Publications by authors named "Meng-Yao Guo"

17 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Hydrogen sulfide of air induces macrophage extracellular traps to aggravate inflammatory injury via the regulation of miR-15b-5p on MAPK and insulin signals in trachea of chickens.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 26;771:145407. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University; Key Laboratory of the Provincial Education Department of Heilongjiang for Common Animal Disease Prevention and Treatment, Harbin 150030, China. Electronic address:

Hydrogen sulfide (HS) is an environmental contaminant to cause the airway damage. The release of macrophage extracellular traps (METs) is the mechanism of immune protection to harmful stimulation via microRNAs, but excessive METs cause the injury. However, few studies have attempted to interpret the mechanism of an organism injury due to HS via METs in chickens. Here, we investigated the transcriptome profiles, pathological morphologic changes and METs release from chicken trachea after HS exposure. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis revealed that 10 differentially expressed genes were related to the METs release, the MAPK and insulin signaling pathways. Morphological and immunofluorescence analysis showed that HS caused airway injury and MET release. HS activated the targeting effect of miRNA-15b-5p on activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2). Western blotting and real time quantitative PCR results showed that HS down-regulated the levels of dual specificity protein phosophatase1 (DUSP1) but up-regulated p38 MAP Kinase (p38) in the MAPK signal pathway. And the expression of phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1), serine/threonine kinase (Akt), and protein kinase ζ subtypes (PKCζ) in the insulin signal pathway were increased after HS exposure. These promoted the release of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and degradation histone 4 (H4) to induce the release of METs. Taken together, miR-15b-5p targeted ATF2 to mediate METs release, which triggered trachea inflammatory injury via MAPK and insulin signals after HS exposure. These results will provide new insights into the toxicological mechanisms of HS and environmental ecotoxicology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145407DOI Listing
June 2021

Effects of Selenium on MAC-T Cells in Bovine Mastitis: Transcriptome Analysis of Exosomal mRNA Interactions.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 Aug 23;199(8):2904-2912. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of China.

Selenium, a micronutrient, is indispensable for maintaining normal metabolic functions in animals and plants. Selenium has shown promise in terms of its effect on the immune function, ability to control inflammation, and ability to improve bovine mammary gland health. Bovine mastitis remains a major threat to dairy herds globally and has economically significant impacts. The exosomes are a new mode of intercellular communication. Exosomal transfer of mRNAs, microRNAs, and proteins between cells affects the protein production of recipient cells. The development of novel high-throughput omics approaches and bioinformatics tools will help us understand the effects of selenium on immunobiology. However, the differential expression of mRNAs in bovine mammary epithelial cell-derived exosomes has rarely been studied. In the present study, differences in the exosomal transcriptome between control and selenium-treated MAC-T cells were identified by RNA sequencing and transcriptome analysis. The results of mRNA profiling revealed 1978 genes in exosomes that were differentially expressed between the selenium-treated and control cells. We selected and analyzed 91 genes that are involved in inflammation, redox reactions, and immune cell function related to mastitis. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses revealed enrichment pathways involved in selenoproteins and the Ras/PI3K/AKT, MAPK, and FOXO signaling pathways. Our results revealed that selenium may play a crucial role in immune and inflammatory regulation by influencing the differential expression of exosomal mRNAs of key genes in bovine mastitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-020-02439-7DOI Listing
August 2021

MerTK negatively regulates Staphylococcus aureus induced inflammatory response via SOCS1/SOCS3 and Mal.

Immunobiology 2020 07 21;225(4):151960. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Objective: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), one of Gram-positive pathogen, is frequently associated with acute lung inflammation. The central feature of S. aureus acute lung inflammation are pulmonary dysfunctioning and impeded host defence response, which cause failure in inflammatory cytokines homeostasis and leads to serious tissue damage. However, the role of the Mer receptor tyrosine kinase (MerTK) in the lung following S. aureus infection remains elusive. Here, we investigate whether MerTK alleviates S. aureus induced uncontrolled inflammation through negatively regulating toll-like receptor 2 and 6 (TLR2/ TLR6) via suppressor of cytokine signalling 1, 3 (SOCS1/SOCS3).

