Publications by authors named "Marwan S Mahmoud"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Copeptin, miRNA-208, and miRNA-499 as New Biomarkers for Early Detection of Acute Coronary Syndrome.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Medical Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, 71515, Egypt.

cTn and CK-MB are gold standard biomarkers for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) but are less sensitive in the first 3 h after onset of symptoms. A need thus exists for novel biomarkers for early detection of ACS. We evaluated circulating copeptin, miRNA-208, and miRNA-499 as possible biomarkers for early detection of unstable angina (UA) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Sixty-five patients with probable ACS that presented within 4 h of the onset of chest pain (23 UA and 42 NSTEMI) and 25 apparently healthy individuals were studied. Two sets of blood samples collected in the first 3 h and at 6 h after onset were analyzed for copeptin levels via ELISA and miRNA-208 and miRNA-499 expression via real-time PCR. Copeptin, miRNA-208, and miRNA-499 expression levels were significantly increased in UA and NSTEMI patients compared with controls (p < 0.001) and in NSTEMT compared with UA patients (p < 0.001). Levels were also significantly elevated in UA and NSTEMI patients with negative cardiac troponin in the first 3 h (p < 0.001). ROC curves displayed AUC for prediction of ACS of 0.96 for copeptin, 0.97 for miRNA-208, and 0.97 for miRNA-499. Their combination improved AUC to 0.98. Copeptin and miRNA-208 and miRNA-499 expression are promising biomarkers for UA and NSTEMI that present in the first 3 h of pain onset. A combination of these markers with cTn may increase the accuracy of diagnosis by avoiding the gray zone of cTn as a biomarker.
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October 2021

A safe and simple technique for crossing stenotic aortic valves.

Clin Res Cardiol 2021 Mar 19;110(3):377-381. Epub 2020 Sep 19.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Duisburg Heart Center, Duisburg, Germany.

Objectives: To describe and to validate a new technique for crossing stenotic aortic valves (AV).

Background: Current techniques for crossing the AV may be time-consuming and hazardous.

Methods: One hundred consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis treated by transfemoral TAVI were prospectively selected to have an initial attempt of 5 min to cross the AV with a novel pigtail/J-wire technique before switching to the conventional Amplatz/straight wire approach. For the pigtail/J-wire technique, the catheter is placed 3-4 cm above the AV and turned anteriorly in the 30° RAO view. A J-wire pushed out of the pigtail-catheter will reach the anterior wall of the ascending aorta, forming a u-shaped curve above the AV. The height of the pigtail catheter determines the width of the curve, rotation will help to find an orientation, where the vertex of the curved J-wire easily passes the AV. We analyzed the primary success rate within 5 min and the mean crossing time required.

Results: Patients were 83.5 ± 5.5 years of age and predominantly male (62%). Primary success rate was 86%, AV crossing took 48.2 ± 34.6 s without complications. Fourteen failed cases were successfully managed with AL1- (6) and both, AL1- and AL2-catheters (8), respectively CONCLUSIONS: The pigtail/J-wire technique for AV crossing is safe, simple and fast. Primary placement of a pigtail catheter into the left ventricle at a success rate of 86% facilitates TAVI procedures.
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March 2021