(6):3733-43. Epub 2014 Mar 1.

Department of Industrial Management, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan.

The mitochondrial DNA cytochrome c oxidase subunit I sequences from 95 specimens of Semisulcospira libertina in Taiwan were identified as two major phylogroups, exhibiting a southern and northern distribution, north of Formosa Bank and south of Miaoli Plateau. The genetic distance between these two phylogroups was 12.20%, and the distances within-phylogroups were 4.97 and 5.56%. According to a molecular clock of 1.56% per lineage per million years, the divergence time between these two major phylogroups was estimated at 4.94 million years ago (mya), with the two phylogroups forming at 3.64 and 3.75 mya, respectively. Moreover, the geological events have suggested that Taiwan Island emerged above sea level at 4-5 mya, and became its present shape at 2 mya. These results suggested that these two phylogroups might originate from two independent ancestral populations or divergent before colonizing Taiwan. Within South phylogroup, the initial colonization was hypothesized to be in Kaoping River (WT), followed by its northward. The high divergence between south- and north of WT River was influenced by the formation of the Kaoping foreland basins. Within North phylogroup, the colonization was from central sub-region through paleo-Miaoli Plateau to northern and northeastern sub-regions. This study showed that the landform changes might have shaped the genetic structure of S. libertina in concert. Apparently, two cryptic species or five different genetic stocks of S. libertina could be identified; these results are useful for the evaluation and conservation of S. libertina in Taiwan.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-014-3238-yDOI Listing
June 2014

Phylogeography and genetic differentiation among populations of the Moon Turban Snail Lunella granulata Gmelin, 1791 (Gastropoda: Turbinidae).

Int J Mol Sci 2013 Apr 25;14(5):9062-79. Epub 2013 Apr 25.

National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium, Checheng, Pingtung 944, Taiwan.

We examined the genetic variation and phylogeographic relationships among 10 populations of Lunella granulata from mainland China, Penghu Archipelago, Taiwan Island, and Japan using mitochondrial COI and 16S markers. A total of 45 haplotypes were obtained in 112 specimens, and relatively high levels of haplotype diversity (h = 0.903) and low levels of nucleotide diversity (π = 0.0046) were detected. Four major phylogenetic lineage clusters were revealed and were concordant with their geographic distribution, agreeing with the haplotype network. These results suggested that geographic barrier isolating effects were occurring among the populations. This hypothesis was also supported by a significant genetic differentiation index (FST = 0.709) and by a spatial analysis of molecular variance (SAMOVA) analysis. A mismatch distribution analysis, neutrality tests and Bayesian skyline plots found a single significant population expansion. This expansion occurred on the coast of mainland China before 20-17 ka. Consequently, although the dispersal ability of the planktonic stage and the circulation of ocean currents generally promote genetic exchanges among populations, L. granulata has tended to maintain distinct genetic groups that reflect the respective geographic origins of the constituent lineages. Although the circulation of ocean currents, in principle, may still play a role in determining the genetic composition of populations, long-distance migration between regions is difficult even at the planktonic stage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms14059062DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3676773PMC
April 2013

