Publications by authors named "Masamune Sakamoto"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Efficient detection of copy-number variations using exome data: Batch- and sex-based analyses.

Hum Mutat 2021 Jan 11;42(1):50-65. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

Department of Human Genetics, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

Many algorithms to detect copy number variations (CNVs) using exome sequencing (ES) data have been reported and evaluated on their sensitivity and specificity, reproducibility, and precision. However, operational optimization of such algorithms for a better performance has not been fully addressed. ES of 1199 samples including 763 patients with different disease profiles was performed. ES data were analyzed to detect CNVs by both the eXome Hidden Markov Model (XHMM) and modified Nord's method. To efficiently detect rare CNVs, we aimed to decrease sequencing biases by analyzing, at the same time, the data of all unrelated samples sequenced in the same flow cell as a batch, and to eliminate sex effects of X-linked CNVs by analyzing female and male sequences separately. We also applied several filtering steps for more efficient CNV selection. The average number of CNVs detected in one sample was <5. This optimization together with targeted CNV analysis by Nord's method identified pathogenic/likely pathogenic CNVs in 34 patients (4.5%, 34/763). In particular, among 142 patients with epilepsy, the current protocol detected clinically relevant CNVs in 19 (13.4%) patients, whereas the previous protocol identified them in only 14 (9.9%) patients. Thus, this batch-based XHMM analysis efficiently selected rare pathogenic CNVs in genetic diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.24129DOI Listing
January 2021

Novel EXOSC9 variants cause pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 1D with spinal motor neuronopathy and cerebellar atrophy.

J Hum Genet 2020 Oct 10. Epub 2020 Oct 10.

Department of Human Genetics, Graduate school of medicine, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.

Pontocerebellar hypoplasia (PCH) is currently classified into 13 subgroups and many gene variants associated with PCH have been identified by next generation sequencing. PCH type 1 is a rare heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorder. The clinical presentation includes early-onset severe developmental delay, progressive motor neuronopathy, and cerebellar and pontine atrophy. Recently two variants in the EXOSC9 gene (MIM: 606180), NM_001034194.1: c.41T>C (p.Leu14Pro) and c.481C>T (p.Arg161*) were identified in four unrelated patients with PCH type 1D (PCH1D) (MIM: 618065). EXOSC9 encodes a component of the exosome complex, which is essential for correct processing and degradation of RNA. We report here two PCH1D families with biallelic EXOSC9 variants: c.239T>G (p.Leu80Arg) and c.484dupA (p.Arg162Lysfs*3) in one family and c.151G>C (p.Gly51Arg) in the other family. Although the patients studied here showed similar clinical features as previously described for PCH1D, relatively greater intellectual development (although still highly restricted) and normal pontine structure were recognized. Our findings expand the clinical consequences of biallelic EXOSC9 variants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s10038-020-00853-2DOI Listing
October 2020

A novel ITPA variant causes epileptic encephalopathy with multiple-organ dysfunction.

J Hum Genet 2020 Sep 14;65(9):751-757. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Human Genetics, Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.

Inborn errors of metabolism can cause epileptic encephalopathies. Biallelic loss-of-function variants in the ITPA gene, encoding inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase (ITPase), have been reported in epileptic encephalopathies with lack of myelination of the posterior limb of the internal capsule, brainstem tracts, and tracts to the primary visual and motor cortices (MIM:616647). ITPase plays an important role in purine metabolism. In this study, we identified two novel homozygous ITPA variants, c.264-1 G > A and c.489-1 G > A, in two unrelated consanguineous families. The probands had epilepsy, microcephaly with characteristic magnetic resonance imaging findings (T2 hyperintensity signals in the pyramidal tracts of the internal capsule, delayed myelination, and thin corpus callosum), hypotonia, and developmental delay; both died in early infancy. Our report expands the knowledge of clinical consequences of biallelic ITPA variants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s10038-020-0765-3DOI Listing
September 2020