Publications by authors named "Melania Celli"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Eltrombopag second-line therapy in adult patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia in an attempt to achieve sustained remission off-treatment: results of a phase II, multicentre, prospective study.

Br J Haematol 2021 Apr 22;193(2):386-396. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Medical, Surgical and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

Up to 30% immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) patients achieve a sustained remission off-treatment (SROT) after discontinuation of thrombopoietin receptor agonists (TPO-RAs). Factors predictive of response are lacking. Patients aged ≥18 years with newly diagnosed or persistent ITP were treated with eltrombopag for 24 weeks. Primary end-point was SROT: the proportion of responders that were able to taper and discontinue eltrombopag maintaining the response during a period of observation (PO) of six months. Secondary end-points included the association between some immunological parameters (TPO serum levels, cytokines and lymphocyte subsets) and response. Fifty-one patients were evaluable. Primary end-point was achieved in 13/51 (25%) treated patients and 13/34 (38%) patients who started the tapering. Baseline TPO levels were not associated with response at week 24 nor with SROT. Higher baseline levels of IL-10, IL-4, TNF-α and osteopontin were negative factors predictive of response (P = 0·001, 0·008, 0·02 and 0·03 respectively). This study confirms that SROT is feasible for a proportion of ITP patients treated with eltrombopag. Some biological parameters were predictive of response.
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April 2021

Characterization and dynamics of specific T cells against nucleophosmin-1 (NPM1)-mutated peptides in patients with NPM1-mutated acute myeloid leukemia.

Oncotarget 2019 Jan 25;10(8):869-882. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Section of Hematology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Policlinico, Modena, Italy.

Nucleophosmin(NPM1)-mutated protein, a leukemia-specific antigen, represents an ideal target for AML immunotherapy. We investigated the dynamics of NPM1-mutated-specific T cells on PB and BM samples, collected from 31 adult -mutated AML patients throughout the disease course, and stimulated with mixtures of 18 short and long peptides (9-18mers), deriving from the complete C-terminal of the NPM1-mutated protein. Two 9-mer peptides, namely LAVEEVSLR and AVEEVSLRK (13.9-14.9), were identified as the most immunogenic epitopes. IFNγ-producing NPM1-mutated-specific T cells were observed by ELISPOT assay after stimulation with peptides 13.9-14.9 in 43/85 (50.6%) PB and 34/80 (42.5%) BM samples. An inverse correlation between MRD kinetics and anti-leukemic specific T cells was observed. Cytokine Secretion Assays allowed to predominantly and respectively identify Effector Memory and Central Memory T cells among IFNγ-producing and IL2-producing T cells. Moreover, NPM1-mutated-specific CTLs against primary leukemic blasts or PHA-blasts pulsed with different peptide pools could be expanded from -mutated AML patients or primed in healthy donors. We describe the spontaneous appearance and persistence of -mutated-specific T cells, which may contribute to the maintenance of long-lasting remissions. Future studies are warranted to investigate the potential role of both autologous and allogeneic adoptive immunotherapy in -mutated AML patients.
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January 2019

Brentuximab Vedotin in Transplant-Naïve Relapsed/Refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma: Experience in 30 Patients.

Oncologist 2015 Dec 23;20(12):1413-6. Epub 2015 Oct 23.

Department of Cellular Biotechnologies and Hematology, "Sapienza" University, Rome, Italy.

Background: Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is characterized by the presence of CD30-positive Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg cells. Approximately 30%-40% of patients with advanced disease are refractory to frontline therapy or will relapse after first-line treatment. The standard management of these patients is salvage chemotherapy followed by high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). The best prognostic factor is the status of disease before ASCT; in particular, the normalization of positron emission tomography (PET) scan. Brentuximab vedotin (BV) has shown a high overall response rate in refractory/relapsed HL after ASCT, whereas few data are available regarding its role before ASCT.

Patients And Methods: A multicenter, retrospective, observational study was conducted. The primary endpoint of the study was the effectiveness of BV as single agent in patients with relapsed/refractory, ASCT-naïve HL, determined by the conversion of PET status from positive to negative; secondary endpoints were safety, capacity to proceed to ASCT, survival, and progression-free status.

Results: Thirty patients with relapsed/refractory HL- and PET-positive disease after conventional chemotherapy salvage treatments were treated with a median of 4 cycles of BV. Normalization of PET findings (Deauville score ≤2) occurred in 9 of 30 patients (30%). Those nine patients proceeded to ASCT.

Conclusion: These data suggest that BV can normalize PET status in a subset of HL patients refractory to conventional chemotherapy salvage treatments, such as ifosfamide-containing regimens, cytarabine- and platinum-containing regimens, prior to ASCT.
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December 2015