Publications by authors named "May El-Manawaty"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Synthesis, pharmacological profile and 2D-QSAR studies of curcumin-amino acid conjugates as potential drug candidates.

Eur J Med Chem 2020 Jun 6;196:112293. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Microbiology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

A series of curcumin bis-conjugates 3a-q, 5a-k and 6a-k were synthesized in good yields utilizing an optimized reaction condition. We explored the effect of different amino acids and protecting groups on biological activities of curcumin. The conjugates were screened for anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antimicrobial properties. Some of the conjugates showed promising biological observations with a potency comparable with the standard references. The variations in biological properties concerning different amino acids and protecting groups are interesting observations. Effects of the synthesized conjugates on splenocytes and the production of nitric oxide by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated peritoneal macrophages are correlated with the observed anti-inflammatory properties. We have also established the safety profile of the most active conjugates. Robust 2D-QSAR studies supported and validated biological data.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2020.112293DOI Listing
June 2020

Novel thiazolidines: Synthesis, antiproliferative properties and 2D-QSAR studies.

Bioorg Med Chem 2019 10 14;27(20):115047. Epub 2019 Aug 14.

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Texas-Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019-0065, USA. Electronic address:

A series of N-substituted (Z)-2-imino-(5Z)-ylidene thiazolidines/thiazolidin-4-ones were synthesized and their antiproliferative activities against colon (HCT-116) and breast (MCF7) cancer cell lines were evaluated utilizing an MTT growth assay. A 2D-QSAR investigation was conducted to probe and validate the obtained antiproliferative properties for the thiazolidine derivatives. The majority of the thiazolidines exhibit higher potency against a colon cancer cell line relative to the standard reference. The p-halophenylimino p-anisylidene derivatives exhibited the highest anti-proliferative activity against HCT116 relative to control (IC = 8.9-10.0 μM compared to 20.4 μM observed for 5-fluorouracil as positive control). An X-ray study confirmed the Z, Z'-configurations for two examples of the synthesized compounds.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2019.115047DOI Listing
October 2019

Novel Curcumin Inspired Antineoplastic 1-Sulfonyl-4-Piperidones: Design, Synthesis and Molecular Modeling Studies.

Anticancer Agents Med Chem 2019 ;19(8):1069-1078

Department of Pesticide Chemistry, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza 12622, Egypt.

Background: Curcumin is a well-known example of plant origin exhibiting promising diverse biological properties such as, anti-inflammatory and antitumor as well as poor pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic properties. This is why effective agents based on its chemical scaffold were explored.

Methods: A set of 3,5-bis(ylidene)-1-(alkylsulfonyl)piperidin-4-ones were synthesized in excellent yield (80- 96%) through dehydrohalogenation reaction of 3,5-bis(ylidene)-4-piperidinones with the corresponding alkane sulfonyl chloride in the presence of triethylamine. Antiproliferative properties of the synthesized compounds (dienone/curcumin inspired analogues) were studied by the standard MTT technique.

Results: Most of the synthesized compounds revealed antiproliferative properties against HCT116 (colon) and A431 (skin/squamous) cancer cell lines with IC50 values at sub-micromolar level. Compound 36 also exhibited potency against MCF7 (breast) and A549 (lung) cancer cell lines (IC50 = 2.23, 4.27µM, respectively) higher than that of the reference standards (IC50 = 3.15, 5.93µM for 5-fluorouracil and doxorubicin against MCF7 and A549 cell lines, respectively). Cytotoxic properties of the synthesized compounds against non-cancer RPE1 cell line supported the safety profile of the effective agents against normal cells. Molecular modeling (3Dpharmacophore and 2D-QSAR) studies validated the observed bio-properties and explained the parameters governing activity. Inhibitory properties of compounds 27 and 29 (representative examples of the promising antiproliferative agents synthesized) supported their mode of action against topoisomerase IIα.

Conclusion: The synthesized scaffold is a promising antitumor agent (with special selectivity against colon and skin/squamous cancer cell lines) so, it can be considered for further investigation and development of highly effective hits/leads based on the computational models obtained.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871520619666190408131639DOI Listing
March 2020

Biological Activity, Apoptotic Induction and Cell Cycle Arrest of New Hydrazonoyl Halides Derivatives.