Methods And Results: We found in mice lung tissues and RAW 264.7 macrophages upon S. aureus infection activates TLR2 and TLR6 driven mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signalling pathways, resulting in production of inflammatory cytokines including tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin 1β (IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6). Furthermore, S. aureus-infection groups showed a significant up-regulation of MerTK which serves as mediator of SOCS1 and SOCS3. Subsequently, through feedback mechanism SOCS1/3 degrade Mal, resulting in inhibition of downstream TLR mediated inflammatory pathways. Moreover, MerTK mice lung tissues and silencing MerTK in RAW 264.7 inhibited the S. aureus-induced activation of MerTK, which significantly upregulated the phosphorylation of crucial protein in MAPKs (ERK, JNK, p38) and NF-κB (IĸBα, p65) signalling pathways, as well as the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines.

Conclusion: Collectively, these findings indicate the important role of MerTK in self-regulatory resolution of S. aureus-induced inflammatory pathways and cytokines through intrinsic SOCS1 and SOCS3 repressed feedback on TLR2, TLR6 both in vivo and in vitro.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.imbio.2020.151960DOI Listing
July 2020

Zinc Deficiency Aggravation of ROS and Inflammatory Injury Leading to Renal Fibrosis in Mice.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 Feb 12;199(2):622-632. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of China.

Zinc (Zn) is a trace element with a variety of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Zn deficiency is related to tissue fibrosis. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of Zn on renal fibrosis. Mouse models were successfully established by feeding mice diets with different concentrations of Zn. Zn deficiency induced a decrease in Zn levels in kidney tissue. The results also revealed renal vasodilation, hyperemia, and inflammatory cell infiltration, and the levels of creatinine and urea nitrogen were increased. Furthermore, the TUNEL results showed a large degree of renal cell necrosis caused by Zn deficiency. Meanwhile, the corresponding antioxidant and anti-inflammatory regulators (MT-1, MT-2, Nrf2, and TGF-β1) were detected by RT-PCR, showing that the expression of MT-1, MT-2, and Nrf2 decreased but that TGF-β1 expression increased. The results of Sirius red staining proved that the expression of collagen was increased by Zn deficiency. The immunohistochemical experiments found that the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) increased. ELISA showed that the expression of Collagen I, III, and IV; fibronectin (FN); and inflammatory factors (TNF-α and IL-1β) were remarkably increased. The expression of MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-7, MMP-9, MMP-12, and TIMP-1, which are extracellular matrix-regulating molecules, was detected by RT-PCR. The results showed that the expression of TIMPs was increased but that the expression of MMPs was decreased. We also obtained consistent results in vivo. All the experimental results indicated that Zn deficiency could aggravate fibrosis by increasing inflammation in the kidney.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-020-02184-xDOI Listing
February 2021

Dietary Selenium Deficiency Facilitated Reduced Stomatin and Phosphatidylserine Externalization, Increasing Erythrocyte Osmotic Fragility in Mice.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 Feb 23;199(2):594-603. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of China.

Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element that maintains normal physiological functions in organisms. Since the discovery of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), public interest in selenoproteins has gradually increased. Based on previous studies, dietary Se maintains erythrocyte homeostasis through selenoprotein-induced mediation of redox reactions. Furthermore, both the surface phosphatidylserine (PS) and intramembrane stomatin contents can be used as indicators of erythrocyte osmotic fragility. This study focused on the mechanism by which dietary Se deficiency increases erythrocyte osmotic fragility. We fed Se-deficient grain to mice for 8 weeks to establish a Se deficiency model in mice. We measured Se levels in the blood as well as the activities of antioxidant enzymes associated with selenoproteins in a Se-deficient environment. We used Western blotting, routine blood analysis, and other methods to detect red blood cell oxidative stress levels, membrane stomatin levels, and PS externalization. Fresh blood was collected to test erythrocyte osmotic fragility. The results showed that antioxidant enzyme activity was affected by dietary Se deficiency. Oxidative stress increased lipid peroxidation and the ROS content in the blood of the mice. Under such conditions, decreased PS exposure and stomatin content in the erythrocyte membrane eventually affected the structure of the erythrocyte membrane and increased erythrocyte osmotic fragility.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-020-02162-3DOI Listing
February 2021

MerTK negatively regulates Staphylococcus aureus induced inflammatory response via Toll-like receptor signaling in the mammary gland.

