Publications by authors named "Masazumi Zaima"

35 Publications

Multiple Gastric Carcinomas Associated with Epstein-Barr Virus and Helicobacter pylori: A Thought-Provoking Case.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Jun 23;22:e931668. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Shiga, Japan.

BACKGROUND Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Helicobacter pylori (HP) infections are associated with gastric carcinoma (GC). We present a thought-provoking case of multiple GCs associated with EBV and HP infections. CASE REPORT HP infection was incidentally detected in an asymptomatic 60-year-old man. Upper endoscopy revealed gastric "kissing" ulcers. The lesions were located in the body of the stomach and measured 25 and 27 mm, respectively. They were diagnosed on pathology as moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma. Imaging revealed no enlarged lymph nodes or distant metastatic lesions. Distal gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy was performed and surgical cure was obtained. The multiple GCs were categorized on pathology as infß ly0 v0 pT1b(SM)UL1N0M0H0P0CY0 pStage IA according to the Japanese classification and as T1bN0M0 Stage IA according to the tumor, node, metastasis classification. Pathological examination revealed remarkable lymphocytic infiltration into the stroma, as shown by in situ hybridization of EBV. These lymphocytic infiltrations were observed only at the sites of GC. In the immunohistochemical examination, in situ hybridization of EBV was positive for EBV-encoded small ribonucleic acid. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. Hence, an unexpected relationship between EBV infection and multiple GCs was suggested by pathology. Quantitative determination of EBV DNA in peripheral blood was normal postoperatively. Adjuvant chemotherapy was not recommended. HP eradication therapy was successful. The patient remained asymptomatic and developed no recurrence or metastasis for 3 years after surgery. CONCLUSIONS This thought-provoking case suggests that coinfection with EBV and HP increases GC occurrence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.931668DOI Listing
June 2021

A Thought-Provoking Case of Successfully Treated Carcinoma of the Head of the Pancreas with Metachronous Lung Metastasis: Impact of Distal Spleno-Renal Shunt for Regional Invasion on Long-Term Period after Pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Case Rep Surg 2021 28;2021:6689419. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Japan.

When performing pancreaticoduodenectomy with resection of the confluence of the superior mesenteric vein and portal vein, division of the splenic vein may cause sinistral portal hypertension resulting in gastrointestinal bleeding, splenic congestion, and hypersplenism. To prevent these adverse events, it is important to intentionally decompress the splenic vein. This report is of a 68-year-old woman with stage IA carcinoma of the head of the pancreas who survived for more than six years following tumor resection and pancreaticoduodenectomy and distal splenorenal shunt. A 68-year-old woman was diagnosed with carcinoma of the head of the pancreas that involved the confluence of the superior mesenteric vein, portal vein, and splenic vein. No unresectable cancer sites or distant metastases were detected. Pancreaticoduodenectomy with resection of the confluence of the superior mesenteric vein and portal vein was performed. The superior mesenteric vein and portal vein were anastomosed in the end-to-end fashion, and the remnant splenic vein was anastomosed to the superior aspect of the left renal vein in the end-to-side fashion. At 22 months after the initial surgery, the patient underwent partial lung resection for a metachronous lung metastasis. For 6 years after the initial surgery, the venous reconstructions have maintained their patency without any obstruction of splenic venous flow, and the patient has remained in good health without further metastases or recurrences. This case has shown the importance of early diagnosis of carcinoma of the head of the pancreas, as appropriate and timely surgical management can result in good outcome. This patient responded well and remains alive six years following pancreaticoduodenectomy and preservation of the spleen with the use of a distal splenorenal shunt.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2021/6689419DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8179775PMC
May 2021

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the liver accompanied by primary biliary cholangitis: A rare and difficult-to-diagnose tumor with portal venous thrombosis.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 30;82:105936. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, 5-4-30 Moriyama, Moriyama, Shiga 524-8524, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: The most common liver malignancies are hepatocellular carcinoma, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and metastatic tumors. Hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma may invade the portal vein (PV). An association between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) remains unclear. We herein report a thought-provoking case of a difficult-to-diagnose liver tumor with PV thrombosis in a PBC patient.

Presentation Of Case: A 66-year-old woman had PBC, systemic sclerosis, diabetes, and osteoporosis. A solitary liver tumor accompanied by macrovascular thrombosis in the PV was detected incidentally. Based on dynamic imaging findings, we considered the tumor to be intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and right lobectomy with lymphadenectomy was performed. Unexpectedly, pathological assessment made a definitive diagnosis of DLBCL that did not invade the vessels and bile duct. In fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography, abnormal accumulations were clearly observed in the breast tissue and peritracheal, parasternal, mediastinal, and pericardial lymph nodes. The patient achieved complete remission after systemic chemotherapy, and there has been no recurrence 3 years after surgery.

Clinical Discussion: Primary lymphoma in the liver is rare, and we did not consider our patient's tumor as primary liver lymphoma. Our case actually showed no tumor thrombosis in the PV. Although autoimmune disorders may increase the risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, an association between DLBCL and PBC is still unclear, and we must remember that DLBCL may develop rarely in a PBC patient.

Conclusion: Our case report provides a timely reminder for clinicians and surgeons in the fields of hepatology and hematology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2021.105936DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8114119PMC
May 2021

Fatal arterial hemorrhage after pancreaticoduodenectomy: How do we simultaneously accomplish complete hemostasis and hepatic arterial flow?

World J Hepatol 2021 Apr;13(4):483-503

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama 524-8524, Shiga, Japan.

Background: Although arterial hemorrhage after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is not frequent, it is fatal. Arterial hemorrhage is caused by pseudoaneurysm rupture, and the gastroduodenal artery stump and hepatic artery (HA) are frequent culprit vessels. Diagnostic procedures and imaging modalities are associated with certain difficulties. Simultaneous accomplishment of complete hemostasis and HA flow preservation is difficult after PD. Although complete hemostasis may be obtained by endovascular treatment (EVT) or surgery, liver infarction caused by hepatic ischemia and/or liver abscesses caused by biliary ischemia may occur. We herein discuss therapeutic options for fatal arterial hemorrhage after PD.

Aim: To present our data here along with a discussion of therapeutic strategies for fatal arterial hemorrhage after PD.

Methods: We retrospectively investigated 16 patients who developed arterial hemorrhage after PD. The patients' clinical characteristics, diagnostic procedures, actual treatments [transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE), stent-graft placement, or surgery], clinical courses, and outcomes were evaluated.

