Publications by authors named "Marta Suely Madruga"

26 Publications

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Spreadable goat Ricotta cheese added with Lactobacillus acidophilus La-05: Can microencapsulation improve the probiotic survival and the quality parameters?

Food Chem 2021 Jun 31;346:128769. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Laboratório de Experimentação e Análises de Alimentos, Departamento de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

The impact of the addition of L. acidophilus La-05 (free cells, microencapsulated with alginate [30 g/L] or microencapsulated with alginate coated with chitosan [5 g/L]) on the quality parameters of spreadable goat Ricotta cheese during storage (7 °C/7 days) was evaluated. The addition of probiotic culture resulted in products with lower hardness, gumminess, and springiness, as well as higher cohesiveness and adhesiveness. Furthermore, it increased the yield, and altered the color (higher L*, a* and b* values). The microencapsulation of the probiotic cultures resulted in higher probiotic survival (>6 log CFU/mL in product and simulated gastrointestinal conditions), and improved technological (no moisture loss, lower proteolysis and organic acid content), texture (lower gumminess and adhesiveness), and volatile (compounds with floral and fruity notes and lower "goat" aroma) properties. Chitosan coating did not improve the effects. In conclusion, microencapsulation improved the probiotic survival and the quality parameters of spreadable goat Ricotta cheese.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.128769DOI Listing
June 2021

Obtaining Bioactive Compounds from the Coffee Husk ( L.) Using Different Extraction Methods.

Molecules 2020 Dec 24;26(1). Epub 2020 Dec 24.

Technology Centre, Department of Food Engineering, Federal University of Paraiba, Joao Pessoa 58051-900, Brazil.

Coffee husks ( L.) are characterized by exhibiting secondary metabolites such as phenolic compounds, which can be used as raw material for obtaining bioactive compounds of interest in food. The objective of this study is to evaluate different methods for obtaining the raw material and extracting solutions of bioactive compounds from coffee husks. Water bath and ultrasound-assisted extraction methods were used, using water (100%) or ethanol (100%) or a mixture of both (1:1) as extracting solutions and the form of the raw material was in natura and dehydrated. The extracts were evaluated by their antioxidant potential using DPPH radicals, ABTS, and iron reduction (ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP)), and later total phenolic compounds, total flavonoids, and condensed tannins were quantified the phenolic majority compounds were identified. It was verified that the mixture of water and ethanol (1:1) showed better extraction capacity of the compounds with antioxidant activity and that both conventional (water bath) or unconventional (ultrasound) methods showed satisfactory results. Finally, a satisfactory amount of bioactive compounds was observed in evaluating the chemical composition (total phenolic compounds, total flavonoids, condensed tannins, as well as the analysis of the phenolic profile) of these extracts. Corroborating with the results of the antioxidant activities, the best extracting solution was generally the water and ethanol mixture (1:1) using a dehydrated husk and water bath as the best method, presenting higher levels of the bioactive compounds in question, with an emphasis on chlorogenic acid. Thus, it can be concluded that the use of coffee husk as raw material to obtain extracts of bioactive compounds is promising. Last, the conventional method (water bath) and the water and ethanol mixture (1:1) stood out among the methods and extracting solutions used for the dehydrated coffee husk.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules26010046DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7795416PMC
December 2020

Effects of thermal processing on the flavor molecules of goat by-product hydrolysates.

Food Res Int 2020 12 2;138(Pt B):109758. Epub 2020 Oct 2.

Departament of Food Engineering, Center for Technology, Federal University of Paraiba, Campus I, 58051-900, Brazil. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to obtain flavor molecules from goat by-product hydrolysates, emphasizing the thermal action during processing. A mixture of by-products submitted or not to the inactivation of endogenous enzymes was used, followed by hydrolysis with the proteolytic enzyme Alcalase® (Bacillus licheniformis), and autoclaving after hydrolysis. The production of hydrolysates provided both quantitative and qualitative data on the precursors involved in the aromatic formation of protein hydrolysates. The inactivation process of endogenous enzymes resulted in hydrolysates with a higher degree of hydrolysis and greater protein content. The autoclaving process produced a significant increase in the concentration of free amino acids and maltose and a reduction in the glucose content. Application of the two heat treatments resulted in the production of goat by-product protein hydrolysates with different volatile profiles. The goat by-product protein hydrolysate without heat treatment but with autoclaving (HCA), showing a higher concentration of flavor precursors and the formation of heterocyclic volatiles, is expected to impact the aroma quality of goat hydrolysates.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2020.109758DOI Listing
December 2020

Impact of 'free-from' and 'healthy choice' labeled versions of chocolate and coffee on temporal profile (multiple-intake TDS) and liking.

Food Res Int 2020 11 19;137:109342. Epub 2020 May 19.

IPROCAR Research Institute, TECAL Research Group, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain.

