Publications by authors named "Meike A T Berghuis"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis manifested by ventricular fibrillation in a patient with low grade ovarian carcinoma: case report and literature review.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Apr 21;5(4):ytab120. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of cardiology, Heart Centre OLVG, Oosterparkstraat 9, 1091 AC Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) is a rare form of endocarditis notably described in patients with advanced malignancy and auto-immune diseases. It is characterized by the formation of sterile, fibrin-containing vegetations on cardiac endothelium, in the absence of positive blood cultures. It is predominantly located on the mitral- and aortic valve (AV). Vegetations in NBTE are prone to embolize. Trousseau syndrome (TS) is defined as unexplained thrombotic events that precede the diagnosis of malignancy.

Case Summary: A 49-year-old pre-menopausal woman with a history of visual disturbances, recurrent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) with concurrent pulmonary emboli (PE), and uterine myomas with dysfunctional uterine bleeding was resuscitated for ventricular fibrillation. While echocardiography revealed vegetations on the AV, blood cultures remained negative. Additional work-up for the aetiology of sterile vegetations revealed a low-grade ovarian carcinoma. Cardiac analysis showed evidence of myocardial infarction in the absence of coronary atherosclerosis as a cause for ventricular fibrillation.

Discussion: Unexplained thrombotic events (venous, arterial, or both) warrant further investigation, e.g., with regard to TS. NBTE is a potential source of thromboembolism in TS and a rare ante-mortem finding, which prompts additional investigation of the underlying cause. In our patient, a triad of (suspected) (i) arterial/systemic embolization (i.e. visual disturbances, splenic infarction, coronary embolism), (ii) peripheral thrombophlebitis/hypercoagulability (i.e. DVT and PE), and (iii) malignancy (i.e. gynaecological abnormalities) raised suspicion of NBTE in the setting of TS. Early diagnosis and treatment of NBTE is of importance due to the high incidence of embolization, with possible fatal outcome.
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April 2021

Initial presentation of lymphangioleiomyomatosis in third trimester of pregnancy.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jan 18;14(1). Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, OLVG, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a progressive cystic lung disease which mostly affects premenopausal women and could be exacerbated by pregnancy. Therefore, it is thought that oestrogen plays an important role in LAM pathogenesis. Here, a case of LAM is described in which the first presentation of symptoms occurred during the third trimester of pregnancy. Symptoms included acute onset dyspnoea and chest pain at gestational age of 39 weeks and 2 days. A CT was performed which showed multiple thin-walled cysts and a small pneumothorax. Serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor-D (VEGF-D) was 1200 pg/mL. The typical cystic lung changes on chest CT in combination with elevated VEGF-D is diagnostic for LAM. Given the risk of respiratory complications, the decision was made to deliver the baby at a gestational age of 39 weeks and 6 days by a planned caesarean section. Both mother and child were discharged home in good condition.
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January 2021