Publications by authors named "Maxime Chazalviel"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Exploring the Glucose Fluxotype of the y-ome Using High-Resolution Fluxomics.

Metabolites 2021 Apr 26;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Toulouse Biotechnology Institute (TBI), Université de Toulouse, CNRS, INRAE, INSA, 31077 Toulouse, France.

We have developed a robust workflow to measure high-resolution fluxotypes (metabolic flux phenotypes) for large strain libraries under fully controlled growth conditions. This was achieved by optimizing and automating the whole high-throughput fluxomics process and integrating all relevant software tools. This workflow allowed us to obtain highly detailed maps of carbon fluxes in the central carbon metabolism in a fully automated manner. It was applied to investigate the glucose fluxotypes of 180 strains deleted for y-genes. Since the products of these y-genes potentially play a role in a variety of metabolic processes, the experiments were designed to be agnostic as to their potential metabolic impact. The obtained data highlight the robustness of 's central metabolism to y-gene deletion. For two y-genes, deletion resulted in significant changes in carbon and energy fluxes, demonstrating the involvement of the corresponding y-gene products in metabolic function or regulation. This work also introduces novel metrics to measure the actual scope and quality of high-throughput fluxomics investigations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/metabo11050271DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8145925PMC
April 2021

Improving lipid mapping in Genome Scale Metabolic Networks using ontologies.

Metabolomics 2020 03 25;16(4):44. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

UMR1331, Toxalim (Research Centre in Food Toxicology), Université de Toulouse, INRAE, ENVT, INP-Purpan, UPS, 31300, Toulouse, France.

Introduction: To interpret metabolomic and lipidomic profiles, it is necessary to identify the metabolic reactions that connect the measured molecules. This can be achieved by putting them in the context of genome-scale metabolic network reconstructions. However, mapping experimentally measured molecules onto metabolic networks is challenging due to differences in identifiers and level of annotation between data and metabolic networks, especially for lipids.

Objectives: To help linking lipids from lipidomics datasets with lipids in metabolic networks, we developed a new matching method based on the ChEBI ontology. The implementation is freely available as a python library and in MetExplore webserver.

Methods: Our matching method is more flexible than an exact identifier-based correspondence since it allows establishing a link between molecules even if a different level of precision is provided in the dataset and in the metabolic network. For instance, it can associate a generic class of lipids present in the network with the molecular species detailed in the lipidomics dataset. This mapping is based on the computation of a distance between molecules in ChEBI ontology.

Results: We applied our method to a chemical library (968 lipids) and an experimental dataset (32 modulated lipids) and showed that using ontology-based mapping improves and facilitates the link with genome scale metabolic networks. Beyond network mapping, the results provide ways for improvements in terms of network curation and lipidomics data annotation.

Conclusion: This new method being generic, it can be applied to any metabolomics data and therefore improve our comprehension of metabolic modulations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11306-020-01663-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7096385PMC
March 2020

MetaboRank: network-based recommendation system to interpret and enrich metabolomics results.

Bioinformatics 2019 01;35(2):274-283

Toxalim, Université de Toulouse, INRA, Université de Toulouse 3 Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France.

Motivation: Metabolomics has shown great potential to improve the understanding of complex diseases, potentially leading to therapeutic target identification. However, no single analytical method allows monitoring all metabolites in a sample, resulting in incomplete metabolic fingerprints. This incompleteness constitutes a stumbling block to interpretation, raising the need for methods that can enrich those fingerprints. We propose MetaboRank, a new solution inspired by social network recommendation systems for the identification of metabolites potentially related to a metabolic fingerprint.

Results: MetaboRank method had been used to enrich metabolomics data obtained on cerebrospinal fluid samples from patients suffering from hepatic encephalopathy (HE). MetaboRank successfully recommended metabolites not present in the original fingerprint. The quality of recommendations was evaluated by using literature automatic search, in order to check that recommended metabolites could be related to the disease. Complementary mass spectrometry experiments and raw data analysis were performed to confirm these suggestions. In particular, MetaboRank recommended the overlooked α-ketoglutaramate as a metabolite which should be added to the metabolic fingerprint of HE, thus suggesting that metabolic fingerprints enhancement can provide new insight on complex diseases.

Availability And Implementation: Method is implemented in the MetExplore server and is available at www.metexplore.fr. A tutorial is available at https://metexplore.toulouse.inra.fr/com/tutorials/MetaboRank/2017-MetaboRank.pdf.

Supplementary Information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/bty577DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330003PMC
January 2019

MetExplore: collaborative edition and exploration of metabolic networks.

Nucleic Acids Res 2018 07;46(W1):W495-W502

INRA, UMR1331, Toxalim, F-31000 Toulouse, France.

Metabolism of an organism is composed of hundreds to thousands of interconnected biochemical reactions responding to environmental or genetic constraints. This metabolic network provides a rich knowledge to contextualize omics data and to elaborate hypotheses on metabolic modulations. Nevertheless, performing this kind of integrative analysis is challenging for end users with not sufficiently advanced computer skills since it requires the use of various tools and web servers. MetExplore offers an all-in-one online solution composed of interactive tools for metabolic network curation, network exploration and omics data analysis. In particular, it is possible to curate and annotate metabolic networks in a collaborative environment. The network exploration is also facilitated in MetExplore by a system of interactive tables connected to a powerful network visualization module. Finally, the contextualization of metabolic elements in the network and the calculation of over-representation statistics make it possible to interpret any kind of omics data. MetExplore is a sustainable project maintained since 2010 freely available at https://metexplore.toulouse.inra.fr/metexplore2/.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gky301DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6030842PMC
July 2018

MetExploreViz: web component for interactive metabolic network visualization.

Bioinformatics 2018 Jan;34(2):312-313

Toxalim, Université de Toulouse, INRA, Université de Toulouse 3 Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France.

Summary: MetExploreViz is an open source web component that can be easily embedded in any web site. It provides features dedicated to the visualization of metabolic networks and pathways and thus offers a flexible solution to analyse omics data in a biochemical context.

Availability And Implementation: Documentation and link to GIT code repository (GPL 3.0 license) are available at this URL: http://metexplore.toulouse.inra.fr/metexploreViz/doc/.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btx588DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5860210PMC
January 2018

A Computational Solution to Automatically Map Metabolite Libraries in the Context of Genome Scale Metabolic Networks.

Front Mol Biosci 2016 16;3. Epub 2016 Feb 16.

TOXALIM (Research Centre in Food Toxicology), Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UMR1331, Université de Toulouse Toulouse, France.

This article describes a generic programmatic method for mapping chemical compound libraries on organism-specific metabolic networks from various databases (KEGG, BioCyc) and flat file formats (SBML and Matlab files). We show how this pipeline was successfully applied to decipher the coverage of chemical libraries set up by two metabolomics facilities MetaboHub (French National infrastructure for metabolomics and fluxomics) and Glasgow Polyomics (GP) on the metabolic networks available in the MetExplore web server. The present generic protocol is designed to formalize and reduce the volume of information transfer between the library and the network database. Matching of metabolites between libraries and metabolic networks is based on InChIs or InChIKeys and therefore requires that these identifiers are specified in both libraries and networks. In addition to providing covering statistics, this pipeline also allows the visualization of mapping results in the context of metabolic networks. In order to achieve this goal, we tackled issues on programmatic interaction between two servers, improvement of metabolite annotation in metabolic networks and automatic loading of a mapping in genome scale metabolic network analysis tool MetExplore. It is important to note that this mapping can also be performed on a single or a selection of organisms of interest and is thus not limited to large facilities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmolb.2016.00002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4754433PMC
February 2016
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