Publications by authors named "Maura K Heckmann"

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Pediatric Withdrawal Identification and Management.

J Pediatr Intensive Care 2015 Jun;4(2):73-78

Department of Cardiovascular/Critical Care Nursing, Medical Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.

Sedation administered by continuous intravenous infusion is commonly used in the pediatric intensive care unit to facilitate and maintain safe care of children during critical illness. Prolonged use of sedatives, including opioids, benzodiazepines, and potentially other adjunctive agents, is known to cause withdrawal symptoms when they are stopped abruptly or weaned quickly. In this review, the common signs and symptoms of opioid, benzodiazepine, and dexmedetomidine withdrawal will be discussed. Current tools used to measure withdrawal objectively, as well as withdrawal prevention and management strategies, will be discussed.
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June 2015