Publications by authors named "Mayumi Fukuda-Doi"

10 Publications

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Rationale and Design of a Prospective, Multicenter, Single-Arm Clinical Trial to Investigate the Safety and Effectiveness of Rotablator Atherectomy System as an Adjunctive Device for Endovascular Treatment of Occlusive Atherosclerotic Lesions in Below-the-Knee Arteries With Critical Limb Ischemia (RESCUE-BTK).

Circ Rep 2020 Jun 16;2(8):449-454. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center Suita Japan.

Endovascular treatment with balloon angioplasty plays a major role in revascularization of below-the-knee (BTK) arteries in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). However, with severely calcified lesions, achieving optimal revascularization with balloon angioplasty alone is difficult. Therefore, we are evaluating the safety and effectiveness of the Rotablator atherectomy system as an adjunctive device in the treatment of severely calcified lesions in BTK arteries in the RESCUE-BTK trial, a multicenter, single-arm, open-label, exploratory investigator-initiated clinical study of medical devices. In this paper we describe the design of the trial. Seventeen patients with CLI in whom balloon angioplasty has failed are enrolled in the study. The primary endpoint is the procedural success rate of balloon angioplasty after rotational atherectomy. Success is defined as the fulfillment of 3 requirements upon assessment by the core laboratory: (1) final residual diameter stenosis <50%; (2) the absence of a delay in flow or vessel perforation in the target artery, or both; and (3) brisk antegrade flow to the foot. Key secondary endpoints are the number of complications associated with the trial procedures and the limb salvage rate. Participants are followed-up for 6 months after the trial procedures. The RESCUE-BTK trial will clarify the safety and effectiveness of the adjunctive use of the Rotablator system in severely calcified lesions of BTK arteries in patients with CLI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1253/circrep.CR-20-0024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7819644PMC
June 2020

Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Thrombolysis (0.6 mg/kg) Was Beneficial for Unknown Onset Stroke Above a Certain Core Size: THAWS RCT Substudy.

Stroke 2021 01 10;52(1):12-19. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine (K.T., M. Inoue, S.Y., M.F.-D., K. Miwa, M. Shiozawa, K. Minematsu, M.K.), National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Japan.

Background And Purpose: We determined to identify patients with unknown onset stroke who could have favorable 90-day outcomes after low-dose thrombolysis from the THAWS (Thrombolysis for Acute Wake-Up and Unclear-Onset Strokes With Alteplase at 0.6 mg/kg) database.

Methods: This was a subanalysis of an investigator-initiated, multicenter, randomized, open-label, blinded-end point trial. Patients with stroke with a time last-known-well >4.5 hours who showed a mismatch between diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive alteplase at 0.6 mg/kg intravenously or standard medical treatment. The patients were dichotomized by ischemic core size or National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, and the effects of assigned treatments were compared in each group. The efficacy outcome was favorable outcome at 90 days, defined as a modified Rankin Scale score of 0 to 1.

Results: The median DWI-Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) was 9, and the median ischemic core volume was 2.5 mL. Both favorable outcome (47.1% versus 48.3%) and any intracranial hemorrhage (26% versus 14%) at 22 to 36 hours were comparable between the 68 thrombolyzed patients and the 58 control patients. There was a significant treatment-by-cohort interaction for favorable outcome between dichotomized patients by ASPECTS on DWI (=0.026) and core volume (=0.035). Favorable outcome was more common in the alteplase group than in the control group in patients with DWI-ASPECTS 5 to 8 (RR, 4.75 [95% CI, 1.33-30.2]), although not in patients with DWI-ASPECTS 9 to 10. Favorable outcome tended to be more common in the alteplase group than in the control group in patients with core volume >6.4 mL (RR, 6.15 [95% CI, 0.87-43.64]), although not in patients with volume ≤6.4 mL. The frequency of any intracranial hemorrhage did not differ significantly between the 2 treatment groups in any dichotomized patients.

