Publications by authors named "Mehrzad Jafarzadeh"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Designing a Logistic Regression Model for a Dataset to Predict Diabetic Foot Ulcer in Diabetic Patients: High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol Was the Negative Predictor.

J Diabetes Res 2021 16;2021:5521493. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Endocrine Research Center, Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: Although the risk factors for diabetic neuropathy and diabetic foot ulcer have been detected, there was no practical modeling for their prediction. We aimed to design a logistic regression model on an Iranian dataset to predict the probability of experiencing diabetic foot ulcers up to a considered age in diabetic patients.

Methods: The present study was a statistical modeling on a previously published dataset. The covariates were sex, age, body mass index (BMI), fasting blood sugar (FBS), hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglyceride (TG), insulin dependency, and statin use. The final model of logistic regression was designed through a manual stepwise method. To study the performance of the model, an area under receiver operating characteristic (AUC) curve was reported. A scoring system was defined according to the coefficients to be used in logistic function for calculation of the probability.

Results: The pretest probability for the outcome was 30.83%. The final model consisted of age (1 = 0.133), BMI (2 = 0.194), FBS (3 = 0.011), HDL (4 = -0.118), and insulin dependency (5 = 0.986) ( < 0.1). The performance of the model was definitely acceptable (AUC = 0.914).

Conclusion: This model can be used clinically for consulting the patients. The only negative predictor of the risk is HDL cholesterol. Keeping the HDL level more than 50 (mg/dl) is strongly suggested. Logistic regression modeling is a simple and practical method to be used in the clinic.
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March 2021

Global prevalence and genotype distribution of norovirus infection in children with gastroenteritis: A meta-analysis on 6 years of research from 2015 to 2020.

Rev Med Virol 2021 Apr 1:e2237. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Medical Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

In the post rotavirus vaccine era, norovirus (NoV) plays an increasingly important role in epidemic and sporadic gastroenteritis among children. This study was designed to provide an updated meta-analytic review of the prevalence of NoV among paediatric patients with gastroenteritis and to clarify the relationship between NoV infection and gastroenteritis. Systematic searches of the literature for potentially relevant studies were carried out from 1 January 2015 to 29 May 2020. The inverse variance method was chosen for weighting of the studies, and the random-effects model was used to analyse data. To determine the association between NoV infection and gastroenteritis in children, pooled odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were computed for case-control studies. The pooled prevalence of NoV infection among 12,0531 children with gastroenteritis from 45 countries across the world was 17.7% (95% CI: 16.3%-19.2%). There were 28 studies with a case-control design, and the pooled prevalence of NoV infection among 11,954 control subjects was 6.7% (95% CI: 5.1%-8.8%). The pooled OR of the association of NoV infection and gastroenteritis was 2.7 (95% CI: 2.2-3.4). The most common NoV genotypes were GII.4 (59.3%) and GII.3 (14.9%). The highest frequency of NoV was found in the age group below 1 year. Our findings indicated a substantial burden of gastroenteritis caused by NoV globally, with GII.4 and GII.3 the major genotypes responsible for the majority of NoV-associated gastroenteritis cases among children. Younger age and male sex can be considered risk factors for NoV-associated gastroenteritis among children.
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April 2021

Determination of Serum Levels of Interleukin-6, Interleukin-8, Interleukin-10, and Tumor Necrosis-Alpha and their Relationship With The Total Body Surface Area in Children.

J Burn Care Res 2020 05;41(3):539-543

Shahid Motahari Burn Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

There are few studies on the inflammatory processes and the role of cytokines involved in pediatric burn injuries. The present study aims to measure the serum levels of cytokines and their relationship with the degree of burn injury in children. Within the 48 hours of hospitalization, the serum samples were obtained to measure inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-6, interleukin-8, interleukin-10 [IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10] and tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-α]). The level of all of these cytokine factors was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique. The mean levels of IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α was 18.15 ± 4.77 pg/ml, 59.54 ± 4.59 pg/ml, 8.41 ± 2.09 pg/ml, and 1.48 ± 0.15 pg/ml, respectively, which were higher than the normal range designated for the healthy pediatrics age group. The levels of TNF-α were higher in patients with sepsis (P = .03) and deceased patients (P = .001). There was a statistically significant difference in the levels of IL-8 in patients with second- (.001) and third-degree (.001) burn injuries in comparison to the first-degree burn injuries, and the level of IL-8 was statistically significantly higher in patients with electrical burn injuries in comparison to scald burn injuries (.01). IL-10 was statistically significantly higher in patients with contact burn injuries in comparison to scald (.001) and flame (.03) burn injuries. Cytokine levels in pediatric burn patients increased after severe burn injuries. There was a significant correlation between the levels of IL-8 and the degree of burn injuries.
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May 2020

A Fibroblast Growth Factor Antagonist Peptide Inhibits Breast Cancer in BALB/c Mice.

Open Life Sci 2018 Jan 31;13:348-354. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.

Objective: Given the role of basic fibroblastic growth factor (bFGF) in tumor growth, it has been considered as a potential target for tumor therapy. In this study, we investigate the effect of bFGF antagonistic peptide on the growth and angiogenesis of 4T1 mammary carcinoma tumor (MCT) in BALB/c mice.

