Publications by authors named "Meriem Sabir"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effects of concomitant mild traumatic brain injury on resuming work after suffering from an isolated limb fracture: A cohort study.

Brain Inj 2017 6;31(12):1683-1688. Epub 2017 Sep 6.

b Montreal Sacred Heart Hospital Research Centre , Montreal , QC , Canada.

Background: The objective is to explore the effects of concomitant mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) on return to work (RTW), among patients suffering from an isolated limb fracture. This follow-up study included a total of 170 working age subjects with an isolated limb fracture, and was conducted in a phone interview approximately 1-year post trauma. 41 had experienced an mTBI and 129 did not.

Methods: Data were obtained through a phone interview conducted on average 20.7 months (SD = 9.6 months) post-accident. The main outcome measure was the number of days taken to RTW after the injury. Demographic information was also gathered during the phone interview. Workers' compensation status was obtained through the hospitals' orthopaedic clinic data.

Results: The mTBI group took on average 329.7 days (SD = 298.0) to RTW after the injury, as opposed to 150.3 days (SD = 171.3) for the control group (p < 0.001). After excluding patients who received workers' compensation, the mTBI group still missed significantly more days of work (M = 299.4 days; SD = 333.0) than the control group (M = 105.2 days; SD = 121.6) (p < 0.0001).

Conclusion: This study shows that mTBI increases work disability by preventing working-age individuals from rapidly returning to work.
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June 2018

Impact of traumatic brain injury on sleep structure, electrocorticographic activity and transcriptome in mice.

Brain Behav Immun 2015 Jul 8;47:118-30. Epub 2015 Jan 8.

Center for Advanced Research in Sleep Medicine and Research Center, Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal, 5400 Gouin West Blvd., Montreal, QC, H4J1C5, Canada; Department of Neuroscience, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montreal, QC, H3C3J7, Canada. Electronic address:

Traumatic brain injury (TBI), including mild TBI (mTBI), is importantly associated with vigilance and sleep complaints. Because sleep is required for learning, plasticity and recovery, we here evaluated the bidirectional relationship between mTBI and sleep with two specific objectives: (1) Test that mTBI rapidly impairs sleep-wake architecture and the dynamics of the electrophysiological marker of sleep homeostasis (i.e., non-rapid eye movement sleep delta (1-4Hz) activity); (2) evaluate the impact of sleep loss following mTBI on the expression of plasticity markers that have been linked to sleep homeostasis and on genome-wide gene expression. A closed-head injury model was used to perform a 48h electrocorticographic (ECoG) recording in mice submitted to mTBI or Sham surgery. mTBI was found to immediately decrease the capacity to sustain long bouts of wakefulness as well as the amplitude of the time course of ECoG delta activity during wakefulness. Significant changes in ECoG spectral activity during wakefulness, non-rapid eye movement and rapid eye movement sleep were observed mainly on the second recorded day. A second experiment was performed to measure gene expression in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus after a mTBI followed either by two consecutive days of 6h sleep deprivation (SD) or of undisturbed behavior (quantitative PCR and next-generation sequencing). mTBI modified the expression of genes involved in immunity, inflammation and glial function (e.g., chemokines, glial markers) and SD changed that of genes linked to circadian rhythms, synaptic activity/neuronal plasticity, neuroprotection and cell death and survival. SD appeared to affect gene expression in the cerebral cortex more importantly after mTBI than Sham surgery including that of the astrocytic marker Gfap, which was proposed as a marker of clinical outcome after TBI. Interestingly, SD impacted the hippocampal expression of the plasticity elements Arc and EfnA3 only after mTBI. Overall, our findings reveal alterations in spectral signature across all vigilance states in the first days after mTBI, and show that sleep loss post-mTBI reprograms the transcriptome in a brain area-specific manner and in a way that could be deleterious to brain recovery.
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July 2015