Publications by authors named "Maurilio Giuseppe Maria Tavormina"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Results of the COVID-19 mental health international for the general population (COMET-G) study.

Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2021 Oct 15;54:21-40. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo National Referral Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia. Electronic address:

Introduction: There are few published empirical data on the effects of COVID-19 on mental health, and until now, there is no large international study.

Material And Methods: During the COVID-19 pandemic, an online questionnaire gathered data from 55,589 participants from 40 countries (64.85% females aged 35.80 ± 13.61; 34.05% males aged 34.90±13.29 and 1.10% other aged 31.64±13.15). Distress and probable depression were identified with the use of a previously developed cut-off and algorithm respectively.

Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistics were calculated. Chi-square tests, multiple forward stepwise linear regression analyses and Factorial Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) tested relations among variables.

Results: Probable depression was detected in 17.80% and distress in 16.71%. A significant percentage reported a deterioration in mental state, family dynamics and everyday lifestyle. Persons with a history of mental disorders had higher rates of current depression (31.82% vs. 13.07%). At least half of participants were accepting (at least to a moderate degree) a non-bizarre conspiracy. The highest Relative Risk (RR) to develop depression was associated with history of Bipolar disorder and self-harm/attempts (RR = 5.88). Suicidality was not increased in persons without a history of any mental disorder. Based on these results a model was developed.

Conclusions: The final model revealed multiple vulnerabilities and an interplay leading from simple anxiety to probable depression and suicidality through distress. This could be of practical utility since many of these factors are modifiable. Future research and interventions should specifically focus on them.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2021.10.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8609892PMC
October 2021

Video Games and COVID-19: How Do Lockdown And addiction Interact?

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Sep;33(Suppl 9):152-157

Psychiatric Studies Center (Cen.Stu.Psi.), Viale Leone 4/f 80055, Portici, Italy,

The global epidemic of COVID-19, social isolation and the fear of viral contagion have determined and determine profound changes in social relations between people. The purpose of this research, carried out online on published scientific studies, on information from magazines, accredited websites, books and newspapers, was to consider the possible interactions between the lockdown, the use of video games and the Internet Gaming Disorder. during the pandemic. The conclusions are an undoubtedly beneficial interaction for the psychophysical health of the users and the improvement of anxiety, stress and socialization with the help of video games during the pandemic. However, it is necessary to pay attention to the excessive, protracted and constant use of videogame activity, abuse and possible addiction, in particular for adolescents with previous psychological discomforts and pathologies such as depression, anxiety and stress. Parents are advised to pay attention to the time their children spend playing video games.
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September 2021

A New Rating Scale (SAVE-9) to Demonstrate the Stress and Anxiety in the Healthcare Workers During the COVID-19 Viral Epidemic.

Psychiatr Danub 2020 Sep;32(Suppl 1):5-9

Psychiatric Studies Center (Cen.Stu.Psi.), Piazza Portici, 11 - 25050 Provaglio d'Iseo (BS), Italy,

The COVID-19 epidemic has been a major global public health problem during past months in Italy and in several other Countries and on the date of publication of this article, is still a serious public health problem. The health staff, engaged in the care of the sick and in the prevention of the spread of the infection have been subjected to a further increase in psychological difficulties and work-related stress, related to the workload for the continuous influx of sick and intense and close working shifts for the viral emergency. The SAVE-9 (Stress and Anxiety to Viral Epidemics - 9 items) scale has been developed as a tool for assessing work anxiety and stress in response to the viral epidemic of health professionals working to prevent the spread of the virus and to treat infected people.
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September 2020

Overcoming Depression with Dance Movement Therapy: A Case Report.

Psychiatr Danub 2018 Nov;30(Suppl 7):515-520

Centre of Psychology and Psychotherapy, 4/F Leone Street - 80055, Portici, Naples, Italy,

In our society that sets high standards of perfection to be ok and wins, the depressed is commonly considered as an outsider, a marginalized person unable to be in line with standards and rhythms fast and competitive of the time we live. So the social stigma against people who suffer from mood disorders is a very powerful factor that negatively affects the healing of patient. He is often isolated from the others for the fear of being judged "fool, crazy or dangerous" or discriminated and emarginated for his mental health problem. For this reason, a cornerstone of depression rehabilitation is the bringing out of the patient from his isolation, the reintegration of user in the social context with the increase and the improvement in the quality of interpersonal relationships in the family and in the external context. So in this way is possible an increase in the tone of mood and a reduction of the symptoms of depression. The method used in our project is the dance movement therapy. In particular, dancing the "Bachata" and later more spontaneous dance becomes a rehabilitation tool to express emotions through the body and to open to the world, on the territory, overcoming the fear of being judged by others, the prejudice and the social stigma about mental illness. This work presents the results of a case report of a depressed patient treated with dance movement therapy.
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November 2018

Mental Illness and Prejudices in Psychiatric Professionals. Data from the Social Stigma Questionnaire for Psychiatric Professionals: A Multicentre Study.

