Publications by authors named "Maryam Sadat Mirenayat"

10 Publications

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Combination therapy of IFNβ1 with lopinavir-ritonavir, increases oxygenation, survival and discharging of sever COVID-19 infected inpatients.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Mar 26;92:107329. Epub 2020 Dec 26.

Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Interferon Beta-1a (IFN-β1-a), an immunomodulatory mediator with antiviral effects, has shown in vivo and in vitro activities especially on coronavirus including SARS-CoV-2. COVID-19 defined as the disease caused by infection with SARS-CoV-2. The virus has been illustrated inhibits the production of IFN-β1-a from inflammatory cells. We conducted a retrospective study of all adult confirmed COVID-19 hospitalized patients who received combination of three doses of 12 million international units of IFN-β1-a and Lopinavir 400 mg and Ritonavir 100 mg every 12 h (case group) for 14 days besides standard care and age- and sex- matched COVID-19 patients with receiving lopinavir/ritonavir (control group) at Masih Daneshvari Hospital as a designated hospital for COVID-19 between Feb 19 and Apr 30, 2020. Multivariate analysis was done to determine the impact of IFN-β1-a on outcome and all-cause mortality. 152 cases in IFN-β1-a group and 304 cases as control group were included. IFN-β1-a group stayed at hospital longer and required noninvasive ventilation more than control group (13 vs. 6 days, p = 0.001) and (34% vs. 24%, p = 0.04), respectively. During treatment, 57 (12.5%) patients died. The death rate in case and control groups was 11% and 13% respectively. In multivariate analysis, not receiving IFN-β1-a (HR 5.12, 95% CI: 2.77-9.45), comorbidity (HR 2.28, 95% CI: 1.13-4.60) and noninvasive ventilation (HR 2.77, 95% CI: 1.56-4.93) remained significantly associated with all-cause mortality. In this study, risk of death decreased by using IFN-β1-a in COVID-19 patients. More clinical study will be necessary to measure efficacy of IFN-β1-a in COVID-19 treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2020.107329DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7762801PMC
March 2021

Clinical Manifestations of Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a Referral Center in Iran.

Tanaffos 2020 Nov;19(2):122-128

Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Following the recent epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China, a novel betacoronavirus was isolated from two patients in Iran on February 19, 2020. In this study, we aimed to determine the clinical manifestations and outcomes of the first confirmed cases of COVID-19 infection (n=127).

Materials And Methods: This prospective study was conducted on all COVID-19-suspected cases, admitted to Masih Daneshvari Hospital (a designated hospital for COVID-19), Tehran, Iran, since February 19, 2020. All patients were tested for COVID-19, using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. Data of confirmed cases, including demographic characteristics, clinical features, and outcomes, were collected and compared between three groups of patients, requiring different types of admission (requiring ICU admission, admission to the general ward, and transfer to ICU).

Results: Of 412 suspected cases, with the mean age of 54.1 years (SD=13.4), 127 (31%) were positive for COVID-19. Following the patients' first visit to the clinic, 115 cases were admitted to the general ward, while ten patients required ICU admission. Due to clinical deterioration in the condition of 25 patients (out of 115 patients), ICU admission was essential. Based on the results, the baseline characteristics of the groups were similar. Patients requiring ICU admission were more likely to have multiorgan involvement (liver involvement, P<0.001; renal involvement, P<0.001; and cardiac involvement, P=0.02), low O saturation (P<0.001), and lymphopenia (P=0.05). During hospital admission, 21 (16.5%) patients died, while the rest (83.5%) were discharged and followed-up until March 26, 2020. Also, the survival rate of patients, who received immunoglobulin, was higher than other patients (60.87% vs. 39.13%).

Conclusion: The mortality rate of COVID-19 patients was considerable in our study. Based on the present results, this infection can cause multiorgan damage. Therefore, intensive monitoring of these patients needs to be considered.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7680520PMC
November 2020

Diagnosis of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in patients with persistent allergic asthma using three different diagnostic algorithms.

Mycoses 2021 Mar 8;64(3):272-281. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Department of Medical Mycology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background: Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) has been reported in various degrees among patients with persistent allergic asthma (PAA). Currently, there is no gold standard approach for diagnosis of ABPA.

Objectives: In the current study, we aimed the evaluation of three different mainly used algorithms as Rosenberg & Patterson (A), ISHAM Working Group (B) and Greenberger (C) for diagnosis of ABPA in 200 patients with underlying PAA.

Methods: All patients were evaluated using Aspergillus skin prick test (SPTAf), Aspergillus-specific IgE (sIgEAf) and IgG (sIgGAf), total IgE (tIgE), pulmonary function tests, radiological findings and peripheral blood eosinophil count. The prevalence rate of ABPA in PAA patients was estimated by three diagnostic criteria. We used Latent Class Analysis for the evaluation of different diagnostic parameters in different applied ABPA diagnostic algorithms.

