Publications by authors named "Martin Wagenmann"

44 Publications

Severe allergic reactions after COVID-19 vaccination with the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine in Great Britain and USA: Position statement of the German Allergy Societies: Medical Association of German Allergologists (AeDA), German Society for Allergology and Clinical Immunology (DGAKI) and Society for Pediatric Allergology and Environmental Medicine (GPA).

Allergo J Int 2021 Feb 24:1-5. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Allergologie und Immunologie, Klinik für Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Mitte, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany.

Two employees of the National Health Service (NHS) in England developed severe allergic reactions following administration of BNT162b2 vaccine against COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019). The British SmPC for the BNT162b2 vaccine already includes reference to a contraindication for use in individuals who have had an allergic reaction to the vaccine or any of its components. As a precautionary measure, the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) has issued interim guidance to the NHS not to vaccinate in principle in "patients with severe allergies". Allergic reactions to vaccines are very rare, but vaccine components are known to cause allergic reactions. BNT162b2 is a vaccine based on an mRNA embedded in lipid nanoparticles and blended with other substances to enable its transport into the cells. In the pivotal phase III clinical trial, the BNT162b2 vaccine was generally well tolerated, but this large clinical trial, used to support vaccine approval by the MHRA and US Food and Drug Administration, excluded individuals with a "history of a severe adverse reaction related to the vaccine and/or a severe allergic reaction (e.g., anaphylaxis) to a component of the study medication". Vaccines are recognized as one of the most effective public health interventions. This repeated administration of a foreign protein (antigen) necessitates a careful allergological history before each application and diagnostic clarification and a risk-benefit assessment before each injection. Severe allergic reactions to vaccines are rare but can be life-threatening, and it is prudent to raise awareness of this hazard among vaccination teams and to take adequate precautions while more experience is gained with this new vaccine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40629-020-00160-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7903024PMC
February 2021

Efficacy of dupilumab in patients with a history of prior sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2021 Feb 21. Epub 2021 Feb 21.

Sanofi Genzyme, Reading, UK.

Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is a type 2 inflammatory disease treated with sinus surgery when refractory to medical intervention. However, recurrence postsurgery is common. Dupilumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody, blocks the shared receptor for interleukin 4 (IL-4) and IL-13, key and central drivers of type 2 inflammation. We report the efficacy of dupilumab in patients with CRSwNP from the SINUS-24/SINUS-52 trials (NCT02912468/NCT02898454), by number of prior surgeries and time since last surgery.

Methods: Patients were randomized to placebo or dupilumab 300 mg every 2 weeks. Post hoc subgroup analyses were performed for patients with 0, ≥1, 1/2, or ≥3 prior surgeries, and for patients who had surgery within <3, 3 to <5, 5 to <10, or ≥10 years. Efficacy outcomes at 24 weeks included co-primary endpoints nasal polyp score (NPS) and nasal congestion (NC), and Lund-Mackay (LMK), 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22), and smell scores.

Results: Of 724 patients randomized, 459 (63.4%) had ≥1 prior surgery. Baseline sinus disease (NPS, NC, LMK) and olfactory dysfunction (University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test [UPSIT] and loss of smell) scores were worse for patients with ≥3 prior surgeries vs no surgery. Baseline NPS and LMK were worse in patients with <3 years since last surgery than in patients with ≥5 years since last surgery. Dupilumab significantly improved all outcome measures vs placebo in all subgroups by number of surgeries and by time since last surgery. Improvements in NPS and LMK were greater in patients with <3 years since last surgery than patients with ≥5 years. Safety results were consistent with the known dupilumab safety profile.

Conclusion: Dupilumab improved CRSwNP outcomes irrespective of surgery history, with greater improvements in endoscopic outcomes in patients with shorter duration since last surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/alr.22780DOI Listing
February 2021

Severe allergic reactions to the COVID-19 vaccine - statement and practical consequences.

Allergol Select 2021 5;5:26-28. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Allergy Center-Charité, Clinic for Dermatology, Venerology, and Allergology, Campus Charité Mitte, University Medicine Berlin, Germany.

No abstract available.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5414/ALX02215EDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7787363PMC
January 2021

Biologics for atopic diseases: Indication, side effect management, and new developments.

Allergol Select 2021 5;5:1-25. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Comprehensive Allergy Center, Berlin, Germany.

With the advent of biologicals, more and more therapeutics are available that specifically address specific switch points in the pathomechanism of immunologically dominated diseases. Thus, the focus of diagnostics and therapy (precision medicine) is more on the individual disease characteristics of the individual patient. Regarding the different phenotypes of atopic diseases, severe asthma was the first entity for which biologicals were approved, followed by urticaria, and finally atopic dermatitis and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps. Experience in the treatment of severe bronchial asthma has shown that the intensity of the response to biological therapy depends on the quality of clinical and immunological phenotyping of the patients. This also applies to different diseases of the atopic form, as patients can suffer from several atopic diseases at the same time, each with different characteristics. Biologics are already emerging that may represent a suitable therapy for allergic bronchial asthma, which often occurs together with severe neurodermatitis, and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps. In practice, however, the question of possible combinations of biologicals for the therapy of complex clinical pictures of individual patients is increasingly arising. In doing so, the side effect profile must be taken into account, including hypersensitivity reactions, whose diagnostic and logistical management must aim at a safe and efficient therapy of the underlying disease. Increased attention must also be paid to biological therapy in pregnancy and planned (predictable) vaccinations as well as existing infections, such as SARS-CoV-2 infection. Before starting a biological therapy, the immune status should be checked with regard to chronic viral and bacterial infections and, if necessary, the vaccination status should be refreshed or missing vaccinations should be made up for before starting therapy. Currently, reliable data on the effect of biologicals on the immunological situation of SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19 are not available. Therefore, research and development of suitable diagnostic methods for detection of immunologically caused side effects as well as detection of potential therapy responders and non-responders is of great importance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5414/ALX02197EDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7787364PMC
January 2021

EUFOREA expert board meeting on uncontrolled severe chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and biologics: Definitions and management.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2021 Jan 20;147(1):29-36. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Uncontrolled severe chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is the most bothersome phenotype of chronic rhinosinusitis; it is typically characterized by a type 2 inflammatory reaction and by comorbidities, including asthma, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-exacerbated respiratory disease, and allergies. Here, the European Forum for Research and Education in Allergy and Airway Diseases proposes structured definitions to enable communication between clinicians and provides a practical algorithm to define type 2 inflammation in CRSwNP in daily clinical practice. A rational approach for the treatment of uncontrolled severe CRSwNP is discussed; it consists of evaluating the perspective and risks of surgery and efficacy and adverse events of biologics on the basis of currently available data. Further, possible combinations of surgery and biologics are discussed, and a rationale is provided. Here, it is of importance to adequately counsel the patient about both approaches to enable a decision-making process with an informed patient. Criteria for the selection of a biologic drug are provided, as several biologics for uncontrolled severe CRSwNP will be available in many countries within a short time. Further, suggestions for monitoring of the drug effects that support recognition of responders to the therapy and, subsequently, the decision regarding continuation or discontinuation of the biologic are proposed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2020.11.013DOI Listing
January 2021

Use of biologicals in allergic and type-2 inflammatory diseases during the current COVID-19 pandemic: Position paper of Ärzteverband Deutscher Allergologen (AeDA), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Allergologie und Klinische Immunologie (DGAKI), Gesellschaft für Pädiatrische Allergologie und Umweltmedizin (GPA), Österreichische Gesellschaft für Allergologie und Immunologie (ÖGAI), Luxemburgische Gesellschaft für Allergologie und Immunologie (LGAI), Österreichische Gesellschaft für Pneumologie (ÖGP) in co-operation with the German, Austrian, and Swiss ARIA groups, and the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI).

