Publications by authors named "Marwa F Youssef"

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On-treatment improvement of an emerging psychosomatic depressive disorder among salmonella carriers: a multicenter experience from Egypt.

Infect Drug Resist 2019 22;12:2573-2582. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Hepatology and Gastroenterology Department, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt.

Background: As physicians in a referral hospital, we observed the association between history of enteric fever and somatic disorders associated with low mood. At the Al-Hussein University Hospital, Cairo and the National Liver Institute Hospital, Menoufia, we receive patients from all over Egypt, including rural areas where enteric fever is endemic.

Aim: Here in, 60 Egyptian patients referred to us for evaluation of different somatic disorders are reported.

Methods: After extensive evaluations, the patients' symptoms were function-related. Also, their typhoid carrier states were documented, and the severity of depression using Hamilton-D (HAM-D) questionnaire was evaluated and recorded. All patients were treated with ceftriaxone, 2 gm, IV, daily for 15 days. The clinical evaluation and Hamilton score were reassessed at the end of the treatment and 6 weeks thereafter. The patients did not receive any anti-depressant nor anti-anxiety treatment during their course. Typhoid carrier was defined by documenting the history of typhoid fever that was diagnosed by culturing the species, and not by serology, isolated from stool culture along with febrile condition, plus the absence of fever in the past 3 weeks. The Widal test was not accepted as a criterion for enrollment.

Results: Patients showed clinically significant improvement in the somatic complaints, and their HAM-D score immediately post-treatment that was consolidated for 6 weeks post-treatment completion.

Conclusion: In this study, the typhoid carrier was associated with the psychosomatic depression that improved by antibiotic therapy.
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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S206642DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6709802PMC
August 2019
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