Publications by authors named "Mi Hyeon Jin"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Global relationship between parent and child obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clin Exp Pediatr 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, Korea.

Background: The growing prevalence of overweight and/or obese children is an important public health problem in both developed and developing countries. Although the association of obesity between parents and their children is well known, its underlying mechanisms are not well established.

Purpose: This meta-analysis examined parent-child (P-C) relationships in obesity and identified factors such as world region and country income level that may influence this relationship.

Methods: We identified all related studies published between January 1, 2015 and May 31, 2020 by conducting a literature search using the MESH terms "obesity," "overweight," "body mass index (BMI)," "parent," "child," "associate," and "relate" in the PubMed database in English.

Results: The meta-analysis of 23 studies that reported an odds ratio (OR) for parent and child obesity associations found a significant association between parents and children who were overweight or obese (pooled OR, 1.97; 95% confidence interval, 1.85-2.10). A meta-regression analysis was used to examine the sources of interstudy heterogeneity. The association between parent and child obesity was higher in Asia than in Europe and the Middle East and higher in high-income countries than in middle-or low-income countries. In addition, a higher association between parent and child obesity was found when both parents were obese than when only the father or mother was obese. This study from multiple countries indicates a significant P-C relationship in weight status that varies according to P-C pair type, parent and child weight statuses, world region, and country income level.

Conclusion: These results demonstrate that the risk of childhood obesity is greatly influenced by parental weight status and indicate that parents could play an important role in preventing child obesity.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3345/cep.2020.01620DOI Listing
March 2021

Relationship between heavy metal exposure and type 2 diabetes: a large-scale retrospective cohort study using occupational health examinations.

BMJ Open 2021 Mar 4;11(3):e039541. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Internal Medicine, Dong-A University Medical Center, Busan, The Republic of Korea

Objectives: To investigate the associations between heavy metal exposure and serum ferritin levels, physical measurements and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).

Design: A retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Changwon, the location of this study, is a Korean representative industrial city. Data were obtained from medical check-ups between 2002 and 2018.

Participants: A total of 34 814 male subjects were included. Of them, 1035 subjects with lead exposure, 200 subjects with cadmium exposure and the 33 579 remaining were assigned to cohort A, cohort B and the control cohort, respectively. Data including personal history of alcohol and smoking, age, height, weight, the follow-up duration, haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fasting blood sugar (FBS), ferritin levels, and lead and cadmium levels within 1 year after exposure were collected.

Primary Outcome Measure: In subjects without diabetes, changes in FBS and HbA1c were analysed through repeated tests at intervals of 1 year or longer after the occupational exposure to heavy metals.

Results: In Cohort A, DM was diagnosed in 33 subjects. There was a significant difference in lead concentrations between the subjects diagnosed with DM and those without DM during the follow-up period (3.94±2.92 mg/dL vs 2.81±2.03 mg/dL, p=0.002). Simple exposure to heavy metals (lead and cadmium) was not associated with DM in Cox regression models (lead exposure (HR) 1.01, 95% CI: 0.58 to 1.77, p 0.971; cadmium exposure HR 1.48, 95% CI: 0.61 to 3.55, p=0.385). Annual changes in FBS according to lead concentration at the beginning of exposure showed a positive correlation (r=0.072, p=0.032).

Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that simple occupational exposure to heavy metals lead and cadmium was not associated with the incidence of DM. However, lead concentrations at the beginning of the exposure might be an indicator of DM and glucose elevations.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-039541DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7934714PMC
March 2021

Association between Serum Osteocalcin Levels and Metabolic Syndrome according to the Menopausal Status of Korean Women.

J Korean Med Sci 2021 Mar 1;36(8):e56. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Family Medicine, Samsung Changwon Hospital, School of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Changwon, Korea.

Background: Osteocalcin is known to regulate energy metabolism. Recently, metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been found to be associated with reduced levels of osteocalcin in men, as well as in postmenopausal women. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between serum osteocalcin and MetS in premenopausal women, compared with that in postmenopausal women.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was based on 5,896 participants who completed a health screening examination. They were classified according to their menopausal status. Each group was subdivided into non-MetS and MetS groups according to the modified National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Serum osteocalcin levels were measured using the electrochemiluminescence immunoassay.