Mol Immunol 2020 Apr 2;122:1-12. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Mastitis is the most commonly diagnosed infectious disease reducing milk yield and quality and is accompanied by mammary tissue damage in both humans and animals. Mastitis incurs welfare and economic costs as well as environmental concerns regarding treatment. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a prevalent Gram-positive bacteria and a major cause of mastitis, however, pathogenesis of the intrinsic anti-inflammatory response in mammary tissues is still principally unknown. Our aim, in combatting the S. aureus induced inflammatory response in mammary tissues, was to elucidate the intrinsic anti-inflammatory role of MerTK signaling. Here, we demonstrate that Mer receptor tyrosine kinase (MerTK) regulates an intrinsic negative feedback to balance the over-reaction of the host defense system. S. aureus elicits toll-like receptors 2 and 6 (TLR2/TLR6) signaling pathways, subsequently recruiting TRAF6, whose ubiquitination is intricate to the downstream signaling including MAPKs and NF-κB. We observed that TLR2/TLR6 activation, in response to S. aureus, was concomitant with induced MerTK activation, leading to raised expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 and 3 (SOCS1, SOCS3) in wild type mice mammary tissues and epithelial cells. Meanwhile, S. aureus infection in MerTK mice showed significant increased phosphorylation of p65, IκBα, p38, JNK and ERK along with production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Moreover, MerTK evidently inhibited S. aureus induced phosphorylation of STAT1 and subsequent SOCS1/SOCS3 expression which are pivotal in the negative feedback mechanism for targeting TRAF6 to inhibit the TLR2/TLR6 mediated immune response. Taken together, our findings demonstrate the importance of MerTK in the regulation of the intrinsic feedback during the inflammatory response induced by S. aureus through STAT1/SOCS1/SOCS3 in mice mammary tissues and mice mammary epithelial cells (MMECs).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molimm.2020.03.007DOI Listing
April 2020

Gas6 negatively regulates the Staphylococcus aureus-induced inflammatory response via TLR signaling in the mouse mammary gland.

J Cell Physiol 2020 10 13;235(10):7081-7093. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus)-induced mastitis is the most frequent, pathogenic, and prevalent infection of the mammary gland. The ligand growth arrest-specific 6 (Gas6) is a secretory protein that binds to and activates Tyro3, Axl, and MerTK receptors. This study explored the role of Gas6 in S. aureus-induced mastitis. Our results revealed that TLR receptors initiate the innate immune response in mammary gland tissues and epithelial cells and that introducing S. aureus activates TLR2 and TLR6 to drive multiple intracellular mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) pathways. Moreover, S. aureus also induces Gas6, which then activates the TAM receptor kinase pathway, which is related to the inhibition of TLR2- and TLR6-mediated inflammatory pathways through SOCS1 and SOCS3 induction. Gas6 absence alone was found to be involved in the downregulation of TAM receptor-mediated anti-inflammatory effects by inducing significantly prominent expression of TRAF6 and low protein and messenger RNA expression of SOCS1 and SOCS3. S. aureus-induced MAPK and NF-ĸB p65 phosphorylation were also dependent on Gas6, which negatively regulated the production of Pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α) in S. aureus-treated mammary tissues and mammary epithelial cells. Our in vivo and in vitro study uncovered the Gas6-mediated negative feedback mechanism, which inhibits TLR2- and TLR6-mediated MAPK and NF-ĸB signaling by activating TAM receptor kinase (MerTK, Axl, and Tyro3) through the induction of SOCS1/SOCS3 proteins.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.29604DOI Listing
October 2020

Selenium alleviates lipopolysaccharide-induced endometritis via regulating the recruitment of TLR4 into lipid rafts in mice.

Food Funct 2020 Jan;11(1):200-210

Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People's Republic of China.

Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element for living organisms and plays diverse biological roles. Endometritis is a common reproductive disorder in dairy cows, causing huge economic losses. In this study, we explored the effects of Se on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endometritis in mice and expounded its underlying mechanism of action. We validated the anti-inflammatory effects of Se in vivo by establishing a mouse model of endometriosis induced by LPS. Se significantly reversed the LPS-induced uterine histopathological changes, MPO activity and inflammatory cytokine levels in vivo. Simultaneously, TLR4 and its downstream signaling pathways, lipid rafts and cholesterol levels in the tissues were also attenuated by Se under LPS stimulation. In addition, the molecular mechanism of the Se anti-inflammatory effect was clarified in mouse endometrial epithelial cells. Se inhibited TLR4-mediated NF-κB and IRF3 signal transduction pathways to reduce the production of inflammatory factors. We found that Se promoted the consumption of cholesterol to suppress the lipid rafts coming into being and inhibited the TLR4 positioning to the lipid raft to prevent the inflammatory response caused by LPS. Meanwhile, Se activated the LxRα-ABCA1 pathway to cause the outflow of cholesterol in cells. The anti-inflammatory effect of Se was disrupted by silencing LxRα. In conclusion, Se exerted anti-inflammatory effects most likely by the LxRα-ABCA1 pathway activation, which inhibited lipid rafts by depleting cholesterol and ultimately impeded the migration of TLR4 to lipid rafts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9fo02415hDOI Listing
January 2020

Selenium influences mmu-miR-155 to inhibit inflammation in Staphylococcus aureus-induced mastitis in mice.

