Publications by authors named "Memariani Toktam"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2 Polymorphisms and the Risk of Endometriosis.

Avicenna J Med Biotechnol 2018 Jul-Sep;10(3):163-167

Genetic Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Human arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2 gene has a key role in xenobiotic metabolism through the conjugation of acetyl group to xenobiotic substances. has been suggested as a susceptibility factor in endometriosis; however, the results of studies have been controversial. In this study, the association of polymorphisms with susceptibility to endometriosis was evaluated in an Iranian population.

Methods: This is an association study and totally 141 women with diagnosis of endometriosis and 158 healthy women as control group were analyzed for gene polymorphisms (C481T, A803G, G857A and G590A) by PCR-RFLP methods.

Results: The 590 GA genotype was significantly lower (p=0.001; OR=0.42, 95% CI: 0.25-0.71) in the patients (38.3%) than the control group (55.1%). The 590A allele was significantly lower (p=0.033; OR=0.69, 95% CI: 0.49-0.79) in the patients (31.2%) compared with the controls (39.6%). Analysis of haplotypes showed that 481C, 803A, 590A, 587A combination was significantly different between the case and control women (p= 0.029; OR=3.11, 95% CI: 1.13-8.52).

Conclusion: The G590A SNP may be associated with susceptibility to endometriosis and the 590A allele may have a protective role in development of endometriosis. The 481C, 803A, 590A, 587A haplotype was associated with a higher risk of endometriosis in Iranian population.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6064003PMC
August 2018

Association study of Glutathione S-Transferase polymorphisms and risk of endometriosis in an Iranian population.

Int J Reprod Biomed 2016 Apr;14(4):241-6

Genetic Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran, Iran.; Avicenna Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Endometriosis influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Associations of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) genes polymorphisms in endometriosis have been investigated by various researchers; however, the results are not consistent.

Objective: We examined the associations of GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes and GSTP1 313 A/G polymorphisms with endometriosis in an Iranian population.

Materials And Methods: In this case-control study, 151 women with diagnosis of endometriosis and 156 normal healthy women as control group were included. The genotyping was determined using multiplex PCR and PCR- RFLP methods.

Results: The GSTM1 null genotype was significantly higher (p=0.027) in the cases (7.3%) than the control group (1.3%). There was no significant difference between the frequency of GSTT1 genotypes between the cases and controls. The GSTP1 313 AG genotype was significantly lower (p=0.048) in the case (33.1%) than the control group (44.4%).

Conclusion: Our results showed that GSTM1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms may be associated with susceptibility of endometriosis in Iranian women.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4918774PMC
April 2016

Evaluation of the cytotoxic effects of extract, fractions and its essential oil on the PC3 and MCF7 cancer cell lines.

Oncol Lett 2016 Feb 23;11(2):1353-1360. Epub 2015 Dec 23.

Research Center of Natural Products and Medicinal Plants, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran; Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Medicine, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.

Cyperus longus is one of the Iranian endemic species. However, to date, and to the best of our knowledge, there are no availale academic reports on the cytotoxicity of this plant. Thus, this study was carried out to examine the anti-proliferative and anti-apoptotic effects of Cyperus longus extract, fractions and essential oil (EO) on MCF7 and PC3 cell lines. The chemical constituents of EO were identified using gas chromatography (GC)-mass spectrometry (MS) analysis. The cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 medium and incubated with various concentrations of the plant extract and fractions. Cell viability was quantified by MTT assay following 24, 48 and 72 h of exposure to (12.5-200 µg/ml) of the methanol extract, the dichloromethane (CHCl), ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and water fractions, as well as the EO of the plant. The percentage of apoptotic cells was determined using propidium iodide staining of DNA fragments by flow cytometry (sub-G1 peak). The most effective fraction in the MCF7 cell line was the CHCl fraction (IC after 48 h, 25.34±2.01). The EtOAc fraction (IC after 48 h, 35.2±2.69) and the methanol extract (IC after 48 h, 64.64±1.64) were also found to be effective. The IC values obtained for the PC3 cell line were 37.97±3.87, 51.57±3.87 and 70.33±2.36 for the CHCl fraction, the EtOAc fraction and the methanol extract, respectively. Based on these data and due to the partial polarity of the most effective fraction (the CHCl fraction), we also examined the cytotoxicity of the plant EO. The IC values after 48 h were 22.25±4.25 and 12.55±3.65 in the PC3 and MCF7 cell lines, respectively. DNA fragmentation assay also confirmed these data. Performing GC-MS analysis for the plant EO revealed that β-himachalene (10.81%), α-caryophyllene oxide (7.6%), irisone (4.78%), β-caryophyllene oxide (4.36%), humulene oxide (12%), viridiflorol (4.73%), aristolone (6.39%) and longiverbenone (6.04%) were the main constituents. Our results demonstrated that two of the constituents of Cyperus longus, viridiflorol and longiverbenone, should be investigated further as possible promising chemotherapeutic agents in cancer treatment.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ol.2015.4050DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4734339PMC
February 2016

Association of common variations of the E-cadherin with endometriosis.

