Publications by authors named "Masaru Noguchi"

6 Publications

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Effectiveness of Hearing Aid Treatment in Patients with Chronic Tinnitus: Subscale Evaluations Using the Tinnitus Functional Index and Factor Analysis.

J Int Adv Otol 2021 Jan;17(1):42-45

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: The tinnitus functional index (TFI) is becoming a new international gold standard for tinnitus assessment. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of hearing aids for chronic tinnitus, using the Japanese version of the TFI, while focusing on its subscales.

Materials And Methods: This is a retrospective study. A total of 21 patients with chronic tinnitus were included. All participants were treated with hearing aids for at least 12 months. They answered the TFI and tinnitus handicap inventory (THI) at the first visit and 12 months later. We analyzed each TFI subscale score and the overall scores of TFI and THI.

Results: The overall TFI score decreased significantly after treatment (p=0.005) with moderate effect size (d=0.70). The scores of the intrusive, sense of control, sleep, and emotional subscales decreased significantly after the treatment. Large effect sizes were found in the intrusive and sense of control subscales (d=1.33 and d=1.25, respectively).

Conclusion: Hearing aids are highly effective for improving the intrusive and sense of control subscales in patients with tinnitus. Identifying better treatments for the small effect size subscales and combining these with the use of hearing aids could achieve a higher therapeutic effect with better outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/iao.2020.9161DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7901423PMC
January 2021

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss in patients with vestibular schwannoma.

Sci Rep 2021 01 21;11(1):1624. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan.

Clinical features of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) associated with vestibular schwannoma (VS) are not fully understood. Determining a treatment plan and explaining it to patients requires clinicians to clearly understand the clinical features related to the tumor, including SSNHL. To identify the full range of clinical features of VS-associated SSNHL, especially recovery of hearing following multiple episodes of SSNHL and what factors predict recovery and recurrence. A multicenter retrospective chart review was conducted in seven tertiary care hospitals between April 1, 2011, and March 31, 2020. We collected and analyzed dose of administered steroid, pure-tone audiometry results, and brain MRIs of patients diagnosed with VS-associated SSNHL. Seventy-seven patients were included. They experienced 109 episodes of audiogram-confirmed SSNHL. The highest proportion of complete recoveries occurred in patients with U-shaped audiograms. The recovery rates for the first, second, and third and subsequent episodes of SSNHL were 53.5%, 28.0%, and 9.1%, respectively. Recovery rate decreased significantly with increasing number of SSNHL episodes (P =0 .0011; Cochran-Armitage test). After the first episode of SSNHL, the recurrence-free rate was 69.9% over 1 year and 57.7% over 2 years; the median recurrence time was 32 months. Logarithmic approximation revealed that there is a 25% probability that SSNHL would recur within a year. SSNHL in patients with VS is likely to recur within one year in 25% of cases. Also, recovery rate decreases as a patient experiences increasing episodes of SSNHL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-80366-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7820278PMC
January 2021

Validation and multidimensional analysis of the japanese penn acoustic neuroma quality-of-life scale.

Laryngoscope 2020 12 10;130(12):2885-2890. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: In the management of vestibular schwannoma (VS), patient-perceived outcomes should be given as much attention as physician-reported objective outcomes. Concomitant symptoms can be annoying for sufferers, lowering quality of life (QoL). However, it is difficult to determine the degree to which these symptoms lower QoL using only objective measures. The Penn Acoustic Neuroma Quality of Life Scale (PANQOL) is a validated disease-specific questionnaire commonly used to assess QoL in VS patients. It was developed and published in English. In this study, we translated the PANQOL questionnaire into Japanese and validated its reliability and utility. We also evaluated patient factors that could influence PANQOL scores.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Methods: Seventy-two VS patients monitored conservatively were included in this study. They were assessed using the Japanese versions of PANQOL (PANQOL-J) and questionnaires about specific symptoms related to VS. The PANQOL questionnaire was translated into Japanese according to the accepted standards. The reliability and utility of the PANQOL-J questionnaire, as well as the relationship with VS-specific symptoms, were statistically analyzed.

