Publications by authors named "Maryam Cheraghzadeh"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Impact of Methyl-β-Cyclodextrin and Apolipoprotein A-I on The Expression of ATP-Binding Cassette Transporter A1 and Cholesterol Depletion in C57BL/6 Mice Astrocytes.

Cell J 2021 Apr 1;23(1):93-98. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Department of Biochemistry, Medical School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. Email:

Objective: Dysregulation of cholesterol metabolism in the brain is responsible for many lipid storage disorders, including Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC). Here, we have investigated whether cyclodextrin (CD) and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) induce the same signal to inhibit cell cholesterol accumulation by focusing on the main proteins involved in cholesterol homeostasis in response to CD and apoA-I treatment.

Materials And Methods: In this experimental study, astrocytes were treated with apoA-I or CD and then lysed in RIPA buffer. We used Western blot to detect protein levels of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) and ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1). Cell cholesterol content and cholesterol release in the medium were also measured.

Results: ApoA-I induced a significant increase in ABCA1 and a mild increase in HMGCR protein level, whereas CD caused a significant increase in HMGCR with a significant decrease in ABCA1. Both apoA-I and CD increased cholesterol release in the medium. A mild, but not significant increase, in cell cholesterol content was seen by apoA-I; however, a significant increase in cell cholesterol was detected when the astrocytes were treated with CD.

Conclusion: CD, like apoA-I, depletes cellular cholesterol. This depletion occurs in a different way from apoA-I that is through cholesterol efflux. Depletion of cell cholesterol with CDs led to reduced protein levels of ABCA1 along with increased HMGCR and accumulation of cell cholesterol. This suggested that CDs, unlike apoA-I, could impair the balance between cholesterol synthesis and release, and interfere with cellular function that depends on ABCA1.
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April 2021

Effect of Hydroalcoholic Ginger Extract on Brain HMG-CoA Reductase and CYP46A1 Levels in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats.

Avicenna J Med Biotechnol 2019 Jul-Sep;11(3):234-238

Department of Biochemistry, Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Patients with diabetes present with lipid disorders, including hypercholesterolemia, which can be a high-risk factor for atherosclerosis. Recently, increasing interest has been focused on anti-lipidemic function of herbal medicines, especially (known as ginger), in diabetes. However, the mechanism underlying the effect of ginger on some players involved in cholesterol homeostasis of Central Nervous System (CNS) among diabetic patients remains unclear. To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the effect of ginger on brain regulation of Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase (HMG-CoA reductase) and Cholesterol 24-hydroxylase (CYP46A1), which provides a rational model for understanding brain dyslipidemia mechanisms associated with diabetes.

Methods: Brains of rats were isolated from four groups: control, non-treated diabetic, and treated diabetic groups receiving 200 or 400 of hydroalcoholic extracts of ginger for eight weeks. HMG-CoA reductase and CYP46A1 levels in brain homogenates were determined by western-blot technique.

Results: Ginger root extract caused a significant decrease in HMG-CoA reductase and an increase in CYP46A1 levels in treated diabetic groups compared to diabetic control. In comparison to diabetic group, these effects were more remarkable with 400 concentration of ginger extract.

Conclusion: The findings showed that ginger extract has a regulatory effect on proteins involved in cholesterol homeostasis in CNS by a significant down- and up-regulation of HMG-CoA reductase and CYP46A1 levels, respectively. It can be suggested that adding ginger to daily diet of diabetic patients has useful effects and may ameliorate diabetes complications.
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August 2019