Gynecol Endocrinol 2015 20;31(11):899-902. Epub 2015 Oct 20.

c Genetic Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

Endometriosis is a polygenic and multifactorial disease. E-cadherin (CDH1) gene encodes an epithelial cell-cell adhesion glycoprotein that modulates a wide variety of processes, including cell polarization, migration and cancer metastasis. Decreased expression of CDH1 in epithelial cells in peritoneal endometriosis has been reported in advanced stages of endometriotic lesions. We investigated the CDH1 -160C/A and +54C/T variations with susceptibility to endometriosis in an Iranian population. In this case-control study, 149 patients with endometriosis (stages I-IV) and 151 healthy women as controls were included. Genotyping was performed using PCR-RFLP method. A p value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. The CDH1 + 54TT genotype was significantly lower (p = 0.012; OR = 0.30, 95% CI: 0.12-0.77) in the patients (11.6%) than the control group (26.7%). The CDH1 + 54T allele was significantly lower (p = 0.001; OR = 0.55, 95% CI: 0.38-0.77) in the cases (35.7%) compared with the control group (50.3%). No association was found between CDH1 - 160C/A polymorphism and endometriosis. The CDH1 +54C/T was associated with susceptibility to endometriosis in Iranian population, and +54T allele may have a protective role in progression of endometriosis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09513590.2015.1101436DOI Listing
September 2016

DNA repair gene XRCC1 and XRCC4 variations and risk of endometriosis: an association study.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2015 12;80(2):85-8. Epub 2015 Jun 12.

Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Endometriosis is a polygenic and multifactorial disease. DNA damage plays a major role in mutagenesis, carcinogenesis and aging and is usually repaired by the action of several DNA repair enzymes. We investigated the association of the common variations of the DNA repair genes XRCC1 and XRCC4 with susceptibility to endometriosis in an Iranian population.

Methods: In total, 160 patients with endometriosis (stages I-IV) and 174 healthy women were included in this case-control study. Genotyping of XRCC1 codon 399 as well as of XRCC4 -1394T/G, codon 247 and intron 3 insertion/deletion variations was performed using restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of PCR-amplified fragments.

Results: The XRCC4 -1394TG genotype frequency was significantly lower (p = 0.005) in the patients (9.4%) than in the controls (21.1%). The frequency of the -1394G allele was significantly lower (p < 0.0001) in the patients (6.6%) than in the controls (19.0%). There were no statistically significant differences in the genotype and allele frequencies of the XRCC1 codon 399, XRCC4 codon 247 and XRCC4 intron 3 insertion/deletion polymorphisms between the cases and controls.

Conclusions: The XRCC4 -1394T/G polymorphism was associated with susceptibility to endometriosis in an Iranian population.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000366444DOI Listing
June 2016

Association study of the TNF-α -1031T/C and VEGF +450G/C polymorphisms with susceptibility to endometriosis.

Gynecol Endocrinol 2013 Nov 16;29(11):974-7. Epub 2013 Aug 16.

Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, Academic Center for Education Culture and Research (ACECR) , Tehran , Iran and.

Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), a multifunctional proinflammatory cytokine, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a major mediator of angiogenesis and vascular permeability, have been investigated in endometriosis patients of different populations. This study was carried out to investigate whether the two polymorphisms, TNF-α -1031T/C and VEGF +450G/C are associated with susceptibility to endometriosis in an Iranian population. Totally, 135 women with diagnosis of endometriosis and 173 women with no evidence of the disease were included in this study. The -1031T/C and +450G/C polymorphisms were assessed by PCR-RFLP analysis, using the two restriction enzymes BbsI and BsmFI, respectively. The frequencies of the TNF-α -1031TC genotype (p = 0.038) and the -1031 C allele (p = 0.048) were significantly lower in patients than control group. In contrast, no significant differences in the genotype and allele frequencies of the VEGF +450G/C polymorphism were found between the case and control groups. Our results suggest that the TNF-α -1031T/C polymorphism was associated with susceptibility to endometriosis in Iranian population, and the -1301C allele may have a protective role in development of endometriosis; On the contrary, we find no association between the VEGF +450G/C polymorphism and risk of endometriosis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09513590.2013.824956DOI Listing
November 2013

Polymorphisms of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, angiotensin converting enzyme and coagulation factor XIII genes in patients with recurrent spontaneous abortion.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2011 Mar 7;24(3):545-8. Epub 2010 Sep 7.