Anticancer Agents Med Chem 2019 ;19(9):1141-1149

Chemistry Department (Biotechnology- Biomolecular Chemistry Program), Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Background: The hydrazonoyl halides are presently an important target in the field of medicinal chemistry. The interest in the chemistry of hydrazonoyl halides is a consequence of the fact that they undergo a wide variety of reactions which provide routes to a myriad of both heterocyclic and acyclic compounds. In addition, they have diverse biological activities such as antiviral, anthelmintic, antiarthropodal, fungicidal, herbicidal, insecticidal, pesticidal, acaricidal and miticidal Activity correlated to the presence of hydrazonoyl halides. Moreover, many applications in both industrial and pharmaceutical fields have been found to be associated with these halides. Depending on the above facts and continuation to our work, we herein report on the evaluation of the anticancer activity of these two halides prepared according to the published work and trying to know their molecular mechanism that they proceed to stop proliferation and metastasis of tumor cells by molecular tools such as real time PCR using different apoptotic genes, and cell cycle assay.

Objective: The goal of this present study is to bring attention to the biological activities of hydrazonoyl halides and the molecular pathway they follow to exert their role in apoptotic death of cancer cell.

Methods: Synthesis of hydrazonoyl halides 2c and 2f. The cytotoxic effect against different human cancer cell lines PC3, HepG-2, HCT-116, MCF-7 and also on normal human cell lines as MCF-10 and MCF-12 in a monolayer culture model was evaluated. Their mechanism of action inside cancer cell was evaluated using different molecular tools.

Conclusion: Strong and promising chemotherapeutic hydrazonoyl halides (2a-2f) were evaluated for their different biological activities. As antimicrobial agents, results indicated that three compounds 2a, 2e and 2f exhibited high activity against two tested gram positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, and gram negative ones Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the rest of the compounds were found to be moderately active against the tested microorganisms. Regarding their antifungal effect, compound 2c exhibited potent and promising effect against Candida albicans, while 2b was the most potent toward Aspergillus flavus Link. The compound 2f has repellent effect. With respect to the in vitro antitumor screening, this was done on different human cancer cell lines; namely PC3, HepG-2, HCT-116, MCF-7 and also on normal human cell lines; as MCF-10 and MCF-12 (normal breast epithelial cell and non-tumorigenic breast epithelial cell line) in a monolayer culture model where screening has been conducted at 100μg/ml (single dose test). Single dose test (100μg/ml) showed that, in case of PC3, all compounds have cytotoxic activity over 90% inhibition, 4 compounds have cytotoxic activity with 100% inhibition with Human colon cancer cell line, 4 compounds showed over 90% inhibition with MCF7 cell line and 4 compounds showed cytotoxic activity over 90% inhibition with HepG-2. Results of IC50 values for most promising compounds showed compounds with values lower than 20μM for all tested human cancer cell line. The promising hydrazonoyl halide 2c and 2f were selected for molecular study to know how they could act inside cancer cell causing death. Two biochemical tests were performed using the two halides 2c and 2f to predict their mechanism of action against breast carcinoma. Real time PCR analysis indicates that the two compounds induced the apoptosis of MCF7 cells through the up regulation of caspase-3, BAX mediated P53 mechanism but unfortunately, they promote the expression of anti-apoptotic protein BCL2. Also, cell cycle assay was performed using two different cell lines MCF7 and HCT116 and data revealed that the two compounds 2c and 2f induced apoptotic cells death of both lines via cell growth arrest at G2/M phase. In addition, it was noted that 2c induced arrest in the two lines more efficiently than 2f at G2/M phase.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871520619666190306123658DOI Listing
April 2020

Synthesis & molecular modeling studies of bronchodilatory active indole-pyridine conjugates.

Future Med Chem 2018 08 18;10(15):1787-1804. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Department of Pesticide Chemistry, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza 12622, Egypt.

Aim: Synthesis of novel bronchodilatory active indole-pyridine conjugates. Results/methodology: Indole-pyridine conjugates (6a-n, 8a-i and 10a-c) were synthesized in a facile pathway through reaction of 2-[(1-alkyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methylene]malononitriles 4a,b with the corresponding ketone-containing compounds (5a-f, 7a-c and 9a,b) in the presence of sodium alkoxide. Single (6l, 8 g) and powder (6k, 8d) x-ray studies supported the structures.

Results: Histamine precontracted isolated tracheal rings of guinea pig exhibited the potent bronchodilation properties of 6c (about double-fold potency relative to the standard reference, theophylline). Some of the synthesized conjugates (8d, 6c, 6f and 6e) revealed promising reduction of IL-8 production during lipopolysaccharide-induced airway inflammatory bioassay. Computational studies (3D pharmacophore, 2D-QSAR 'quantitative structure-activity relationship') showed high approximations to the bronchodilation properties and explained the parameters controlling biological observations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/fmc-2018-0039DOI Listing
August 2018

Anticancer evaluation and molecular modeling of multi-targeted kinase inhibitors based pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine scaffold.