Authors:
Ludger Klimek Oliver Pfaar Margitta Worm Thomas Eiwegger Jan Hagemann Markus Ollert Eva Untersmayr Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber Alessandra Vultaggio Ioana Agache Sevim Bavbek Apostolos Bossios Ingrid Casper Susan Chan Alexia Chatzipetrou Christian Vogelberg Davide Firinu Paula Kauppi Antonios Kolios Akash Kothari Andrea Matucci Oscar Palomares Zsolt Szépfalusi Wolfgang Pohl Wolfram Hötzenecker Alexander R Rosenkranz Karl-Christian Bergmann Thomas Bieber Roland Buhl Jeroen Buters Ulf Darsow Thomas Keil Jörg Kleine-Tebbe Susanne Lau Marcus Maurer Hans Merk Ralph Mösges Joachim Saloga Petra Staubach Uta Jappe Klaus F Rabe Uta Rabe Claus Vogelmeier Tilo Biedermann Kirsten Jung Wolfgang Schlenter Johannes Ring Adam Chaker Wolfgang Wehrmann Sven Becker Laura Freudelsperger Norbert Mülleneisen Katja Nemat Wolfgang Czech Holger Wrede Randolf Brehler Thomas Fuchs Peter-Valentin Tomazic Werner Aberer Antje-Henriette Fink-Wagner Fritz Horak Stefan Wöhrl Verena Niederberger-Leppin Isabella Pali-Schöll Wolfgang Pohl Regina Roller-Wirnsberger Otto Spranger Rudolf Valenta Mübecell Akdis Paolo M Matricardi François Spertini Nicolai Khaltaev Jean-Pierre Michel Larent Nicod Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier Marco Idzko Eckard Hamelmann Thilo Jakob Thomas Werfel Martin Wagenmann Christian Taube Erika Jensen-Jarolim Stephanie Korn Francois Hentges Jürgen Schwarze Liam O Mahony Edward F Knol Stefano Del Giacco Tomás Chivato Pérez Jean Bousquet Anna Bedbrook Torsten Zuberbier Cezmi Akdis Marek Jutel

Allergol Select 2020 7;4:53-68. Epub 2020 Sep 7.

European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI).

Background: Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the treatment of patients with allergic and atopy-associated diseases has faced major challenges. Recommendations for "social distancing" and the fear of patients becoming infected during a visit to a medical facility have led to a drastic decrease in personal doctor-patient contacts. This affects both acute care and treatment of the chronically ill. The immune response after SARS-CoV-2 infection is so far only insufficiently understood and could be altered in a favorable or unfavorable way by therapy with monoclonal antibodies. There is currently no evidence for an increased risk of a severe COVID-19 course in allergic patients. Many patients are under ongoing therapy with biologicals that inhibit type 2 immune responses via various mechanisms. There is uncertainty about possible immunological interactions and potential risks of these biologicals in the case of an infection with SARS-CoV-2.

Materials And Methods: A selective literature search was carried out in PubMed, Livivo, and the internet to cover the past 10 years (May 2010 - April 2020). Additionally, the current German-language publications were analyzed. Based on these data, the present position paper provides recommendations for the biological treatment of patients with allergic and atopy-associated diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Results: In order to maintain in-office consultation services, a safe treatment environment must be created that is adapted to the pandemic situation. To date, there is a lack of reliable study data on the care for patients with complex respiratory, atopic, and allergic diseases in times of an imminent infection risk from SARS-CoV-2. Type-2-dominant immune reactions, as they are frequently seen in allergic patients, could influence various phases of COVID-19, e.g., by slowing down the immune reactions. Theoretically, this could have an unfavorable effect in the early phase of a SARS-Cov-2 infection, but also a positive effect during a cytokine storm in the later phase of severe courses. However, since there is currently no evidence for this, all data from patients treated with a biological directed against type 2 immune reactions who develop COVID-19 should be collected in registries, and their disease courses documented in order to be able to provide experience-based instructions in the future.

Conclusion: The use of biologicals for the treatment of bronchial asthma, atopic dermatitis, chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps, and spontaneous urticaria should be continued as usual in patients without suspected infection or proven SARS-CoV-2 infection. If available, it is recommended to prefer a formulation for self-application and to offer telemedical monitoring. Treatment should aim at the best possible control of difficult-to-control allergic and atopic diseases using adequate rescue and add-on therapy and should avoid the need for systemic glucocorticosteroids. If SARS-CoV-2 infection is proven or reasonably suspected, the therapy should be determined by weighing the benefits and risks individually for the patient in question, and the patient should be involved in the decision-making. It should be kept in mind that the potential effects of biologicals on the immune response in COVID-19 are currently not known. Telemedical offers are particularly desirable for the acute consultation needs of suitable patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5414/ALX02166EDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7480069PMC
September 2020

Allergen immunotherapy in the current COVID-19 pandemic: A position paper of AeDA, ARIA, EAACI, DGAKI and GPA: Position paper of the German ARIA Group in cooperation with the Austrian ARIA Group, the Swiss ARIA Group, German Society for Applied Allergology (AEDA), German Society for Allergology and Clinical Immunology (DGAKI), Society for Pediatric Allergology (GPA) in cooperation with AG Clinical Immunology, Allergology and Environmental Medicine of the DGHNO-KHC and the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI).

Allergol Select 2020 28;4:44-52. Epub 2020 May 28.

German ARIA Group.

No abstract available.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5414/ALX02147EDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7304289PMC
May 2020

Anwendung von Biologika bei allergischen und Typ-2-entzündlichen Erkrankungen in der aktuellen Covid-19-Pandemie: Positionspapier des Ärzteverbands Deutscher Allergologen (AeDA)A, der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Allergologie und klinische Immunologie (DGAKI)B, der Gesellschaft für Pädiatrische Allergologie und Umweltmedizin (GPA)C, der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Allergologie und Immunologie (ÖGAI)D, der Luxemburgischen Gesellschaft für Allergologie und Immunologie (LGAI)E, der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Pneumologie (ÖGP)F in Kooperation mit der deutschen, österreichischen, und schweizerischen ARIA-GruppeG und der Europäischen Akademie für Allergologie und Klinische Immunologie (EAACI)H.