Product reformulation for obtaining "free-from" or "healthy choice" versions may confer significant changes in sensory characteristics which could not meet consumer expectations in terms of sensory perception. Therefore, this paper aims to evaluate the influence of formulations of different product categories on their dynamic sensory profile and consumer acceptability. A sensory panel of 23 semi-trained assessors evaluated two product categories, chocolate and milk coffee, using Temporal Dominance of Sensations (TDS) over three consecutive intakes/sips (multiple-intake TDS) on two replications. TDS allowed us to describe the dynamic profile of classic products over the three intakes and to identify differences in the sensory temporal profile compared to their 'healthier choice' reformulated versions. For the chocolate category, increasing the cocoa and the reduction of lactose content mainly influenced the dominance of sweetness, dairy, cocoa, crunchy and bitterness attributes. No sugar addition and absence of caffeine (decaffeinated version) in ready to drink milk coffee beverage modified temporal perception of sweetness, bitterness, coffee flavor and smoothness texture. Higher overall liking averages were associated with the dominant attributes of chocolate with a higher level of cacao and milk coffee decaffeinated. The obtained results of the present work suggest that the multiple-intake TDS technique can be applied for the evaluation of different food categories, helping to develop healthier products and predicting the liking.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2020.109342DOI Listing
November 2020

Occurrence of wooden breast and white striping in Brazilian slaughtering plants and use of near-infrared spectroscopy and multivariate analysis to identify affected chicken breasts.

J Food Sci 2020 Oct 29;85(10):3102-3112. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Department of Food Engineering, University of Campinas, Campinas, Sau Paulo, Brazil.

White Striping (WS) and Wooden Breast (WB) are emerging poultry myopathies that occur worldwide, affecting the quality of meat. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of N, WS, WB, and WS/WB (myopathies combined) in chicken breast from Brazilian commercial plant, comparing (1) inspection based on visual aspect and palpation of Pectoralis major muscle, and (2) identification of these myopathies by near-infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS). Chickens slaughtered at Brazilian commercial plant at four age ranges (4 to 5, 6 to 7, 8 to 9, and 65 weeks) were inspected. Spectral information was acquired using a portable NIR spectrometer, and classification models were performed using and Successive Projection Algorithm-Linear Discriminant Analysis (SPA-LDA) and Soft Independent Modeling of Class Analogy (SIMCA) to distinguish normal and affected muscles. Results showed that occurrence of myopathies was aggravated by age of slaughter, as chicken slaughtered at 4 to 5 and 65 weeks exhibited 13.6 and 95% of myopathies, respectively. Birds slaughtered at 65 weeks showed no occurrence of WB, isolated or combined with WS. It was not possible to differentiate the WB and WS/WB classes; therefore, those samples were grouped (WB+WS/WB). SPA-LDA model showed greater accuracy (92 to 93%) in identifying Normal (N), WS, and WB+WS/WB groups, compared to SIMCA (89 to 91%). It can be concluded that the level of occurrence of myopathies in meat is directly related to the age of slaughter. This study demonstrated that NIRS combined with SPA-LDA model could be used as a tool to detect myopathies in chicken breast. This technique has potential for application in industrial processing lines as an alternative to the traditional methods of identification. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: This study shows that NIRS combined with chemometric techniques can be used to identify chicken breast myopathies in a wide range of ages at slaughter. In addition to being able to discriminate chicken muscles into subclasses, namely, Normal, WS, and WB/WB+WS, this technique has potential for application in industrial processing lines as it is a portable and nondestructive method. This procedure is emphasized as an alternative to the conventional method of identification based on palpation and visual assessment of muscle.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.15465DOI Listing
October 2020

Microencapsulation of Lactobacillus acidophilus La-05 and incorporation in vegan milks: Physicochemical characteristics and survival during storage, exposure to stress conditions, and simulated gastrointestinal digestion.

Food Res Int 2020 09 7;135:109295. Epub 2020 May 7.

Laboratório de Experimentação e Análises de Alimentos, Departamento de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

The effect of microencapsulation of L. acidophilus La-05 (8 log CFU/mL) by external ionic gelation technique in alginate (30 g/L; AM) and alginate coated with a low molecular weight chitosan solution (5 g/L; AC5M) on the survival of the freeze-dried probiotic culture during storage (7 °C; 0, 7, 15, 30, 60, 90 and 120 days), and exposure to temperature (72, 85 and 90 °C), pH (2, 4, and 6), and NaCl (10, 15 and 20 g/L) were studied. Furthermore, vegan milks (soybean and rice milks) added with microencapsulated probiotic cultures were evaluated for the physicochemical characteristics and survival of the probiotic culture during refrigerated storage (7 °C; 7 days) and in vitro digestion. Free cells were used as control. AM and AC5M showed similar microencapsulation yield (>90%) with uniform and spherical microparticles dispersed without agglomeration. Scanning electron microscopy showed that chitosan was able to cover the porous structure of the alginate particles, resulting in a more stabilized microparticle. The microencapsulation provided higher probiotic protection to storage, thermal treatment, NaCl and pH (decreases of ~1 log CFU/mL) compared to the free cells (decreases of ~3, 4, 2 and 3 log CFU/mL, respectively), and increased probiotic survival during refrigerated storage and in vitro digestion of vegan milks compared to free cells (decreases of ~1 and 4 log CFU/mL, respectively). Only microencapsulated probiotic cultures (AM and AC5M) maintained suitable probiotic counts (>6 log CFU/mL) during storage, exposure to stress conditions and simulated gastrointestinal digestion. Chitosan coating increased the probiotic survival in the vegan milks during refrigerated storage. Microencapsulation by external ionic gelation in alginate proved to be a suitable microencapsulation technique to improve the probiotic survival to storage, stress conditions (temperature, pH and NaCl) and simulated gastrointestinal conditions. This was the first study that evaluated the addition of probiotic cultures to rice and soybean milks, proving that the vegan milks could be considered suitable carriers for microencapsulated probiotic cultures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2020.109295DOI Listing
September 2020

