Publications by authors named "Mathias Q Müller"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Monitoring conformational changes in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α by a genetically encoded photoamino acid, cross-linking, and mass spectrometry.

J Med Chem 2013 Jun 17;56(11):4252-63. Epub 2013 May 17.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Bioanalytics, Institute of Pharmacy, Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, D-06120 Halle/Saale, Germany.

Chemical cross-linking combined with an enzymatic digestion and mass spectrometric analysis of the reaction products has evolved into an alternative strategy to structurally resolve protein complexes. We investigated conformational changes in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) upon ligand binding. Using E. coli cells with a special tRNA/aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase pair, two PPARα variants were prepared in which Leu-258 or Phe-273 were site-specifically replaced by the genetically encoded photoreactive amino acid p-benzoylphenylalanine (Bpa). PPARα variants were subjected to UV-induced cross-linking, both in the absence and in the presence of ligands. After the photo-cross-linking reaction, reaction mixtures were enzymatically digested and peptides were analyzed by mass spectrometry. The inter-residue distances disclosed by the photochemical cross-links served to monitor conformational changes in PPARα upon agonist and antagonist binding. The data obtained with our strategy emphasize the potential of genetically encoded internal photo-cross-linkers in combination with mass spectrometry as an alternative method to monitor in-solution 3D-protein structures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm400446bDOI Listing
June 2013

Analyzing PPARα/ligand interactions by chemical cross-linking and high-resolution mass spectrometry.

Methods Mol Biol 2013 ;952:287-99

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Bioanalytics, Institute of Pharmacy, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany.

The combination of chemical cross-linking and high-resolution mass spectrometry is an emerging technique for monitoring conformational changes in proteins induced by drug binding. In this chapter, we describe this approach for gaining insights into the conformational changes of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha after binding of low-molecular weight ligands. Our strategy provides a basis to efficiently characterize target protein-drug interactions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-62703-155-4_21DOI Listing
March 2013

Chemical cross-linking and high-resolution mass spectrometry to study protein-drug interactions.

Methods Mol Biol 2012 ;803:205-18

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Bioanalytics, Institute of Pharmacy, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany.

This method describes the combination of chemical cross-linking and high-resolution mass spectrometry for analyzing conformational changes in target proteins that are induced by drug binding. Our approach is exemplified for detecting conformational changes within the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha upon binding of low-molecular weight compounds, proving that our strategy provides a basis to efficiently characterize target protein-drug interactions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-61779-364-6_14DOI Listing
March 2012

A universal matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization cleavable cross-linker for protein structure analysis.

Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 2011 Jan;25(1):155-61

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry & Bioanalytics, Institute of Pharmacy, Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, D-06120 Halle (Saale), Germany.

The concept of protein cross-linking in combination with mass spectrometry holds great promise to derive structural information on protein conformation and protein-protein interactions. We recently presented a dissociative amine-reactive cross-linker (NHS-BuUrBu-NHS) that is shown herein to be universally applicable to protein structure analysis under matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization tandem mass spectrometric (MALDI-MS/MS) conditions, based on the examples of the peptides substance P, luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH), and the 32-kDa ligand-binding domain of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα). The characteristic fragment ion patterns and constant neutral losses of the cross-linker greatly simplify the identification of different cross-linked species from complex mixtures and drastically reduce the potential of identifying false-positive cross-links. Therefore, this cross-linker holds an enormous potential for deriving structural information of proteins and protein complexes in a highly automated fashion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.4812DOI Listing
January 2011

A novel disulfide pattern in laminin-type epidermal growth factor-like (LE) modules of laminin β1 and γ1 chains.

Biochemistry 2010 Sep;49(38):8359-66

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Bioanalytics, Institute of Pharmacy, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, D-06120 Halle (Saale), Germany.

