Rahman, Md. Meshbahur; Begum, Musa. Rahima; Rahman, Md. Mahmudur; Uddin, Mohammad Taj, “Factors Affecting Health Status of Urban Aged Population: Evidence from Sylhet, Bangladesh”, Indian Journal of Gerontology, 2018, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 103–118.
Indian Journal of Gerontology
Population ageing emerged on a world wide scale within the last
century and Bangladesh is also facing frightening problems with
ageing population. Demographic transition influences health of
elderly population in a variety of ways particularly in developing
countries. The aims of this study is to identify the determinants of
health status of urban ageing people in Sylhet District of
Bangladesh. For this, a total number of 390 urban aged populations
have been interviewed. Different statistical tools including logistic
regression model have been applied to analyze the data. The
analysis shows that 68.4 per cent of the elderly belonging to the age
group 80 and above are suffering from various types of diseases.
From the analysis is found that Age of the respondents, Mobility,
Food Intake declination, Weight loss during 3 months, Psycho
BMC Public Health 2018 03 2;18(1):308. Epub 2018 Mar 2.
Department of Family Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a cluster of health problems that set the stage for serious health conditions and places individuals at higher risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and stroke. The worldwide prevalence of MS in the adult population is on the rise and Bangladesh is no exception. According to some epidemiological study, MS is highly prevalent in Bangladesh and has increased dramatically in last few decades. To provide a clear picture of the current situation, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis with an objective to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among the Bangladeshi population using data already published in the scientific literature.
Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and PubMed and manually checked references of all identified relevant publications that described the prevalence of MS in Bangladesh. Random effects meta-analysis was used to pool the prevalence. Heterogeneity was explored using formal tests and subgroup analyses. Study quality and publication bias was also explored.
Results: Electronic and grey literature search retrieved 491 potentially relevant papers. After removing duplicates, reviewing titles and abstracts and screening full texts, 10 studies were finally selected. Most of the studies were conducted in rural populations and study participants were mostly females. The weighted pooled prevalence of metabolic syndrome regardless of gender and criteria used to define metabolic syndrome, was 30.0% with high heterogeneity observed. Weighted pooled prevalence of metabolic syndrome is higher in females (32%) compared to males (25%) though not statistically significant (p?=?0.434). Prevalence was highest (37%) when Modified NCEP ATP III criteria was used to define MS, while it was lowest (20%) when WHO criteria was used. In most cases, geographical area (urban/rural) was identified as a source of heterogeneity between the studies. Most of the studies met study quality assessment criteria's except adequate sample size criteria and evidence of small study effect was also detected.
Conclusions: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is high and rising in Bangladesh. Strategies aimed at primary prevention are required to mitigate a further increase in the prevalence and for the reduction of the morbidity and mortality associated with metabolic syndrome.
Rahman, M. M., Farhana, Z., Tani, T. A., &Ullah, M. O. (2017). Integrating Overweight-obesity and Reproductive Factors of Married Women in Bangladesh. Journal of Governance and Innovation, III(2), 55–72.ISSN- 2312-5551.
Society & Change
Overweight or Obesity has become a burning question because it is associated with various health complications. It is increasing day by day all over the world. In Bangladesh, it is higher among women than men. Therefore, we aims to integrate the overweight-obesity factors with the reproductive factors among the married women in Bangladesh aged 15-49 years. To conduct this study we used a secondary cross-sectional data on a wide range of indicators relating to population, health, and nutrition from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS), 2014. In this study, we analysed married women’s nutrition-related data using logistic regression model and multi-factor analysis (MFA). The data included 17,863 married women of various ages. Of 17863 women, about 18.8% were overweight and 4.3% were obesity. Women of Khulna, Chittagong and Dhaka division had a higher risk of being overweight or obese compared to the women of Barisal division. The richest women were 6.233 times (95 % CI: 4.004-9.720, p < 0.001) more likely to be overweight or obese compared to poorest women. It was also found that, the prevalence of overweight or obesity was higher in urban (37.5%) women than rural women (19%). From multi-factor analysis we found in overweight-obesity factors- Wealth Index, TV watching and current occupation of women are positively associated with overweight or obesity. Integrating the factors of overweight-obesity with reproductive groups, we found -Wealth index, Current occupational status and TV Watching in overweight-obesity group are positively associated with Educational status and Breastfeeding of reproductive group. Taken together, we can conclude that a large number of married women were suffering from overweight-obesity problems.
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