Psychiatr Danub 2018 Nov;30(Suppl 7):479-484

DSM ASL NA 3 SUD, "Centro Diurno" of Mental Health 57, via Marconi 66, 80059 Torre del Greco (NA), Italy,

The prejudices about mental illness and the related social stigma are still present in the population. People suffer from both the disease and the marginalization behaviors implemented by the "so-called healthy" towards them and their relatives. Even psychiatric professionals can get sick and suffer for the same reason. The authors of this multicentric study have focused their attention on the presence or absence of groups of psychiatric pathologies among the "insiders". The most frequent pathologies encountered were the mood and anxiety disorders, in a percentage similar to that of the general population. To continue the research on the stigma begun in a previous study, the authors asked themselves if there could be prejudices and/or stigma among psychiatric professionals towards sick colleagues, how they relate in the workplace and how they react to the behavior of colleagues. The stigma questionnaire has been used on psychiatric professionals, and 130 Italian colleagues were tested in the provinces of Avellino, Brindisi and Trento. The data were compared with those of the research on the stigma "Thinking of Psychiatric Disorders as" Normal "Illness" (Tavormina et al. 2016) and it emerged that among the attending professionals there are no statistically significant behaviors of marginalization, exclusion or stigma against sick colleagues, even if there is a certain discomfort in working together. Above all, it emerged that 80% of the interviewees, who have had work experience with sick colleagues, have replied that the latter can treat those who are also sick of their own disease, thus showing esteem and confidence in their work, in analogy with the Jungian thesis of the "wounded Healer" in the myth of the centaur Chiron.
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November 2018

Overcoming the Social Stigma on Mood Disorders with Dancing.

Psychiatr Danub 2017 Sep;29(Suppl 3):427-431

4/F Leone Street -80055, Portici, Naples, Italy,

In our society, the social stigma against people who suffer from mood disorders is a very powerful factor that negatively affects the healing of patient. He is often isolated from the others for the fear of being judged "fool, crazy or dangerous" or discriminated and emarginated for his mental health problem. For this reason, a cornerstone of mood disorder rehabilitation is the bringing out of the patient from his isolation, the reintegration of the user in the social context with the increase and the improvement in the quality of interpersonal relationships in the family and in the external context. The method used in our project is the dance-therapy one. In particular dancing the "Bachata" becomes a rehabilitation tool to express emotions through the body and to open to the world, on the territory, overcoming the fear of being judged by others, and of the prejudice and the social stigma about mental illness. The strength and cohesion of the rehabilitation group has given to the patients the opportunity to believe in their own abilities, to accept themselves with their difficulties and to improve the relationship with their body in relation to each other.
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September 2017

Playing with Video Games: Going to a New Addiction?

Psychiatr Danub 2017 Sep;29(Suppl 3):422-426

DSM ASL NA 3 SUD, "Centro Diurno" of Mental Health, 57, Torre del Greco (NA) - via Marconi 66 - 80059 Torre del Greco (NA), Italy,

The frequent and protracted use of video games with serious personal, family and social consequences is no longer just a pleasant pastime and could lead to mental and physical health problems. Although there is no official recognition of video game addiction on the Internet as a mild mental health disorder, further scientific research is needed.
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September 2017

Thinking of psychiatric disorders as "normal" illness. Data from a questionnaire on social stigma: a multicenter study.

Psychiatr Danub 2016 Sep;28(Suppl-1):125-131

DSM ASL NA 3 SUD, "Centro Diurno" of Mental Health, 57, - via Marconi 66 - 80059 Torre del Greco (NA), Italy,

Prejudice and stigma about mental illness is still present in society. Patients suffer both from the disease, and from the marginalization behavior exhibited by others towards them and their families. Psychiatric professionals may also become ill and suffer for the same reason. The authors of this international multicenter study have set themselves the question of whether there may be prejudice and/or stigma among psychiatric professionals towards their suffering colleagues, among patients towards nursing staff affected by the same disease and between patients themselves. Using two standardized questionnaires which have been tested, but have not been used before they have studied 207 mental health professionals and 407 patients, of Italian, Belgian, Hungarian and Croatian nationalities. The results show that there are in fact prejudices among Mental Health Professionals about colleagues suffering from mental illness because they responded that such persons cannot treat well patients with their own pathology. However Mental Health Professionals do not demonstrate behaviors which are not frankly marginalizing or stigmatizing towards colleagues suffering from mental illness. On the other hand, among patients the prevailing view was that psychiatric professionals who suffer from mental illness, can better understand the sick, because they are also suffering. This is in analogy with the Jungian theory of the "wounded healer" in the myth of the centaur Chiron. Patients did not demonstate rejection or marginalization behavior towards other sick patients. Finally both the professionals and the patients tend to be cautious in relating to healthy persons and tend not to disclose their suffering for fear of being misjudged or marginalized.
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September 2016

A questionnaire to assess social stigma.