Results: Serum osteocalcin level was significantly lower in women with MetS than in those without MetS, after adjusting for confounders (14.12 ± 0.04 vs. 13.17 ± 0.13 [ = 0.004] in premenopausal women, and 20.34 ± 0.09 vs. 19.62 ± 0.21 [ < 0.001] in postmenopausal women), regardless of their menopausal status. Serum osteocalcin levels decreased correspondingly with an increasing number of MetS elements ( for trend < 0.001). Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that waist circumference (β = -0.085 [ < 0.001] and β = -0.137 [ < 0.001]) and hemoglobin A1c (β = -0.09 [ < 0.001] and β = -0.145 [ < 0.001]) were independent predictors of osteocalcin in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Triglyceride levels were also independently associated with osteocalcin levels in premenopausal women (β = -0.004 [ < 0.013]). The odds ratio (OR) for MetS was significantly higher in the lowest quartile than in the highest quartile of serum osteocalcin levels after adjusting for age, alkaline phosphatase, uric acid, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, and body mass index in all women (OR, 2.00; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.49-2.68) as well as in premenopausal (OR, 2.23; 95% CI, 1.39-3.58) and postmenopausal (OR, 2.01; 95% CI, 1.26-3.23) subgroups.

Conclusion: Lower serum osteocalcin concentrations were significantly associated with MetS in both premenopausal and postmenopausal women and were therefore independent of menopausal status.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e56DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7921371PMC
March 2021

Associations between dietary habits, emotional state and subjective oral symptoms in 62,276 South Korean adolescents.

Int Dent J 2020 Oct 1;70(5):347-359. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, Korea.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between dietary habits, emotional states, and subjective oral symptoms in Korean adolescents.

Methods: Data from 62,276 adolescents were derived from the 13th Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, conducting from June 1, 2017 to June 30, 2017. Oral symptoms were assessed by asking students whether they had experienced any of following symptoms within the last 12 months: (i) have you had a crack in your teeth or had any broken teeth not caused by exercise or other accidents?, (ii) have you experienced any toothaches while drinking or eating cold or hot beverages or foods?, (iii) have you ever felt throbbing in your teeth?, and (iv) have you experienced any gum pain or gum bleeding? A multivariable Poisson regression model for prevalence ratio (PR) was conducted.

Results: Of the participants, 53.1% experienced subjective oral symptoms. After adjusting for confounders, participants with consumption of sweet drinks more than five times weekly in dietary behaviors (PR: 1.17 [95% confidence interval (CI); 1.13-1.21]), feeling stress in the emotional state (PR: 1.27 [95% CI; 1.24-1.31]), and never brushing teeth (PR: 1.22 [95% CI; 1.14-1.30]) in the frequency of toothbrushing had higher risks of having oral symptoms compared to the reference group.

Conclusion: Many adolescents in Korea experienced oral symptoms. The consumption of sweet drinks, infrequent toothbrushing, and a negative emotional state adversely affected perceived oral symptoms. Public concern about the oral health of adolescents is warranted.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/idj.12573DOI Listing
October 2020

Variability in sociodemographic factors and obesity in Korean children: a cross-sectional analysis of Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination survey data (2007-2015).

Ann Epidemiol 2020 03 11;43:51-57. Epub 2020 Jan 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, South Korea. Electronic address:

Purpose: Sociodemographic factors are well-known risk factors for childhood obesity, even though the relationship between sociodemographic factors and obesity varies among countries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between sociodemographic factors and obesity in Korean children.

Methods: This study is an analysis of cross-sectional data from the 2007-2009, 2010-2012, and 2013-2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. The sample included 14,482 children aged between 2 and 18 years (7652 boys and 6830 girls) and their parents. Sociodemographic factors were measured as a combination of demographic, economic, and sociological factors, including sex, age, residential area, family income, parent education level, and parent employment status.

Results: In 2013-2015, obesity among Korean children was associated with current maternal smoking (P < .001). Obesity categorized according to age group was positively associated with paternal education level/high school graduation (P = .026 for ages 7-12 years), maternal smoking (P = .003 for ages 7-12 years), maternal body mass index (all age groups), paternal body mass index (all age groups), and low monthly family income (P = .017 for ages 2-6 years).

Conclusions: Current maternal smoking habits, paternal education, and low family income are potential risk factors for obesity in Korean children.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2020.01.006DOI Listing
March 2020

Clinically Node-Negative Parotid Gland Cancers: Prognostic Factors of Survival and Surgical Extent.

Oncology 2020 23;98(2):102-110. Epub 2019 Oct 23.

Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective: Conservative parotidectomy is known to reduce morbidity, but has been rarely examined in patients with clinically node-negative (cN0) parotid cancers. We evaluated the clinicopathological variables influencing the outcomes of these patients and the efficacy of conservative parotidectomy.

