Publications by authors named "Maryam Shafaati"

3 Publications

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Downregulation of hepatitis C virus replication by miR-196a using lentiviral vectors.

Microbiol Immunol 2021 Jan 20. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Sciences, Jahrom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Jahrom, Iran.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA virus that causes chronic hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Cellular microRNAs (miRNAs) directly modulate the viral infectivity and indirectly through targeting virus-related host factors. They play an essential role in the progression of different stages of HCV infection. The roles of miR-196 family in HCV infection and hepatocellular carcinoma progression remain poorly understood. Using ViTa databases, miR-196a as a high-score miRNA targeting the NS A region of HCV genome was selected. Using dual luciferase assay and an established cell-cultured HCV (HCVcc) system, the effect of miR-196a on HCV genome was assessed. In silico analysis demonstrated the significant role of miR-196a in the downregulation of HCV replication. Using dual luciferase assay, the liver-specific miR-196a and NS A gene binding was confirmed. To assess the experimental role of miR-196a, an HCVcc system was established in the Huh 7.5 cell lines. The HCV-RNA 1b derived from an infected patient was transfected into Huh 7.5 cells containing miR-196a lentiviral vectors (Huh 7.5/miR-196a), mocks (Huh 7.5/mock vector), and naïve Huh 7.5 cells. The rate of reduction of the HCV genome replication was assessed using relative real-time PCR assay. These results represent miR-196a overexpression and its roles in regulating HCV genome replication. However, miR-196a may inhibit HCV replication and accelerate the early stages of apoptosis. Overexpression of miR-196a in Huh 7.5 replicon cell is a potential new strategy to prevent hepatitis C infection. The results of this study suggest that miR-196a directly downregulates HCV replication and may serve as a new antiviral therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1348-0421.12875DOI Listing
January 2021

Analysis of virulence genes and accessory gene regulator (agr) types among methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains in Iran.

J Glob Antimicrob Resist 2017 09 20;10:315-320. Epub 2017 Jul 20.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, North Karegar Ave., Tehran 1411713138, Iran. Electronic address:

Objectives: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains are a major cause of hospital-acquired infections and are considered a serious public health concern. MRSA isolates have abundant virulence factors that are the basis for their pathogenicity. The accessory gene regulator (agr) locus co-ordinates the expression of these genes. The aim of this study was to determine the presence and frequency of various virulence genes encoding enterotoxins and adhesins as well as to identify agr specificity groups in MRSA isolates.

Methods: This descriptive study included a total of 296 MRSA strains isolated from clinical samples collected in Tehran Heart Center (Tehran, Iran) between October 2004 and March 2013. Following DNA extraction, PCR-based assays were used to evaluate the presence of various virulence genes. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows v.21.0 was used for statistical analysis.

Results: The results indicated that the most frequent toxin genes were see (120/296; 40.5%), followed by sea (79/296; 26.7%); the other genes were encoded less frequently. The presence of seb and seh was not found in any of the isolates. Furthermore, the most frequent adhesin genes were clfA, spa, cna, map/eap and bbp, found in 281 (94.9%), 275 (92.9%), 267 (90.2%), 265 (89.5%) and 264 (89.2%) isolates, respectively. The majority of isolates belonged to agr group I (53.0%), followed by agr group III (1.4%). None of the isolates belonged to agr group II.

Conclusions: The relatively high frequency of various virulence genes suggests the emergence and pathogenic potential of MRSA isolates containing these genes in the study area.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jgar.2017.06.009DOI Listing
September 2017

Correlation Between qacE and qacE∆1 Efflux Pump Genes, Antibiotic and Disinfectant Resistant Among Clinical Isolates of E.coli.

Recent Pat Antiinfect Drug Discov 2016 ;11(2):189-195

Clinical Microbiology Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Introduction: Antiseptics and disinfectants have been used widely in hospitals and other health care settings to control the growth of microorganisms. However, some disinfectant resistant strains were reported. The objectives of our study were to evaluate correlation between the efflux pump genes, drugs and disinfectant resistant among clinical isolates of E.coli.

Methods: A total of 102 of E. coli strains were isolated from urine sample of hospitalized patients. The antibiotic susceptibility was carried out by disc diffusion method. Didecyl di-methyl ammonium chloride (DDDMAC) was used as Quaternary ammonium compound (QAC) disinfectant which was used in Heart Center Hospital. PCR reaction was carried out for detection of qacE and qac∆E efflux pump genes.

Result: Almost all the strains had higher resistance to ampicillin, ciproflaxacin, cotrimaxazole and cephalothin. Totally 49% (n: 50) of strains were produced ESBL. Almost all the strains have MIC value between 0.00195 to 0.0078 mg/l for DDDMAC. Correlation between presence of qacE and qac∆E genes and antibiotic resistance was perceived. Presence of qacE and qac∆E genes among strains that have high disinfectant MIC value were 96.9% and 93.7% respectively. In addition, 98% of ESBL producing strains harbored qacE gene and 94% of ESBL producing strains harbored qac∆E gene.

Conclusion: Our study indicated that there was a strong correlation between presence of qacE and qac∆E genes with resistance to some antibiotics and growth in media which contain high concentration of disinfectant. In conclusion, other mechanisms also play important role in resistant to antimicrobial agents but the role of efflux pumps in resistant to antimicrobial agents should not be neglected.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1574891X11666160815094718DOI Listing
March 2017