Food Funct 2019 Oct;10(10):6543-6555

Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People's Republic of China.

Mastitis, a major disease affecting dairy cows, is most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Selenium (Se) can activate pivotal proteins in immune responses and regulate the immune system, and microRNA-155 (miR-155) is a key transcriptional regulator for inflammation-related diseases. We constructed the model of mouse mastitis in vivo and primary mouse mammary epithelial cells (MMECs) in vitro, which were induced by S. aureus. Se content of the mammary was estimated using an atomic fluorescence spectrophotometer. Histopathological analysis was performed via hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. The mmu-miR-155-5p mimic was transfected in MMECs, and viability was determined through the MTT assay. Transfected efficiency was evaluated by qPCR and fluorescence staining. Cytokines including TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-10 and TLRs were detected with qPCR. In addition, western blotting was used to evaluate the expression of the NF-κB and MAPKs signaling pathways. The results demonstrated that a Se-supplemented diet improved the content of Se in mammary tissues. Histopathological studies indicated that the mammary glands were protected in the Se-supplemented group after S. aureus infection. Se-supplementation suppressed the production of MPO, mmu-miR-155, TNF-α, IL-1β, and TLR2 and significantly inhibited the phosphorylation of NF-κB and MAPKs in vivo and in vitro. All the data indicated that mmu-miR-155 played a pro-inflammatory role in our study, and Se-supplementation could suppress the expression of mmu-miR-155 to inhibit inflammation in S. aureus-induced mastitis in mice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9fo01488hDOI Listing
October 2019

Allicin Inhibited -Induced Mastitis by Reducing Lipid Raft Stability via LxRα in Mice.

J Agric Food Chem 2019 Oct 19;67(39):10863-10870. Epub 2019 Sep 19.

Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine , Huazhong Agricultural University , Wuhan 430070 , People's Republic of China.

Mastitis, inflammation of the mammary gland, occurs in both humans and animals. is the most common infectious bacterial pathogen associated with mastitis. We investigated the effects of allicin on -induced mastitis in mice. Pathological histology revealed that allicin inhibited -induced pathological damage and myeloperoxidase activity in mammary tissues. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays demonstrated that allicin reduced the production of IL-1β and TNF-α as well as inhibited the NF-κB and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway by reducing phosphorylation of p65, IκBα, p38, JNK, and ERK. Western blotting revealed that allicin reduced TLR2 and TLR6 expression in mammary tissues and cells but not in HEK293 cells. The lipid raft content was reduced by allicin, which inhibited signaling downstream of TLR2 and TLR6. Liver X receptor α (α) luciferase reporter assays and α interference experiments showed that allicin improved the α activity and adenosine 5'-triphosphate-binding cassette G and A1 (ABCG and ABCA1) expression, thereby reducing the cholesterol level, lipid raft formation, and downstream TLR2 and TLR6 pathway activity. These results demonstrated that allicin exerted anti-inflammatory effects against mastitis by improving the α activity and reducing lipid raft formation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.9b04378DOI Listing
October 2019

Se Regulates the Contractile Ability of Uterine Smooth Musclevia Selenoprotein N, Selenoprotein T, and Selenoprotein Win Mice.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2019 Dec 12;192(2):196-205. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of China.

Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient that maintains normal physiological functions in humans and animals. Se plays a vital role in regulating smooth muscle contractions, and selenoprotein N (SelN), selenoprotein T (SelT), and selenoprotein W (SelW) are closely related to the release of Ca. The present study analyzed the effects and mechanisms of SelN, SelT, and SelW in uterine smooth muscle contractions in a mouse model fed Se. The mRNA and protein levels in the uterine smooth muscle of mice were detected by qPCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemical analysis. The results showed that Se played an indispensable role in uterine smooth muscle contractions. Increased Se concentration in food increased the release of Ca to a certain extent, causing CaM expression, MLCK expression, and MLC phosphorylation, which can lead to uterine smooth muscle contractions. In contrast, Se deficiency reduced the release of Ca to a certain degree, thereby reducing the contractile ability of uterine smooth muscle. In this study, genes related to SelN, SelT, and SelW expression in uterine smooth muscle cells were investigated. The results showed that the Se concentration had an effect on the expression of SelN, SelT, and SelW in uterine smooth muscle cells. Se influences the release of Ca through SelN, SelT, and SelW, which changes the expression of MLCK and then affects uterine smooth muscle contractions. The three selenoproteins SelN, SelT, and SelW play a very important role in uterine smooth muscle contractions, and the absence of any of these proteins affects the contractility of the uterus.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-019-1647-4DOI Listing
December 2019

