Publications by authors named "Mateusz Fiema"

3 Publications

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Neurological symptoms in hospitalised patients with COVID-19 and their association with in-hospital mortality.

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

University Hospital in Krakow, Poland.

Objectives: To evaluate the spectrum of neurological symptoms in patients with COVID-19 during the first 14 days of hospitalisation and its association with in-hospital mortality.

Material And Methods: We included 200 patients with RT-PCR-confirmed COVID-19 admitted to University Hospital in Krakow, Poland. In 164 patients, a detailed questionnaire concerning neurological symptoms and signs was performed prospectively within 14 days of hospitalisation. In the remaining 36 patients, such questionnaires were completed retrospectively based on daily observations in the Department of Neurology.

Results: During hospitalisation, 169 patients (84.5%) experienced neurological symptoms; the most common were: fatigue (62.5%), decreased mood (45.5%), myalgia (43.5%), and muscle weakness (42.5%). Patients who died during hospitalisation compared to the remainder were older (79 [70.5-88.5] vs. 63.5 [51-77] years, p = 0.001), and more often had decreased level of consciousness (50.0% vs. 9.3%, p < 0.001), delirium (33.3% vs. 4.4%, p < 0.001), arterial hypotension (50.0% vs. 19.6%, p = 0.005) or stroke during (18.8% vs. 3.3%, p = 0.026) or before hospitalisation (50.0% vs. 7.1, p < 0.001), whereas those who survived more often suffered from headache (42.1% vs. 0%, p = 0.012) or decreased mood (51.7% vs. 0%, p = 0.003).

Conclusions: Most hospitalised patients with COVID-19 experience neurological symptoms. Decreased level of consciousness, delirium, arterial hypotension, and stroke during or before hospitalisation increase the risk of in-hospital mortality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/PJNNS.a2021.0039DOI Listing
May 2021

Dual-action ambroxol in treatment of chronic pain in Gaucher Disease.

Eur J Pain 2020 05 9;24(5):992-996. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Clinical Department of Metabolic Diseases, University Hospital in Krakow, Krakow, Poland.

A significant number of patients with Gaucher disease (GD) suffer from chronic or acute pain that reduces their quality of life. A mutation in lysosomal enzyme β-glucosidase (GCase) leads to an accumulation of glucocerebroside in the macrophage-lineage cells, causing the development of clinical symptoms. Novel studies have revealed that ambroxol (trans-4-(2-amino-3,5-dibromobenzylamino)-cyclohexanol), the well-known mucolytic drug, acts as a chaperone for the mutant, misfolded enzyme. In addition, as has recently been shown, ambroxol is a Na 1.8 channel blocker in Aβ, Aδ and unmyelinated C fibres, and therefore reduces the transmission of sensory stimuli from the primary afferent neurons to the dorsal spinal cord. In this way, it can act analgetically. Thus, in addition to broncholytic properties, ambroxol combines two other important functions: it enhances enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) and pain management in patients with GD. We present a 38-year-old female patient with type 3 GD who had reported permanent bone pain in the lumbar-sacral part of the spine for over a year without any pathology evidenced in the undertaken, recommended diagnostic tests. The pain was partly controlled with standard analgesics, that is, paracetamol and tramadol. Ambroxol was introduced at a dose of 150mg/d without a noticeable effect. However, when the dose was increased up to 450mg/d, the intensity of pain diminished and subsided within the following months. Two of three attempts to reduce the dose of ambroxol resulted in a pain relapse within a week, which subsided after resetting the previous, higher dose. This observation of the effects of ambroxol in a GD patient is worth considering for other GD patients with chronic pain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejp.1538DOI Listing
May 2020

Is treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus (insulin therapy, metabolic control) optimal for preventing cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy?

Endokrynol Pol 2019 7;70(4):323-329. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Metabolic Diseases, University Hospital, Krakow, Poland.

Introduction: Long-term poor metabolic control promotes the occurrence of microvascular complications, such as cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) and atherogenic hyperlipidaemia, which translates into increased mortality in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of CAN in patients with T1DM in relation to treatment method (continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion, CSII, versus multiple daily injections using pens, MDI) and metabolic control.

Material And Methods: The study group comprised 93 adults (60 women, 33 men), mean age 31 years, with T1DM being treated at a local clinical centre from 2011 to 2015. The presence of CAN, the results of laboratory tests, and anthropometric data were analysed. The subjects were divided into two groups according to treatment method (CSII, MDI).

Results: The median duration of diabetes was 16 years. 61% of the subjects used MDI and 39% used CSII. 41% of the subjects presented with CAN (confirmed with the Ewing test using ProSciCard apparatus), with a significantly lower prevalence in the group of patients treated with CSII (15.4% vs. 60.4%; p < 0.001). The mean HbA1c level in the CSII-treated group was noticeably lower (7.44 ± 1.67% vs.8.55 ± 1.1%, p < 0.001), and these patients also had lower triglyceride levels (0.71 vs. 1.32 mmol/L, p < 0.001). Regardless of the treatment method, 72% of all patients under 40 years of age achieved their therapeutic target of LDL cholesterol level < 2.6 mmol/L, whereas only 13% of all those over 40 years old achieved an LDL cholesterol level < 1.8 mmol/L.

Conclusions: The presented results draw attention to the high prevalence of CAN among T1DM patients. The study reveals the need for more intensive monitoring and treatment of hyperlipidaemia, despite good glycaemic control, especially in those over the age of 40 years.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/EP.a2019.0011DOI Listing
February 2020