Department of Reproductive Genetics, Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.

We investigated polymorphisms of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE ) and coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) genes and their association with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) in Iranian patients and normal healthy controls. Ten (18.5%) patients were homozygote (4G/4G) for PAI-1 polymorphism, in contrast with two (2%) controls (p = 0.001). Patients with homozygote 4G mutation were significantly more prone to RSA in contrast to others (odds ratio: 11.0, 95% CI: 2.3-52.4). Nineteen (30.2%) patients and 25 (26.6%) controls were homozygote (DD) for ACE polymorphism. We observed only two patients and one control with homozygosity (34leu) for FXIII polymorphism. 4G/4G polymorphism for PAI-1 gene could be a thrombophilic mutation leading to abortion in Iranian population.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/14767058.2010.511331DOI Listing
March 2011

Association of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) +405 g>c polymorphism with endometriosis in an Iranian population.

J Reprod Infertil 2010 Apr;11(1):33-7

Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Angiogenesis, growth of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels, is a crucial physiological process for tissue regeneration. This state is also seen in pathological processes such as malignancies and endometriosis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a major mediator of angiogenesis and vascular permeability which is known to play an important role in the development of endometriosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between +405 G>C VEGF polymorphism and endometriosis in an Iranian population.

Materials And Methods: The study population was comprised of 105 women with and 150 women without laparoscopic evidence of endometriosis. Genomic DNA from blood cells was extracted using salting out method. Genotype and allele frequency of +405 G>C polymorphism was compared between women with endometriosis and the controls using PCR-RFLP. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 13.0 software. Chi-squared test and odds ratio plus 95% confidence interval were determined. A p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: While the +405 VEGF genotype frequencies in the case group were 41.3% G/G, 46.2% C/G and %12.5 C/C, they were 32% GG, %53.3 GC and 14.7% CC in the control group. The distribution of three genotypes and allele frequencies of +405 G>C VEGF polymorphism between the case and control groups did not demonstrate any significant difference.

Conclusion: In contrast to previous studies, no significant correlation was found between +405 G>C VEGF polymorphism and endometriosis. Since this was the first study in an Iranian population, further investigation with bigger sample sizes may be indicated to be able to generalize the findings.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3719274PMC
April 2010

Thrombophilic mutations in Iranian patients with infertility and recurrent spontaneous abortion.

Ann Hematol 2006 Apr 1;85(4):268-71. Epub 2006 Feb 1.

Reproductive Biology, Biotechnology and Infertility Research Center, Avesina Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.

Factor V Leiden (FVL) G1691A, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T, and factor II (FII) G20210A mutations are three important causes of thrombophilia, the condition that might be related to infertility and recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). In this study we evaluated the presence of these three mutations in 36 female patients with unexplained infertility, 65 female patients with unexplained RSA, and 62 healthy fertile women as control group. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples and PCR-RFLP was performed for the molecular diagnosis of each mutation. In addition, activated protein C resistance (APC-R) was also evaluated. The frequencies of FVL, MTHFR, and FII mutations (heterozygous and homozygous) in the control group were 0.0%, 38.7%, and 3.2%, respectively. The frequency of FVL mutation in patients with infertility (30.6%) or RSA (20.0%) was significantly higher than that of the control group. A significantly higher MTHFR mutation rate was also observed in patients with RSA (63.1%) as compared to controls. However, the mutation rate of MTHFR in patients with infertility (50.0%) was not statistically different from that in controls. No significant difference was observed in the frequencies of FII mutations between the patients and controls. Decreased levels of APC-R were observed in 25.0% of infertile patients and 18.9% of patients with RSA. In conclusion, our results show a skew towards higher mutation frequencies of FVL and MTHFR in patients that may necessitate detection of such mutations in these Iranian patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-005-0021-0DOI Listing
April 2006