Conclusions: Patients developing unknown onset stroke with DWI-ASPECTS 5 to 8 showed favorable outcomes more commonly after low-dose thrombolysis than after standard treatment. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique Identifier: NCT02002325. URL: https://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr; Unique Identifier: UMIN000011630.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.030848DOI Listing
January 2021

Response by Fukuda-Doi et al to Letter Regarding Article, "Sex Differences in Blood Pressure-Lowering Therapy and Outcomes Following Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Results From ATACH-2".

Stroke 2020 12 23;51(12):e360. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Center for Advancing Clinical and Translational Sciences (M.F.-D., H.Y.), National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.032180DOI Listing
December 2020

Regional Differences in the Response to Acute Blood Pressure Lowering After Cerebral Hemorrhage.

Neurology 2021 02 20;96(5):e740-e751. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

From the Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine (K. Toyoda, M.K., S.Y., K. Tanaka, K.M.), Center for Advancing Clinical and Translational Sciences (H.Y., M.F.-D., S.O.), and Department of Neurology (M.I.), National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Japan; Department of Public Health Sciences (Y.Y.P., L.F.), Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston; Department of Neurology (Y.H.), St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki; Department of Neurosurgery and Stroke Center (Y.S.), Kyorin University School of Medicine, Mitaka; Department of Neurosurgery (T.I.), Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine; Department of Neurosurgery (K.K.), Nakamura Memorial Hospital, Sapporo; Department of Neurology (H.H.), Tokyo Saiseikai Central Hospital, Japan; Department of Neurology (T.S.), Klinikum Frankfurt Höchst, Germany; Department of Neurology (B.-W.Y.), Seoul National University Hospital, South Korea; Beijing Tiantan Hospital (Y.W.), China; China Medical University (C.Y.H.), Taichung, Taiwan; and Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Research Center (A.I.Q.), University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

Objective: To compare the impact of intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering right after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) on clinical and hematoma outcomes among patients from different geographic locations, we performed a prespecified subanalysis of a randomized, multinational, 2-group, open-label trial to determine the efficacy of rapidly lowering BP in hyperacute ICH (Antihypertensive Treatment of Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage [ATACH]-2), involving 537 patients from East Asia and 463 recruited outside of Asia.

Methods: Eligible patients were randomly assigned to a systolic BP target of 110 to 139 mm Hg (intensive treatment) or 140 to 179 mm Hg (standard treatment). Predefined outcomes were poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 4-6 at 90 days), death within 90 days, hematoma expansion at 24 hours, and cardiorenal adverse events within 7 days.

Results: Poor functional outcomes (32.0% vs 45.9%), death (1.9% vs 13.3%), and cardiorenal adverse events (3.9% vs 11.2%) occurred significantly less frequently in patients from Asia than those outside of Asia. The treatment-by-cohort interaction was not significant for any outcomes. Only patients from Asia showed a lower incidence of hematoma expansion with intensive treatment (adjusted relative risk [RR] 0.56, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.38-0.83). Both Asian (RR 3.53, 95% CI 1.28-9.64) and non-Asian (RR 1.71, 95% CI 1.00-2.93) cohorts showed a higher incidence of cardiorenal adverse events with intensive treatment.

Conclusions: Poor functional outcomes and death 90 days after ICH were less common in patients from East Asia than those outside of Asia. Hematoma expansion, a potential predictor for poor clinical outcome, was attenuated by intensive BP lowering only in the Asian cohort.

Clinicaltrialsgov Identifier: NCT01176565.

Classification Of Evidence: This study provides Class II evidence that, for patients from East Asia with ICH, intensive blood pressure lowering significantly reduces the risk of hematoma expansion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000011229DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7884997PMC
February 2021

Intravenous alteplase for stroke with unknown time of onset guided by advanced imaging: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data.

Lancet 2020 11 8;396(10262):1574-1584. Epub 2020 Nov 8.

Department of Neurology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.

