Publications by authors named "Masanari Kurobe"

5 Publications

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Cryoballoon ablation for atrial fibrillation without the use of a contrast medium: a combination of the intracardiac echocardiography and pressure wave monitoring guided approach.

Heart Vessels 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

In cryoballoon ablation (CBA), a contrast medium is commonly used to confirm balloon occlusion of the pulmonary veins (PVs). However, a contrast medium cannot always be used in patients with renal dysfunction and allergy. The present study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of CBA without the use of a contrast medium. We retrospectively examined consecutive patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) who underwent first-time CBA. We compared the procedural results and outcomes in patients for whom a contrast medium was used (contrast group) and those from whom a contrast medium was not used (non-contrast group). In the non-contrast group, we used saline injection on the intracardiac echocardiography and pressure wave monitoring for PV occlusion. Fifty patients (200 PVs) and 22 patients (88 PVs) underwent CBA with and without a contrast medium, respectively. The success rate of PV isolation with CBA alone was 93% and 90% in the non-contrast and contrast groups, respectively (p = 0.40). The fluoroscopy time and nadir temperature were significantly lower in the non-contrast group as compared to that in the contrast group. The recurrence rate 1 year after ablation did not differ between the two groups (18% vs. 18%, p > 0.99). Furthermore, the number of reconnected PVs in patients with recurrence was significantly lower in the non-contrast group than in the contrast group (6% vs. 36%, p = 0.017). In conclusion, CBA using the intracardiac echocardiography and pressure monitoring approach without the use of a contrast medium was safe and efficient.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00380-021-01963-3DOI Listing
October 2021

Disappearance pattern and the last remaining earliest pulmonary vein potential during cryoballoon ablation in predicting recurrence and conduction gap site of pulmonary veins.

Heart Vessels 2021 Aug 26;36(8):1190-1200. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

Electrophysiological studies have rarely evaluated the sites prone to pulmonary vein (PV) conduction gap during cryoballoon ablation (CBA) for atrial fibrillation (AF). In addition, no studies have analyzed the sequence of PV potentials just before PV isolation during CBA for AF. Of the 238 patients who underwent first-time CBA for paroxysmal AF, 115 PVs of 29 patients who underwent repeat session due to recurrence after the procedure were retrospectively evaluated in the study. We evaluated the disappearance pattern of PV potential and PV reconnection on intracardiac electrograms and investigated whether the conduction gap site of the PV was related to the last remaining earliest PV potential (EP) and sequence pattern during the first-time CBA. Time to isolation was observed in 81 PVs during the first-time CBA. At the repeat session, PV reconnection was only observed in 22 of 81 PVs. PV potentials disappeared with sequence changes in 36 PVs and without sequence changes in 38 PVs. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that disappearance of PV potentials without change in the EP site but with delay or disappearance of other PV potentials was independently associated with PV reconnection (12/22 PVs [55%] vs. 4/59 PVs [6.8%]; odds ratio 14.4; 95% confidence interval 3.75-55.5; p < 0.001). In 19 of 22 (86%) reconnected PVs, PV conduction gap sites at repeat ablation corresponded with the last remaining EP sites during first-time CBA. In conclusion, disappearance pattern of the PV potential and the last remaining EP during the CBA can predict PV reconnection and gap site.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00380-021-01785-3DOI Listing
August 2021