Results: The frequency of arterial hemorrhage after PD was 5.5%. Pancreatic leakage was observed in 12 patients. The onset of hemorrhage occurred at a median of 18 d after PD. Sentinel bleeding was observed in five patients. The initial EVT procedures were stent-graft placement in seven patients, TAE in six patients, and combined therapy in two patients. The rate of technical success of the initial EVT was 75.0%, and additional EVTs were performed in four patients. Surgical approaches including arterioportal shunting were performed in eight patients. Liver infarction was observed in two patients after TAE. Two patients showed a poor outcome even after successful EVT. These four patients with poor clinical courses and outcomes had a poor clinical condition before EVT. Fourteen patients were successfully treated.

Conclusion: Transcatheter placement of a covered stent may be useful for simultaneous accomplishment of complete hemostasis and HA flow preservation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4254/wjh.v13.i4.483DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8080554PMC
April 2021

Aggressive Resection of Malignant Paraaortic and Pelvic Tumors Accompanied by Arterial Reconstruction with Synthetic Arterial Graft.

Am J Case Rep 2021 May 1;22:e931569. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Shiga, Japan.

BACKGROUND Advanced malignancies in the lower abdomen easily invade the retroperitoneal and pelvic space and often metastasize to the paraaortic and pelvic lymph nodes (LNs), resulting in paraaortic and/or pelvic tumor (PPT). CASE REPORT A total of 7 cases of aggressive malignant PPT resection and orthotopic replacement of the abdominal aorta and/or iliac arteries with synthetic arterial graft (SAG) were experienced during 16 years. We present our experience with aggressive resection of malignant PPTs accompanied by arterial reconstruction with SAG in detail. The primary diseases included 2 cases endometrial cancer and 2 cases of rectal cancer, and 1 case each of ovarian carcinosarcoma, vaginal malignant melanoma, and sigmoid cancer. Surgical procedures are described in detail. Briefly, the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries were anastomosed to the SAG by continuous running suture using unabsorbent polypropylene. Five Y-shaped and 2 I-shaped SAGs were used. This en bloc resection actually provided safe surgical margins, and tumor exposures were not pathologically observed in the cut surfaces. Graphical and surgical curability were obtained in all cases in which aggressive malignant PPT resections were performed. The short-term postoperative course of our patients was uneventful. From a vascular perspective, the SAGs remained patent over the long term after surgery, and long-term oncologic outcomes were satisfactory. CONCLUSIONS To our knowledge, this case series is the first report of aggressive malignant PPT resection accompanied by arterial reconstruction with SAG. This procedure is safe and feasible, shows curative potential, and may play a role in multidisciplinary management of malignant PPTs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.931569DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8097745PMC
May 2021

Adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent hypercortisolism caused by pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma: A thought-provoking but remorseful case of delayed diagnosis.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 5;81:105729. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, 5-4-30 Moriyama, Moriyama, Shiga, 524-8524, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Definitive diagnosis of functioning neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) in the pancreas is challenging. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) regulates adrenal cortisol production. Ectopic ACTH secretion by functioning NENs may cause hypercortisolism.

Presentation Of Case: A 62-year-old woman who was receiving medications for hypertension and hyperlipidemia was referred to our hospital because of abnormal blood tests. Diabetes mellitus was initially diagnosed. Dynamic computed tomography and endoscopic ultrasound revealed a 35-mm diameter hypovascular tumor in the distal pancreas and multiple liver metastases. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration resulted in a diagnosis of neuroendocrine carcinoma. The patient developed pancreatic leakage progressing to peritonitis, abscess formation, pleural effusion, and ascites after the fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Her clinical condition deteriorated to a septic state, necessitating emergency surgery comprising distal pancreatectomy, intraperitoneal lavage, and drainage. Wound healing was protracted and accompanied by ongoing high white blood cell counts and neutrophilia. She also developed a gastric ulcer postoperatively. Systematic endocrine investigations were performed because hypercortisolism caused by a functioning NEN was suspected. Eventually, a definitive diagnosis of an ACTH-producing NEN in the pancreas was made. Systemic chemotherapy was proposed; however, the patient and her family opted for palliative treatment only. She died 42 days after the initial diagnosis.

Clinical Discussion: We here present a patient with ACTH-dependent hypercortisolism attributable to a pancreatic NEN who died of progressive cancer after a delay in definitive diagnosis.

Conclusion: Detailed investigation, including systematic endocrine examination and functional imaging studies, are important for precise diagnosis of, and appropriate treatment for, NENs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2021.105729DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7957145PMC
April 2021

Acute intestinal infarction caused by initially unexplained splanchnic venous thromboses in a patient with protein C deficiency: A thought-provoking emergency case.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Feb 22;79:390-393. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, 5-4-30 Moriyama, Moriyama, Shiga, 524-8524, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Splanchnic venous thrombosis (SVT) originating in the superior mesenteric vein (SMV) is rare and may cause acute intestinal infarction (AII). Protein C deficiency (PCD) results in thrombophilia.

Presentation Of Case: Acute unexplained SVT originating in the SMV and portal vein was detected in 68-year-old man. Pan-peritonitis and AII were diagnosed and emergency surgery performed. Part of the small intestine was necrotic and partial resection without anastomotic reconstruction was performed. Heparin was administered intravenously continuously from postoperative day (POD) 1. Hereditary, heterozygous, type 1 PCD was diagnosed postoperatively. The anastomosis was reconstructed on POD 16. Warfarin was substituted for heparin on POD 22. No recurrent thrombosis occurred during 2 years of follow-up.

Clinical Discussion: Patients with the rare condition of SVT require prompt diagnosis and treatment and may have underlying disease. PCD can cause SVT even in intact veins and anticoagulation therapy should be administered immediately postoperatively. Misdiagnosis and/or delayed treatment of SVT can result in AII, a life-threatening condition with a high mortality rate. Insufficient clinician awareness can result in serious mismanagement of patients with PCD and SVT; emergency patients with AII caused by unexplained SVT should therefore be further investigated for prothrombotic states and assessment of coagulation-fibrinolysis profiles to clarify the underlying mechanism.

Conclusion: We here present a thought-provoking emergency case of AII associated with acute SVT caused by underlying PCD that was successfully treated by two-stage surgery and anticoagulation therapy. This case provides a timely reminder for emergency clinicians and gastrointestinal surgeons.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2021.01.071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7848722PMC
February 2021

Do liver metastases from gastric cancer contraindicate aggressive surgical resection? A 14-year single-center experience.

World J Gastrointest Pharmacol Ther 2020 Nov;11(5):110-122

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama 524-8524, Shiga, Japan.