Background: Patients who have had a stroke with unknown time of onset have been previously excluded from thrombolysis. We aimed to establish whether intravenous alteplase is safe and effective in such patients when salvageable tissue has been identified with imaging biomarkers.

Methods: We did a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data for trials published before Sept 21, 2020. Randomised trials of intravenous alteplase versus standard of care or placebo in adults with stroke with unknown time of onset with perfusion-diffusion MRI, perfusion CT, or MRI with diffusion weighted imaging-fluid attenuated inversion recovery (DWI-FLAIR) mismatch were eligible. The primary outcome was favourable functional outcome (score of 0-1 on the modified Rankin Scale [mRS]) at 90 days indicating no disability using an unconditional mixed-effect logistic-regression model fitted to estimate the treatment effect. Secondary outcomes were mRS shift towards a better functional outcome and independent outcome (mRS 0-2) at 90 days. Safety outcomes included death, severe disability or death (mRS score 4-6), and symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage. This study is registered with PROSPERO, CRD42020166903.

Findings: Of 249 identified abstracts, four trials met our eligibility criteria for inclusion: WAKE-UP, EXTEND, THAWS, and ECASS-4. The four trials provided individual patient data for 843 individuals, of whom 429 (51%) were assigned to alteplase and 414 (49%) to placebo or standard care. A favourable outcome occurred in 199 (47%) of 420 patients with alteplase and in 160 (39%) of 409 patients among controls (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1·49 [95% CI 1·10-2·03]; p=0·011), with low heterogeneity across studies (I=27%). Alteplase was associated with a significant shift towards better functional outcome (adjusted common OR 1·38 [95% CI 1·05-1·80]; p=0·019), and a higher odds of independent outcome (adjusted OR 1·50 [1·06-2·12]; p=0·022). In the alteplase group, 90 (21%) patients were severely disabled or died (mRS score 4-6), compared with 102 (25%) patients in the control group (adjusted OR 0·76 [0·52-1·11]; p=0·15). 27 (6%) patients died in the alteplase group and 14 (3%) patients died among controls (adjusted OR 2·06 [1·03-4·09]; p=0·040). The prevalence of symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage was higher in the alteplase group than among controls (11 [3%] vs two [<1%], adjusted OR 5·58 [1·22-25·50]; p=0·024).

Interpretation: In patients who have had a stroke with unknown time of onset with a DWI-FLAIR or perfusion mismatch, intravenous alteplase resulted in better functional outcome at 90 days than placebo or standard care. A net benefit was observed for all functional outcomes despite an increased risk of symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage. Although there were more deaths with alteplase than placebo, there were fewer cases of severe disability or death.

Funding: None.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32163-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7734592PMC
November 2020

Sex Differences in Blood Pressure-Lowering Therapy and Outcomes Following Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Results From ATACH-2.

Stroke 2020 08 6;51(8):2282-2286. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine (M.F.-D., M.K., S.Y., K.M., K.T.), National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Japan.

Background And Purpose: Evidence regarding sex differences in clinical outcomes and treatment effect following intracerebral hemorrhage is limited. Using the ATACH-2 trial (Antihypertensive Treatment in Intracerebral Hemorrhage-2) data, we explored whether sex disparities exist in outcomes and response to intensive blood pressure (BP)-lowering therapy.

Methods: Eligible intracerebral hemorrhage subjects were randomly assigned to intensive (target systolic BP, 110-139 mm Hg) or standard (140-179 mm Hg) BP-lowering therapy within 4.5 hours after onset. Relative risk of death or disability corresponding to the modified Rankin Scale score of 4 to 6 was calculated, and interaction between sex and treatment was explored.