Results: Aspergillus sensitisation was observed in 30 (15.0%) patients. According to algorithms A, B and C, nine (4.5%), six (3.0%) and 11 (5.5%) of patients were diagnosed with ABPA, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of criteria B and C were (55.6% and 99.5%) and (100.0% and 98.9%) respectively. sIgEAf and sIgGAf showed the high significant sensitivity. The performance of algorithm A, in terms of sensitivity and specificity, was somewhat better than algorithm B.

Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that the sensitivity of different diagnostic algorithms could change the prevalence rate of ABPA. We also found that all of three criteria resulted an adequate specificity for ABPA diagnosis. A consensus patterns combining elements of all three criteria may warrant a better diagnostic algorithm.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/myc.13217DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7902363PMC
March 2021

Galactomannan detection in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids: A diagnostic approach for fungus ball in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis?

Mycoses 2020 Jul 24;63(7):755-761. Epub 2020 May 24.

Invasive Fungi Research Center/Department of Medical mycology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background: Several previous studies have shown cavitary lung lesions in old pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) increase the risk of fungus ball. Detection of galactomannan (GM) in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is also proposed as a diagnostic approach for the fungus ball.

Objectives: We evaluated the diagnosis of fungus balls and GM levels in BAL samples in PTB patients.

Methods: A total of 110 PTB patients were evaluated for fungus ball during 2017-2019. The patients were evaluated for radiological, histopathological results and mycological findings of BAL including GM detection and culture. The sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive value for GM test were calculated. The optimal cut-off for BAL GM testing was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC).

Results: Of 110 PTB patients, nine (8.18%) showed fungus ball, all with old PTB. The molecularly confirmed Aspergillus species were A. flavus, A. fumigatus and A. ochraceus. The sensitivity and specificity of BAL GM ≥ 0.5 in old PTB patients with fungus ball were 100%, 41.5%, respectively. The statistical analysis of the mean ± SEM of BAL GM levels was demonstrated a higher levels of GM in patients with fungus ball/aspergilloma compared to old PTB patients without fungus ball/aspergilloma. The optimal cut-off value for BAL GM was determined as 0.50 by ROC curve analysis.

Conclusion: According to our results, we can recommend the detection of GM in BAL samples as a diagnostic approach for fungus ball in PTB patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/myc.13099DOI Listing
July 2020

Relationship between spirometry results and colonisation of Aspergillus species in allergic asthma.

Clin Respir J 2020 Mar 26. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Department of Medical Mycology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Introduction And Objectives: Exposure to fungi in patients with asthma leads to the release of various fungal antigens, which can increase the severity of asthma. Regarding this, the present study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between the colonisation of Aspergillus species and spirometry results in allergic asthma.

Materials And Methods: Two hundred sixteen patients with mild to severe asthma and 30 healthy controls were included. All participants underwent pulmonary function tests. Furthermore, sputum samples were collected from each subject. Each sputum sample was subjected to direct microscopic examination and fungal culture. All cultured Aspergillus colonies were identified at species level by molecular methods. Finally, all available data from sputum culture and spirometry test were analysed.

Results: Out of 216 sputum samples, 145 (67.1%) were positive for fungal growth. Furthermore, out of 264 grown fungal colonies, 137 (51.9%) were Aspergillus species. Among the Aspergillus isolates, A. flavus (29.2%) was the most prevalent species, followed by A. fumigatus (27.7%). The mean forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) in the mild, moderate and severe asthmatic patients with a positive sputum culture for fungi were obtained as 90.0 ± 11.1, 71.1 ± 15.9 and 54.9 ± 16.4, respectively. In general, Aspergillus species colonisation had no statistically significant effect on spirometry results of study patients.

Conclusion: Our results showed that there is no difference in the FEV1 and forced vital capacity between Aspergillus positive and negative patients in any asthma severity group.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/crj.13192DOI Listing
March 2020

Prevalence of specific immunoglobulin E and G against in patients with asthma.

Curr Med Mycol 2018 Dec;4(4):7-11

Invasive Fungi Research Centre, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background And Purpose: as a ubiquitous fungus can be found in the respiratory tract of the asthmatic and healthy people. The inhalation of spores leads to an immune response in individuals with asthma and results in the aggravation of the clinical symptoms. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of specific immunoglobulin E and G IgE and IgG) against in asthmatic patients.

Materials And Methods: This study was conducted on 200 consecutive patients with moderate to severe asthma referring to Masih Daneshvari hospital Tehran, Iran, from January 2016 to February 2018. Skin prick test (SPT) was performed in all subjects with allergens. Moreover, all patients underwent specific IgE testing for using Hycor method. Enzyme immune assay was applied to measure total IgE and specific IgG.

Results: According to the results, the mean age of the patients was 45.8 years (age range: 18-78 years). The mean levels of total IgE and specific IgE in asthmatic patients were obtained as 316.3 (range: 6-1300 IU/ml) and 1.5 (range: 0.1-61.3 IU/ml), respectively. Out of 200 patients, 27 (13.5%), 65 (32.5%), 22 (11.0%), and 86 (43.0%) cases had positive SPT, total IgE of > 417 IU/ml, specific IgE, and IgG, respectively. The level of these variables in patients with severe asthma were 16 (16.5%), 36 (37.1%), 15 (15.5%), and 46 (47.4%), respectively.