Luteolin reduces inflammation in Staphylococcus aureus-induced mastitis by inhibiting NF-kB activation and MMPs expression.

Oncotarget 2017 Apr;8(17):28481-28493

College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People's Republic of China.

Mastitis is a serious and prevalent disease caused by infection by pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus. We evaluated the anti-inflammatory effects and mechanism of luteolin, a natural flavonoid with a wide range of pharmacological activities, in a mouse model of S. aureus mastitis. We also treated cultured mouse mammary epithelial cells (mMECs) with S. aureus and luteolin. Histopathological changes were examined by H&E staining and the levels of inflammatory cytokine proteins were analyzed using ELISAs. We determined mRNA levels with qPCR and the level of NF-κB and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) proteins by Western blotting. The observed histopathological changes showed that luteolin protected mammary glands with S. aureus infection from tissue destruction and inflammatory cell infiltration. Luteolin inhibited the expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6, all of which were increased with S. aureus infection of mammary tissues and mMECs. S. aureus-induced TLR2 and TLR4 was suppressed by luteolin, as were levels of IκBα and NF-κB p65 phosphorylation and expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9. Levels of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2 were enhanced. These findings suggest luteolin is a potentially effective new treatment to reduce tissue damage and inflammation from S. aureus-induced mastitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.16092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5438666PMC
April 2017

Piperine Plays an Anti-Inflammatory Role in Staphylococcus aureus Endometritis by Inhibiting Activation of NF-κB and MAPK Pathways in Mice.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2016 12;2016:8597208. Epub 2016 May 12.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.

Endometritis is commonly caused by pathogenic microorganisms, including Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Piperine, which is a natural medicine, has shown a variety of biological activities. To explore the effect and mechanism of piperine on S. aureus endometritis, a mouse model of S. aureus endometritis was successfully established in the present study. Histopathological changes were observed with H&E staining, cytokines were analyzed by ELISA, mRNA was analyzed by qPCR, and proteins were detected by western blot. The results showed that piperine could significantly alleviate inflammatory injury in S. aureus endometritis. The qPCR and ELISA results showed that piperine effectively reduced the S. aureus-induced overexpression of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 but increased the expression of IL-10. The S. aureus-induced inflammation was related to TLR-2 and TLR-4 because the results showed that their expression was increased in S. aureus infection but then decreased with piperine treatment. To further confirm that piperine caused an anti-inflammatory response by targeting NF-κB and MAPKs, the expression of I-κB, p65, p38, ERK, and JNK was measured. The phosphorylation of I-κB, p65, p38, ERK, and JNK was inhibited by piperine in a dose-dependent manner. All of the results indicated that piperine may be a potential anti-inflammatory drug both in endometritis and in other S. aureus-induced diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8597208DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4880693PMC
June 2016

Se Enhances MLCK Activation by Regulating Selenoprotein T (SelT) in the Gastric Smooth Muscle of Rats.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2016 Sep 18;173(1):116-25. Epub 2016 Jan 18.

Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of China.

Selenium (Se), a nutritionally essential trace element, is associated with health and disease. Selenoprotein T (SelT) was identified as a redoxin protein with a selenocystein, localizing in the endoplasmic reticulum. The myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) and myosin light chain (MLC) play key roles in the contraction process of smooth muscle. The present study was to detect the effect and mechanism of SelT on the contraction process of gastric smooth muscle. The WT rats were fed with different Se concentration diets, and Se and Ca(2+) concentrations were detected in the gastric smooth muscle. Western blot and qPCR were performed to determine SelT, CaM, MLCK, and MLC expressions. MLCK activity was measured by identifying the rates of [γ-32P]ATP incorporated into the MLC. The results showed Se and Ca(2+) concentrations were enhanced with Se intake in gastric smooth muscle tissues. With increasing Se, SelT, CaM, MLCK and MLC expressions increased, and MLCK and MLC activation improved in gastric smooth muscle tissue. The SelT RNA interference experiments showed that Ca(2+) release, MLCK activation, and MLC phosphorylation were regulated by SelT. Se affected the gastric smooth muscle constriction by regulating Ca(2+) release, MLCK activation, and MLC phosphorylation through SelT. Se plays a major role in regulating the contraction processes of gastric smooth muscle with the SelT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-016-0620-8DOI Listing
September 2016

Betulin suppresses S. aureus-induced mammary gland inflammatory injury by regulating PPAR-γ in mice.