In-depth mass spectrometric analysis of disulfide bond patterns in recombinant mouse laminin β1 and γ1 chain N-terminal fragments comprising the laminin N-terminal (LN) domain and the first four laminin epidermal growth factor-like (LE) domains revealed a novel disulfide pattern for LE domains. This showed a (2-3, 4-5, 6-7, 8-1) connectivity with the last cysteine of one LE domain being connected to the first cysteine of the following LE domain. The same pattern was also found in E4, the N-terminal β1 chain fragment derived by elastase digestion of mouse EHS tumor laminin-111, showing that this pattern occurs in native laminin. The strictly linear pattern with an interdomain disulfide has not been described previously for EGF domains. The N-terminal portions of laminin short arms, consisting of the LN domain and LE domains 1-4, are essential for laminin-laminin self-interactions, whereas the internal LE domains 7-9 in the laminin γ1 chain harbor the nidogen binding site and have a conventional disulfide pattern. This suggests that LE domains differing in function also differ in their disulfide patterns.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bi101187fDOI Listing
September 2010

Cleavable cross-linker for protein structure analysis: reliable identification of cross-linking products by tandem MS.

Anal Chem 2010 Aug;82(16):6958-68

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Bioanalytics, Institute of Pharmacy, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Wolfgang-Langenbeck-Strasse 4, D-06120 Halle (Saale), Germany.

Chemical cross-linking combined with a subsequent enzymatic cleavage of the created cross-linked complex and a mass spectrometric analysis of the resulting cross-linked peptide mixture presents an alternative approach to high-resolution analysis, such as NMR spectroscopy or X-ray crystallography, to obtain low-resolution protein structures and to gain insight into protein interfaces. Here, we describe a novel urea-based cross-linker, which allows distinguishing different cross-linking products by collision-induced dissociation (CID) tandem MS experiments based on characteristic product ions and constant neutral losses. The novel cross-linker is part of our ongoing efforts in developing collision-induced dissociative reagents that allow an efficient analysis of cross-linked proteins and protein complexes. Our innovative analytical concept is exemplified for the Munc13-1 peptide and the recombinantly expressed ligand binding domain of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha, for which cross-linking reaction mixtures were analyzed both by offline nano-HPLC/MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry and by online nano-HPLC/nano-ESI-LTQ-orbitrap mass spectrometry. The characteristic fragment ion patterns of the novel cross-linker greatly simplify the identification of different cross-linked species, namely, modified peptides as well as intrapeptide and interpeptide cross-links, from complex mixtures and drastically reduce the potential of identifying false-positive cross-links. Our novel urea-based CID cleavable cross-linker is expected to be highly advantageous for analyzing protein 3D structures and protein-protein complexes in an automated manner.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac101241tDOI Listing
August 2010

Fragmentation behavior of a thiourea-based reagent for protein structure analysis by collision-induced dissociative chemical cross-linking.

J Mass Spectrom 2010 Aug;45(8):880-91

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Bioanalytics, Institute of Pharmacy, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Wolfgang-Langenbeck-Str. 4, D-06120 Halle (Saale), Germany.

The fragmentation behavior of a novel thiourea-based cross-linker molecule specifically designed for collision-induced dissociation (CID) MS/MS experiments is described. The development of this cross-linker is part of our ongoing efforts to synthesize novel reagents, which create either characteristic fragment ions or indicative constant neutral losses (CNLs) during tandem mass spectrometry allowing a selective and sensitive analysis of cross-linked products. The new derivatizing reagent for chemical cross-linking solely contains a thiourea moiety that is flanked by two amine-reactive N-hydroxy succinimide (NHS) ester moieties for reaction with lysines or free N-termini in proteins. The new reagent offers simple synthetic access and easy structural variation of either length or functionalities at both ends. The thiourea moiety exhibits specifically tailored CID fragmentation capabilities--a characteristic CNL of 85 u--ensuring a reliable detection of derivatized peptides by both electrospray ionization (ESI) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) tandem mass spectrometry and as such possesses a versatile applicability for chemical cross-linking studies. A detailed examination of the CID behavior of the presented thiourea-based reagent reveals that slight structural variations of the reagent will be necessary to ensure its comprehensive and efficient application for chemical cross-linking of proteins.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jms.1775DOI Listing
August 2010

Recombinant production of bioactive human TNF-alpha by SUMO-fusion system--high yields from shake-flask culture.

Protein Expr Purif 2010 Aug 2;72(2):238-43. Epub 2010 Apr 2.

NWG Künstliche Bindeproteine, Institut für Biochemie und Biotechnologie, Technische Biochemie, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Heinrich-Damerow-Str. 4, 06120 Halle, Germany.

