Publications by authors named "Matthieu Reynaud"

5 Publications

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[A caregiver-person with schizophrenia partnership to improve oral health education]

Sante Publique 2019 May June;Vol. 31(3):405-415

Introduction: Poor oral health in persons with schizophrenia is a major public health issue affecting 600,000 people in France. The aim of this article was to present the different stages in the development of a specific oral health educational program for persons with schizophrenia. It takes into account experimental knowledge of these persons and presents the results of the feasibility study.

Patients And Method: The focus group method was applied to a group of health professionals and users to highlight an exploratory corpus in order to develop an oral health educational program. An expert group including persons with schizophrenia among others validated the fields and tools of this program. A feasibility study was then conducted in a control group of 7 persons with schizophrenia.

Results: Altogether, 26 persons participated in this feasibility study. The main fields investigated by the expert group aimed to promote personal responsibility for one’s health, to improve access to the healthcare system and to promote the global management of health. The feasibility study showed the ability of this program to change persons with schizophrenia representations and knowledge of this health problem. Most educational tools were considered relevant.

Conclusion: An oral health educational program was built as part of a caregiver-persons with schizophrenia partnership and showed its feasibility. A multicentric randomized trial is currently ongoing to assess the efficacy of this program with a high level of proof.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3917/spub.193.0405DOI Listing
October 2019

[Different types of psychotherapeutic techniques].

Rev Prat 2018 Feb;68(2):e75-e80

Docteur en psychologie (PhD), psychologue clinicien, Espace psychothérapique, UF recherche, CH La Chartreuse, Dijon ; chercheur associé PSY-DREPI, université de Bourgogne, France.

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February 2018

[Therapeutic setting concept].

Rev Prat 2018 Feb;68(2):e74

Docteur en psychologie (PhD), psychologue clinicien, Espace psychothérapique, UF recherche, CH La Chartreuse, Dijon ; chercheur associé PSY-DREPI, université de Bourgogne, France.

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February 2018

The Schizophrenia Oral Health Profile: Development and Feasibility.

Transl Neurosci 2018 22;9:123-131. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

EA 481 Integrative and Clinical Neurosciences, University Hospital of Besançon, F-25000 Besançon, France.

Background: The aim of this study was to present the different stages of development of the Schizophrenia Oral Health Profile (SOHP) questionnaire, aimed at assessing oral disorders and their impacts on functioning and psychosocial wellbeing for patients with schizophrenia (PWS) and to give the results of a feasibility study conducted in France.

Materials And Methods: The first step of this qualitative study was semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 PWS and 6 health professionals (HP). A focus group integrating 4 PWS and 4 HP was also organised to identify the items of the SOHP. The data were analysed using a thematic analysis. Second, a feasibility study was conducted in a sample of 30 PWS who answered the SOHP questionnaire. The acceptability and understanding of the SOHP were evaluated, using a specific questionnaire.

Results: The semi-structured interviews and focus groups included 34 individuals in total. Items' selection was done with several stages and led to a SOHP scale with 53 final items related to oral disorders and their impacts on functioning and psychosocial well-being. These items were classified in 13 preselected dimensions including one additional module related to the side effects of medications (11 items). The feasibility study showed good acceptability and understanding of the items of the SOHP scale.

Conclusions: The psychometric validation of the SOHP scale, involving a large sample of PWS, is currently in progress. The SOHP is important to evaluate PWS oral health needs and to offer appropriate strategies to improve oral health of this persons.

Trial Registration: Clinical Trials Gov NCT02730832. Date registered: 21 March, 2016.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/tnsci-2018-0019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6153450PMC
September 2018

The Schizophrenia Coping Oral Health Profile. Development and Feasibility.

Transl Neurosci 2018 20;9:78-87. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Clinical Research Unit, La Chartreuse Psychiatric Centre, 21033 Dijon, France.

Background: The aim of this work was to present the creation of appropriate tools to evaluate the coping strategies in Oral-Health-related Quality of Life (OHrQOL) implemented by persons with schizophrenia (PWS), the Schizophrenia Coping Oral Health Profile (SCOOHP), and the results of a feasibility study.

Methods: A qualitative investigation was conducted between June 2016 and May 2017.The first step included 26 semi-structured individual interviews, 20 with PWS and 6 with health professionals (HPs), and 2 focus groups (PWS and HPs) to explore the experiences of the participants and how they felt about coping strategies in OHrQOL. The second step was a feasibility study involving a statistical analysis to test the acceptability and internal consistency (Cronbach's α) of the SCOOHP.

Results: The analysis of these interviews allowed for us to obtain 277 items from 3545 verbatim transcriptions related to various dimensions of OHrQOL. We presented the items selected in coping concepts in this study. After selecting items in several stages, we drew up the SCOOHP scale with 23 items (15 items for positive coping and 8 items for negative coping). The feasibility study showed good acceptability, good understanding of the items and good consistency reliability (α = 0.59).

Conclusions: This is the first study that has enabled us to draw up a specific tool to assess coping strategies in OHrQOL of PWS. A multicentre study involving a larger sample of PWS is underway in order to perform the psychometric validation of the SCOOHP.

Trial Registration: Clinical Trials Gov NCT02730832. Date registered: 21 March 2016.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/tnsci-2018-0014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6024692PMC
June 2018