Background: Advanced gastric cancer (GC) with liver metastasis is often characterized by multiple and bilobular metastases and may also be associated with extrahepatic metastatic lesions. Hence, many physicians consider that radical surgeries are contraindicated for liver metastases from GC (LMGC). According to the 2017 Japanese treatment guideline for GC, a smaller number of liver metastases without unresectable factors may be an indication for liver resection (LR) with curability. The actual 5-year overall survival (OS) rate ranges from 0 to 0.37.

Aim: To present the institutional indications for LR for LMGC and identify important factors for prognostic outcomes.

Methods: In total, 30 patients underwent LR for LMGC during a 14-year period, and we evaluated the clinical, surgical, and oncological findings. In all patients, radical surgery with intentional lymphadenectomy was performed for the primary GC. The median follow-up duration after the initial LR was 33.7 mo, and three patients with no recurrence died of causes unrelated to the LMGC. The OS and recurrence-free survival rates after the initial LR were assessed.

Results: Seventeen patients had metachronous LMGC. The initial LR achieved curability in 29 patients. Perioperative chemotherapy was introduced in 23 patients. The median greatest LMGC dimension was 30 mm, and the median number of LMGC was two. Twenty-two patients had unilobular LMGC. The 5-year OS and recurrence-free survival rates were 0.48 and 0.28, respectively. The median survival duration and recurrence-free duration after the initial LR were 16.8 and 8.6 mo, respectively. Twenty-one patients developed recurrence after the initial LR. Additional surgeries for recurrence were performed in nine patients, and these surgeries clearly prolonged the patients' survival. Pathological serosal invasion was an independent predictor of a poor prognostic outcome after the initial LR. Aggressive LR may be indicated for carefully selected patients with LMGC.

Conclusion: Our results of LR for LMGC seem acceptable. Additional surgeries for recurrence after the initial LR might prolong OS. Pathological serosal invasion is important for poor prognostic outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4292/wjgpt.v11.i5.110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7667407PMC
November 2020

Surgical treatment of gallbladder cancer: An eight-year experience in a single center.

World J Hepatol 2020 Sep;12(9):641-660

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama 524-8524, Shiga, Japan.

Background: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the most common biliary malignancy and has the worst prognosis, but aggressive surgeries [., resection of the extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD), major hepatectomy and lymph node (LN) dissection] may improve long-term survival. GBC may be suspected preoperatively, identified intraoperatively, or discovered incidentally on histopathology.

Aim: To present our data together with a discussion of the therapeutic strategies for GBC.

Methods: We retrospectively investigated nineteen GBC patients who underwent surgical treatment.

Results: Nearly all symptomatic patients had poor outcomes, while suspicious or incidental GBCs at early stages showed excellent outcomes without the need for two-stage surgery. Lymph nodes around the cystic duct were reliable sentinel nodes in suspicious/incidental GBCs. Intentional LN dissection and EHBD resection prevented metastases or recurrence in early-stage GBCs but not in advanced GBCs with metastatic LNs or invasion of the nerve plexus. All patients with positive surgical margins (., the biliary cut surface) showed poor outcomes. Hepatectomies were performed in sixteen patients, nearly all of which were minor hepatectomies. Metastases were observed in the left-sided liver but not in the caudate lobe. We may need to reconsider the indications for major hepatectomy, minimizing its use except when it is required to accomplish negative bile duct margins. Only a few patients received neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemoradiation. There were significant differences in overall and disease-free survival between patients with stages ≤ IIB and ≥ IIIA disease. The median overall survival and disease-free survival were 1.66 and 0.79 years, respectively.

Conclusion: Outcomes for GBC patients remain unacceptable, and improved therapeutic strategies, including neoadjuvant chemotherapy, optimal surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy, should be considered for patients with advanced GBCs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4254/wjh.v12.i9.641DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7522563PMC
September 2020

Conversion to complete resection with mFOLFOX6 with bevacizumab or cetuximab based on K-RAS status for unresectable colorectal liver metastasis (BECK study): Long-term results of survival.

J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci 2020 Aug 9;27(8):496-509. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Background/purpose: To investigate the long-term outcome and entire treatment course of patients with technically unresectable CRLM who underwent conversion hepatectomy and to examine factors associated with conversion to hepatectomy.

Methods: Recurrence and survival data with long-term follow-up were analyzed in the cohort of a multi-institutional phase II trial for technically unresectable colorectal liver metastases (the BECK study).

Results: A total of 22/12 patients with K-RAS wild-type/mutant tumors were treated with mFOLFOX6 + cetuximab/bevacizumab. The conversion R0/1 hepatectomy rate was significantly higher in left-sided primary tumors than in right-sided tumors (75.0% vs 30.0%, P = .022). The median follow-up was 72.6 months. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate in the entire cohort was 48.1%. In patients who underwent R0/1 hepatectomy (n = 21), the 5-year RFS rate and OS rate were 19.1% and 66.3%, respectively. At the final follow-up, seven patients had no evidence of disease, five were alive with disease, and 20 had died from their original cancer. All 16 patients who achieved 5-year survival underwent conversion hepatectomy, and 11 of them underwent further resection for other recurrences (median: 2, range: 1-4).

Conclusions: Conversion hepatectomy achieved a similar long-term survival to the results of previous studies in initially resectable patients, although many of them experienced several post-hepatectomy recurrences. Left-sided primary was found to be the predictor for conversion hepatectomy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jhbp.747DOI Listing
August 2020

Metachronous Pancreatic Metastasis from Rectal Cancer that Masqueraded as a Primary Pancreatic Cancer: A Rare and Difficult-to-Diagnose Metastatic Tumor in the Pancreas.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Nov 30;20:1781-1787. Epub 2019 Nov 30.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Shiga, Japan.