Impact of the clinical frailty scale on clinical outcomes and bleeding events in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Heart Vessels 2021 Jun 7;36(6):799-808. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is a simple tool to assess patients' frailty and may help to predict adverse outcomes in elderly patients. The aim of the present study was to examine the impact of CFS on clinical outcomes and bleeding events after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We enrolled 266 consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI in between January 2015 and June 2018. Patients were categorized into two groups based on the CFS stages: CFS 1-3 and CFS ≥ 4. We collected the data and evaluated the relationship between the CFS grade and the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 3 or 5 bleeding events. Of these patients, CFS ≥ 4 was present in 59 (22.2%). During the follow-up, 37.3% in the CFS ≥ 4 group and 8.2% in the CFS 1-3 group experienced MACE. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, the proportion of MACE-free survival for 4 years was significantly lower in the CFS ≥ 4 group (log-rank P < 0.001). Additionally, the proportion of bleeding event-free survival was significantly lower in the CFS ≥ 4 group (log-rank P < 0.001). The CFS (per 1-grade increase) remained an independent significant predictor of MACE on multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis [hazard ratio 1.39 (95% confidence interval: 1.08 to 1.79, P = 0.01)]. In conclusion, CFS was an independent predictor of future adverse cardiac events in patients with STEMI. Therefore, the assessment of CFS is crucial in this population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00380-020-01764-0DOI Listing
June 2021

Impact of skeletal muscle mass on clinical outcomes in patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

Cardiovasc Interv Ther 2021 Oct 31;36(4):514-522. Epub 2020 Oct 31.

Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Low skeletal muscle mass is one of the components of sarcopenia. However, the prognostic impact of skeletal muscle mass on clinical outcomes in patients after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) remains unclear. Therefore, we assessed the impact of skeletal muscle mass on future cardiovascular events in patients undergoing TAVR. We enrolled 71 consecutive patients who underwent TAVR for symptomatic severe aortic stenosis. We applied bilateral psoas muscles as an indicator of skeletal muscle mass. Psoas muscle volumes were measured from the origin of psoas at the level of the lumbar vertebrae to its insertion in the lesser trochanter on three-dimensional computed tomography datasets. Psoas muscle mass index (PMI) was calculated as psoas muscle volume/height (cm/m). According to the median value of PMIs (79.8 and 60.0 cm/m for men and women), the enrolled patients were divided into two groups. During the follow-up, 11 (31.4%) patients in low PMI group and 4 (11.1%) in high PMI group experienced major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) defined as a composite of death from any cause, myocardial infarction, heart failure hospitalization, and stroke. The proportion of MACE-free survival was significantly lower in low PMI group (log-rank P = 0.033), mainly due to the difference of hospital readmission for congestive heart failure. On multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, PMI remained an independent negative predictor of MACE [hazard ratio 0.95 (95% confidence interval 0.92-0.98, P = 0.002)]. In conclusion, low skeletal muscle mass independently predicted MACE in patients undergoing TAVR.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12928-020-00725-8DOI Listing
October 2021

Earliest pulmonary vein potential-guided cryoballoon ablation for atrial fibrillation.

Heart Vessels 2020 Feb 11;35(2):232-238. Epub 2019 Jul 11.

Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Hospital, Nagoya, Japan.

No studies have evaluated both the time-to-isolation (TTI) and the sequence of pulmonary vein (PV) potentials in cryoballoon ablation (CBA) for atrial fibrillation (AF). This study aimed to prospectively evaluate the acute results of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using a novel CBA technique-the earliest potential (EP) of PV-guided CBA-in paroxysmal AF. We pressed a balloon against the earliest PV potential site during PVI when TTI could not be achieved within 60 s (EP-guided CBA group). We compared 32 patients consecutively treated by EP-guided CBA to 32 patients treated without pressing the balloon against the EP site (conventional CBA group). The cryoapplication protocol was the same, except with regard to the pressing of the balloon. All 256 PVs (EP-guided CBA group, 128 PVs; conventional CBA group, 128 PVs) were isolated successfully. The TTI observation rate was similar in both groups. Compared with conventional CBA, EP-guided CBA was associated with a lower non-success rate of TTI ≤ 90 s (9% vs. 26%; P = 0.040) and shorter left atrial dwell time (38 ± 9 vs. 46 ± 19 min; P = 0.036), total procedure time (76 ± 15 vs. 87 ± 23 min; P = 0.043), and fluoroscopy time (23 ± 8 vs. 30 ± 11 min; P = 0.006). This novel EP-guided CBA approach may help facilitate the ablation procedure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00380-019-01471-5DOI Listing
February 2020
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