Allergo J 2020 24;29(4):14-27. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Zentrum für Rhinologie & Allergologie, An den Quellen 10, 65183 Wiesbaden, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s15007-020-2553-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7289636PMC
June 2020

ARIA digital anamorphosis: Digital transformation of health and care in airway diseases from research to practice.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Tari Haahtela Torsten Zuberbier Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Anna Bedbrook Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich G Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Marina Erhola Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Maddalena Illario Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Marek Jutel Ludger Klimek Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Ltt Le Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Olga M Lourenço Erik Melén Joaquim Mullol Marek Niedoszytko Mikaëla Odemyr Yoshitaka Okamoto Nikos G Papadopoulos Vincenzo Patella Oliver Pfaar Nhân Pham-Thi Christine Rolland Boleslaw Samolinski Aziz Sheikh Mikhail Sofiev Charlotte Suppli Ulrik Ana Todo-Bom Peter-Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Sian Williams Arzu Yorgancioglu Ioana Agache Cezmi A Akdis Rute Almeida Ignacio J Ansotegui Isabella Annesi-Maesano Sylvie Arnavielhe Xavier Basagaña Eric D Bateman Annabelle Bédard Martin Bedolla-Barajas Sven Becker Kazi S Bennoor Samuel Benveniste Karl C Bergmann Michael Bewick Slawomir Bialek Nils E Billo Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Leif Bjermer Hubert Blain Matteo Bonini Philippe Bonniaud Isabelle Bosse Jacques Bouchard Louis-Philippe Boulet Rodolphe Bourret Koen Boussery Fluvio Braido Vitalis Briedis Andrew Briggs Christopher E Brightling Jan Brozek Guy Brusselle Luisa Brussino Roland Buhl Roland Buonaiuto Moises A Calderon Paulo Camargos Thierry Camuzat Luis Caraballo Ana-Maria Carriazo Warner Carr Christine Cartier Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Niels H Chavannes Ekaterine Chkhartishvili Derek K Chu Cemal Cingi Jaime Correia de Sousa David J Costa Anne-Lise Courbis Adnan Custovic Biljana Cvetkosvki Gennaro D'Amato Jane da Silva Carina Dantas Dejan Dokic Yves Dauvilliers Giulia De Feo Govert De Vries Philippe Devillier Stefania Di Capua Gerard Dray Ruta Dubakiene Stephen R Durham Mark Dykewicz Motohiro Ebisawa Mina Gaga Yehia El-Gamal Enrico Heffler Regina Emuzyte John Farrell Jean-Luc Fauquert Alessandro Fiocchi Antje Fink-Wagner Jean-François Fontaine José M Fuentes Perez Bilun Gemicioğlu Amiran Gamkrelidze Judith Garcia-Aymerich Philippe Gevaert René Maximiliano Gomez Sandra González Diaz Maia Gotua Nick A Guldemond Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Jawad Hajjam Yunuen R Huerta Villalobos Marc Humbert Guido Iaccarino Despo Ierodiakonou Tomohisa Iinuma Ewa Jassem Guy Joos Ki-Suck Jung Igor Kaidashev Omer Kalayci Przemyslaw Kardas Thomas Keil Musa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Jorg Kleine-Tebbe Rostislav Kouznetsov Marek L Kowalski Vicky Kritikos Inger Kull Stefania La Grutta Lisa Leonardini Henrik Ljungberg Philip Lieberman Brian Lipworth Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Catarina Lopes-Pereira Claudia C Loureiro Renaud Louis Alpana Mair Bassam Mahboub Michaël Makris Joao Malva Patrick Manning Gailen D Marshall Mohamed R Masjedi Jorge F Maspero Pedro Carreiro-Martins Mika Makela Eve Mathieu-Dupas Marcus Maurer Esteban De Manuel Keenoy Elisabete Melo-Gomes Eli O Meltzer Enrica Menditto Jacques Mercier Yann Micheli Neven Miculinic Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Dimitirios I Mitsias Giuliana Moda Maria-Dolores Mogica-Martinez Yousser Mohammad Steve Montefort Ricardo Monti Mario Morais-Almeida Ralph Mösges Lars Münter Antonella Muraro Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Luigi Napoli Leyla Namazova-Baranova Hugo Neffen Kristoff Nekam Angelo Neou Björn Nordlund Ettore Novellino Dieudonné Nyembue Robyn O'Hehir Ken Ohta Kimi Okubo Gabrielle L Onorato Valentina Orlando Solange Ouedraogo Julia Palamarchuk Isabella Pali-Schöll Peter Panzner Hae-Sim Park Gianni Passalacqua Jean-Louis Pépin Ema Paulino Ruby Pawankar Jim Phillips Robert Picard Hilary Pinnock Davor Plavec Todor A Popov Fabienne Portejoie David Price Emmanuel P Prokopakis Fotis Psarros Benoit Pugin Francesca Puggioni Pablo Quinones-Delgado Filip Raciborski Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Frederico S Regateiro Sietze Reitsma Daniela Rivero-Yeverino Graham Roberts Nicolas Roche Erendira Rodriguez-Zagal Christine Rolland Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Nelson Rosario Antonino Romano Menachem Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Mario M Sanchez-Borges Joaquin Sastre Glenis K Scadding Sophie Scheire Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier Holger J Schünemann Faradiba Sarquis Serpa Mohamed Shamji Juan-Carlos Sisul Mikhail Sofiev Dirceu Solé David Somekh Talant Sooronbaev Milan Sova François Spertini Otto Spranger Cristiana Stellato Rafael Stelmach Michel Thibaudon Teresa To Mondher Toumi Omar Usmani Antonio A Valero Rudolph Valenta Marylin Valentin-Rostan Marilyn Urrutia Pereira Rianne van der Kleij Michiel Van Eerd Olivier Vandenplas Tuula Vasankari Antonio Vaz Carneiro Giorgio Vezzani Frédéric Viart Giovanni Viegi Dana Wallace Martin Wagenmann De Yun Wang Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Dennis M Williams Gary Wong Piotr Wroczynski Panayiotis K Yiallouros Osman M Yusuf Heather J Zar Stéphane Zeng Mario E Zernotti Luo Zhang Nan Shan Zhong Mihaela Zidarn

Allergy 2021 01 23;76(1):168-190. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia.

Digital anamorphosis is used to define a distorted image of health and care that may be viewed correctly using digital tools and strategies. MASK digital anamorphosis represents the process used by MASK to develop the digital transformation of health and care in rhinitis. It strengthens the ARIA change management strategy in the prevention and management of airway disease. The MASK strategy is based on validated digital tools. Using the MASK digital tool and the CARAT online enhanced clinical framework, solutions for practical steps of digital enhancement of care are proposed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14422DOI Listing
January 2021

Allergic respiratory disease care in the COVID-19 era: A EUFOREA statement.