Impact of chicken wooden breast on quality and oxidative stability of raw and cooked sausages subjected to frozen storage.

J Sci Food Agric 2020 Apr 11;100(6):2630-2637. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Post-Graduate Program in Food Science and Technology, Department of Food Engineering, Technology Center, Federal University of Paraiba, Joao Pessoa, Brazil.

Background: Considering (i) the increased incidence of wooden breast (WB) myopathy in broilers, (ii) the poor meat quality in such breasts and (iii) the lack of studies on the industrial use of WBs; the objective of this study was to investigate the quality of chicken sausages made with WB under frozen conditions. Three formulations of chicken sausage [100% normal (N) breast, 100% WB, and 50% N breast + 50% WB] were considered and raw and cooked (70 °C/10 min) sausages were frozen for 180 days and evaluated for their quality and oxidative stability.

Results: WB formulations exhibited higher pH, moisture (%), and shear force (SF), associated with lower water holding capacity (WHC) and fat (%). During the freezing period, there was a decrease in WHC and redness (a*) and an increase in cooking loss (CL) and SF for all formulations. Additionally, during freezing, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances values were higher in raw sausages made with N breast than in sausage made with WB probably due to the higher fat content in the former. Results showed that the products did not reach noticeable rancid levels (<2 mg malondialdehyde/kg) and that WB sausage presented great resistance to oxidation, which suggests that WB sausage can be kept frozen at -20 °C for up to 198 days.

Conclusion: Using WBs for the manufacture of chicken sausages subjected to freezing is a viable option given their overall quality and resistance to oxidation. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10292DOI Listing
April 2020

Identification of Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme-Inhibitory and Anticoagulant Peptides from Enzymatic Hydrolysates of Chicken Combs and Wattles.

J Med Food 2019 Dec 2;22(12):1294-1300. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Post-Graduate Program in Food Science and Technology, Department of Food Engineering, Technology Center, Federal University of Paraiba, Joao Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil.

Peptides from protein hydrolysate of a mixture of chicken combs and wattles (CCWs) were obtained through enzymatic hydrolysis, and their anticoagulant and inhibitory effects on angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) were investigated. The protein hydrolysate exhibited anticoagulant capacity by the intrinsic pathway (activated partial thromboplastin time) and potent ACE-inhibitory activity. The peptides were sequenced by LC-MS to identify those with higher inhibitory potential. From the pool of sequenced peptides, the following three peptides were selected and synthesized based on their low molecular weight and the presence of amino acids with ACE-inhibitory potential at the C-terminus: peptide I (APGLPGPR), peptide II (Piro-GPPGPT), and peptide III (FPGPPGP). Peptide III (FPGPPGP) showed the highest ACE-inhibitory capacity among the peptides selected. In conclusion, a peptide (FPGPPGP) of unknown sequence was identified as having potent ACE-inhibitory capacity. This peptide originated from unconventional hydrolysates from poultry slaughter waste, including combs and wattles.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2019.0066DOI Listing
December 2019

Survival of Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5 and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Minas Frescal cheese made with oregano and rosemary essential oils.

Food Microbiol 2020 Apr 10;86:103348. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Laboratory of Microbial Processes in Foods, Department of Food Engineering, Technology Center, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. Electronic address:

The effects of the incorporation of the essential oils from Origanum vulgare L. (OVEO; 0.07 μL/g) and Rosmarinus officinalis L. (ROEO; 2.65 μL/g) in combination in Minas Frescal cheese on the counts of the probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5 and Escherichia coli O157:H7 were evaluated during refrigerated storage (7 ± 0.5 °C). The terpenes of OVEO and ROEO, survival of the probiotic strain during in vitro digestion, as well as the physicochemical and sensory aspects were also monitored in Minas Frescal cheese. All terpenes decreased in cheese when the storage time increased. The incorporation of OVEO and ROEO delayed the increase in L. acidophilus LA-5 counts in cheese, but did not affect its ability to survive in cheese under simulated gastrointestinal conditions. The decreases in counts of E. coli O157:H7 observed in the first 15 days of refrigerated storage were strongly correlated (r ≥ 0.82) with the terpenes detected in cheese. Scores attributed for aroma, flavor, overall impression and purchase intention of cheese with OVEO and ROEO increased with the increase of the storage time. The incorporation of OVEO and ROEO in combination could be a strategy to control E. coli O157:H7 in probiotic Minas cheese during storage; however, the amounts of these substances should be cautiously selected considering possible negative sensory impacts in this product.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fm.2019.103348DOI Listing
April 2020

Effect of wooden breast condition on quality traits of emulsified chicken patties during frozen storage.