Results: In total, 380 women and 620 men were included. Women were older, more prescribed antihypertensive drugs before onset, and had more lobar intracerebral hemorrhage than men. Hematoma expansion was observed less in women. After multivariable adjustment, the relative risk of death or disability in women was 1.19 (95% CI, 1.02-1.37, =0.023). The relative risk of death or disability between intensive versus standard BP-lowering therapy was 0.91 (95% CI, 0.74-1.13) in women versus 1.13 (95% CI, 0.92-1.39) in men ( for interaction=0.11), with inconclusive Gail-Simmon test (=0.16).

Conclusions: Women had a higher risk of death or disability following intracerebral hemorrhage. The benefit of intensive BP-lowering therapy in women is inconclusive, consistent with the overall results of ATACH-2. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01176565.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.029770DOI Listing
August 2020

Thrombolysis With Alteplase at 0.6 mg/kg for Stroke With Unknown Time of Onset: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Stroke 2020 05 6;51(5):1530-1538. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya (S. Yoshimura).

Background and Purpose- We assessed whether lower-dose alteplase at 0.6 mg/kg is efficacious and safe for acute fluid-attenuated inversion recovery-negative stroke with unknown time of onset. Methods- This was an investigator-initiated, multicenter, randomized, open-label, blinded-end point trial. Patients met the standard indication criteria for intravenous thrombolysis other than a time last-known-well >4.5 hours (eg, wake-up stroke). Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive alteplase at 0.6 mg/kg or standard medical treatment if magnetic resonance imaging showed acute ischemic lesion on diffusion-weighted imaging and no marked corresponding hyperintensity on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery. The primary outcome was a favorable outcome (90-day modified Rankin Scale score of 0-1). Results- Following the early stop and positive results of the WAKE-UP trial (Efficacy and Safety of MRI-Based Thrombolysis in Wake-Up Stroke), this trial was prematurely terminated with 131 of the anticipated 300 patients (55 women; mean age, 74.4±12.2 years). Favorable outcome was comparable between the alteplase group (32/68, 47.1%) and the control group (28/58, 48.3%; relative risk [RR], 0.97 [95% CI, 0.68-1.41]; =0.892). Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 22 to 36 hours occurred in 1/71 and 0/60 (RR, infinity [95% CI, 0.06 to infinity]; >0.999), respectively. Death at 90 days occurred in 2/71 and 2/60 (RR, 0.85 [95% CI, 0.06-12.58]; >0.999), respectively. Conclusions- No difference in favorable outcome was seen between alteplase and control groups among patients with ischemic stroke with unknown time of onset. The safety of alteplase at 0.6 mg/kg was comparable to that of standard treatment. Early study termination precludes any definitive conclusions. Registration- URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02002325.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.028127DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7185058PMC
May 2020

Late Neurological Deterioration after Acute Intracerebral Hemorrhage: A post hoc Analysis of the ATACH-2 Trial.

Cerebrovasc Dis 2020 11;49(1):26-31. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Department of Neurology, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.

Background: Neurological deterioration (ND) has a major influence on the prognosis of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH); however, factors associated with ND occurring after 24 h of ICH onset are unknown.

Methods: We performed exploratory analyses of data from the Antihypertensive Treatment of Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage 2 trial, which compared intensive and standard blood pressure lowering treatment in ICH. NDs were captured on the adverse event case report form. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the independent predictors of late ND.

Results: Among 1,000 participants with acute ICH, 82 patients (8.2%) developed early ND (≤24 h), and 64 (6.4%) had late ND. Baseline hematoma volume (adjusted OR [aOR] per 1-cm3 increase 1.04, 95% CI 1.02-1.06, p < 0.0001), hematoma volume increase in 24 h (aOR 2.24, 95% CI 1.23-4.07, p = 0.008), and the presence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH; aOR 2.38, 95% CI 1.32-4.29, p = 0.004) were independent predictors of late ND (vs. no late ND). Late ND was a significant risk factor for poor 90-day outcome (OR 3.46, 95% CI 1.82-6.56). No statistically significant difference in the incidence of late ND was noted between the 2 treatment groups.

