Publications by authors named "Mashhud Zia Chowdhury"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Pre hospital delay and its associated factors in acute myocardial infarction in a developing country.

PLoS One 2021 24;16(11):e0259979. Epub 2021 Nov 24.

Department of Cardiology, Ibrahim Cardiac Hospital and Research Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Background: Early revascularization and treatment is key to improving clinical outcomes and reducing mortality in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In low- and middle-income countries such as Bangladesh, timely management of AMI is challenging, with pre-hospital delays playing a significant role. This study was designed to investigate pre-hospital delay and its associated factors among patients presenting with AMI in the capital city of Dhaka.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted on 333 patients presenting with AMI over a 3-month period at two of the largest primary reperfusion-capable tertiary cardiac care centres in Dhaka. Of the total patients, 239(71.8%) were admitted in the National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka and 94(28.2%) at Ibrahim Cardiac Hospital & Research Institute, Dhaka Data were collected from patients by semi-structured interview and hospital medical records. Pre-hospital delay (median and inter-quartile range) was calculated. Statistical significance was determined by Chi-square test. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was done to determine the independent predictors of pre-hospital delay.

Results: The mean age of the respondents was 53.8±11.2 years. Two-thirds (67.6%) of the respondents were males. Median total pre-hospital delay was 11.5 (IQR-18.3) hours with median decision time from symptom onset to seeking medical care being 3.0 (IQR: 11.0) hours. Nearly half (48.9%) of patients presented to the hospital more than 12 hours after symptom onset. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, AMI patients with absence of typical chest pain [OR 5.21; (95% CI: 2.5-9.9)], diabetes [OR: 1.7 (95% CI: 1.0-2.9)], residing/staying > 30 km away from nearest hospital at the time of onset [OR: 4.3(95% CI = 2.3-7.2)] and belonged to lower and middle class [OR: 1.9(95% CI = 1.0-3.5)] were significantly associated with pre-hospital delays.

Conclusion: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with atypical chest pain, diabetes, staying far away from nearest hospital and belonged to lower and middle socioeconomic strata were significantly associated with pre-hospital delays. The findings could have immense implications for improvements about timely reaching of AMI patients to the hospital within the context of their sociodemographic status and geographic barriers of the city.
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November 2021

The pacemaker-twiddler's syndrome: an infrequent cause of pacemaker failure.

BMC Res Notes 2016 Jan 20;9:32. Epub 2016 Jan 20.

Department of Cardiology, Ibrahim Cardiac Hospital and Research Institute (ICHRI), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Background: The pacemaker-twiddler's syndrome is an uncommon cause of pacemaker malfunction. It occurs due to unintentional or deliberate manipulation of the pacemaker pulse generator within its skin pocket by the patient. This causes coiling of the lead and its dislodgement, resulting in failure of ventricular pacing. More commonly reported among elderly females with impaired cognition, the phenomenon usually occurs in the first year following pacemaker implantation. Treatment involves repositioning of the dislodged leads and suture fixation of the lead and pulse generator within its pocket.

Case Presentation: An 87 year old Bangladeshi lady who underwent a single chamber ventricular pacemaker (VVI mode: i.e. ventricle paced, ventricle sensed, inhibitory mode) implantation with the indication of complete heart block, and presented to us again 7 weeks later, with syncopal attacks. She admitted to repeatedly manipulating the pacemaker generator in her left pectoral region. Physical examination revealed a heart rate of 42 beats/minute, blood pressure 140/80 mmHg and bilateral crackles on lung auscultation. She had no cognitive deficit. An immediate electrocardiogram showed complete heart block with pacemaker spikes and failure to capture. Chest X-ray showed coiled and retracted right ventricular lead and rotated pulse generator. An emergent temporary pace maker was set at a rate of 60 beats per minute. Subsequently, she underwent successful lead repositioning with strong counselling to avoid further twiddling.

Conclusion: Twiddler's syndrome should be considered as a cause of pacemaker failure in elderly patients presenting with bradyarrythmias following pacemaker implantation. Chest X-ray and electrocardiograms are simple and easily-available first line investigations for its diagnosis. Lead repositioning is required, however proper patient education and counselling against further manipulation is paramount to long-term management.
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January 2016