J Food Sci Technol 2019 Sep 24;56(9):4158-4165. Epub 2019 Jun 24.

Post-Graduate Program in Food Science and Technology, Department of Food Engineering, Technology Centre, Federal University of Paraiba, João Pessoa, Paraiba 58051-900 Brazil.

Wooden breast (WB) is a recent abnormality characterized by tougher consistency in raw broiler breast fillets. This myopathy has been associated with negative alterations in chicken meat quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of WB condition on quality parameters of emulsified chicken patties (ECP) during frozen storage. Three formulations of ECP were processed, namely, PN (100% normal breast), PW (100% WB) and PNW (50%:50% normal:WB). ECP were frozen stored during 90 days and assessed by physicochemical and sensory analysis. Variations in redness were less pronounced in PW along the storage. TBARS were higher in PW and PNW until 30 days of storage compared to PN samples. Incorporation of WB into ECP formulation resulted in reduced peroxide-value, p-anisidine index and carbonyl content at the end of storage. Despite the different alterations in lipid and protein oxidation markers along storage time, results did not influence sensory acceptability, since no effect of wooden breast condition and storage time in odor and color liking was found in our experiment. This study elucidates for the first time that the use of WB meat for the elaboration of ECP is a feasible strategy to minimize economic losses for the poultry industry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-019-03886-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6706603PMC
September 2019

Fatty acid, chemical, and tissue composition of meat comparing Santa Inês breed sheep and Boer crossbreed goats submitted to different supplementation strategies.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2020 Mar 24;52(2):601-610. Epub 2019 Aug 24.

Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Campina Grande, Avenida Universitária, s/n - Bairro Santa Cecília, Patos, Paraiba, 58708110, Brazil.

To compare the fatty acid (FA) composition, and chemical and tissue composition of meat, 24 uncastrated males, 12 sheep of the Santa Inês breed, and 12 crossbred goats (F1 Boer × undefined breed) with the weight of 24.3 ± 2.38 kg. The animals were distributed in a randomized block design and treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial design, two small ruminant species/breed (Boer crossbreed goat × Santa Inês breed sheep), and two supplementation strategies (energy × protein energy). There was not an interaction between the small ruminant species and the supplementation on average daily gain, tissue composition, chemical composition, or FA profile of the longissimus lumborum muscle. Sheep presented greater weight and yield of fat in the subcutaneous, intermuscular, and total depots than goats, which results in better finishing of the sheep for slaughter. Goat meat presented a lower lipid concentration than sheep meat. The protein-energy supplementation increased oleic acid, ΣUFA, ΣMUFA, hypocholesterolemic/ Hypercholesterolemic index, and enzymatic activity Δ9-desaturase C18 and decreased SFA capric acid in the muscle when compared with energetic supplementation. In Caatinga biome conditions, Boer crossbreed goats meat has a lower concentration of lipids and a healthier FA composition compared with Santa Inês breed sheep because it has a lower SFA and greater PUFA content, which are sources of n-3 and n-6, which may contribute to the reduction of blood cholesterol (LDL). In addition, protein-energy supplementation also improved the quality of animal fat compared with supplementation only with the energetic concentrate, regardless of species.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-02047-1DOI Listing
March 2020

The impaired quality of chicken affected by the wooden breast myopathy is counteracted in emulsion-type sausages.

J Food Sci Technol 2019 Mar 13;56(3):1380-1388. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

IPROCAR Research Institute, Tecal Research Group, University of Exremadura, 10003 Caceres, Spain.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of using chicken meat affected by wooden breast (WB) myopathy in the production of chicken sausages. Compare the technological and sensory properties of such sausages were compared with those produced from normal (N) breast meat. Three types of chicken sausages were elaborated: 100% containing N chicken meat, 100% of WB chicken meat and 50% N/50% of WB meat. The WB chicken meat presented higher values for pH, L*, moisture, cooking loss, shear force, hardness, chewiness, adhesiveness and gumminess; while WHC and protein content were higher for N chicken meat. N and WB chicken sausages presented similar values of WHC, a*, b* color values, protein content and TBARS. QDA indicated no sensory differences between the three sausage formulations, so did the acceptability and purchase intention. Therefore, WB chicken meat may be used to produce chicken sausages combined or not with N chicken meat. Further studies, however, may be required to investigate the nutritional value and digestibility of WB meat and derived products.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-019-03612-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423235PMC
March 2019

