Publications by authors named "Matthew E Bender"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Evasion of Innate Immunity Contributes to Small Cell Lung Cancer Progression and Metastasis.

Cancer Res 2021 04 25;81(7):1813-1826. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Department of Pathology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a pulmonary neuroendocrine cancer with very poor prognosis and limited effective therapeutic options. Most patients are diagnosed at advanced stages, and the exact reason for the aggressive and metastatic phenotype of SCLC is completely unknown. Despite a high tumor mutational burden, responses to immune checkpoint blockade are minimal in patients with SCLC. This may reflect defects in immune surveillance. Here we illustrate that evading natural killer (NK) surveillance contributes to SCLC aggressiveness and metastasis, primarily through loss of NK-cell recognition of these tumors by reduction of NK-activating ligands (NKG2DL). SCLC primary tumors expressed very low level of NKG2DL mRNA and SCLC lines express little to no surface NKG2DL at the protein level. Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing showed NKG2DL loci in SCLC are inaccessible compared with NSCLC, with few H3K27Ac signals. Restoring NKG2DL in preclinical models suppressed tumor growth and metastasis in an NK cell-dependent manner. Likewise, histone deacetylase inhibitor treatment induced NKG2DL expression and led to tumor suppression by inducing infiltration and activation of NK and T cells. Among all the common tumor types, SCLC and neuroblastoma were the lowest NKG2DL-expressing tumors, highlighting a lineage dependency of this phenotype. In conclusion, these data show that epigenetic silencing of NKG2DL results in a lack of stimulatory signals to engage and activate NK cells, highlighting the underlying immune avoidance of SCLC and neuroblastoma. SIGNIFICANCE: This study discovers in SCLC and neuroblastoma impairment of an inherent mechanism of recognition of tumor cells by innate immunity and proposes that this mechanism can be reactivated to promote immune surveillance.
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April 2021

EGFR inhibition triggers an adaptive response by co-opting antiviral signaling pathways in lung cancer.

Nat Cancer 2020 Apr 6;1(4):394-409. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Department of Neurology and Neurotherapeutics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas TX 75390.

EGFR inhibition is an effective treatment in the minority of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases harboring EGFR-activating mutations, but not in EGFR wild type (EGFRwt) tumors. Here, we demonstrate that EGFR inhibition triggers an antiviral defense pathway in NSCLC. Inhibiting mutant EGFR triggers Type I IFN-I upregulation via a RIG-I-TBK1-IRF3 pathway. The ubiquitin ligase TRIM32 associates with TBK1 upon EGFR inhibition, and is required for K63-linked ubiquitination and TBK1 activation. Inhibiting EGFRwt upregulates interferons via an NF-κB-dependent pathway. Inhibition of IFN signaling enhances EGFR-TKI sensitivity in EGFR mutant NSCLC and renders EGFRwt/KRAS mutant NSCLC sensitive to EGFR inhibition in xenograft and immunocompetent mouse models. Furthermore, NSCLC tumors with decreased IFN-I expression are more responsive to EGFR TKI treatment. We propose that IFN-I signaling is a major determinant of EGFR-TKI sensitivity in NSCLC and that a combination of EGFR TKI plus IFN-neutralizing antibody could be useful in most NSCLC patients.
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April 2020