BACKGROUND Pancreatic metastasis from colorectal cancer is rare and can masquerade as primary pancreatic cancer. CASE REPORT A 70-year-old male was diagnosed with advanced rectal cancer with multiple liver metastases. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, he underwent radical surgery for the primary tumor and hepatectomy for multiple liver metastases. Adjuvant chemotherapies and additional surgeries were subsequently required for recurrences in the liver, lung, and lymph nodes. A diffuse hypovascular nodule in the pancreatic head and a solitary liver metastasis were detected 2.5 years after the initial surgery and he accordingly underwent further chemotherapy. However, the pancreatic tumor progressed, invading the pancreatic duct and biliary tract. Obstructive jaundice finally prompted discontinuation of chemotherapy and he underwent biliary drainage. His diffuse and hypovascular tumor was clinically and radiographically diagnosed as a primary pancreatic cancer. Pancreatic resection for the pancreatic tumor and hepatectomy for the liver metastasis were performed 4.2 years after the initial surgery, achieving radiographic and surgical curative resection. Pathological examination of the surgical specimen resulted in a definitive diagnosis of metachronous pancreatic metastasis from his primary rectal cancer. Despite further chemotherapy, his general condition worsened; however, he remains alive 5.4 years after the initial surgery, with best supportive care. CONCLUSIONS Pancreatic metastasis originating from rectal cancer can masquerade as primary pancreatic cancer clinically and radiologically. Multimodality treatment is mandatory for metastatic colorectal cancer. Aggressive surgeries for pancreatic metastasis should be considered if curative resection appears possible radiographically and/or intraoperatively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.918669DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6910167PMC
November 2019

ALPlat criterion for the resection of hepatocellular carcinoma based on a predictive model of posthepatectomy liver failure.

Surgery 2020 02 11;167(2):410-416. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

Department of Surgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: The indocyanine green test is used widely to evaluate the risk of posthepatectomy liver failure for hepatocellular carcinoma. A more convenient and reliable scoring system is desired owing to limited accuracy and availability of the indocyanine green test. This study aimed to establish a new selection criterion for liver resection in HCC.

Methods: We reviewed retrospectively 876 patients undergoing a partial hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma between 2007 and 2015 in 8 affiliated hospitals. Posthepatectomy liver failure grades B and C were regarded as posthepatectomy liver failure. We identified the risk factors for posthepatectomy liver failure and established a predictive model based on a formula for the probability of posthepatectomy liver failure. External validation was performed in an additional cohort of 250 patients.

Results: Posthepatectomy liver failure occurred in 92 patients (11%). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the prediction of posthepatectomy liver failure was 0.646 for the platelet count, 0.641 for albumin, 0.623 for the percentage of liver remnant, and 0.607 for the plasma disappearance rate of indocyanine green. Logistic regression analysis provided a formula for the probability of posthepatectomy liver failure consisting of platelet count, albumin, and liver remnant. We defined platelet count + 90 × albumin as the ALPlat index and established an ALPlat-based criterion for operative resection that secured the same risk assumed by the indocyanine green-based criterion (Makuuchi's criterion). This criterion exhibited a greater sensitivity and specificity than the indocyanine green-based criterion in the validation cohort.

Conclusion: The ALPlat criterion is a simple and useful method to assess liver function and to make therapeutic decisions in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2019.09.021DOI Listing
February 2020

Impact of continuous local lavage on pancreatic juice-related postoperative complications: Three case reports.

World J Clin Cases 2019 Sep;7(17):2526-2535

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama 524-8524, Japan.

Background: Postoperative pancreatic leakage readily results in intractable pancreatic fistula and subsequent intraperitoneal abscess. This refractory complication can be fatal; therefore, intensive treatment is important. Continuous local lavage (CLL) has recently been reevaluated as effective treatment for severe infected pancreatitis, and we report three patients with postoperative intractable pancreatic fistula successfully treated by CLL. We also discuss our institutional protocol for CLL for postoperative pancreatic fistula.

Case Summary: The first patient underwent subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy, and pancreatic leakage was observed postoperatively. Intractable pancreatic fistula led to intraperitoneal abscess, and CLL near the pancreaticojejunostomy site was instituted from postoperative day (POD) 8. The abscess resolved after 7 d of CLL. The second patient underwent distal pancreatectomy. Pancreatic leakage was observed, and intractable pancreatic fistula led to intraperitoneal abscess near the pancreatic stump. CLL was instituted from POD 9, and the abscess resolved after 4 d of CLL. The third patient underwent aneurysmectomy and splenectomy with wide exposure of the pancreatic parenchyma. Endoscopic retrograde pancreatic drainage was performed on POD 15 to treat pancreatic fistula; however, intraperitoneal abscess was detected on POD 59. We performed CLL endoscopically the transgastric route because the percutaneous approach was difficult. CLL was instituted from POD 63, and the abscess resolved after 1 wk of CLL.

Conclusion: CLL has therapeutic potential for postoperative pancreatic fistula.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v7.i17.2526DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6745316PMC
September 2019

Treatment of Labial Fistula Communicating with the Duodenal Stump After Gastrectomy.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Jun 16;20:851-858. Epub 2019 Jun 16.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Shiga, Japan.

BACKGROUND Anastomotic failure after gastroenterological surgery is usually treated by intraperitoneal drainage and a mature ductal fistula. A ductal fistula may develop into a labial fistula. Although a ductal fistula is controllable, a labial fistula is intractable. We report a case of a labial fistula that communicated with the duodenal stump after gastrectomy. This condition was successfully treated by intraluminal drainage with continuous suction (IDCS) via a rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap (RAMF). CASE REPORT A 70-year-old male underwent distal gastrectomy with intentional lymphadenectomy because of advanced gastric cancer. Digestive reconstruction was completed by the Billroth II method. Pancreatic leakage, intraperitoneal abscess, and anastomotic failure of gastrojejunostomy occurred after surgery. The duodenal stump was ruptured at postoperative day (POD) 26, and ductal fistula associated with the duodenum was observed. Unfortunately, this ductal fistula developed into a labial fistula at POD 90, and a high output of duodenal juice was observed. Additional surgery was proposed at POD 161. The broken stump and labial fistula were covered by a pedunculated RAMF, and a dual drainage system (a combination of a Penrose drain and a 2-way tube) travelled through the RAMF. The tip position of the drainage system was located in the duodenum, and the IDCS was effectively introduced. The secondary ductal fistula finally matured through the RAMF, and was subsequently closed at POD 231. The intractable labial fistula was successfully treated, and the patient was discharged at POD 235. CONCLUSIONS A high-output labial fistula, which communicated with the duodenal stump after gastrectomy, was refractory in our patient. Effective IDCS through an RAMF was useful for replacement of the labial fistula with a secondary ductal fistula.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.915947DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6590267PMC
June 2019

Severely Calcified True Aneurysm: A Thought-Provoking Case of Solitary Origin and Postoperative Management.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Apr 29;20:620-627. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Shiga, Japan.