Methods: An engineered peptide was injected into BALB/c mice in doses of 1, 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg daily for 14 days. Immunohistochemical analysis using anti-CD31 and anti-CD34 were conducted as indices of angiogenesis. In addition, blood samples were taken from the eyes of treated and control mice and the levels of Interleukin-8 (IL-8) and Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α) were measured by ELISA. Data was analyzed by ANOVA using SPSS.

Results: The antagonistic peptide inhibited growth and angiogenesis of MCT ( ≤0.05), and decreased the serum level of IL-8 and TNF-α in treated groups compared to the control groups.

Conclusion: The inhibition of tumor angiogenesis has been considered as an important strategy to halt tumor growth. The results of current study confirm that the antiangiogenic peptide effectively inhibited the growth of MCT, and shows potential for clinical trials for the treatment of cancer in humans.
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January 2018

Small ubiquitin-like modifier 4 M55V polymorphism is not associated with diabetic nephropathy in Iranian type 2 diabetes patients.

Indian J Hum Genet 2013 Apr;19(2):179-82

Department of Immunology, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.

Introduction: We studied the impact of small ubiquitin-like modifier 4 (SUMO4) M55V polymorphism on susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy in Iranian type 2 diabetes patients.

Materials And Methods: The patient group consisted of 50 Iranian type 2 diabetes patients with nephropathy, and the control group consisted of 50 Iranian type 2 diabetes patients without nephropathy. Genotyping was performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method for the M55V.

Results: The frequency of SUMO4 AA, AG, and GG genotypes were 23%, 18%, and 9% in the patient group and 10%, 22%, and 18% in the control group. There was no significant difference in frequency of SUMO4 genotypes in patients compared to controls.

Conclusion: These findings indicate that SUMO4 M55V polymorphism is not associated with diabetic nephropathy in Iranian type 2 diabetes patients.
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April 2013

Systemic sclerosis: demographic, clinical and serological features in 100 Iranian patients.

Rheumatol Int 2013 Aug 24;33(8):1943-50. Epub 2013 Jan 24.

Rheumatology Research Center, Firoozgar Hospital Tehran, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

To evaluate demographic, clinical and laboratory features associated with scleroderma-specific auto-antibodies. Sera of 100 patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) were analyzed by an indirect immunofluorescence technique with HEp-2 cells as a substrate. Specific ANA such as anti-centromere antibodies (ACA), anti-topoisomerase (TOPO), anti-RNA polymerase III (Pol 3), anti-U3-RNP (U3-RNP), anti-Th/To (Th/To) and anti-PM/Scl (PM/Scl) were detected by line immunoassay and anti-U1-RNP (U1-RNP) by ELISA. Frequency of clinical features associated with a specific antibody group was reported cumulatively over the follow-up period. Frequency of specific clinical features was compared across the two disease subtype including limited cutaneous (lcSSc) or diffuse cutaneous (dcSSc) as well as the auto-antibody groups. Ninety-four percent of patients were ANA positive with significant higher skin score, Raynauds and digital ulcer/gangrene. Anti-TOPO was detected in 71% of all patients, in 90.5% of dcSSC and in 65.8% of lcSSc. Anti-TOPO was significantly associated with dcSSc, higher skin score, digital ulcer/gangrene, pulmonary fibrosis, DLCO <70%. U1-RNP antibody was associated with lower fibrosis in lung. ACA was positive in 7% of patients and exclusively in those with lcSSc. We did not find association between gender and presence of auto-antibodies. Anti-TOPO antibody had a high prevalence in contrast to low prevalence of ACA antibody. There were no differences in clinical subtypes of the disease in patients with positive anti-TOPO and positive ACA. Differences in prevalence of auto-antibodies are suggestive of further genetic study.
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August 2013

No association of the SUMO4 polymorphism M55V variant in type 2 diabetes in Iranian subjects.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2010 Nov 21;90(2):191-5. Epub 2010 Aug 21.

Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus incidence has an increasing rate and it's genetic aspect is an important approach as a risk factor and predictive value in this disorder. In some population, SUMO4, a regulator of NF-κB, gene polymorphism is associated with diabetes. A single-nucleotide polymorphism was detected in SUMO4; substituting a highly conserved methionine with a valine residue (M55V). We studied the association between M55V polymorphism in the SUMO4 gene insusceptibility of type 2 diabetes in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Materials And Methods: Participants were 50 patients with type 2 diabetes and 50 control Iranian subjects. Genotyping was done using polymorphism chain reaction (PCR) technique and subsequent cleavage by restriction endonuclease (RFLP) for the M55V SUMO4 gene variant.

Results: The frequency of SUMO4 AA, AG and GG were 13%, 25% and 12% in control group and 20%, 22%, 18% in the type 2 diabetes patients respectively. The SUMO4 M55V variant was not associated with the susceptibility of type 2 diabetes.

Conclusion: The study indicates that the SUMO4 gene M55V variant was not associated with the susceptibility of the type 2 diabetes polymorphism.
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November 2010