Methods: We reviewed the clinical and pathological data of 256 patients with cN0 parotid carcinomas who underwent curative surgery at our institution. Of these, 110 and 146 underwent conservative and total parotidectomy, respectively, with 83 undergoing elective neck dissection and 135 receiving postoperative radiotherapy. Univariate and multivariate analyses of variables predicting recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were performed. Morbidity, survival, and recurrence rates were compared between the conservative and total parotidectomy groups.

Results: The 5-year RFS and OS rates in all patients were 85.7 and 91.4%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that advanced T classification, positive resection margin, and high-histologic grade were independent prognostic factors for both RFS and OS. Among the 201 patients with low- or intermediate-grade parotid cancers, those who underwent total parotidectomy had a greater chance of facial nerve paralysis than those who underwent conservative parotidectomy (p < 0.001). The 5-year RFS and OS after conservative parotidectomy (93.7 and 100%, respectively) were not worse than those after total parotidectomy (85.5 and 90.9%, respectively).

Conclusion: Patients with cN0 parotid cancers may be stratified by histological grade and T classification. Conservative parotidectomy may be suitable for early T1-2 low- or intermediate-grade tumors if a resection margin is secured.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503580DOI Listing
February 2020

Are there effects of lunar cycle on pediatric febrile seizure?: A single-center retrospective study (2005-2018).

Sci Total Environ 2019 Nov 10;692:589-594. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Several studies have reported an association between seizure and the lunar cycle; however, results are conflicting. Thus, we investigated whether emergency department (ED) visits due to febrile seizure (FS) or FS plus were affected by lunar cycle.

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of patients who were admitted to the ED with a main diagnosis of FS or FS plus from January 1, 2005 to August 31, 2018 (13 years 8 months), a period of 4991 days with 169 lunar cycles. During that period, we collected weather data such as mean temperature, average atmospheric pressure (AP), and humidity according to lunar phase (new moon, first quarter, full moon, and third or last quarter).

Results: A total of 1979 patients were identified. We found male predominant with a mean age of 2.62 ± 2.09 years. Acute pharyngotonsillitis was the most common cause of fever, generalized tonic-clonic seizure was the most common type of seizure, and the mean peak body temperature was 38.77 ± 0.81 °C. The lunar cycle did not affect the onset or frequency of FS after adjustment; however, several factors, including season, O and NO concentrations, and holidays, were associated with FS.

Conclusion: We did not find an association between lunar cycle and FS or FS plus. However, several factors, including season, O, NO, and holidays were associated with FS or FS plus.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.077DOI Listing
November 2019

Usefulness of the procalcitonin test in young febrile infants between 1 and 3 months of age.

Korean J Pediatr 2018 Sep 15;61(9):285-290. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, Korea.

Purpose: To study the usefulness of the procalcitonin (PCT) test in young febrile infants between 1 and 3 months of age.

Methods: We evaluated the medical records of 336 febrile infants between 1 and 3 months of age who visited the Emergency Department or outpatient department of Samsung Changwon Hospital from May 2015 to February 2017, and analyzed the clinical characteristics between infants in the serious bacterial infection (SBI) group and non-SBI group.

Results: Among the 336 infants, 38 (11.3%) had definitive SBI (bacteremia, n=3; meningitis, n=1; urinary tract infection, n=34). The mean PCT (6.4±11.9 ng/mL) and C-reactive protein (CRP) level (3.8±2.6 mg/dL), and the absolute neutrophil count (ANC) (6,984±4,675) for patients in the SBI group were significantly higher than those for patients in the non-SBI group (PCT, 0.3±1.2 ng/mL; CRP, 1.3±1.6 mg/dL; ANC, 4,888±3,661). PCT had lower sensitivity (43.6%), but higher specificity (92.6%) and accuracy (86.9%) than CRP (92.3%, 25.3%, and 33.0%) for identifying SBI. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) for definitive SBI were PCT 77.0%, CRP 80.8%, WBC 56.8%, ANC 67.8%, and PLT 48.1%. The AUCs for definitive SBI were PCT+CRP 85.4%, PCT+WBC 77.2%, PCT+ANC 81.3%, CRP+WBC 80.1%, and CRP+ANC 81.6%.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that the PCT test or a combination of PCT and CRP tests is a more accurate and specific biomarker to detect and rule out SBIs.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2017.06170DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6172517PMC
September 2018

The effects of weather on pediatric seizure: A single-center retrospective study (2005-2015).

Sci Total Environ 2017 Dec 27;609:535-540. Epub 2017 Jul 27.

Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Several studies have reported an association between seizure and the weather. However, reports are conflicting. Thus, we investigated whether emergency department visits due to seizure are affected by weather.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 108,628 emergency department visits to Samsung Changwon Hospital by pediatric patients from January 2005 to December 2015. Among them, there were 3484 (3.2%) visits for any type of seizure. Seizures were categorized as febrile seizure, afebrile seizure, epilepsy, or status epilepticus. We used a distributed lag non-linear model with quasi-Poisson distribution to investigate the association between weather and pediatric seizure.

Results: During this 11-year study period, over the half of total pediatric seizure patients were febrile seizure (53.5%) and the proportion for status epilepticus were the lowest (5.9%). Mean of mean temperature and diurnal temperature range were 14.7°C and 8.3°C. Mean humidity was 62.1%, mean of atmospheric pressure was 1015.5hPa and mean of sunshine was 6.3Hr. When considering the overall 0-15days lagged effect of weather, only mean temperature was significantly associated with emergency department visits. At lower temperatures, the number of emergency department visits increases and decreases at higher temperatures. All 4 types of seizure also showed similar patterns. In particular, only visits of febrile seizure were significantly associated with mean temperature.

Conclusion: We investigated the association weather and pediatric seizure by considering 0-15day lags. In particular, low mean temperature increase the emergency department visits for pediatric seizure and high mean temperature decrease the pediatric seizure. In addition, only febrile seizure of 4 seizure types was affected by mean average temperature.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.06.256DOI Listing
December 2017

F-FDG PET/CT vs. human papillomavirus, p16 and Epstein-Barr virus detection in cervical metastatic lymph nodes for identifying primary tumors.

Int J Cancer 2017 03;140(6):1405-1412

Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Squamous cell carcinoma of unknown primary of the head and neck (SCCUP) is a heterogeneous disease entity that requires careful examination to locate the occult primary. We examined the diagnostic value of expression of biomarkers, such as human papillomavirus (HPV), p16 and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), in metastatic lymph nodes vs. F-fluorodeoxyglucose ( F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). We prospectively enrolled 54 consecutive SCCUP patients who received HPV, p16 and EBV analyses of lymph node fine-needle aspirates and F-FDG PET/CT scans and subsequently underwent examinations and biopsies under general anesthesia to detect primary tumors. The diagnostic performance of the biomarkers and F-FDG PET/CT were compared by using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analyses with histopathological results for identification of primary tumors. Primary tumors were identified in 28 (51.9%) of 54 patients: the palatine tonsil in 24, base of the tongue in 1, nasopharynx in 2, and hypopharynx in 1. The sensitivity of p16 (85.7%) and accuracy of HPV (85.2%) were higher than those (42.9% and 68.5%) of F-FDG PET/CT (p < 0.05). The area under the ROC curve of HPV was higher than that of F-FDG PET/CT (0.857 vs. 0.666, p = 0.007). The disease-free survival rates were higher in the patients with primary tumor detection or p16 nodal immunopositivity than in the other patients (p < 0.05). The results showed that HPV and p16 detection in metastatic lymph nodes can help locate hidden primary tumors, guide definitive treatment and predict patient survival.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.30550DOI Listing
March 2017

The association of weather on pediatric emergency department visits in Changwon, Korea (2005-2014).

Sci Total Environ 2016 May 19;551-552:699-705. Epub 2016 Feb 19.

Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: It is widely believed that patients are less likely to visit hospitals during bad weather. We hypothesized that weather and emergency department (ED) visits are associated. Thus, we investigated the association between pediatric ED visits and weather, and sought to determine whether admissions to the ED are affected by meteorological factors.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed all 87,242 emergency visits to Samsung Changwon Hospital by pediatric patients under 19years of age from January 2005 to December 2014. ED visits were categorized by disease. We used Poisson regression and generalized linear model to examine the relationships between current weather and ED visits. Additionally a distributed lag non-linear model was used to investigate the effect of weather on ED visits.

Results: During this 10-year study period, the average temperature and diurnal temperature range (DTR) were 14.7°C and 8.2°C, respectively. There were 1,145days of rain or snow (31.4%) during the 3,652-day study period. The volume of ED visits decreased on days of rain or snow. Additionally ED visits increased 2days after rainy or snowy days. The volume of ED visits increased 1.013 times with every 1°C increase in DTR. The volume of ED visits by patients with trauma, digestive diseases, and respiratory diseases increased when DTR was over 10°C. As rainfall increased to over 25mm, the ward admission rate (23.8%, p=0.018) of ED patients increased significantly.

Conclusion: The volume of ED visits decreased on days of rain or snow and the ED visits were increased 2days after rainy or snowy days. The volume of ED visits increased for every 1°C increase in DTR.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.02.015DOI Listing
May 2016