Int Immunopharmacol 2015 Dec 4;29(2):824-831. Epub 2015 Sep 4.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Mastitis is a postpartum disease in both humans and animals. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) can induce mastitis by infection of the lactiferous ducts. There is no efficacious treatment for S. aureus-induced mastitis. Betulin has been confirmed to have multiple biological activities, including anti-inflammatory properties. The present study was to determine the anti-inflammatory effect of betulin on S. aureus-induced mastitis and to confirm the mechanism of action involved. In vivo, betulin ameliorated the histopathological changes that were induced by S. aureus. ELISA and qPCR results showed that betulin inhibited TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 production. Western blotting results demonstrated that betulin inhibited NF-κB phosphorylation but promoted the expression of PPAR-γ. Further investigations were performed in vitro with mouse Mammary Epithelial Cells (mMECs). The results indicated the betulin inhibited the activity of the NF-κB pathway and increased PPAR-γ expression and transcriptional activity. All of the results in the present study demonstrated that betulin played a protective anti-inflammatory role against S. aureus infection in mammary gland tissues and cells by activating PPAR-γ and inhibiting the activation of NF-κB.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2015.08.035DOI Listing
December 2015

Brazilin plays an anti-inflammatory role with regulating Toll-like receptor 2 and TLR 2 downstream pathways in Staphylococcus aureus-induced mastitis in mice.

Int Immunopharmacol 2015 Jul 2;27(1):130-7. Epub 2015 May 2.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Mastitis, which commonly occurs during the postpartum period, is caused by the infection of the mammary glands. The most common infectious bacterial pathogen of mastitis is Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in both human and animals. Brazilin, a compound isolated from the traditional herbal medicine Caesalpinia sappan L., has been shown to exhibit multiple biological properties. The present study was performed to determine the effect of brazilin on the inflammatory response in the mouse model of S. aureus mastitis and to confirm the mechanism of action involved. Brazilin treatment was applied in both a mouse model and cells. After brazilin treatment of cells, Western blotting and qPCR were performed to detect the protein levels and mRNA levels, respectively. Brazilin treatment significantly attenuated inflammatory cell infiltration and inhibited the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in a dose-dependent manner. Administration of brazilin in mice suppressed S. aureus-induced inflammatory injury and the production of proinflammatory mediators. This suppression was achieved by reducing the increased expression of TLR2 and regulating the NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways in the mammary gland tissues and cells with S. aureus-induced mastitis. These results suggest that brazilin appears to be an effective drug for the treatment of mastitis and may be applied as a clinical therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2015.04.043DOI Listing
July 2015

Bergenin Plays an Anti-Inflammatory Role via the Modulation of MAPK and NF-κB Signaling Pathways in a Mouse Model of LPS-Induced Mastitis.

Inflammation 2015 ;38(3):1142-50

College of Veterinary Medicine, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin Province, 130062, People's Republic of China.

Mastitis is a major disease in humans and other animals and is characterized by mammary gland inflammation. It is a major disease of the dairy industry. Bergenin is an active constituent of the plants of genus Bergenia. Research indicates that bergenin has multiple biological activities, including anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties. The objective of this study was to evaluate the protective effects and mechanism of bergenin on the mammary glands during lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mastitis. In this study, mice were treated with LPS to induce mammary gland mastitis as a model for the disease. Bergenin treatment was initiated after LPS stimulation for 24 h. The results indicated that bergenin attenuated inflammatory cell infiltration and decreased the concentration of NO, TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6, which were increased in LPS-induced mouse mastitis. Furthermore, bergenin downregulated the phosphorylation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) signaling pathway proteins in mammary glands with mastitis. In conclusion, bergenin reduced the expression of NO, TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 proinflammatory cytokines by inhibiting the activation of the NF-κB and MAPKs signaling pathways, and it may represent a novel treatment strategy for mastitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10753-014-0079-8DOI Listing
February 2016
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