Physicochemical parameters, fatty acid profile, and sensory attributes of meat from lambs fed with cassava dregs in replacement of corn.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2019 Jul 21;51(6):1515-1521. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Multidisciplinary Center of Barra, Universidade Federal do Oeste da Bahia, Barra, Bahia, Brazil.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the replacement of corn by cassava dregs (0, 33, 66, and 100%) in the diet of lamb on physicochemical parameters, fatty acid profile, and sensory attributes of meat. Forty male non-castrated Santa Inês crossbred lambs with an initial average weight of 20 ± 1.87 kg were slaughtered after 70 days. The physicochemical parameters and chemical composition of meat were not affected by the diets. Eicosenoic (C20:1n-9) and linolenic (C18:3n-3) acids increased linearly and there was a linear decreasing effect for the flavor score with increasing cassava dregs in the diets. The replacement of corn by cassava dregs did not influence omega-6:omega-3 ration or the total desirable fatty acids, as well as the color, aroma, tenderness, juiciness, or overall evaluation scores. Cassava dregs may be added in the diets of lambs, without negative effects on physicochemical characteristics, chemical composition, and fatty acid indexes, with positive effects on unsaturated fatty acid content. However, the total replacement of corn altered the sensory attributes and decreased purchase intent of the meat.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-01840-2DOI Listing
July 2019

The performance of five fruit-derived and freeze-dried potentially probiotic Lactobacillus strains in apple, orange, and grape juices.

J Sci Food Agric 2018 Oct 24;98(13):5000-5010. Epub 2018 May 24.

Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Department of Nutrition, Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Brazil.

Background: This study assessed the survival of the fruit-derived and freeze-dried L. plantarum 49, L. brevis 59, L. paracasei 108, L. fermentum 111 and L. pentosus 129 strains during frozen storage and when incorporated into apple, orange, and grape juice stored under refrigeration. Physicochemical parameters of juices containing the freeze-dried Lactobacillus strains and the survival of the test strains in the fruit juices during in vitro digestion were also evaluated.

Results: No decreases in survival rates (log N/log N0) of the freeze-dried cells were observed in up to 1 month of storage. The survival rates of the freeze-dried strains L. plantarum 49 and L. paracasei 108 were > 0.75 in up to 4 months of storage. All freeze-dried strains exhibited survival rates of >0.75 in up to 2 weeks of storage in apple juice; only L. plantarum 49 and L. paracasei 108 showed similar survival rates in orange and grape juices in up to 2 weeks of storage. The contents of the monitored organic acids or sugars during storage varied depending on the added strain and the type of fruit juice. At the end of in vitro digestion, L. brevis 59, L. paracasei 108 and L. fermentum 111 showed survival rates of >0.80 in apple juice.

Conclusion: Apple juice was the best substrate for the survival of the tested freeze-dried Lactobacillus strains over time. L. paracasei 108 and L. plantarum 49 were the strains presenting the best performance for incorporation in potentially probiotic fruit juices. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.9034DOI Listing
October 2018

Sensory and volatile profiles of monofloral honeys produced by native stingless bees of the brazilian semiarid region.

Food Res Int 2018 03 27;105:110-120. Epub 2017 Oct 27.

Post-Graduate Program in Food Science and Technology, Department of Food Engineering, Technology Centre, Federal University of Paraiba, 58051-900 Joao Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil. Electronic address:

Monofloral honeys produced by stingless bees M. subnitida Ducke and M. scutellaris Latrelle in typical flowering of the Brazilian semi-arid Ziziphus juazeiro Mart (juazeiro), Croton heliotropiifolius Kunth (velame branco) and Mimosa arenosa willd Poir (jurema branca) were characterized in relation to volatile and sensorial profile. It identified 11 sensory descriptors and 96 volatile compounds. It was noticed a strong effect of flowering in sensorial profile and volatile of honeys. Juazeiro honey stood out with a higher characteristic aroma, taste sweet, caramel flavor and levels of aromatic aldehydes; jurema honey has been described with herb and beeswax aroma and the presence of sulfur compounds and ketones; volatile acids associated with acid taste, medicinal taste and clove aroma characterized the velame branco honey. These results demonstrate that the knowledge of the sensory and aroma profile of these honeys can contribute to characterization of its floral and geographical identity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2017.10.043DOI Listing
March 2018

Fatty acid composition of polar and neutral meat lipids of goats browsing in native pasture of Brazilian Semiarid.

Meat Sci 2018 May 3;139:149-156. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Departamento de Zootecnia, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, 58397-000 Areia, Paraíba, Brazil.