World Allergy Organ J 2020 May 16;13(5):100124. Epub 2020 May 16.

Charite, Berlin, Germany.

Spring and Summer 2020 are unique in that the challenges of care for those suffering from pollen allergy coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. Several considerations are important to allow optimal care of allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma and hence prevention of coronavirus spread through sneezing, rhinorrhoea, and coughing. This compact overview of recommendations by the EUFOREA expert teams on allergic airway diseases and allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is based on investigation of the current COVID-19 literature in association with the key words above and shared clinical experience of the experts involved. It deals with similarities and differences between AR and coronavirus infection, specific recommendations for allergic disease care in the COVID-19 era, including guidance on AIT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.waojou.2020.100124DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7229977PMC
May 2020

Real-life assessment of chronic rhinosinusitis patients using mobile technology: The mySinusitisCoach project by EUFOREA.

Allergy 2020 11 19;75(11):2867-2878. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology & Transplantation, Allergy and Clinical Immunology Research Group, KU Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a chronic inflammatory disease associated with a substantial personal and socioeconomic burden. Monitoring of patient-reported outcomes by mobile technology offers the possibility to better understand real-life burden of CRS.

Methods: This study reports on the cross-sectional evaluation of data of 626 users of mySinusitisCoach (mSC), a mobile application for CRS patients. Patient characteristics of mSC users were analysed as well as the level of disease control based on VAS global rhinosinusitis symptom score and adapted EPOS criteria.

Results: The mSC cohort represents a heterogeneous group of CRS patients with a diverse pattern of major symptoms. Approximately half of patients reported nasal polyps. 47.3% of all CRS patients were uncontrolled based on evaluation of VAS global rhinosinusitis symptom score compared to 40.9% based on adapted EPOS criteria. The impact of CRS on sleep quality and daily life activities was significantly higher in uncontrolled versus well-controlled patients. Half of patients had a history of FESS (functional endoscopic sinus surgery) and reported lower symptom severity compared to patients without a history of FESS, except for patients with a history of more than 3 procedures. Patients with a history of FESS reported higher VAS levels for impaired smell.

Conclusion: Real-life data confirm the high disease burden in uncontrolled CRS patients, clearly impacting quality of life. Sinus surgery improves patient-reported outcomes, but not in patients with a history of more than 3 procedures. Mobile technology opens a new era of real-life monitoring, supporting the evolution of care towards precision medicine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14408DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7687134PMC
November 2020

Quality In Allergology.

Laryngorhinootologie 2020 Mar 16;99(S 01):S272-S300. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Klinik für Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde, UniversitätsAllergieZentrum (UAZ), Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf.

High-quality treatment of patients suffering from allergies should be a first priority of ENT specialists. In daily routine of otolaryngologists, allergic diseases play a significant role and have to be diagnosed and treated competently. A multitude of guidelines provide a clear corridor for identification of suitable methods. The most important sensitization tests such as skin tests and the determination of specific IgE in the serum lay the foundations of allergy diagnostics. Nasal provocation tests with allergens as most important and most frequently applied allergen provocation tests can be performed especially by highly qualified ENT specialists. They allow the determination of the clinical relevance of single allergens.Beside pharmacotherapy and avoidance of allergens, the allergen-specific immunotherapy has a central position in the treatment of allergy diseases. Also in this context, correct indication and targeted selection of the pharmaceutics lead to an increased treatment quality.In particular complex or severe allergic diseases require specialized and even highly specialized treatment. In Germany, structured requirements for establishing Comprehensive Allergy Centers have been developed. The involvement of otolaryngology in the further development of such centers should be improved.Sound allergy education and training are the basis for competence and quality of the treatment of allergy patients. In medical studies, allergology is currently underrepresented. In specialization, some basic aspects of allergies are taken into account. The medical education for the additional specialization in allergology is currently changing; it is intended to be simplified but this might lead to devaluation. A full speciality of allergology does currently not exist in Germany.In particular in the areas of allergy training, allergy research, and in the cooperation of ENT specialists in highly specialized allergy centers, an enormous potential for improvement is seen for the discipline of otolaryngology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1029-6494DOI Listing
March 2020

Is allergy immunotherapy with birch sufficient to treat patients allergic to pollen of tree species of the birch homologous group?

Allergy 2020 06 9;75(6):1327-1336. Epub 2020 Feb 9.

Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Pollen from various Fagales tree species prolongs the season and makes tree pollen allergy a major health problem. Despite involving the same causative allergens, allergy immunotherapy (AIT) treatment habits differ significantly across different geographical regions. Diagnosis and treatment with AIT in patients allergic to tree pollen were discussed by a group of German medical experts who give practical recommendations based on the available data. Regulatory perspective: According to current guidelines on allergen products, birch pollen are the representative allergen source of the birch homologous group including several Fagales trees based on sequence and structural similarity of their allergen proteins. Immunological perspective: A high level of IgE cross-reactivity towards allergens from the birch homologous group has been observed in basic research and clinical trials. Clinical perspective: Clinical trial data show that the efficacy of birch pollen AIT is not only related to birch pollen allergy but extends to pollen from other trees, especially alder, hazel and oak. In order to optimize diagnosis and treatment of tree pollen allergy, the experts recommend to focus diagnosis and respective treatment with AIT primarily to birch as the representative allergen of the Fagales tree homologous group, but further diagnostics may be needed for some patients to determine adequate treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14130DOI Listing
June 2020

Next-generation ARIA care pathways for rhinitis and asthma: a model for multimorbid chronic diseases.