BACKGROUND Visceral arterial aneurysms are rare. Most splenic arterial aneurysms (SAAs) are saccular and are in the distal third of the splenic artery. Suggested major causes of SAAs are atherosclerosis, pregnancy, and inflammation. We report the case of a patient who with a SAA extending almost the full length of his splenic artery. CASE REPORT A solitary true aneurysm that extended almost the entire length of the splenic artery was incidentally detected in an asymptomatic 70-year-old male patient with a history of myasthenia gravis and diabetes mellitus. His SAA was severely calcified, but other arteries showed no calcification. The aneurysm had been slightly enlarged toward the celiac artery for 2 years, and aneurysmectomy and splenectomy were performed. Vascular clips were carefully placed at the intact splenic artery without disturbing arterial flows from the celiac artery. Arterial branch from the SAA was ligated at an intact area, and the pancreatic capsule was densely adherent with the calcified aneurysm wall. The pancreas was preserved, although the pancreatic parenchyma was widely exposed during aneurysmectomy. Pathological examination revealed no atherosclerotic changes. Postoperatively, a pancreatic fistula developed, which was treated by placing an intraperitoneal drain and retrograde pancreatic drainage tube. Nevertheless, the intractable pancreatic fistula triggered a bacteriogenic infection, resulting in intraperitoneal abscess. Continuous local lavage via transnasal continuous infusion and endoscopic transgastric drainage was performed, until the fistula closed. He was healthy at 9 months after surgery. CONCLUSIONS A SAA that had the rare form and solitary origin was treated. Continuous local lavage has a therapeutic potential for a pancreatic juice-related bacteriogenic complication.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.915010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6501733PMC
April 2019

Inferior Pancreaticoduodenal Artery Aneurysm Related with Groove Pancreatitis Persistently Repeated Hemosuccus Pancreaticus Even After Coil Embolization.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Apr 22;20:567-574. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Shiga, Japan.

BACKGROUND Aneurysm of the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery (IPDA) is rare among visceral artery aneurysms. Aneurysm and/or pancreatitis may have a causal relation with hemosuccus pancreaticus (HP). HP causes an obscure bleeding in the digestive tract, and this rare disease may lead to life-threatening condition. Although interventional radiology is generally employed as the initial treatment for visceral aneurysms, aneurysmic recanalization is a critical problem. CASE REPORT A 58-year-old male was incidentally diagnosed as groove pancreatitis, and his pancreatitis was successfully treated by conservative management. One year later, an IPDA aneurysm was detected in image studies. Gastrointestinal bleeding was objectively observed, and a diagnosis of asymptomatic HP was made. Arterio-pancreatic duct fistula was suspected, but was not identified. Coil embolization was successfully completed. Six months later, he suffered a relapse of HP, and visited our emergency unit. Pseudocystic lesion around metallic coils were confirmed. Subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy without any extended resections was performed. Intentional dissections of nerve plexuses and lymph nodes were all waived. Even a pancreatography of the resected specimen did not clarify his arterio-pancreatic duct fistula. He was discharged at postoperative day 10, and smoothly returned to his work. CONCLUSIONS Pancreatic juice-related complications after advanced pancreaticoduodenectomy for malignancies are often intractable. However, simple pancreaticoduodenectomy which omits extended resections and intentional dissections is safe and feasible for benign diseases. After the initial interventional radiology for pancreatic aneurysms, an elective pancreatic surgery should be considered to avoid unwanted recanalization and refractory HP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.914832DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6489418PMC
April 2019

New laparoscopic procedure for left-sided pancreatic cancer-artery-first approach laparoscopic RAMPS using 3D technique.

World J Surg Oncol 2017 Dec 2;15(1):213. Epub 2017 Dec 2.

Department of Surgery, Shiga Medical Center for Adults, 4-30 Moriyama 5-chome, Moriyama-city, Shiga-prefecture, 524-8524, Japan.

Background: For left-sided pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy (RAMPS) is a reasonable surgical approach for tumor-free margin resection and systemic lymph node clearance. In pancreaticoduodenectomy for PDAC, the superior mesenteric artery (SMA)-first approach (or the "artery-first approach") has become the standard procedure. With improvements in laparoscopic instruments and techniques, some surgeons attempted to apply laparoscopic RAMPS (L-RAMPS) for carefully selected patients with left-sided PDAC. However, owing to several technical difficulties in this procedure, its application remains uncommon. Moreover, the artery-first approach in L-RAMPS has not been reported. Here, we developed the artery-first approach L-RAMPS for left-sided PDAC and have presented the same in this report.

Case Presentation: Between June 2014 and July 2015, 16 patients with left-sided PDAC were referred to our division for pancreatic resection. The following technique was used for performing L-RAMPS on 3 of the 16 patients (19%). Six trocars were placed. After opening the omental bursa, only the middle segment of the pancreas was initially separated from both the left renal vein and the SMA. We termed this procedure as the "artery-first approach using a dome-shaped dorsomedial dissection (3D) technique." This 3D technique enabled the interruption of the entire arterial supply to the specimen while preserving the venous drainage through the splenic vein for preventing venous congestion. The technique also contributed to the early detection of no tumor infiltration into the SMA and the early determination of posterior dissection plane. After pancreatic neck transection, the splenic artery and vein were divided. Finally, the pancreatic tail and spleen were dissected in a right-to-left direction. All operations were completed without any intraoperative complications. The median blood loss and retrieved lymph node count were 75 mL and 37, respectively, which were superior to those reported by other previous studies on L-RAMPS. All resection margins were free of carcinoma. No severe postoperative complications were observed.

Conclusions: The artery-first approach L-RAMPS using 3D technique is safe and feasible to perform. The significance of our proposed procedure is minimal blood loss and precise lymphadenectomy. Therefore, this novel technique may become the preferred treatment for left-sided PDAC in selected cases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12957-017-1284-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5712113PMC
December 2017

A Multicenter Phase 2 Study on the Feasibility and Efficacy of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Without Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer.

Ann Surg Oncol 2017 Nov 6;24(12):3587-3595. Epub 2017 Jul 6.

Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Shogoin-Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

Background: This prospective multicenter phase 2 study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) without radiotherapy for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC).

Methods: Patients with LARC (cStage II and III) were included in the study. Those with cT4b tumor were excluded. Six cycles of modified FOLFOX6 (mFOLFOX6) plus either bevacizumab or cetuximab, depending on KRAS status, were administered before surgery. The primary end point of the study was the R0 resection rate. The secondary end points were adverse effect, rate of NAC completion, postoperative complications, and pathologic complete response (pCR) rate.

Results: The study enrolled 60 patients from eight institutions. For the study, mFOLFOX6 was administered with cetuximab to 40 patients who had wild-type KRAS and with bevacizumab to 20 patients who had KRAS mutations. The completion rate for NAC was 88.4%. Sphincter-preserving surgery was performed for 43 patients and abdominoperineal resection for 17 patients. The median operation time was 335 min, and the median blood loss was 40 g. The R0 resection rate was 98.3%, and the pCR rate was 16.7%. The overall postoperative complication rate (≥grade 2) was 21.7%. The complications included anastomotic leakage (11.6%), surgical-site infection (6.7%), and urinary dysfunction (3.3%). The patients with wild-type KRAS did not differ significantly from those with KRAS mutations in terms of response rate, postoperative complication rate, and pCR rate.