Thirty six male goats grazing Caatinga native pasture were randomly assigned to 4 concentrate supplementation levels (0, 5, 10 and 15g/kg of body weight) and slaughtered after 120days. Longissimus muscle meat lipids were extracted and fractionated into neutral (NL) and polar (PL) lipids. Supplementation of grazing goats increased linearly (P<0.05) intramuscular fat (1 to 1.5% of meat) and NL (0.3 to 1% of meat) but decreased linearly (P=0.044) the PL (0.66 to 0.50% of meat). On NL, supplementation increased linearly (P=0.047) the proportion of c9-18:1 (31 to 40% of FA) with supplementation. On PL, supplementation reduced linearly (P<0.03) the dimethyl acetals, 18:3n-3 and most of long chain polyunsaturated FA (PUFA) proportions but increased linearly (P<0.001) the c9-18:1. Considering the total meat FA, supplementation led to an increase of the saturated and monounsaturated FA contents and a decrease of the long chain n-6 and n-3 PUFA contents.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2018.01.021DOI Listing
May 2018

Maternal intake of cashew nuts accelerates reflex maturation and facilitates memory in the offspring.

Int J Dev Neurosci 2017 Oct 27;61:58-67. Epub 2017 Jun 27.

Laboratory of Experimental Nutrition, Federal University of Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil. Electronic address:

Essential fatty acids, being indispensable during the stages of pregnancy, lactation and infancy influence the transmission of nerve impulses and brain function, and cashew nuts are a good source of these fatty acids. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of cashew nut consumption on reflex development, memory and profile of fatty acids of rat offspring treated during pregnancy and lactation. The animals were divided into three groups: Control (CONT), treated with 7% lipid derived from soybean oil; Normolipidic (NL) treated with 7% lipids derived from cashew nuts; and Hyperlipidic (HL) treated with 20% lipids derived from cashew nuts. Reflex ontogeny, Open-field habituation test and the Object Recognition Test (ORT) were assessed. The profile of fatty acids in the brain was carried out when the animals were zero, 21 and 60days old. Accelerated reflex maturation was observed in animals treated with cashew nuts (p<0.05). NL presented better memory in the Open-field habituation test; the NL and HL showed improvement of short-term memory in the ORT, but long term damage in HL (p<0.05). The results of the lipid profile of the brain at the end of the experiment showed an increase in levels of saturated fatty acids and less Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in animals of the HL. The data showed that maternal consumption of cashew nuts can accelerate reflex maturation and facilitate memory in offspring when offered in adequate quantities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2017.06.006DOI Listing
October 2017

Proteolysis in goat "coalho" cheese supplemented with probiotic lactic acid bacteria.

Food Chem 2016 Apr 21;196:359-66. Epub 2015 Sep 21.

Post-Graduate Program in Food Science and Technology, Department of Food Engineering, Technology Centre, Federal University of Paraiba, 58051-900 Joao Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil. Electronic address:

This study aimed to analyse the proteolytic effects of adding isolated and combined probiotic strains to goat "coalho" cheese. The cheeses were: QS - with culture Start, composed by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis and L. lactis subsp. cremoris (R704); QLA - with Lactobacillus acidophilus (LA-5); QLP - with Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei (L. casei 01); QB - with Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis (BB 12); and QC, co-culture with the three probiotic microorganisms. The cheeses were analysed during 28 days of storage at 10°C. The probiotic cell count was higher than 6.5 and 7 log colony-forming units (CFU) g(-1) of cheese at the 1st and 28th days of storage, respectively. The addition of co-culture influenced (p<0.01) proteolysis in the cheese and resulted in a higher content of soluble protein and release of amino acids at the 1st day after processing. However, over all 28 days, the cheese supplemented with Bifidobacterium lactis in its isolated form showed the highest proteolytic activity, particularly in the hydrolysis of the alpha-s2 and kappa-casein fractions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.09.066DOI Listing
April 2016

Influence of lactation stage and some flock management practices on sensory characteristics of goat milk from Brazilian Saanen breed.

Anim Sci J 2016 Apr 26;87(4):600-6. Epub 2015 Oct 26.

Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa.

This study evaluated the influence of lactation stage (early, middle, late) and management practices (milking hygiene and buck presence) on the sensory attributes of Saanen goat milk. Goats were randomly divided in four groups in respect of different milking sanitary procedures and the presence/absence of the buck in the barn. Milk samples were analyzed for sensory attributes including quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) and acceptance. The milking hygiene practice caused no significant influence on microbiological parameters. Results of QDA revealed that the buck presence increased the characteristic odor of milk at the middle and late lactation stages. The off-odor and off-flavor descriptors showed a distinct response since a higher intensity of these sensory characteristics was noted in the samples obtained from goats maintained without the buck. Odor and flavor contributed most in characterizing the different samples regardless of the management practice and lactation stage. The acceptance of odor showed to be influenced only by the lactation stage, while the acceptance of flavor was only through the presence of the buck. Odor acceptance correlated negatively to off-odor and off-flavor, suggesting that these two sensory attributes impaired the preference for the aroma of the milk samples.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/asj.12458DOI Listing
April 2016

Effects of added Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium lactis probiotics on the quality characteristics of goat ricotta and their survival under simulated gastrointestinal conditions.

Food Res Int 2015 Oct 5;76(Pt 3):828-838. Epub 2015 Aug 5.

Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Department of Nutrition, Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Brazil.

This study evaluated the effects of incorporating the probiotics Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis Bb-12 (B. lactis) or Lactobacillus acidophilus La-05 (L. acidophilus) into goat ricotta on the technological, physicochemical, physical and sensory parameters of this product during refrigerated storage, as well as the protective effects of the goat ricotta on the survival of the tested probiotics during exposure to simulated gastrointestinal conditions. Incorporating the tested probiotics did not affect the yield or syneresis of the obtained goat ricotta. The counts of L. acidophilus and B. lactis during the chosen storage period were approximately 6 log CFU/g. The ricotta samples containing a probiotic strain presented smaller and greater amounts of lactose and lactic acid, respectively, and exhibited greater hardness and lower brightness after storage compared with the samples lacking a probiotic. No differences were observed in the fatty acid profiles of the goat ricotta containing or not containing a probiotic. All of the ricotta samples were described as a soft cheese with a homogeneous texture; however, the goat ricotta cheeses containing L. acidophilus or B. lactis were described as having a more acidic flavor. At the end of a challenge using experimental human digestive conditions, the counts of each of the tested probiotic strains were approximately 6 log CFU/g if it had been incorporated into goat ricotta. These results demonstrated the feasibility of incorporating L. acidophilus or B. lactis into goat ricotta because these probiotics did not negatively affect the quality characteristics of this product and suggested that goat ricotta is an efficacious food matrix for maintaining the viability of these probiotics during storage and under the stressful conditions imposed by the human gastrointestinal tract.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2015.08.002DOI Listing
October 2015

Nutritional and sensory characteristics of gluten-free quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd)-based cookies development using an experimental mixture design.

J Food Sci Technol 2015 Sep 26;52(9):5866-73. Epub 2014 Nov 26.

Departamento de Engenharia de Alimentos, Centro de Tecnologia, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Campus I, Cidade Universitária, 58051-900 João Pessoa, Paraíba Brazil.

The aim of this study was to develop a gluten-free formulation of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)-based cookies using experimental design of mixture to optimize a ternary mixture of quinoa flour, quinoa flakes and corn starch for parameters of colour, specific volume and hardness. Nutritional and sensory aspects of the optimized formulation were also assessed. Corn starch had a positive effect on the lightness of the cookies, but increased amounts of quinoa flour and quinoa flakes in the mixture resulted in darker product. Quinoa flour showed a negative effect on the specific volume, producing less bulky cookies, and quinoa flour and quinoa flakes had a positive synergistic effect on the hardness of the cookies. According the results and considering the desirability profile for colour, hardness and specific volume in gluten-free cookies, the optimized formulation contains 30 % quinoa flour, 25 % quinoa flakes and 45 % corn starch. The quinoa-based cookie obtained was characterized as a product rich in dietary fibre, a good source of essential amino acids, linolenic acid and minerals, with good sensory acceptability. These findings reports for the first time the application of quinoa processed as flour and flakes in mixture with corn starch as an alternative ingredient for formulations of gluten-free cookies-type biscuits.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-014-1659-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4554647PMC
September 2015

Coatings comprising chitosan and Mentha piperita L. or Mentha × villosa Huds essential oils to prevent common postharvest mold infections and maintain the quality of cherry tomato fruit.

Int J Food Microbiol 2015 Dec 18;214:168-178. Epub 2015 Aug 18.

Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Brazil. Electronic address:

In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of coatings comprising shrimp chitosan (CHI) and Mentha piperita L. (MPEO) or Mentha × villosa Huds (MVEO) essential oils to control mold infections caused by Aspergillus niger, Botrytis cinerea, Penicillium expansum and Rhizopus stolonifer in cherry tomato fruits (Solanum lycopersicum L.) during storage at room temperature (25°C for 12 days) and low temperature (12°C for 24 days). The effects of the coatings on the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of cherry tomato fruits during storage were also assessed. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of CHI against all test fungi was 8 mg/mL, whereas the MIC for both MPEO and MVEO was 5 μL/mL. Combinations of CHI at 4 mg/mL and MPEO or MVEO at 2.5 or 1.25 μL/mL strongly inhibited the mycelial growth and spore germination of target fungi. The coatings comprising CHI and MPEO or CHI and MVEO at the different tested concentrations delayed the growth of decay-causing fungi in artificially contaminated tomato fruit during storage at either room temperature or low temperature. The assayed coatings preserved the quality of cherry tomato fruit during storage, in terms of physicochemical and sensory attributes. These results indicate that coatings comprising CHI and MPEO or CHI and MVEO represent promising postharvest treatments to prevent common postharvest mold infections in cherry tomato fruit during storage without affecting the quality of the fruit.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2015.08.009DOI Listing
December 2015

The sensitivity of bacterial foodborne pathogens to Croton blanchetianus Baill essential oil.

Braz J Microbiol 2013 Dec 10;44(4):1189-94. Epub 2014 Mar 10.