Attenuation of pulmonary hypertension secondary to left ventricular dysfunction in the rat by Rho-kinase inhibitor fasudil.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2011 Jan 17;46(1):45-59. Epub 2010 Aug 17.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) in left ventricular dysfunction is attributable not only to backward failure of the left ventricle, but also to increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) in some patients. Recently, Rho-kinase has been known as a potent growth stimulator and mediator of vasoconstriction, and Rho-kinase inhibitors could ameliorate PVR, little is known about the role of Rho-kinase in left ventricular dysfunction-induced PH. We utilized the ascending aortic-banded rat and assessed the effect of Rho-kinase inhibitor fasudil on the development of PH secondary to left ventricular dysfunction. Subsequently, in rats subjected to aortic banding for 6 weeks, there were increases in mean pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary arteriolar medial thickness, active RhoA, Rho-kinase II, Rho-kinase activity, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and endothelin-1(ET-1) concomitant with decreased levels in NO and cGMP in the lung. Treatment with fasudil at a dose of 30 mg/kg/day from days 1 to 28 or from days 29 to 42 decreased the mean pulmonary arterial pressure by 57% and 56%, right ventricular hypertrophy by 31% and 30%, pulmonary arteriolar medial thickness by 50% and 50%, and pulmonary expression of Rho-kinase II by 41% and 28%, respectively, as well as augmented pulmonary expression of eNOS by 16% and 31% and NO by 50% and 76%, respectively, when compared with the vehicle controls. In conclusion, these results suggest that inhibition of Rho-kinase may provide therapeutic potential for preventing and attenuating the development of PH in left ventricular dysfunction. Further translational study in human is needed to substantiate the findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.21323DOI Listing
January 2011

Protective effects of a dual endothelin converting enzyme/neutral endopeptidase inhibitor on the development of pulmonary hypertension secondary to cardiac dysfunction in the rat.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2010 Nov;45(11):1076-85

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin (ET)-1 interact to regulate the vascular tone in pulmonary hypertension (PH). We investigated the protective effects of an orally active, dual endothelin converting enzyme (ECE)/neutral endopeptidase (NEP) inhibitor/CGS 26393 on pulmonary vascular remodeling and pulmonary expressions of ET-1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) during the development of PH secondary to cardiac dysfunction. Significant increases in the mean pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary arteriolar medial thickness, and pulmonary expression of ET-1 were seen in rats subjected to aortic banding for 4 weeks, compared with sham-operated rats. Treatment with CGS 26393 (30 mg/kg, twice daily, p.o.) began on 1 day after aortic banding. CGS 26393 treated rats had lower mean pulmonary arterial pressure (15 ± 1 mmHg, mean ± SEM, P < 0.05) compared to vehicle-treated rats (37 ± 1 mmHg). It also normalized pulmonary arteriolar medial thickness and reduced the levels of pulmonary ET-1 and big ET-1 by 55% (P < 0.05) and 28% (P < 0.01), respectively, when compared with vehicle-treated animals. Meanwhile, the expressions of eNOS mRNA and eNOS protein and cGMP levels in the lung of CGS 26393-treated rats were increased by 62% (P < 0.05), 100% (P < 0.05), and 32% (P < 0.01), respectively, compared to the vehicle-treated rats. These results suggest that CGS 26393 could offer preventive effects on the development of PH by ameliorating pulmonary remodeling, decreasing ET-1 production, and up-regulating eNOS and cGMP in aorta-banded rats. However, the molecular mechanisms by which treatment with CGS 26393 results in altered expressions of eNOS and cGMP awaits further investigation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.21290DOI Listing
November 2010

The effects of debanding on the lung expression of ET-1, eNOS, and cGMP in rats with left ventricular pressure overload.

Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2006 Jun;231(6):954-9

Department of Chest Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan.