Conclusion: The findings show that NAC is a feasible and promising treatment option for LARC (This study is registered with UMIN-CTR, UMIN000005654).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1245/s10434-017-5967-3DOI Listing
November 2017

Liver necrosis shortly after pancreaticoduodenectomy with resection of the replaced left hepatic artery.

World J Surg Oncol 2017 Apr 11;15(1):77. Epub 2017 Apr 11.

Shiga Medical Center for Adults, 4-30 Moriyama 5-chome, Moriyama city, Shiga Prefecture, 524-8524, Japan.

Background: Surgeons, in general, underestimate the replaced left hepatic artery (rLHA) that arises from the left gastric artery (LGA), compared with the replaced right hepatic artery (rRHA), especially in standard gastric cancer surgery. During pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), preservation of the rRHA arising from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is widely accepted to prevent critical postoperative complications, such as liver necrosis, bile duct ischemia, and biliary anastomotic leakage. In contrast, details of complication onset following rLHA resection remain unknown. We report two cases of postoperative liver necrosis shortly after rLHA resection during PD for advanced gastric cancer.

Case Presentation: Both cases had advanced gastric cancer with infiltration of the pancreatic head. In case 1, the rLHA comprised segment 2/3 artery (A2 + A3), which arose from the LGA. The rRHA originated from the SMA, and the segment 4 artery (A4) was a branch of the rRHA. We conducted PD with combined en bloc resection of both the rLHA and rRHA, and anastomosis between the distal and proximal stumps of the rRHA and LGA, respectively. The divided A2 + A3 was not reconstructed. In case 2, the rLHA comprised segment 2 artery (A2) only, which arose from the LGA. The segment 3/4 artery and the RHAs originated from the proper hepatic artery. We undertook PD with combined en bloc resection of A2 without vascular reconstruction. In both patients, serious necrosis of the lateral segment of the liver occurred within 6 days after PD. Case 1 recovered with conservative management, whereas case 2 required lateral segmentectomy of the liver. Pathologically, the necrotic area in case 2 was apparently circumscribed and confined to segment 2 of the liver, potentially implicating rLHA resection during PD as causing hepatic necrosis.

Conclusions: During PD, rLHA resection can cause serious liver necrosis. Therefore, this artery should be preserved as far as oncologically acceptable. In cases that require rLHA resection during PD due to tumor conditions, surgeons should carefully monitor postoperative course while keeping in mind the possible necessity of urgent hepatectomy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12957-017-1151-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5387288PMC
April 2017

Multi-institutional phase II study on the feasibility of liver resection following preoperative mFOLFOX6 therapy for resectable liver metastases from colorectal cancers.

Int J Clin Oncol 2017 Apr 17;22(2):316-323. Epub 2016 Oct 17.

Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Kawahara-cho, Sho-go-in, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

Background: Although liver resection combined with preoperative chemotherapy is expected to improve outcomes of patients with resectable colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM), there is as yet insufficient clinical evidence supporting the efficacy of preoperative systemic chemotherapy. The aim of this phase II study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of preoperative FOLFOX systemic chemotherapy for patients with initially resectable CRLM.

Methods: A prospective multi-institutional phase II study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of preoperative chemotherapy for resectable CRLM (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier number NCT00594529). Patients were scheduled to receive 6 cycles of mFOLFOX6 therapy before liver surgery. The primary endpoint was the macroscopic curative resection rate.

Results: A total of 30 patients were included in this study. Two patients who were diagnosed with hepatocellular and intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma based on pathology were excluded from the analysis. More than half of the patients (57 %) had solitary liver metastasis. The completion rate of preoperative chemotherapy was 64.3 % and the response rate was 53.6 %. Two patients were unable to proceed to liver resections due to disease progression and severe postoperative complications following primary tumor resection. Macroscopic curative resection was obtained in 89.3 % of eligible patients. Postoperative mortality and severe complication (≥Gr. 3) rates were 0 and 11 %, respectively. The 3-year overall and progression-free survival rates were 81.9 and 47.4 %, respectively.

Conclusion: Our phase II study demonstrated the feasibility of liver resection combined with preoperative mFOLFOX6 therapy in patients with initially resectable CRLM. Further study is warranted to address the oncological effects of preoperative chemotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10147-016-1050-5DOI Listing
April 2017

The use of transureteroureterostomy during ureteral reconstruction for advanced primary or recurrent pelvic malignancy in the era of multimodal therapy.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2017 Jan 6;32(1):135-138. Epub 2016 Oct 6.

Department of Surgery, Shiga Medical Center for Adults, 5-4-30 Moriyama, Moriyama, Shiga, 524-8524, Japan.

Purpose: Cancerous involvement of a ureter is sometimes encountered in pelvic surgery for malignancy. We usually perform transureteroureterostomy (TUU) in cases of unilateral lower ureteral cancerous involvement. We report the outcomes in patients treated with TUU in our institute.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 11 patients who underwent TUU between June 2006 and September 2015.

Results: The primary disease was colon cancer in five patients, rectal cancer in four, and uterine cervical cancer and ovarian cancer in one patient each. Early postoperative complications relevant to TUU occurred in four patients; however, three patients were managed conservatively and recovered quickly. Only one patient developed ureteral obstruction, which resulted from anastomotic hematoma. Follow-up periods ranged from 5 to 78 months with a median of 28 months. The median estimated glomerular filtration rate before and after TUU was 59 ml/min (range, 31-90 ml/min) and 62.0 ml/min (range, 43-127 mL/min), respectively. No patients experienced worsening of their renal function or recurrent urinary tract infection.

Conclusions: Short-term outcomes are good and long-term renal function is maintained following TUU. TUU is considered a feasible technique for ureteral reconstruction for pelvic malignancy, and TUU has great potential in the era of multimodal therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-016-2672-9DOI Listing
January 2017

Successful laparoscopic treatment of a giant solitary fibrous tumor of the mesorectum: A case report and literature review.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2017 Feb 5;10(1):51-54. Epub 2016 Sep 5.

Department of Surgery, Shiga Medical Center for Adults, Moriyama, Japan.

