Publications by authors named "Maryam Sajjadian"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effects of a 3D segmental prosthetic system for tricuspid valve annulus remodelling on the right coronary artery: a human cadaveric coronary angiography study.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2017 09;25(3):350-355

Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: A prosthetic system to repair secondary tricuspid valve regurgitation was developed. The conceptual engineering of the current device is based on 3D segmental remodelling of the tricuspid valve annulus in lieu of reductive annuloplasty. This study was designed to investigate the operational safety of the current prosthetic system with regard to the anatomical integrity of the right coronary artery (RCA) in fresh cadaveric human hearts.

Methods: During the study period, from January to April 2016, the current prosthetic system was implanted on the tricuspid valve annulus in fresh cadaveric human hearts that met the study's inclusion criteria. The prepared specimens were investigated via selective coronary angiography of the RCA in the catheterization laboratory. The RCA angiographic anatomies were categorized as normal, distorted, kinked or occluded.

Results: Sixteen specimens underwent implantation of the current prosthetic system. The mean age of the cadaveric human hearts was 43.24 ± 15.79 years, with vehicle accident being the primary cause of death (59%). A dominant RCA was noticed in 62.5% of the specimens. None of the specimens displayed any injury, distortion, kinking or occlusion in the RCA due to the implantation of the prostheses.

Conclusions: In light of the results of the present study, undertaken on fresh cadaveric human heart specimens, the current segmental prosthetic system for 3D remodelling of the tricuspid valve annulus seems to be safe vis-à-vis the anatomical integrity of the RCA. Further in vivo studies are needed to investigate the functional features of the current prosthetic system with a view to addressing the complex pathophysiology of secondary tricuspid valve regurgitation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivx102DOI Listing
September 2017

Accessory Spleen in the Splenic Hilum: a Cadaveric Study with Clinical Significance.

Med Arch 2016 Oct 25;70(5):389-391. Epub 2016 Oct 25.

Department of Public Health, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: An accessory spleen is an additional tissue of the spleen that may be found near the spleen. It is a congenital anomaly of the spleen that its incidence has been reported 10-30% of the population. Hence, the objective of this study was evaluation the incidence of accessory spleen in Iranian cadavers.

Method: Sixty hundred and ninety three spleens (541 males, 152 females) were excised from cadavers in the dissection hall of Mashhad Forensic Medicine Organization cadavers. Inclusion criteria were as follows: Fresh Iranian cadavers with no history of alcohol, poisoning or drug abuse, and no evidence of pathologic abnormality or injury to the spleen. The presence of accessory spleens, its dimension and weight investigated in cadavers.

Results: During routine postmortem examination, five cases with an accessory spleen were found in the autopsy laboratory of Mashhad legal Medicine Organization between June 2014 and July 2015. Of the cases, 3 were male and 2 were female. The accessory spleens were observed at the splenic hilum. The length of the accessory spleens ranged from 2-3.5 cm, while the range of width was between 0.5 and 2.5 cm. The accessory spleens were confirmed by histological examination.

Conclusion: An accessory spleen has clinical importance in some locations. When an accessory spleen is situated in another site, it may mimic some tumors such as pancreatic tumor and adrenal tumor. In addition, accessory spleen may cause hyperplasia after splenectomy and be responsible for a recurrence of the hematological disorders.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/medarh.2016.70.389-391DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5136441PMC
October 2016

Study of the normal heart size in Northwest part of Iranian population: a cadaveric study.

J Cardiovasc Thorac Res 2016 26;8(3):119-125. Epub 2016 Sep 26.

Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran.

The heart is in a muscular organ in the middle mediastinum. According to our knowledge, there is no standard data about the anthropologic parameters of normal Iranian hearts. Hence, the aim of the present study was to investigate the normal heart size in Iranian cadavers. In a cross-sectional study, 550 cadavers (104 female/446 male) from June 2014 to July 2015 in the Razavi Khorasan province of Iran were included in the study. After approval of the Ethical Committee, cadavers were divided into 10 groups based on age groups. Length, width, weight, chordae tendineae, papillary muscles, and heart valves were measured using vernier caliper. Finally, data were analyzed using SPSS software. The mean values of the demographic data were as follows: age= 42.12 ± 21.34 years; weight = 60.38 ± 15.32 kg; height = 158.14 ± 23.77 cm; and BMI = 24.66 ± 17.60 kg/m. The mean values of the heart length, width, chordae tendineae, pupillary muscles, weight, and index of the heart were 11.41 ± 2.15 cm, 8.21 ± 4.38 cm, 19.41 ± 6.70, 5.74 ± 1.96, 247.78 ± 62.27 grams, and 5.74 ± 1.96, respectively. In addition, the circumference of the tricuspid valve, circumference of the mitral valves, and tricuspid and mitral areas were 8.80 ± 1.11 cm, 9.43 ± 1.44 cm, 4.11 ± 0.71 cm, and 4.50 ± 0.90 cm, respectively. Mean values of the heart's length and width was similar to previous reports from western population. The circumference of the tricuspid valve was less than the textbook's data, while circumference of the mitral valves was more than it. The study findings provide valuable information about standard data of the heart in the Iranian population, which is useful for surgeons as well as anthropologists. However, multi-center studies with a larger sample size are required to complete data about anatomical characteristics of normal hearts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/jcvtr.2016.25DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5075360PMC
September 2016