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) usually develops secondary to left ventricular (LV) dysfunction; therefore, it is also called retrograde PH. To investigate our hypothesis that PH is at least partially reversible, as in some congenital heart diseases, in a rat model we investigated whether release of constriction could attenuate pulmonary vascular remodeling and change the expression of endothelin (ET)-1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). We used rats with LV dysfunction produced by an ascending aortic banding. In this study, there were four groups enrolled: 4-weeks banded (AOB(1-28); n = 7), 7-weeks banded (AOB(1-49); n = 7), debanded groups (AOB(1-28)/DeB(29-49); n = 7), and rats receiving a sham operation (n = 7). Subsequently, there was significant attenuation of medial hypertrophy in pulmonary arterioles and reversal of PH in the AOB(1-28)/DeB(29-49) group (sham, 19 +/- 1.3 mm Hg; AOB(1-28), 31 +/- 2.7 mm Hg; AOB(1-49), 32 +/- 2.7 mm Hg; and AOB(1-28)/DeB(29-49), 20 +/- 1.3 mm Hg). PreproET-1 mRNA and eNOS mRNA were measured by competitive reverse transcriptase (RT) polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and eNOS was measured by Western blotting. Compared with the banded groups, debanding significantly decreased pulmonary preproET-1 mRNA, pulmonary ET-1 (sham, 210 +/- 12 pg/g protein; AOB(1-28), 242 +/- 12 pg/g protein; AOB(1-49), 370 +/- 49 pg/g protein; and AOB(1-28)/DeB(29-49), 206 +/- 1.9 pg/g protein), and plasma ET-1 levels (sham, 10.1 +/- 1.5 pg/ml; AOB(1-28), 13.4 +/- 2.0 pg/ml; AOB(1-49), 15.4 +/- 2.0 pg/ml; and AOB(1-28)/DeB(29-49), 10.3 +/- 0.9 pg/ml protein). Debanding could not, however, alter pulmonary eNOS, eNOS mRNA, or cGMP. These findings suggest that pulmonary vascular remodeling, increased pulmonary arterial pressure, and upregulation of ET-1 gene expression are all reversible. We infer that it is the upregulated gene expression of ET-1, not eNOS, that is closely related to the development of the PH secondary to 4 weeks of aortic banding.
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June 2006

Differential change in expression of pulmonary ET-1 and eNOS in rats after chronic left ventricular pressure overload.

Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2006 Jun;231(6):948-53

Faculty of Biomedical Science and Environmental Biology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan.

Pressure overload in the left ventricle of the heart follows a chronic and progressive course, resulting in eventual left heart failure and pulmonary hypertension (PH). The purpose of this research was to determine whether a differential pulmonary gene change of endothelin (ET)-1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) occurred in adult rats with left ventricular overload. Eight groups of eight rats each were used (four rats with banding and four rats with sham operations). The rats underwent ascending aortic banding for 1 day, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 12 weeks before sacrifice. Significant medial hypertrophy of the pulmonary arterioles developed in two groups (4 and 12 weeks). Increased pulmonary arterial pressures were noted in three groups (1 day, 4 weeks, and 12 weeks). The aortic banding led to significant increases in pulmonary preproET-1 messenger RNA (mRNA) at 1 day and 12 weeks, and in pulmonary eNOS mRNA at 1 day and 12 weeks. In addition, there was increased pulmonary eNOS content at 1 day and 12 weeks in the banded rats, and increased lung cGMP levels were observed at 1 day. Increased lung ET-1 levels were also noted at 1 day (banded, 310 +/- 12 ng/g protein; sham, 201 +/- 12 ng/g protein; P < 0.01), 4 weeks (banded, 232 +/- 12 ng/g protein; sham, 201 +/- 12 ng/g protein; P < 0.01) and 12 weeks (banded, 242 +/- 12 ng/g protein; sham, 202 +/- 12 ng/g protein; P < 0.01). This indicates that the upregulated expression of ET-1 developed at least 4 weeks before eNOS expression in the course of PH, and, thus, medication against ET-1 could play a crucial role in treating PH with cardiac dysfunction secondary to aortic banding.
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June 2006

Effects of sildenafil on pulmonary hypertension and levels of ET-1, eNOS, and cGMP in aorta-banded rats.

Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2006 Jun;231(6):942-7

Division of Pediatric Pulmonology and Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Sildenafil, an oral phosphodiesterase Type 5 inhibitor, has vasodilatory effects through a cGMP-dependent mechanism. We previously showed that aortic banding could result in left ventricular overloading and pulmonary hypertension (PH). In this study, we investigated whether early administration of sildenafil, either immediately after or 2 weeks after aortic banding, could ameliorate the development of PH and alter gene expression of endothelin (ET)-1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and alter the levels of cGMP in rats undergoing an ascending aortic banding. Rats (n = 32) were divided into sham-operated and banding groups with or without treatment. The banded rats were further divided into three groups: (i) receiving saline on Days 1-28 (AOB28; n = 8), (ii) receiving saline on Days 1-14 followed by treatment with 50 mg/kg/day sildenafil on Days 15-28 (AOB28/Sil(15-28); n = 8), and (iii) receiving 50 mg/kg/day sildenafil on days 1-28 (AOB28/Sil(1-28); n = 8). The sham-operated rats were administrated saline on Days 1-28 (n = 8). Four weeks after banding, there was a significant development of PH with pulmonary vascular remodeling. Although both sildenafil-treatment groups had significant increases in cGMP and had reductions in the thickening in the medial layer of pulmonary arteriole, notable attenuation of PH occurred only in the AOB28/Sil(1-28) group. PreproET-1 and eNOS messenger RNA (mRNA) expressions were measured by competitive reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and eNOS protein was determined by Western blotting. Sildenafil did not alter the elevated ET-1 or preproET-1 mRNA in banded rats. Interestingly, pulmonary eNOS increased in the AOB28/Sil(1-28) group. In conclusion, early treatment with sildenafil inhibited the rise in pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular remodeling in PH secondary to heart failure, and cGMP, but not ET-1, might be involved. Clinically, early repeated administration of sildenafil may offer an alternative in protecting against PH in heart failure.
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June 2006

Differential changes in endothelin-1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene expression in rats with a chronic high pulmonary flow.

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2004 Nov;44 Suppl 1:S341-5

Division of Cardiology and Pulmonology, Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

The expressions of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase were assessed in the lung of adult Wistar rats (n = 6/group) undergoing an abdominal aortocaval shunt to increase pulmonary blood flow for 4, 8 or 12 weeks. The shunt resulted in significant medial hypertrophy of the pulmonary artery without significant increases in pulmonary and systemic arterial pressure. A competitive reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction demonstrated significant increases in pulmonary preproET-1 mRNA at 12 weeks (mean +/- standard error of the mean; shunt, 1.82 +/- 0.12; sham, 1.00 +/- 0.15; P < 0.05) and in pulmonary endothelial nitric oxide synthase mRNA at both 8 weeks (shunt, 1.57 +/- 0.12; sham, 1.00 +/- 0.18; P < 0.05) and 12 weeks (shunt, 1.89 +/- 0.18; sham, 1.00 +/- 0.13; P < 0.05). In addition, western blot analysis showed increases in pulmonary endothelial nitric oxide synthase protein by 126% and 164% at 8 and 12 weeks, respectively, in the shunt animals. However, the plasma ET-1 concentrations and the lung ET-1 contents were unchanged. These results indicate that endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene expression was upregulated, prior to that of ET-1, at the transcriptional level during pulmonary vascular remodeling in this chronic shunt model.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.fjc.0000166266.09550.a7DOI Listing
November 2004

Upregulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and endothelin-1 in pulmonary hypertension secondary to heart failure in aorta-banded rats.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2004 Mar;37(3):249-56

Division of Cardiology and Pulmonology, Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

This study assessed alterations in expression of pulmonary endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in rats with pulmonary hypertension (PH) after the ascending aorta had been banded. Rats were studied 12 weeks after banding, which resulted in left heart failure with elevated pulmonary arterial pressure (banded: 31.3 +/- 5.9 (mean +/- SD) mmHg; sham: 20.0 +/- 4.7 mmHg, P<0.05). Competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction demonstrated significant increases in pulmonary expression of preproET-1 mRNA and eNOS mRNA. Western blot analysis indicated increased pulmonary eNOS protein. Radioimmunoassays indicated increased plasma ET-1 concentrations in the pulmonary artery (banded: 12.4 +/- 1.5 pg/ml; sham: 9.0 +/- 1.3 pg/ml, P<0.01) and increased ET-1 content in lungs (banded: 240 +/- 21 ng/g protein; sham: 203 +/- 20 ng/g protein, P<0.05). There was increased immunohistochemical staining of eNOS and ET-1 in the pulmonary vascular endothelium of aorta-banded rats. Even in the presence of increased eNOS expression, it was not clear how nitric oxide (NO) production (decreased, unchanged, or increased) was involved in the compensatory mechanism to offset pulmonary vasoconstriction. Increased ET-1 expression may be important in mediating PH secondary to aortic banding, and may offer insights into the use of ET-1 antagonists in treating patients with PH secondary to heart failure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.10413DOI Listing
March 2004