A solitary fibrous tumor is a ubiquitous mesenchymal fibroblastic tumor that was previously considered limited to the pleural cavity. Here, we report a rare case of a large solitary fibrous tumor of the mesorectum, which was successfully resected laparoscopically. A 56-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for a giant pelvic mass. Pelvic MRI showed a well-circumscribed mass, 12 cm in diameter, with heterogeneous signal intensity on T -weighted images. It was diagnosed as a benign mesorectal tumor of unknown origin. We successfully resected the entire tumor laparoscopically. Histological examination revealed it to be an extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor. For large tumors in the pelvis, the laparoscopic approach is preferable in terms of intraoperative hemorrhage, as long as they do not invade surrounding tissues.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ases.12322DOI Listing
February 2017

A Novel Procedure for Single-Incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy-The Teres Hanging Technique Combined with Fundus-First, Dome-Down Separation.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2016 Dec 7;26(12):1003-1009. Epub 2016 Jul 7.

Department of Surgery, Shiga Medical Center for Adults , Moriyama-city, Japan .

Background: Generally, single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) requires the use of articulating devices or additional trocars because of the technical difficulties caused by the lack of ergonomics. We developed a novel procedure comprising mainly two simple ideas, "the teres hanging technique combined with fundus-first, dome-down separation," which mainly uses conventional rigid laparoscopic instruments. In this study, we demonstrated our technique and retrospectively evaluated the clinical outcomes.

Subjects And Methods: Three trocars were set through a 2.0-cm transumbilical minilaparotomy that was covered with an EZ Access™ combined with a lap protector. To create an adequate surgical field, the teres ligament was laparoscopically hung up with a suture on a straight needle. The gall bladder was then dissected through the fundus to the neck using rigid laparoscopic instruments without any additional trocars. At our institution, 18 consecutive patients underwent SILC using our technique from January 2014 to August 2015. Each patient had a symptomatic gallbladder (GB) stone or polyp. All operations were performed by surgeons who had never performed SILC until this study.

Results: In all operations, our technique was successfully completed without GB perforation or other intraoperative complications. Additional trocars or open laparotomy were not required. The median operation time was 79 minutes, and blood loss was negligible. No postoperative complications were encountered.

Conclusions: Our novel procedure is safe and feasible. Even for surgeons who have never performed SILC before, our technique may become a standard for benign GB disease without requiring the use of articulating devices or additional trocars.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2015.0585DOI Listing
December 2016

Clinical efficacy of liver resection after downsizing systemic chemotherapy for initially unresectable liver metastases.

World J Surg Oncol 2016 Feb 25;14:56. Epub 2016 Feb 25.

Department of Surgery, Shiga Medical Center for Adults, 5-4-30 Moriyama, Moriyama, Shiga, 524-8524, Japan.

Background: This study sought to clarify the clinical benefits of liver resection after downsizing systemic chemotherapy for initially unresectable colorectal liver metastases (CLM).

Methods: Survival and clinical characteristics of CLM patients who underwent resection between January 2001 and December 2013 were retrospectively assessed. The study cohort of 88 patients with limited liver disease who underwent curative liver resection comprised 34 with initially resectable synchronous disease (synchronous group), 38 with initially resectable metachronous disease (metachronous group), and 16 with initially unresectable converted disease (conversion group).

Results: The median duration of follow-up for the overall study population was 33 (1-98) months. Overall survival (OS) in the conversion group was not significantly different from that in the other groups. However, disease-free survival (DFS) in the conversion group was significantly shorter than that in the synchronous group. The median DFS was 19.1 months in the synchronous group, 16.6 months in the metachronous group, and 15.3 months in the conversion group. Most patients in the conversion group had recurrence shortly after liver resection in the remnant liver with or without metastases at other sites, but many could undergo repeat hepatectomy or resection of the metastases at other sites.

Conclusions: Although the converted patients tended to have recurrence shortly after liver resection, survival could be prolonged by repeat hepatectomy or resection of metastases at other sites. Liver resection after downsizing chemotherapy appears to be efficacious for patients with initially unresectable CLM and may result in long-term outcomes equivalent to those of patients with initially resectable CLM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12957-016-0807-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4766626PMC
February 2016

Laparoscopic Total Gastrectomy for Remnant Gastric Cancer Following Distal Gastrectomy with Radical Lymphadenectomy.

Hepatogastroenterology 2015 May;62(139):752-7

Background/aims: In cases of remnantgastric cancer (RGC) with previous lymphadenectomy, laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) is still uncommon because of the technical difficulties associated with adhesions from previous gastric cancer surgery and variations in anastomotic reconstruction. Here we demonstrate our procedure of LTG for RGC following distal gastrectomy (DG) with radical lymphadenectomy and review its clinical results.

Methodology: From October 2008 to June 2014, we carried out three consecutive LTGs for RGC with previous lymphadenectomy. All cases had a past history of primary gastric cancer that had required open or laparoscopic DG with D2 radical lymphadenectomy. The preoperative TNM statuses of RGC were all cT1N0M0.

Results: All patients successfully underwent LTG without open conversion or intraoperative complications. The median operative duration was 360 min; the median blood loss was 45 mL. The median number of retrieved lymph nodes was 23. No complications occurred postoperatively, and the median length of postoperative hospitalization was 20 days. The pathological TNM statuses of the RGC were all T1N0M0. Resection margins were negative in all cases (R0).

Conclusions: Our novel procedure of LTG for RGC following DG with radical lymphadenectomy is technically acceptable, safe, and feasible.
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May 2015

A phase II study of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 and cisplatin for stage III gastric cancer: KUGC03.

J Surg Oncol 2016 Jan 25;113(1):36-41. Epub 2015 Nov 25.

Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Objectives: A multi-center phase II study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with S-1 plus cisplatin for advanced gastric cancer.

Methods: The eligibility criteria were clinical T3/T4 or N2, not Stage IV. Patients received two 35-day cycles of S-1 plus cisplatin, and then underwent D2 gastrectomy. The primary endpoint was 3-year progression free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints were ratio of R0 resection, response rate, adverse events, and overall survival. A sample size of 49 was determined to have 80% power for detecting 15% improvement in the 3-year PFS over 55% at a one-sided alpha of 0.1.

Results: Among 53 patients enrolled, 44 patients completed two cycles of NAC (83%), and 48 patients underwent R0 resection (91%). Postoperative complications occurred in 13 patients (26%). A pathological response was confirmed in 24 patients (45%), including four complete responses. The 3-year PFS was 50.7%, while the 3-year OS was 74.9%.