Conclusion: As the findings indicated, reactivity to is a remarkable phenomenon in asthmatic patients. It is also emphasised that the climatic condition may affect the positive rate of hypersensitivity to .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18502/cmm.4.4.380DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6386509PMC
December 2018

Fungal epidemiology in cystic fibrosis patients with a special focus on Scedosporium species complex.

Microb Pathog 2019 Apr 8;129:168-175. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Center of Expertise in Microbiology, Infection Biology and Antimicrobial Pharmacology, Tehran, Iran.

In this present study, for the first time, we evaluated the cystic fibrosis (CF) patients for the Scedosporium species and their antifungal susceptibility against eight antifungal agents. During one-year period, 90 Sputum samples were collected from Iranian CF patients. All samples were evaluated by direct microscopic examination, culture onto four different media including Malt extract agar, Inhibitory mold agar, Brain Heart Infusion and Scedo-Select III. The mold isolated fungi were identified by PCR-Sequencing of ITS and β-tubulin genes. In-vitro antifungal susceptibility was performed according to the Clinical & Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) M38-A2 guidelines. Out of 90 CF patients, 47 (52.2%) were male. The age of the patients ranged from 1 to 34 years (median of 15.84 ± 7.41 years). Overall, 3 (3.3%) cases were positive for Scedosporium spp. of which two isolates were characterized as Scedosporium boydii and one isolate as S. ellipsoideum. Among Aspergillus genus, A. flavus (29.4%) was the most prevalent species followed by A. tubingensis (24.7%), A. niger (17.0%) and A. fumigatus (14.5%). The minimum effective concentration ranges of micafungin, anidulafungin, and caspofungin were 0.008-0.031 μg/mL, 0.0625-0.25 μg/mL, and 0.0625-0.25 μg/mL, respectively. All isolates of Scedosporium species showed high minimum inhibitory concentration to the triazoles tested, except voriconazole. Our results showed that A. flavus and Scedosporium species are the most prevalent molds isolated from CF patient populations in Iran. Our findings have also showed that Scedo-Select III can be used as a reliable culture media for isolation of Scedosporium spp. in clinical samples.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2019.02.009DOI Listing
April 2019

Association Between Vitamin D Deficiencies in Sarcoidosis with Disease Activity, Course of Disease and Stages of Lung Involvements.

J Med Biochem 2018 Apr 1;37(2):103-109. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

Mycobacteriology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Despite negative association between 25-hydroxy vitamin D and incidence of many chronic respiratory diseases, this feature was not well studied in sarcoidosis. Current study investigated the association between 25-hydroxy vitamin D deficiency with sarcoidosis chronicity, disease activity, extra-pulmonary skin manifestations, urine calcium level and pulmonary function status in Iranian sarcoidosis patients. Results of this study along with future studies, will supply more effective programs for sarcoidosis treatment.

Methods: Eighty sarcoidosis patients in two groups of insufficient serum level and sufficient serum level of 25-hydroxy vitamin D were studied. Course of sarcoidosis was defined as acute and chronic sarcoidosis. Pulmonary function test (PFT) was assessed by spirometry. Skin involvements were defined as biopsy proven skin sarcoidosis. 24-hour urine calcium level was used to specify the disease activity. Stages of lung involvements were obtained by CT-scan and chest X-ray. The statistical analyses were evaluated using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences.

Results: A significant negative correlation was obtained between vitamin D deficiency in sarcoidosis patients and disease chronic course and stages two to four of lung involvements. Considering other parameters of the disease and vitamin D deficiency, no significant correlation was detected.

Conclusions: In conclusion, results of the current study implies in the role of vitamin 25(OH)D deficiencies in predicting the course of chronic sarcoidosis. Furthermore, it was concluded that vitamin 25(OH)D deficiency can direct pulmonary sarcoidosis toward stage 2-4 of lung involvements.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jomb-2017-0041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294100PMC
April 2018

What Do We Know about Anthracofibrosis? A Literature Review.

Tanaffos 2017 ;16(3):175-189

Virology Research Center, NRITLD, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Recently, the significance of anthracosis in the tracheobronchial tree, lung parenchyma, and even non-respiratory organs has been postulated and discussed in association with other diseases, especially tuberculosis. We reviewed the current literature by using the following key words in Medline/PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar databases: anthracosis, anthracofibrosis, anthracotic bronchitis, biomass fuels, and mixed-dust pneumoconiosis. The bibliographies of eligible papers were also reviewed for further relevant articles. A total of 37 studies were assessed. The content of these studies was then divided into specific categories. Considering the pathogenesis, along with histopathological, radiological, and bronchoscopic results regarding anthracotic lesions, we suggest these findings be defined as "ANTHRACOSIS SYNDROME". For the first time, we describe a syndrome involving black pigmentation, which was previously thought to involve only the tracheobronchial tree. Until recently, it was not considered to be a single syndrome with different sites of involvement.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5960222PMC
January 2017