Results: The mean total score was 78.7. Almost all of its domains had good internal consistency. Most PANQOL-J domains were related to those of the Short Form-36, with the exception of facial dysfunction domain. Scores of all PANQOL-J domains were comparable to scores of other questionnaires related to the VS-specific symptoms. Our analyses indicated tinnitus or facial palsy might affect the PANQOL-J total score.

Conclusions: We confirmed the validity of the Japanese version of PANQOL questionnaire and its reliability and utility in the management of VS symptoms concerning facial function.

Level Of Evidence: 4 Laryngoscope, 2020.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.28488DOI Listing
December 2020

Intraoperative Facial Nerve Monitoring Revealed the Origin of Rapidly Progressing Schwannoma in the Cerebellopontine Angle: A Case of Large Intermediate Nerve Schwannoma.

J Int Adv Otol 2018 Dec;14(3):488-492

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Schwannoma arising from the intermediate nerve is very rare, with only a few cases reported in the literature. Here, we report a rare case of a rapidly growing schwannoma that originated from the intermediate nerve in a 17-year-old woman. We performed tumor resection using the translabyrinthine approach with continuous intraoperative monitoring, in which the facial nerve root was used to evoke muscle action potential. The monitoring revealed the tumor origin and enabled complete surgical resection with the preservation of facial nerve motor function. The facial nerve root evoked muscle action potential-based continuous monitoring revealed the origin of the rare intermediate nerve schwannoma. Appropriate surgery using this monitoring system could spare facial nerve function even in this rare case and retain the patient's quality of life.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/iao.2018.5542DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354538PMC
December 2018

[Usefulness and Limitation of Thyroglobulin Measurement in Fine Needle Aspirates (FNA-Tg) for Diagnosis of Neck Lymph Node Metastasis from Thyroid Carcinoma].

Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho 2016 May;119(5):721-6

Background: Preoperative diagnosis of lymph node metastasis from thyroid carcinoma is usually confirmed by using fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) when thyroid carcinoma is suspected based on the clinical findings. However, the result of FNAC sometimes leads to a false negative, especially in cases of hypocellular lesions such as metastases with cystic change. Thyroglobulin measurement in fine needle aspirates (FNA-Tg) has been shown to be a useful technique to detect the protein specifically secreted by thyroid follicular cells. Elevated FNA-Tg levels in an extra-thyroidal lesion means that the lesion comprises thyroid-originated tissue, most of which suggests the metastasis from thyroid carcinoma. Thus, FNA-Tg is expected to improve the sensitivity of FNAC for the aforementioned purpose.

Patients And Methods: From 2008 to 2012, 49 extra-thyroidal lesions from 43 patients with thyroid carcinoma were examined using both FNAC and FNA-Tg, followed by surgical resection with a histopathological diagnosis. The results were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed.

Results: Among 49 lesions, 47 were metastatic lymph nodes from thyroid carcinoma (46 papillary carcinoma and one follicular carcinoma), one was a metastatic lymph node from submandibular gland adenocarcinoma, and one was an ectopic thyroid gland. In the 47 cases of thyroid carcinoma, the sensitivity of FNAC was 57.4% (27/47), whereas that of FNA-Tg was 76.6% (36/47). When both methods were combined, the sensitivity increased to 93.6% (44/47). Metastasis from submandibular gland adenocarcinoma was considered to be an example of a false positive from FNAC, whereas an ectopic thyroid gland was an FNA-Tg false positive. Three lesions were negative for both FNAC and FNA-Tg, although metastases were suspected by imaging studies and confirmed by histopathological diagnosis, which were consistent with examples of a false negative from both FNAC and FNA-Tg findings.

Conclusions: FNAC reflects whether the lesion has malignant cells, whereas FNA-Tg reflects whether the lesion has thyroid-originated tissue that specifically secrets thyroglobulin. Therefore, FNAC and FNA-Tg are considered to be complementary to each other for the preoperative diagnosis of lymph node metastasis from thyroid carcinoma. FNA-Tg was validated to improve the preoperative diagnostic sensitivity especially when combined with FNAC, however, it is attended with the possibility of a false positive or negative finding, which requires caution in interpretation of the findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3950/jibiinkoka.119.721DOI Listing
May 2016
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