J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem 2018 Dec;33(1):546-557

c Department of Pharmacognosy, Pharmaceutical Science Division , National Research Centre , Cairo , Egypt.

An efficient synthesis of substituted pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidines was carried out and evaluated for in vitro anticancer activity against five cancer cell lines, namely hepatic cancer (HepG-2), prostate cancer (PC-3), colon cancer (HCT-116), breast cancer (MCF-7), and lung cancer (A-549) cell lines. Regarding HepG-2, PC-3, HCT-116 cancer cell lines, 7-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-(3-methyl-5-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-5-(p-tolyl)- pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4(3H)-one (5a) exhibited strong, more potent anticancer (IC: 0.3, 6.6 and 7 µM) relative to the standard doxorubicin (IC: 0.6, 6.8 and 12.8 µM), respectively. Kinase inhibitory assessment of 5a showed promising inhibitory activity against three kinases namely PDGFR β, EGFR, and CDK4/cyclin D1 at two concentrations 50 and 100 µM in single measurements. Further, a molecular docking study for compound 5a was performed to verify the binding mode towards the EGFR and CDK4/cyclin D1 kinases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14756366.2018.1437729DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6009920PMC
December 2018

Contribution to in vitro screening of Egyptian plants for schistosomicidal activity.

Pharm Biol 2012 Jun 1;50(6):732-9. Epub 2011 Dec 1.

Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Schistosome Biological Supply Center, Cairo, Imbaba, Egypt.

Context: This study is a continuation of our previous work in which a bioassay screening of 346 methanol extracts from 281 Egyptian plant species was carried out for in vitro schistosomicidal activity.

Objective: Another 309 methanol extracts from 278 plant species were subjected to the bioassay screening using the same technique on viable Schistosoma mansoni Sambon (Schistosomatidae) mature worms in specialized culture medium (Roswell Park Memorial Institute medium 1640) in a trial to discover a source for a schistosomiasis drug from Egyptian flora.

Material And Methods: The methanol plant extracts were tested in vitro against viable S. mansoni mature worms in culture medium. Viability of worms was examined after exposure to 100 μg/ml of the extract in the medium for 24 h. Negative (dimethyl sulfoxide) and positive (praziquantel) controls were simultaneously used. Extracts showing schistosomicidal activity were further subjected to determination of their (Lethal concentration) LC₅₀ and LC₉₀ values.

Results: Confirmed in vitro antischistosomal activity was found in 42 extracts. Of these, 14 plant species possessed considerably high antischistosomal activity (LC₅₀ ≤ 15 µg/ml), viz. Callistemon viminalis (Soland. Ex Gaertn) Cheel, C. rigidus R.Br., C. speciosus (Sims.) DC, C. citrinus Stapf, Eucalyptus citriodora Hook, E. rostrata Dehnh., Eugenia edulis Vell, E. javanica Lam syn. Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merril, Melaleuca leucadendron (L.) L., M. stypheloides Sm. (all belong to Myrtaceae), Cryptostegia grandiflora R.Br. (Asclepiadaceae), Zilla spinosa (L.) Prantl (Cruciferae), Ficus trijuja L. (Moraceae) and Fagonia mollis Delile (Zygophylacae).

Discussion And Conclusion: These species may represent additional natural sources of bioactive material that deserve further investigation for drug discovery against schistosomiasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/13880209.2011.625952DOI Listing
June 2012

Screening of natural products for therapeutic activity against solid tumors.

Indian J Exp Biol 2010 Mar;48(3):258-64

Department of Pharmacognosy, Pharmaceutical Sciences Division, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza 12622, Egypt.

Most of the currently used cancer therapeutics are natural products. These agents were generally discovered based on their toxicity to tumour cells using various bioassays. Although the exact mechanisms of action of the most commonly used cancer therapeutics such as anthracyclins, podophyllotoxins and camptothecin are incompletely understood, it is becoming increasingly clear that these agents often show complex modes of action at the cellular level, interacting with numerous targets. Such complex modes of action may be the very reason for clinical efficacy. For discovering new cytotoxic anticancer drugs sophisticated screening methods were used. The principles of such screening projects conducted, using collections of purified natural products or extracts from plants have been described. By performing simple but robust prescreening tests such as the brine shrimp assay, bioactive extracts can be identified. Extracts (65) prepared from a collection of Egyptian plants were identified that showed cytotoxity on HepG2 cells. Interestingly, 22 (33%) of these raw extracts, induced > 2-fold induction of caspase-cleavage activity in a colon carcinoma cell line, consistent with induction of apoptosis. Only a fraction of the diversity of the biosphere has been tested for biological activity and novel cancer therapeutics remains to be discovered.
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March 2010
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