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) inhibitors, used for the treatment of common inflammatory diseases, currently belong among the most important biotechnologically produced pharmaceuticals. So far four TNF-alpha antagonists have been approved by regulatory authorities for defined subsets of applications. Furthermore, numerous approaches are being taken to develop new protein-based pharmaceuticals and to broaden their application areas in the treatment of TNF-alpha -related diseases. Both the fundamental understanding of disease-related TNF-alpha activity and the subsequent development of corresponding drug candidates demand the availability of large amounts of TNF-alpha as a bioactive protein. We have therefore established a protocol for the rapid high-level synthesis of recombinant human TNF-alpha in Escherichia coli shake-flask cultures and the subsequent purification of the mature protein. Using the advantages of SUMO-fusion technology we were able to produce protein with an authentic N-terminus in high yield. Two immobilized metal ion-affinity chromatography steps with a protease cleavage step in between and subsequent size-exclusion chromatography were utilized to purify the protein. The protein was obtained from the last chromatography step as a trimer, while purity was at least 96% as estimated by SDS-PAGE. The identity of the protein was confirmed by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Recombinant mature TNF-alpha was correctly folded as assessed by CD spectroscopy and its biological activity was confirmed by an L929 cell assay.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pep.2010.03.022DOI Listing
August 2010

Collision-induced dissociative chemical cross-linking reagent for protein structure characterization: applied Edman chemistry in the gas phase.

J Mass Spectrom 2010 Feb;45(2):178-89

Department of Chemistry, Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Cologne, Greinstrasse 4, D-50939 Cologne, Germany.

Chemical cross-linking combined with a subsequent enzymatic digestion and mass spectrometric analysis of the created cross-linked products presents an alternative approach to assess low-resolution protein structures and to gain insight into protein interfaces. In this contribution, we report the design of an innovative cross-linker based on Edman degradation chemistry, which leads to the formation of indicative mass shifted fragment ions and constant neutral losses (CNLs) in electrospray ionization (ESI)-tandem-mass spectrometry (MS/MS) product ion mass spectra, allowing an unambiguous identification of cross-linked peptides. Moreover, the characteristic neutral loss reactions facilitate automated analysis by multiple reaction monitoring suited for high throughput studies with good sensitivity and selectivity. The functioning of the novel cross-linker relies on the presence of a highly nucleophilic sulfur in a thiourea moiety, safeguarding for effective intramolecular attack leading to predictive and preferred cleavage of a glycyl-prolyl amide bond. Our innovative analytical concept and the versatile applicability of the collision-induced dissociative chemical cross-linking reagent are exemplified for substance P, luteinizing hormone releasing hormone LHRH and lysozyme. The novel cross-linker is expected to have a broad range of applications for probing protein tertiary structures and for investigating protein-protein interactions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jms.1702DOI Listing
February 2010

An innovative method to study target protein-drug interactions by mass spectrometry.

J Med Chem 2009 May;52(9):2875-9

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Bioanalytics, Institute of Pharmacy, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Wolfgang-Langenbeck-Strasse 4, D-06120 Halle/Saale, Germany.

We report the combination of chemical cross-linking and high-resolution mass spectrometry for analyzing conformational changes in target proteins that are induced by drug binding. With this approach conformational changes in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) upon binding of low-molecular weight compounds were readily detected, proving that the strategy provides a basis to efficiently characterize target protein-drug interactions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm9000665DOI Listing
May 2009

Expression and purification of the ligand-binding domain of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha).

Protein Expr Purif 2008 Dec 8;62(2):185-9. Epub 2008 Aug 8.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry & Bioanalytics, Institute of Pharmacy, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Saale, Germany.

We describe the expression and purification of the C-terminally His-tagged ligand-binding domain of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha-LBD). Using a modified expression and purification strategy a five times higher protein yield was achieved compared to existing protocols. In summary, a modified Escherichia coli strain was used, which allows rare codons to be expressed more efficiently, and moreover, conditions for cell growth and cell lysis were improved. Protein purification was achieved in a two-step approach using nickel affinity chromatography followed by anion exchange chromatography. The identity of PPARalpha-LBD was confirmed by online-nano-high performance liquid chromatography/matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (nano-HPLC/MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pep.2008.07.016DOI Listing
December 2008