Psychiatr Danub 2015 Sep;27 Suppl 1:S328-31

Mental Health Department of Torre del Greco, Naples, Italy,

Psychiatric patients often suffer for two reasons: due to the illness and due to the social stigma of mental illness, that increases the uneasiness and psychic pain of the person suffering from serious psychiatric disorder. This unwell person is often the object of stigma because he is "different" from others, and he also can be margenalised by society. In this study we intend to assess whether these margenalising attitudes might be also present among mental health professionals who have presented psychic problems in a previous period of their life, against sick persons suffering of the same illness even if he is a mental health professional. Two questionnaires have been developed, one for professionals and another for the patients, with the aim of identifying these marginalising attitudes. We intend that this study shall be a multicenter, observational and international study, promoted by the Mental Health Dept. of Naples (ASL Naples 3 South, Italy).
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September 2015

"Dance and go on": a project of psychosocial rehabilitation on the road.

Psychiatr Danub 2015 Sep;27 Suppl 1:S143-7

Social cooperative "Il Faro" of Ercolano, Viale Leone 4/F, 80055 Portici, Napoli, Italy,

The project "Dance and go on" was created with the intention of bringing out of the Day Centre of the Department of Mental Health of Torre del Greco, the dance group "Dance That you go" active since 2009. Dancing Bachata becomes a rehabilitation tool to express emotions through the body and to open to the outside, on the territory (local society), overcoming the fear of being judged by others, the prejudice and the social stigma about mental illness. The rehabilitation activities of the dancing group allowed patients to improve their care of self, self-esteem, confidence in their capacities and an increase in their social relations. The strength and cohesion of the rehabilitation group has given to the patients the opportunity to believe in their own abilities, to accept themselves with their difficulties and to improve the relationship with their body in relation with each other.
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September 2015

The singing-group: a new therapic rehabilitation for mood desorders.

Psychiatr Danub 2014 Nov;26 Suppl 1:173-7

DSM ASL NA 3 SUD, Day Centre Unit of Mental Health 57, Torre del Greco, via Marconi, 66 - 80059 Torre del Greco (NA), Italy,

Psychosocial rehabilitation, and choral singing in particular, allow the recovery of lost or compromised ability of patients with mental illness and they facilitate the reintegration of the user in his family and into his social context. The choral singing, used as an operational tool for psychosocial rehabilitation, allowed users of the Day Centre of the Unit of Mental Health Torre del Greco ASL NA 3 South to achieve concrete goals of rehabilitation: improvement of self-care and self-esteem, the management of emotions, the growing of their interests, the integration and socialization overcoming the isolation of their mental suffering. In particular patients with mood disorders have been significantly benefited from the rehabilitation activity. They improved their mood and all the related diseases and the quality of their life with the result of a positive therapeutic implication. The singing group and for some individuals, also psychotherapy and drug therapy, have allowed users to improve their lives and give them a concrete integration into the society. Working in a group with patients, caregivers, family members, volunteers, social workers allowed a consolidated rehabilitation with the passing of time.Using the chorus group "Sing that you go" as an operational tool for psychosocial rehabilitation and therapeutic element we promote the psychological well-being and the enhancement of mood.
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November 2014

The advantages of "Dance-group" for psychotic patients.

Psychiatr Danub 2014 Nov;26 Suppl 1:162-6

Social cooperative "Saint Lucia" of Castellammare di Stabia, Naples, Italy,

Psychosocial rehabilitation and in particular group dances allow the recovery of lost or compromised ability of patients with mental illness, and they facilitate their reintegration into the social context. The dance group has enabled users of the Day Centre of the Unit of Mental Health Torre del Greco ASL NA 3 south to achieve the objectives of rehabilitation such as: taking care of themselves, of their bodies and their interests, improving self-esteem , the management of pathological emotions, socialization and integration, overcoming the psychotic closing and relational isolation. In particular, patients with schizophrenia, psychotic and mood disorders had a concrete benefit from such rehabilitation activities, facilitating interpersonal relationships, therapy compliance and significantly improved mood, quality of life, providing them with the rhythm and the security in their relationship with each other. The dance group and for some individuals, also psychotherapy and drug therapy, have facilitated social inclusion, improved the quality of life and cured their diseases. The work is carrying out in a group with patients, practitioners, family members, volunteers, social community workers, following the operating departmental protocols. Using the chorus group "Sing that you go" as an operational tool for psychosocial rehabilitation and therapeutic element we promote the psychological well-being and the enhancement of mood.
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November 2014
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