Authors:
J Jean Bousquet Holger J Schünemann Alkis Togias Marina Erhola Peter W Hellings Torsten Zuberbier Ioana Agache Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Sven Becker Martin Bedolla-Barajas Michael Bewick Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Isabelle Bosse Louis P Boulet Jean Marc Bourrez Guy Brusselle Niels Chavannes Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Mina Gaga Tari Haahtela Maddalena Illario Ludger Klimek Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene L T T Le Desiree Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Olga M Lourenço Enrica Menditto Joaquin Mullol Yashitaka Okamoto Nikos Papadopoulos Nhân Pham-Thi Robert Picard Hilary Pinnock Nicolas Roche Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Christine Rolland Boleslaw Samolinski Aziz Sheikh Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Tuula Vasankari Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Sian Williams Cezmi A Akdis Isabella Annesi-Maesano Sylvie Arnavielhe Xavier Basagana Eric Bateman Anna Bedbrook K S Bennoor Samuel Benveniste Karl C Bergmann Slawomir Bialek Nils Billo Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Leif Bjermer Hubert Blain Mateo Bonini Philippe Bonniaud Jacques Bouchard Vitalis Briedis Christofer E Brightling Jan Brozek Roland Buhl Roland Buonaiuto Giorgo W Canonica Victoria Cardona Ana M Carriazo Warner Carr Christine Cartier Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Eka Chkhartishvili Derek K Chu Cemal Cingi Elaine Colgan Jaime Correia de Sousa Anne Lise Courbis Adnan Custovic Biljana Cvetkosvki Gennaro D'Amato Jane da Silva Carina Dantas Dejand Dokic Yves Dauvilliers Antoni Dedeu Giulia De Feo Philippe Devillier Stefania Di Capua Marc Dykewickz Ruta Dubakiene Motohiro Ebisawa Yaya El-Gamal Esben Eller Regina Emuzyte John Farrell Antjie Fink-Wagner Alessandro Fiocchi Jean F Fontaine Bilun Gemicioğlu Peter Schmid-Grendelmeir Amiran Gamkrelidze Judith Garcia-Aymerich Maximiliano Gomez Sandra González Diaz Maia Gotua Nick A Guldemond Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Jawad Hajjam John O'B Hourihane Marc Humbert Guido Iaccarino Despo Ierodiakonou Maddalena Illario Juan C Ivancevich Guy Joos Ki-Suck Jung Marek Jutel Igor Kaidashev Omer Kalayci Przemyslaw Kardas Thomas Keil Mussa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Jorg Kleine-Tebbe Marek L Kowalski Vicky Kritikos Inger Kull Lisa Leonardini Philip Lieberman Brian Lipworth Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Claudia C Loureiro Renaud Louis Alpana Mair Gert Marien Bassam Mahboub Joao Malva Patrick Manning Esteban De Manuel Keenoy Gailen D Marshall Mohamed R Masjedi Jorge F Maspero Eve Mathieu-Dupas Poalo M Matricardi Eric Melén Elisabete Melo-Gomes Eli O Meltzer Enrica Menditto Jacques Mercier Neven Miculinic Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Giuliana Moda Maria-Dolores Mogica-Martinez Yousser Mohammad Steve Montefort Ricardo Monti Mario Morais-Almeida Ralf Mösges Lars Münter Antonella Muraro Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Luigi Napoli Leila Namazova-Baranova Hugo Neffen Kristoff Nekam Angelo Neou Enrico Novellino Dieudonné Nyembue Robin O'Hehir Ken Ohta Kimi Okubo Gabrielle Onorato Solange Ouedraogo Isabella Pali-Schöll Susanna Palkonen Peter Panzner Hae-Sim Park Jean-Louis Pépin Ana-Maria Pereira Oliver Pfaar Ema Paulino Jim Phillips Robert Picard Davor Plavec Ted A Popov Fabienne Portejoie David Price Emmanuel P Prokopakis Benoit Pugin Filip Raciborski Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Sietze Reitsma Xavier Rodo Antonino Romano Nelson Rosario Menahenm Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Mario M Sanchez-Borges Juan-Carlos Sisul Dirceu Solé David Somekh Talant Sooronbaev Milan Sova Otto Spranger Cristina Stellato Rafael Stelmach Charlotte Suppli Ulrik Michel Thibaudon Teresa To Ana Todo-Bom Peter V Tomazic Antonio A Valero Rudolph Valenta Marylin Valentin-Rostan Rianne van der Kleij Olivier Vandenplas Giorgio Vezzani Frédéric Viart Giovanni Viegi Dana Wallace Martin Wagenmann De Y Wang Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Dennis M Williams Gary Wong Piotr Wroczynski Panayiotis K Yiallouros Arzu Yorgancioglu Osman M Yusuf Heahter J Zar Stéphane Zeng Mario Zernotti Luo Zhang Nan S Zhong Mihaela Zidarn

Clin Transl Allergy 2019 9;9:44. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

260University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia.

Background: In all societies, the burden and cost of allergic and chronic respiratory diseases are increasing rapidly. Most economies are struggling to deliver modern health care effectively. There is a need to support the transformation of the health care system into integrated care with organizational health literacy.

Main Body: As an example for chronic disease care, MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel NetworK), a new project of the ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma) initiative, and POLLAR (Impact of Air POLLution on Asthma and Rhinitis, EIT Health), in collaboration with professional and patient organizations in the field of allergy and airway diseases, are proposing real-life ICPs centred around the patient with rhinitis, and using mHealth to monitor environmental exposure. Three aspects of care pathways are being developed: (i) Patient participation, health literacy and self-care through technology-assisted "patient activation", (ii) Implementation of care pathways by pharmacists and (iii) Next-generation guidelines assessing the recommendations of GRADE guidelines in rhinitis and asthma using real-world evidence (RWE) obtained through mobile technology. The EU and global political agendas are of great importance in supporting the digital transformation of health and care, and MASK has been recognized by DG Santé as a Good Practice in the field of digitally-enabled, integrated, person-centred care.

Conclusion: In 20 years, ARIA has considerably evolved from the first multimorbidity guideline in respiratory diseases to the digital transformation of health and care with a strong political involvement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13601-019-0279-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6734297PMC
September 2019

Randomized immunotherapy trial in dual-allergic patients using "active allergen placebo" as control.

Allergy 2019 08 28;74(8):1480-1489. Epub 2019 May 28.

Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hannover Medical School, German Center for Lung Research, Hannover, Germany.

Background: Placebo control in allergen immunotherapy (AIT) trials presents ethical and blinding concerns. We tested a trial design with an "active allergen placebo," as proposed by ARIA-GA LEN, to investigate in a double-blind trial the efficacy and safety of AIT in dual-allergic patients (grass and birch pollen) using active untargeted treatments as controls.

Methods: We randomized 95 patients to receive either grass (N = 47) or birch AIT (N = 48). Patients were exposed to both allergens in an allergen challenge chamber (ACC) before and after 9 months of AIT. Targeted (ACC-allergen = AIT-allergen) and untargeted (ACC-allergen ≠ AIT-allergen) treatment effects were assessed.

Results: Immunotherapy reduced significantly the mean (95% confidence interval) area under the curve of total nasal symptom score (targeted effects) by -13.55 (-17.56, -9.54; P < 0.001) after grass and -9.81 (-14.13, -5.50; P < 0.001) after birch AIT. Differences in targeted vs untargeted effects between AIT groups (utility of control group) were statistically significant for both grass (P = 0.02) and birch (P = 0.02) allergens. Targeted vs untargeted differences within-treatment groups (specificity of ACC measurement) were significant for grass AIT (P < 0.001) but not significant for birch AIT group (P = 0.24). Specific immunoglobulin G to both allergens increased significantly (P < 0.001) after targeted treatment, while remained unchanged for untargeted treatments. Both treatments were well tolerated.

Conclusions: Immunotherapies for both grass and birch allergens were efficacious and safe. The study confirms the specificity of AIT. Untargeted treatment groups could serve as controls in future AIT trials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13842DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6773203PMC
August 2019

Food allergy knowledge, attitudes and their determinants among restaurant staff: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2019 24;14(4):e0214625. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Family Medicine and Primary Care, Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Mandalay, Nanyang Technological University Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: There is wide international variation regarding food allergy knowledge among restaurant staff. Further, attitudes towards food allergy remain under-researched. Insights into the independent determinants of knowledge and attitudes are limited due to lacking mutual statistical adjustment for determinants/confounders in the vast majority of prior studies. In this study we aimed to contribute novel data on the food allergy knowledge and attitudes among restaurant staff in Germany whilst also examining potential determinants of both outcomes using multivariable approaches.