Conclusions: Although the observed 3-year PFS rate was worse than expected, NAC with S1 plus cisplatin was safe and led to a high rate of R0 resection. A randomized controlled trial is needed to make conclusions about the effectiveness of NAC in Japanese patients undergoing D2 resection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jso.24096DOI Listing
January 2016

Postoperative gluteal skin damage associated with latent development of gluteal muscle damage.

J Dermatol 2016 May 28;43(5):547-52. Epub 2015 Oct 28.

Department of Molecular and Internal Medicine, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

Preceding this study, we observed two cases of concurrent postoperative gluteal skin and muscle damage with extremely high serum creatine kinase (CK) levels, both of which were unrelated to pressure-induced tissue injury. However, postoperative gluteal skin damage accompanied by gluteal muscle damage has not been previously reported and the association between gluteal skin damage, gluteal muscle damage and pressure-induced tissue injury has not previously been investigated. Therefore, we conducted this study to determine the postoperative incidence of gluteal skin damage associated with gluteal muscle damage and assess associations with postoperative serum CK levels and pressure-induced tissue injury. We prospectively evaluated postoperative incidence of gluteal skin damage and measured serum CK levels in 929 consecutive patients who underwent abdominal, urological or gynecological surgery at our hospital. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the pelvis was performed in 67 patients who consented. As a result, two of 929 patients developed postoperative gluteal skin damage accompanied by gluteal muscle damage. Gluteal muscle damage without gluteal skin damage was observed in 23 of the 67 patients who underwent MRI, and volumes of damaged gluteal muscle and postoperative serum CK levels were positively correlated. Both gluteal skin and muscle damage were distinguishable from pressure-induced tissue injury. Based on the results of this study, we could confirm the occurrence of postoperative gluteal skin damage, distinct from pressure sores, accompanied by gluteal muscle damage. We also revealed latent development of postoperative gluteal muscle damage, distinguishable from compression-induced tissue injury, without accompanying gluteal skin damage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.13181DOI Listing
May 2016

Outcomes of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy without Radiation for Rectal Cancer.

Dig Surg 2015 20;32(4):275-83. Epub 2015 Jun 20.

Department of Surgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Aim: The efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy without radiation (NAC) in the treatment of rectal cancer remains unclear. This retrospective study was aimed at determining the pathological complete response rate and short-term outcomes of NAC in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.

Patients And Methods: We collected data on 159 consecutive patients treated for rectal cancer (cT3/cT4a, cN+, and cM0 status) at five tertiary referral hospitals between 2005 and 2010. Pathological complete response (pCR) and safety were assessed as the main outcomes in 124 eligible patients comprising 15 who received NAC (NAC group) and 109 who received no neoadjuvant chemotherapy (non-NAC group).

Results: In the NAC group, 2 patients (13.3%) achieved a pCR (95% confidence interval: 1.7-40.5%) and 3 patients (20%) experienced grade 3/4 adverse events. No significant differences were found between the NAC and non-NAC groups in terms of short-term outcomes, including R0 proportion (100 vs. 96.3%, p = 0.45) and postoperative grade 3/4 complications (13.3 vs. 18.4%, p = 0.63).

Conclusions: Neoadjuvant systemic chemotherapy without radiation appears to be safe, without worsening short-term outcomes, in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. A further study is needed to verify these findings in larger samples.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000430469DOI Listing
May 2016

Conversion to complete resection with mFOLFOX6 with bevacizumab or cetuximab based on K-ras status for unresectable colorectal liver metastasis (BECK study).

J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci 2015 Aug 29;22(8):634-45. Epub 2015 Apr 29.

Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: Patients with colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) might be down-staged by chemotherapy from an initially unresectable stage to a resectable stage. Because the tumor response to preoperative chemotherapy has been correlated with resection rate, the improved efficacy from the concept that only the patients without K-ras mutations receive an anti-EGFR antibody might be expected to increase the conversion rate. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the conversion rate from unresectable CRLM to complete resection.

Methods: We conducted a multi-institutional phase II trial for unresectable CRLM. Patients received mFOLFOX6 with either bevacizumab (bev) or cetuximab (cet) based on K-ras status (UMIN000004310). Planned treatment was for six cycles during which tumors were assessed for resectability every three cycles. Patients whose disease was unresectable after six cycles switched their chemotherapy regimen from mFOLFOX6 to FOLFIRI. The primary endpoint was R0 resection rate.

Results: Thirty-five patients with unresectable CRLM were enrolled. A total of 22/12 patients with K-ras wild-type/mutant (wt/mt) were treated with mFOLFOX6 plus cet/bev, respectively. The overall response rate was 64.7% (wt/mt; 77.3%/41.7%, P = 0.04). In 20 patients (58.8%), hepatectomy was performed according to protocol treatment, and the conversion rate was 72.7%/33.3% in wt/mt patients, respectively (P = 0.03). Finally, 23 patients (67.6%) underwent hepatectomy, and the conversion rate was 77.2%/50.0% in wt/mt patients (P = 0.09). The overall R0 resection rate was 47.1% (wt/mt; 50.0%/41.7%, P = 0.36).

Conclusions: This prospective study showed that combined chemotherapy based on K-ras status can facilitate conversion to resection in patients with unresectable CRLM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jhbp.254DOI Listing
August 2015

Indication for neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with colorectal liver metastases based on a nomogram that predicts disease-free survival.

J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci 2014 Dec 25;21(12):881-8. Epub 2014 Aug 25.

Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Kawahara-cho, Syogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

Background: The purpose of this study was to validate the Beppu nomogram, which predicts disease-free survival (DFS) after resection of colorectal liver metastases, and to investigate the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy based on the nomogram-predicted recurrence risk.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 234 patients with colorectal liver metastases who underwent a hepatic resection at eight hospitals between 2005 and 2010.

Results: The nomogram c-index of all the patients was 0.59. The observed and the predicted 3-year DFS showed good agreement. When the patients were divided into two groups who received or did not receive pre-hepatectomy chemotherapy (PHC), the c-index of the patients who received PHC was inferior to that of the patients who did not (0.56 and 0.61, respectively). In patients who received PHC, DFS among the quintiles clustered by the nomogram score indicated no significant differences (P = 0.25), unlike in patients who did not receive PHC (P < 0.0001). Surprisingly, in patients with no risk factors for recurrence, neoadjuvant chemotherapy provided significantly lower DFS than no neoadjuvant chemotherapy (3-year DFS: 42.9% vs. 80.0%, P = 0.03).

Conclusions: The nomogram validation was shown to be moderately predictive. PHC decreased the performance of the nomogram and might produce no DFS benefit in patients with low recurrent risk.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jhbp.149DOI Listing
December 2014