Association of resistin gene 3'-untranslated region +62G-->A polymorphism with type 2 diabetes and hypertension in a Chinese population.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2003 Mar;88(3):1258-63

Department of Biology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Pingtung 90000, Taiwan.

Resistin, a recently discovered polypeptide, antagonizes insulin action and may play a part in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. This study investigates whether resistin gene polymorphism can be associated with type 2 diabetes. We studied 1102 Chinese type 2 diabetes patients and 743 subjects without diabetes. The resistin 3'-untranslated region (UTR) +62G-->A polymorphism was determined by PCR. Type 2 diabetes subjects had a lower frequency of resistin gene 3'UTR +62A allele (GG:GA/AA, 83.5%:16.5%) than the controls (GG:GA/AA, 75.1%:24.9%; odds ratio, 1.524; 95% confidence interval, 1.268-1.831; P < 0.001). Unexpectedly, diabetic patients with the GG genotype had a higher prevalence of hypertension (GG:GA/AA, 49.8%:36.2%; odds ratio, 1.375; 95% confidence interval, 1.116-1.693; P = 0.001). Logistic regression analysis confirmed that the resistin gene 3'UTR +62G-->A polymorphism acts as an independent contributing factor to type 2 diabetes and hypertension. The mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels in diabetic subjects with the GG genotype (144 +/- 21/87 +/- 13 mm Hg) were significantly higher than those in subjects with GA/AA variants (139 +/- 21/84 +/- 14 mm Hg; P = 0.004 and P = 0.002, respectively). Multiple linear regression analysis showed resistin gene polymorphism to be an independent factor associated with systolic and diastolic blood pressures in type 2 diabetes patients. These findings suggest that resistin may play a role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance-related hypertension.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2002-021453DOI Listing
March 2003

Effects of increased pulmonary flow on the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and endothelin-1 in the rat.

Clin Sci (Lond) 2002 Aug;103 Suppl 48:289S-293S

Division of Cardiology and Pulmonology, Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Medical University, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Sun-Ming District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

The purpose of the study was to assess whether increased pulmonary flow and subsequent development of pulmonary vascular remodelling could alter the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the rat lung. Nine 42-day-old Wistar rats underwent abdominal aortocaval shunt to increase pulmonary blood flow for 12 weeks. The shunt resulted in significant medial hypertrophy of pulmonary artery without significant alterations in pulmonary or systemic blood pressure. Using competitive reverse transcription-PCR, significant increases in the preproET-1 mRNA expression and eNOS mRNA expression in the lungs of rats with abdominal aortocaval shunt were detected. Increased eNOS protein in the lung of shunt rats was also found by Western blot analysis. However, the plasma ET-1 concentration in the pulmonary artery (sham: 5+/-0.7 pg/ml; shunt: 6+/-0.8 pg/ml) or the lung ET-1 content (sham: 218+/-41 ng/g protein; shunt: 224+/-40 ng/g protein) was unchanged. There was an elevated immunohistochemical expression of eNOS, but not ET-1, in the pulmonary vascular endothelium in rats with the shunt. These results suggest that eNOS and ET-1 may be involved in remodelling prior to the development of pulmonary hypertension.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/CS103S289SDOI Listing
August 2002
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