Methods: We collected data face-to-face from 295 staff members in restaurants in Düsseldorf, Germany. Knowledge was assessed by asking participants to name three common food allergens and to answer five true/false-statements. Seven items assessed attitudes. A total of 16 potential determinants were examined using logistic regression models with backward selection.

Results: Only 30% (n = 89) of the respondents correctly named three food allergens and 41% (n = 120) attained a perfect score on the true/false statements. The vast majority expressed positive attitudes toward the need for cooperation and shared responsibilities for food-allergic customers. However, the expressed attitudes towards serving customers with food allergies and validity of customer-reported food allergies were unfavorable. Determinants of food allergy knowledge (e.g. the type of restaurant, professional roles, or levels of school education) and of unfavorable attitudes (e.g. gender) were identified.

Conclusions: Food allergy knowledge was suboptimal among restaurant staff and attitudes towards customers were rather poor. While we identified some determinants, additional studies are needed to systematically examine potential determinants for targetting educational interventions in the future.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214625PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6481789PMC
December 2019

ARIA pharmacy 2018 "Allergic rhinitis care pathways for community pharmacy": AIRWAYS ICPs initiative (European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing, DG CONNECT and DG Santé) POLLAR (Impact of Air POLLution on Asthma and Rhinitis) GARD Demonstration project.

Authors:
Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Elisio Costa Enrica Menditto Olga Lourenço Ettore Novellino Slawomir Bialek Vitalis Briedis Roland Buonaiuto Henry Chrystyn Biljana Cvetkovski Stefania Di Capua Vicky Kritikos Alpana Mair Valentina Orlando Ema Paulino Johanna Salimäki Rojin Söderlund Rachel Tan Dennis M Williams Piotr Wroczynski Ioana Agache Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Anna Bedbrook Claus Bachert Mike Bewick Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Jan L Brozek Giorgio Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Warner Carr Thomas B Casale Niels H Chavannes Jaime Correia de Sousa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Giuseppe De Carlo Pascal Demoly Philippe Devillier Mark S Dykewicz Mina Gaga Yehia El-Gamal João Fonseca Wytske J Fokkens Maria Antonieta Guzmán Tari Haahtela Peter W Hellings Maddalena Illario Juan Carlos Ivancevich Jocelyne Just Igor Kaidashev Musa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Thomas Keil Ludger Klimek Marek L Kowalski Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Lan T T Le Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Bassam Mahboub Dieter Maier Joao Malva Patrick J Manning Mário Morais-Almeida Ralph Mösges Joaquim Mullol Lars Münter Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Leyla Namazova-Baranova Kristof Nekam Tshipukane Dieudonné Nyembue Kimi Okubo Robyn E O'Hehir Ken Ohta Yoshitaka Okamoto Gabrielle L Onorato Susanna Palkonen Petr Panzner Nikolaos G Papadopoulos Hae-Sim Park Ruby Pawankar Oliver Pfaar Jim Phillips Davor Plavec Todor A Popov Paul C Potter Emmanuel P Prokopakis Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Menachem Rottem Dermot Ryan Bolesław Samolinski Mario Sanchez-Borges Holger J Schunemann Aziz Sheikh Juan Carlos Sisul David Somekh Cristiana Stellato Teresa To Ana Maria Todo-Bom Peter Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Antonio Valero Arunas Valiulis Errka Valovirta Maria Teresa Ventura Martin Wagenmann Dana Wallace Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Panayiotis K Yiallouros Arzu Yorgancioglu Osman M Yusuf Heather J Zar Mario E Zernotti Luo Zhang Mihaela Zidarn Torsten Zuberbier Jean Bousquet

Allergy 2019 07 30;74(7):1219-1236. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

MACVIA-France, Fondation Partenariale FMC VIA-LR, Montpellier, France.

Pharmacists are trusted health care professionals. Many patients use over-the-counter (OTC) medications and are seen by pharmacists who are the initial point of contact for allergic rhinitis management in most countries. The role of pharmacists in integrated care pathways (ICPs) for allergic diseases is important. This paper builds on existing studies and provides tools intended to help pharmacists provide optimal advice/interventions/strategies to patients with rhinitis. The Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA)-pharmacy ICP includes a diagnostic questionnaire specifically focusing attention on key symptoms and markers of the disease, a systematic Diagnosis Guide (including differential diagnoses), and a simple flowchart with proposed treatment for rhinitis and asthma multimorbidity. Key prompts for referral within the ICP are included. The use of technology is critical to enhance the management of allergic rhinitis. However, the ARIA-pharmacy ICP should be adapted to local healthcare environments/situations as regional (national) differences exist in pharmacy care.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13701DOI Listing
July 2019

Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) Phase 4 (2018): Change management in allergic rhinitis and asthma multimorbidity using mobile technology.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Peter W Hellings Ioana Agache Flore Amat Isabella Annesi-Maesano Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Eric D Bateman Anna Bedbrook Kazi Bennoor Mickael Bewick Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Isabelle Bosse Jan Brozek Luisa Brussino Giorgio W Canonica Victoria Cardona Thomas Casale Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Niels H Chavannes Lorenzo Cecchi Jaime Correia de Sousa Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Giuseppe De Carlo Giulia De Feo Pascal Demoly Philippe Devillier Mark S Dykewicz Yehia El-Gamal Esben E Eller Joao A Fonseca Jean-François Fontaine Wytske J Fokkens Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Tari Haahtela Maddalena Illario Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Jocelyne Just Igor Kaidashev Musa Khaitov Omer Kalayci Thomas Keil Ludger Klimek Marek L Kowalski Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Desiree Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Lan T T Le Karin Lodrup Carlsen Olga Lourenço Bassam Mahboub Alpana Mair Enrica Menditto Branislava Milenkovic Mario Morais-Almeida Ralph Mösges Joaquim Mullol Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Leyla Namazova-Baranova Ettore Novellino Robyn E O'Hehir Ken Ohta Yoshitaka Okamoto Kimi Okubo Gabrielle L Onorato Susanna Palkonen Petr Panzner Nikos G Papadopoulos Hae-Sim Park Ema Paulino Ruby Pawankar Oliver Pfaar Davor Plavec Ted A Popov Paul Potter Emmanuel P Prokopakis Menachem Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Boleslaw Samolinski Mario Sanchez-Borges Holger J Schunemann Aziz Sheikh Juan-Carlos Sisul Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Talant Sooronbaev Cristiana Stellato Teresa To Ana-Maria Todo-Bom Peter-Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Antonio Valero Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Maria-Teresa Ventura Martin Wagenmann De Yun Wang Dana Wallace Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Arzu Yorgancioglu Luo Zhang Nanshan Zhong Mihaela Zidarn Torsten Zuberbier

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2019 03 29;143(3):864-879. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Comprehensive Allergy Center Charité, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, and Global Allergy and Asthma European Network (GA2LEN), Berlin, Germany.

Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) has evolved from a guideline by using the best approach to integrated care pathways using mobile technology in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma multimorbidity. The proposed next phase of ARIA is change management, with the aim of providing an active and healthy life to patients with rhinitis and to those with asthma multimorbidity across the lifecycle irrespective of their sex or socioeconomic status to reduce health and social inequities incurred by the disease. ARIA has followed the 8-step model of Kotter to assess and implement the effect of rhinitis on asthma multimorbidity and to propose multimorbid guidelines. A second change management strategy is proposed by ARIA Phase 4 to increase self-medication and shared decision making in rhinitis and asthma multimorbidity. An innovation of ARIA has been the development and validation of information technology evidence-based tools (Mobile Airways Sentinel Network [MASK]) that can inform patient decisions on the basis of a self-care plan proposed by the health care professional.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2018.08.049DOI Listing
March 2019

Electronic Clinical Decision Support System for allergic rhinitis management: MASK e-CDSS.

Clin Exp Allergy 2018 12 20;48(12):1640-1653. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Contre les MAladies Chroniques pour un VIeillissement Actif en France European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing Reference Site, Montpellier, France.

Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) management has changed in recent years following the switch from the concept of disease severity to the concept of disease control, publication of the AR clinical decision support system (CDSS) and development of mobile health (m-health) tools for patients (eg Allergy Diary). The Allergy Diary Companion app for healthcare providers is currently being developed and will be launched in 2018. It incorporates the AR CDSS to provide evidence-based treatment recommendations, linking all key stakeholders in AR management.

Objective: To produce an electronic version of the AR CDSS (e-CDSS) for incorporation into the Allergy Diary Companion, to describe the app interfaces used to collect information necessary to inform the e-CDSS and to summarize some key features of the Allergy Diary Companion.

Methods: The steps involved in producing the e-CDSS and incorporating it into the Allergy Diary Companion were (a) generation of treatment management scenarios; (b) expert consensus on treatment recommendations; (c) generation of electronic decisional algorithms to describe all AR CDSS scenarios; (d) digitization of these algorithms to form the e-CDSS; and (e) embedding the e-CDSS into the app to permit easy user e-CDSS interfacing.

Results: Key experts in the AR field agreed on the AR CDSS approach to AR management and on specific treatment recommendations provided by Allergy Diary Companion. Based on this consensus, decision processes were developed and programmed into the Allergy Diary Companion using Titanium Appcelerator (JavaScript) for IOS tablets. To our knowledge, this is the first time the development of any m-health tool has been described in this transparent and detailed way, providing confidence, not only in the app, but also in the provided management recommendations.

Conclusion: The Allergy Diary Companion for providers provides guideline and expert-endorsed AR management recommendations. [MASK paper No 32].
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cea.13230DOI Listing
December 2018

Activin-A Is a Pro-Inflammatory Regulator in Type-2-Driven Upper Airway Disease.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2018 13;176(1):15-25. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

Center of Allergy and Environment (ZAUM), Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Helmholtz Center Munich, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Munich, Germany.

Background: Allergic upper airway disease involves pro-inflammatory type-2 cytokines such as IL-5 and regulatory tissue repair mediators, in particular transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1. The TGF-β-superfamily member activin-A displays multiple biological functions and shares certain signalling pathways with TGF-β1. We aimed to examine the coregulation of mucosal activin-A and TGF-β1 in acute allergic and chronic Th2-driven upper airway disease.

Methods: We investigated mucosal cytokine expression profiles and kinetics using RT-PCR after nasal allergen challenges in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis. Furthermore, we analysed mucosal specimens from patients with chronic upper airway disease with nasal polyps using ELISPOTs and confocal microscopy. In addition, we stimulated nasal mucosa ex vivo from patients with nasal polyps as well as primary nasal cell cultures from healthy donors.

Results: Mucosal activin-A expression revealed increasing correlation with IL-5 and TGF-β1 at 0.25, 6, and 24 h, respectively, and was significantly upregulated at 6 h after allergen challenge. The correlated expression was found to be more pronounced in chronic disease with nasal polyps, showing substantially (48-fold) increased activin-A-producing cells in nasal polyps by ELISPOT, while submucosal downstream signalling as determined by confocal microscopy was decreased. Ex vivo stimulations of nasal tissue suggested that activin-A and TGF-β1 mutually regulate each other's expression at the mRNA level and, when combined, enhance IL-5 expression.

Conclusion: Activin-A in allergic upper airway disease acts as a pro-inflammatory mediator and TGF-β1 modifier. Our data in the upper airways oppose the view of potentially anti-inflammatory properties in contrast to lymphatic compartments.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000487930DOI Listing
May 2018

Mutational and Functional Analysis of as a Candidate Gene for Sporadic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinomas.

Anticancer Res 2018 03;38(3):1317-1325

Department of Otorhinolaryngology & Head/Neck Surgery, University Hospital Duesseldorf, Heinrich Heine University, Duesseldorf, Germany

Background/aim: Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) form a heterogeneous tumor entity located throughout the oral cavity, pharynx and larynx that is caused predominantly by chemically or virally induced carcinogenesis. Heterozygous germline mutations in cancer susceptibility genes might also lead to increased incidence of HNSCCs. As DNA stability is typically impaired in HNSCC cells and genes of the Fanconi anemia/BRCA DNA repair pathway can be mutated or down-regulated in HNSCCs, we investigated here whether germline mutations occur in the X-chromosomal FANCB as candidate gene.

Materials And Methods: Germline DNA of 85 consecutive HNSCC patients was sequenced. Missense alterations in FANCB were functionally tested in reference cells.

Results And Conclusion: Four single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified, three of which were located in untranslated regions of FANCB (rs2188383, rs2375729, rs2905223) and predicted to be associated with normal function. One missense alteration, c.1004G>A resulting in p.G335E (rs41309679), in exon 4 was detected in five men in homozygous and in five women in heterozygous state. Four in silico prediction programs uniformally predicted p.G335E to be associated with loss-of-function of the protein. To clarify these predictions, we expressed the FANCB p.G335E protein in primary human FANCB deficient fibroblasts. Cell cycle analysis of these fibroblasts established that the FANCB p.G335E was functionally indistinguishable from the wildtype FANCB protein. Thus, functional studies in genetically defined cells showed that the p.G335E germline alteration in FANCB is not associated with impaired function.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.12354DOI Listing
March 2018

Endotypes in Chronic Rhinosinusitis: Biomarkers Based on a Mechanistic Insight for Targeted Treatment?

ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2017 24;79(1-2):78-84. Epub 2017 Feb 24.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Chronic rhinosinusitis is an umbrella term for several phenotypes and mechanistically distinct inflammatory diseases of the nose and the paranasal sinuses affecting around 11% of the population in Europe and the USA. Approximately 20% of the patients present with uncontrolled disease despite adequate treatment, and revision surgery is common. While a clinical characterization alone does not improve treatment results, novel but expensive biologics have increasingly become available, but they require a better understanding of the mechanism. Mechanistic markers of disease may help to allocate the optimal drug to a patient, thus reducing undesirable side effects and avoiding unnecessary treatment and costs with respect to potential non-responders, thereby increasing responder rates and compliance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000455721DOI Listing
December 2017

Radiomics in Head and Neck Cancer: Extracting Valuable Information from Data beyond Recognition.

ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2017 24;79(1-2):65-71. Epub 2017 Feb 24.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.

In oncology, biomarkers that describe the characteristics of a malignancy on different levels (clinical, histological, molecular) and the patient's outcome and treatment response are increasingly integrated into the clinical routine. Extensive screening tools, "omics," offer incredible opportunities and vast amounts of data. During the last years, the field of "omics" gained a new promising partner, the "radiomics." Based on radiological imaging, multiple features can be extracted and linked to clinical, genomic, and histopathological data from other sources. Extracted traits describe radiological intensity, shape and texture characteristics and can be analyzed on routinely performed images. These specific radiomic markers and patterns are currently developed for multiple tumor entities, and first studies for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck have been initiated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000455704DOI Listing
December 2017

Biomarkers in Allergic Airway Disease: Simply Complex.

ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2017 24;79(1-2):72-77. Epub 2017 Feb 24.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Medical School, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Clinical diagnoses of allergic airway disease need confirmation of a relevant sensitization to allergens. Serum-based component-resolved diagnosis has become increasingly popular and allows the precise assessment of specific IgE to molecular allergens. Molecular allergen diagnosis has improved our understanding of disease phenotypes in allergic patients, including cross-reactive patterns and food allergy. Beyond sensitization profiles, characterization of the (endo-)type and severity of a local allergic disease is useful for targeted therapy with biologics in advanced allergic airway disease. Surrogate markers of treatment efficacy are increasingly under validation. Prognostic and predictive biomarkers will represent a promising option for stratified prevention strategies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000455725DOI Listing
December 2017

Visual analogue scales (VAS): Measuring instruments for the documentation of symptoms and therapy monitoring in cases of allergic rhinitis in everyday health care: Position Paper of the German Society of Allergology (AeDA) and the German Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (DGAKI), ENT Section, in collaboration with the working group on Clinical Immunology, Allergology and Environmental Medicine of the German Society of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery (DGHNOKHC).

Allergo J Int 2017 19;26(1):16-24. Epub 2017 Jan 19.

Center for Rhinology and Allergology, An den Quellen 10, 65183 Wiesbaden, Germany.

Backround: Visual analogue scales (VAS) are psychometric measuring instruments designed to document the characteristics of disease-related symptom severity in individual patients and use this to achieve a rapid (statistically measurable and reproducible) classification of symptom severity and disease control. VAS can also be used in routine patient history taking and to monitor the course of a chronic disease such as allergic rhinitis (AR). More specifically, the VAS has been used to assess effectiveness of AR therapy in real life, both in intermittent and persistent disease.

Methods: This position paper takes a detailed look at the historical development of VAS and its method-specific principles. Particular focus is put on aspects of practical application in daily routine and on a critical discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of the individual methods.

Results: VAS are well validated for the measurement of AR symptoms and correlate well with the ARIA (allergic rhinitis and its impact on asthma) severity classification and also correlated well with rTNSS and RQLQ. Moreover, several treatment studies on AR have used VAS as an evaluation parameter. Thanks to the use of new (real-life and real-time) communication technologies, such as smartphone apps, Discussion: VAS can be used relatively simply and highly effectively to assess disease control. The VAS lends itself very well to digitization and has now been incorporated into a smartphone app (called Allergy Diary) to assess AR control and direct treatment decisions as part of an AR clinical decision support system (CDSS). MASK Rhinitis has developed this app, which is currently available in 15 different languages.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40629-016-0006-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5288410PMC
January 2017

Cytokine Patterns and Endotypes in Acute and Chronic Rhinosinusitis.

Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2016 Jan;16(1)

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Heinrich Heine University, Duesseldorf, Germany.

Since rhinosinusitis is an inflammatory disease, cytokines as key regulators of inflammation play a central role in its pathophysiology. In acute rhinosinusitis, several proinflammatory cytokines of different types have been identified. Initial information about the involvement of the inflammasome in rhinosinusitis has been gained, but this area remains open for more detailed research. Although it has been accepted now that chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) needs to be differentiated into CRS with and without nasal polyps, it has become clear that this distinction is insufficient to clearly define subgroups with uniform pathophysiology and cytokine patterns. While Th1-cytokines are mostly found in CRSsNP and Th2 cytokines in CRSwNP, there is a substantial overlap, and several other cytokines have also been detected. Attempts to identify CRS endotypes based on cytokines are ongoing but not yet generally accepted. Despite the central role of cytokines in rhinosinusitis, no specific cytokine-targeted therapies are currently available, and only very few studies have specifically addressed the effects of such biologicals in rhinosinusitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11882-015-0583-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7088912PMC
January 2016

Challenges in Histologic Diagnosis of Nonchordomatous Lesions of the Clivus.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2015 Aug;141(8):745-50

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, University Hospital, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Importance: Nonchordomatous clival lesions are rare and represent a wide range of different benign and malignant pathologies. For an accurate and specific final diagnosis, biopsy procedures and/or resections followed by histologic examination are mandatory.

Objective: To illustrate the challenges in obtaining a final histologic diagnosis in patients with various types of clival lesions.

Design, Setting, And Participants: We performed a retrospective analysis of medical records of 24 patients who underwent endonasal endoscopic biopsy of the clivus between February 1, 2005, and June 1, 2013, in 2 medical university hospitals. Analysis was conducted between January 1 and August 15, 2014.

Interventions: All patients underwent endoscopic biopsy of the clivus.

Main Outcomes And Measures: The number of biopsies performed to establish a diagnosis in clival lesions and the problems encountered when analyzing the radiologic findings and histologic results.

Results: In 14 of 24 patients (58%), a conclusive histologic diagnosis of the nonchordomatous clival lesion could be determined. Despite up to 3 endonasal endoscopic biopsies, the histologic result could not be clearly specified in the remaining 10 patients (42%). No major complications occurred. Treatment based on the testing results included endonasal endoscopic surgery, radiotherapy or radiochemotherapy, and/or follow-up examination.

Conclusions And Relevance: Challenges can occur in the radiologic evaluation and pathologic differentiation of diverse bone lesions with overlapping morphologic features as well as in the differentiation between neoplastic, reactive, inflammatory, and metabolic bone lesions and developmental disorders. Despite more than 1 biopsy, histologic classification will not always lead to a definitive diagnosis. In such cases, an interdisciplinary team should decide whether additional biopsies should be performed or whether clinical, endoscopic, and radiologic controls are sufficient.
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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1091DOI Listing
August 2015