Laboratório de Análise de Matérias Primas Agropecuária, Centro de Saúde e Tecnologia Rural, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Campus Patos, Patos, PB, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to assess the activity of essential oil extracted from the leaves of C. blanchetianus Baill, popularly known as "marmeleiro", in inhibiting the growth and survival of pathogenic microorganisms in food by determining their survival in vitro and by observing the behaviour of Listeria monocytogenes inoculated into a food model (meat cubes) that was stored at refrigeration temperature (7 ± 1 °C) for 4 days. The results indicated a bactericidal effect against Aeromonas hydrophila and Listeria monocytogenes and bacteriostatic action against Salmonella Enteritidis. A bacteriostatic effect on meat contaminated with L. monocytogenes was found for all concentrations of essential oils tested. These results showed that essential oil from the leaves of C. blanchetianus Baill represents an alternative source of potentially natural antimicrobial agents that may be used as a food preservative.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822014005000009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3958186PMC
December 2013

Sublethal amounts of Origanum vulgare L. essential oil and carvacrol cause injury and changes in membrane fatty acid of Salmonella Typhimurium cultivated in a meat broth.

Foodborne Pathog Dis 2014 May 3;11(5):357-61. Epub 2014 Mar 3.

1 Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Department of Nutrition, Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Paraíba , João Pessoa, Brazil .

This study aimed to evaluate whether sublethal concentrations of the essential oil of Origanum vulgare L. (OVEO) and its major compound carvacrol (CAR) cause injury to the cell membrane and outer membrane of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium ATCC 14028 grown in a meat broth and to assess the effect of these substances on membrane fatty acid (FA) composition. Exposure of Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 14028 to sublethal concentrations of OVEO or CAR caused damage to the cytoplasmic membrane and outer membrane. OVEO- and CAR-treated cells showed lower amounts of saturated FA than nontreated cells. Changes in membrane FA composition were mainly related to an increase of C16:1ω7c, C16:1ω7t, and C18:2ω6c, and to a decrease of C16:0, C17:0 cyclo, and C19:0 cyclo. These results indicate that exposure to sublethal concentrations of OVEO or CAR caused sublethal injury Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 14028 and suggest that an adaptive response to these stresses is related to increased synthesis of unsaturated FA and cis-trans isomerization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2013.1695DOI Listing
May 2014

Chemical, morphological and functional properties of Brazilian jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus L.) seeds starch.

Food Chem 2014 Jan 9;143:440-5. Epub 2013 Aug 9.

Department of Food Engineering, Center of Technology, Federal University of Paraíba, Campus I, 58051-900 João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.

Starches used in food industry are extracted from roots, tubers and cereals. Seeds of jackfruit are abundant and contain high amounts of starch. They are discarded during the fruit processing or consumption and can be an alternative source of starch. The starch was extract from the jackfruit seeds and characterised to chemical, morphological and functional properties. Soft and hard jackfruit seeds showed starch content of 92.8% and 94.5%, respectively. Starch granules showed round and bell shape and some irregular cuts on their surface with type-A crystallinity pattern, similar to cereals starches. The swelling power and solubility of jackfruit starch increased with increasing temperature, showing opaque pastes. The soft seeds starch showed initial and final gelatinisation temperature of 36°C and 56°C, respectively; while hard seeds starch presented initial gelatinisation at 40°C and final at 61°C. These results suggest that the Brazilian jackfruit seeds starches could be used in food products.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.08.003DOI Listing
January 2014

Efficacy of Origanum vulgare L. and Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oils in combination to control postharvest pathogenic Aspergilli and autochthonous mycoflora in Vitis labrusca L. (table grapes).

Int J Food Microbiol 2013 Aug 10;165(3):312-8. Epub 2013 Jun 10.

Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Department of Nutrition, Health Science Center, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Brazil.

This study evaluated the efficacy of the application of the essential oils of Origanum vulgare L. (OVEO) and Rosmarinus officinalis L. (ROEO) alone and in combination to inhibit Aspergillus flavus URM 4540 and Aspergillus niger URM 5842 in fungal growth media and on Vitis labrusca L. (table grapes). The influence on the autochthonous mycoflora and the physical, physicochemical and sensory characteristics of the grapes during storage (25°C, 12days and 12°C, 24days) were also studied. The application of the essential oils in different concentrations (Minimum Inhibitory Concentration - MIC, 1/2 MIC+1/2 MIC and 1/4 MIC+1/4 MIC) inhibited the mycelial growth and spore germination of the test fungi and inhibited the growth of the assayed fungal strains in artificially contaminated grapes and the autochthonous mycoflora of grapes stored at both room and cold temperatures. In general, the application of OVEO and/or ROEO at sub-lethal concentrations preserved the quality of grapes as measured by their physical, physicochemical and sensory attributes throughout the assessed storage time. These results demonstrate the potential of the combination of OVEO and ROEO at sub-lethal concentrations to control postharvest pathogenic fungi in fruits, particularly, A. flavus and A. niger in table grapes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2013.06.001DOI Listing
August 2013