Publications by authors named "Marzieh Hassanijirdehi"

5 Publications

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Evaluation of pain and its effect on quality of life and functioning in men with spinal cord injury.

Korean J Pain 2015 Apr 1;28(2):129-36. Epub 2015 Apr 1.

Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center (STSRC), Tehran University Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. ; Department of Neurosurgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Pain is one of the most important consequences of spinal cord injury (SCI). It may affect several aspects of life, especially the quality of life (QoL). Hence, this study was conducted to establish an understanding of pain and its correlates and effects on patients with SCI in our community.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 58 male veterans suffering from SCI were admitted to our center for a regular follow-up. Demographic and SCI-related descriptive information were gathered using a self-reported questionnaire. To evaluate the patients' pain quality and the effect of pain on daily life, a questionnaire in 3 parts of lumbar, cervical and shoulder pain was administered. EuroQoL questionnaire and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) 12 were also used to assess the patients' QoL.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 45.91 ± 6.69 with mean injury time of 25.54 ± 5.91. forty-four patients (75.9%) reported pain, including lumbar pain (63%), cervical pain (39%) and shoulder pain (51%). The presence of pain was associated with lower QoL. Patients with lumbar pain reported a significant amount of pain affecting their daily life and this effect was higher in patients with lower GHQ score or anxiety/depressive disorder.

Conclusions: Musculoskeletal pain, is a common complaint in veterans with SCI and is inversely associated with functioning and general health status. Lumbar and shoulder pain affects patient's daily living more than cervical pain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3344/kjp.2015.28.2.129DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4387458PMC
April 2015

Evaluation of Sexual Function and Its Contributing Factors in Men With Spinal Cord Injury Using a Self-Administered Questionnaire.

Am J Mens Health 2016 Jan 27;10(1):24-31. Epub 2014 Nov 27.

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Sexual activity is an important aspect of life in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), rated as one of the top priorities for recovery of function. This study was conducted to establish an understanding of the severity of erectile dysfunction (ED), a major component of male sexual activity, and its correlates in patients with SCI in our community. In a cross-sectional study, 37 male veterans with SCI admitted for regular follow-up at our center were recruited. Demographic and SCI-related descriptive information was gathered through a self-administered questionnaire. Sexual Health Inventory for Men was used to assess the presence and severity of ED. Euro Quality of Life questionnaire and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) were also administered. The mean age of the participants was 45.7 ± 6.5 years with injury duration of 24.7 ± 6.2 years. Mean GHQ-12 score of 3.65 ± 3.38 and mean Sexual Health Inventory for Men score of 11.57 ± 5.28 were measured. All participants had ED, and 27% were suffering from severe ED. Sleep deprivation, worse GHQ-12 score, and hypertension were significantly associated with higher risk of much severe ED (p < .05). In conclusion, ED is a common problem in veterans with SCI and is inversely associated with their general health status.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1557988314555122DOI Listing
January 2016

Unilateral mydriasis after mandibular fracture fixation surgery.

Anesth Pain Med 2014 May 16;4(2):e13831. Epub 2014 Mar 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Unilateral mydriasis is a seriously significant finding in neurologic examinations indicating life-threatening conditions such as cerebral vascular injuries.

Case Presentation: A 24 year old woman with mandibular trauma was referred to our center after five days for a reduction of the right mandibular angle fracture. The patient had no history of any loss of consciousness after the accident. Her physical examination showed no abnormalities, except those related to her mandibular fracture. The laboratory results were normal as well. At 8:30 am a general anesthesia was induced. The patient's eyes were kept shut throughout the surgical procedure. The operation included an intraoral open reduction and fixation using two miniplates without any complications. After the operation, it was noticed that the left eye was completely dilated with no reaction to light, while the right eye was normal. The management and outcomes in this patient were described in the present case report.

Conclusions: Evaluating the size of the patient's pupils before, during and after the operation, careful history, consult, CT scan and MRI would help to diagnosis. Although no probable cause was found to explain the transient mydriasis in our patient.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/aapm.13831DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4005971PMC
May 2014

Vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, serum calcium and phosphorus in patients with schizophrenia and major depression.

Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract 2013 Feb 26;17(1):30-4. Epub 2012 Apr 26.

Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.

Objective: Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with an increased risk of depression and schizophrenia. The aim was to compare serum levels of vitamin D, calcium, phosphorus and parathyroid hormone in schizophrenics, depressed patients and healthy subjects in an Iranian population.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 100 patients with schizophrenia and 100 with major depression were enrolled. A questionnaire was filled by using medical records of patients. After that a serum sample was taken and levels of vitamin D, calcium, phosphorus and parathyroid hormone were assessed and then compared between the three groups.

Results: Post-hoc analysis of Tukey showed that vitamin D level in healthy participants was significantly higher than depressed patients and schizophrenics while there was no significant difference between vitamin D level in depressed and schizophrenic patients.

Conclusion: The findings suggest that vitamin D affects the brain independent of hormonal pathways which regulate serum level of calcium. Non-significant difference in the serum level of vitamin D between the schizophrenics and the depressed patients suggests that the independent effect of vitamin D in brain is a general effect and is not specialized to a specific region or pathway in the brain; however, differences between psychiatric and non-psychiatric patients might be resulted from differences in psychosocial backgrounds.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/13651501.2012.667111DOI Listing
February 2013

Tricyclic antidepressant poisoning treated by magnesium sulfate: a randomized, clinical trial.

Drug Chem Toxicol 2012 Jul 7;35(3):300-3. Epub 2012 Feb 7.

Department of Clinical Toxicology and Forensic Medicine, Loghman Hakim Hospital Poison Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) poisoning is a major problem in medicine, with a high morbidity and mortality rate. The main cause of fatality is cardiac arrhythmias resulting from intoxication. Sodium bicarbonate is the drug of choice, but severe poisoning necessitates further interventions. Magnesium sulfate seems to be effective in this condition. In a randomized, clinical trial, we evaluated all patients with a history of TCA intoxication referred to the Loghman Hakim Hospital Poison Center. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: one treated by bicarbonate infusion (control group) and the other (case group) by the infusion of magnesium sulfate in addition to the treatment in the first group. Seventy-two patients were recruited into the study (36 cases and 36 controls). Mean duration of intensive care unit stay in the cases and controls were 25.63 ± 9.33 and 82.67 ± 21.66 hours, respectively (P < 0.001). Mortality rate in the case group was 13.9% and 33.3% in the other group (P = 0.052). Magnesium sulfate can be an effective drug in the treatment of TCA poisoning; however, several randomized, clinical trials are still necessary to confirm this.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/01480545.2011.614249DOI Listing
July 2012