Conclusions: Initial hematoma volume, early hematoma volume expansion, and IVH are independent predictors of late ND after ICH. Intensive reduction in the systolic blood pressure level does not prevent the development of late ND.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506117DOI Listing
September 2020

Effectiveness of staged angioplasty for avoidance of cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome after carotid revascularization.

J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 18:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

2Division of Stroke Prevention and Treatment, Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

OBJECTIVECerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) is a serious complication after carotid artery stenting (CAS). Staged angioplasty (SAP)-i.e., angioplasty followed by delayed CAS-has been reported as a potential CHS-avoiding procedure. The purpose of this study was to clarify the effectiveness of SAP in avoiding CHS after carotid revascularization for patients at high risk for this complication.METHODSThe authors retrospectively studied cases involving patients at high risk for CHS from 44 Japanese centers who were scheduled for SAP, regular CAS, angioplasty, or staged procedures other than SAP between October 2007 and March 2014. They investigated the rate of CHS in the population scheduled for SAP or regular CAS, and for safety analysis, the composite rate of transient ischemic attack (TIA) and ischemic stroke in the population eventually receiving SAP or regular CAS.RESULTSData from a total of 525 patients (532 lesions, mean age 72.5 ± 7.5 years, 74 women ) were analyzed. Scheduled procedures included SAP for 113 lesions and regular CAS for 419 lesions. The rate of CHS was lower in the SAP group than in the regular CAS group (4.4% vs 10.5%, p = 0.047). Multivariate analysis showed that SAP was negatively related to CHS (OR 0.315; 95% CI 0.120-0.828). In the population eventually receiving SAP (102 lesions) or regular CAS (428 lesions), the composite rate of TIA and ischemic stroke was comparable between the SAP group and the regular CAS group (9.8% vs 9.3%).CONCLUSIONSSAP may be an effective and safe carotid revascularization procedure to avoid CHS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.8.JNS18887DOI Listing
January 2019

Clinical Outcomes Depending on Acute Blood Pressure After Cerebral Hemorrhage.

Ann Neurol 2019 01 7;85(1):105-113. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Research Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

Objective: To determine the association between clinical outcomes and acute systolic blood pressure (SBP) levels achieved after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).

Methods: Eligible patients who were randomized to the ATACH-2 (Antihypertensive Treatment in Intracerebral Hemorrhage 2) trial (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01176565) were divided into 5 groups by 10-mmHg strata of average hourly minimum SBP (<120, 120-130, 130-140, 140-150, and ≥ 150 mmHg) during 2 to 24 hours after randomization. Outcomes included: 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) 4 to 6; hematoma expansion, defined as an increase ≥6 ml from baseline to 24-hour computed tomography; and cardiorenal adverse events within 7 days.

Results: Of the 1,000 subjects in ATACH-2, 995 with available SBP data were included in the analyses. The proportion of mRS 4 to 6 was 37.5, 36.0, 42.8, 38.6, and 38.0%, respectively. For the "140 to 150" group relative to the "120 to 130," the odds ratio (OR), adjusting for sex, race, age, onset-to-randomization time, baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, hematoma volume, and hematoma location, was 1.62 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02-2.58). Hematoma expansion was identified in 16.9, 13.7, 21.4, 18.5, and 26.4%, respectively. The 140 to 150 (OR, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.05-3.09) and "≥150" (1.98; 1.12-3.51) showed a higher frequency of expansion than the 120 to 130 group. Cardiorenal events occurred in 13.6, 16.6, 11.5, 8.1, and 8.2%, respectively. The 140 to 150 (0.43; 0.19-0.88) and ≥ 150 (0.44; 0.18-0.96) showed a lower frequency of the events than the 120 to 130.

Interpretation: Beneficial effects of lowering and maintaining SBP at 120 to 130 mmHg during the first 24 hours on clinical outcomes by suppressing hematoma expansion was somewhat offset by cardiorenal complications. ANN NEUROL 2019;85:105-113.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ana.25379DOI Listing
January 2019