Publications by authors named "Marta Stasiak"

18 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

P2Y receptor antagonists and AR receptor agonists regulates Protein Disulfide Isomerase secretion from platelets and endothelial cells.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2020 06 4;526(3):756-763. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Department of Cytobiology and Proteomics, Medical University of Lodz, 6/8 Mazowiecka St., 92-215, Lodz, Poland.

Secretion of PDI from platelets and endothelial cells is an important step of all thrombotic events. In the absence of extracellular PDI thrombus formation and fibrin generation may be impaired. Thrombin-mediated PDI secretion is regulated by the stimulation of P2Y receptors. This paper provides evidences that P2Y antagonists or AR agonists may modulate release of PDI molecules from platelets and with less efficiency from endothelial cells. Moreover P2Y antagonization or AR agonization modulates platelet-endothelial interaction. We prove that combinations of P2Y antagonists and AR agonists inhibit platelet-dependent adhesion of cancer cells to endothelium and attenuate cancer cell invasiveness, but longer exposition to AR agonists may stimulate migration of invasive breast cancer cells through endothelium thus leading to increased metastasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2020.03.143DOI Listing
June 2020

Functional inhibition of F11 receptor (F11R/junctional adhesion molecule-A/JAM-A) activity by a F11R-derived peptide in breast cancer and its microenvironment.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2020 Jan 24;179(2):325-335. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Department of Cytobiology and Proteomics, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.

Purpose: To examine the involvement of the F11R/JAM-A protein in breast cancer metastasis, we utilized the F11R/JAM-A antagonistic peptide 4D (P4D) in experiments of transendothelial migration (TEM) of breast cancer cells.

Methods: Experiments were conducted in the mouse 4T1 breast cancer model utilizing the human mammary epithelial cell and endothelial cell lines. The levels of soluble F11R/JAM-A (sJAM-A) in the murine plasmas were measured by ELISA. Levels of F11R/JAM-A mRNA and protein in cell lines were assessed by qRT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. Cell surface expression of F11R/JAM-A was demonstrated by flow cytometry. Functional tests included the TEM of breast cancer cells and adhesion of breast cancer cells to the endothelium. The endothelial permeability was studied by fluorescent tracer assay and by the Real-Time Cell Analysis (RTCA).

Results: The tumor inducers Tβ4 and TGF-β1 reduced the levels of sJAM-A in murine plasma, and reduced the F11R/JAM-A protein levels in the human microvascular endothelial cell line HMEC-1. The adhesion and TEM measured between breast cancer cells and inflamed or Tβ4-treated endothelium were inhibited by P4D. The presence of P4D did not destabilize the pre-existing tight junctions in the endothelial monolayer. The barrier-protecting effect of P4D was stronger than that of forskolin, when a booster dose of P4D was applied to the inflamed endothelium.

Conclusions: F11R/JAM-A protein can be considered as a novel target in the treatment of breast cancer metastasis. In vivo and clinical studies are needed to further investigate the effectiveness of F11R/JAM-A-derived peptide as a possible anti-metastatic drug.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10549-019-05471-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6987052PMC
January 2020

Modifications of disulfide bonds in breast cancer cell migration and invasiveness.

Am J Cancer Res 2019 1;9(8):1554-1582. Epub 2019 Aug 1.

Department of Cytobiology and Proteomics, Medical University of Lodz 6/8 Mazowiecka St., 92-215 Lodz, Poland.

Cancer metastasis involves the adhesion of cancer cells to the endothelium. This process can be mediated by integrins which are surface receptors responsible for interactions with ECM proteins. Integrins β and αβ represent factors are involved in cancer progression and metastasis. Activation of integrins can be promoted by thiol-disulfide exchanges initiated by Protein Disulfide Isomerase (PDI). The purpose of this study was to prove the involvement of disulfide rearrangements in the molecules of integrins in the course of cancer cell adhesion and migration through the endothelium. We present the evidence which proves that highly metastatic MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines adhere to endothelial cells are more effective than non-invasive MCF-10A and MCF-7 cell lines and that the attachment of MDA-MB-231 to the endothelium can be attenuated either by the agents blocking free thiol groups (DTNB, cystamine or PCMBS) or by PDI inhibitors (Q3Rut, 16F16 or PACMA-31). Furthermore, we prove that the transendothelial migration of MDA-MB-231 cells and contraction of collagen can be blocked by thiol blockers or PDI inhibitors and that these factors affect exposition of free thiols on integrin molecules.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6727000PMC
August 2019

Hepatic Expression of Phosphorylated Kinase Akt and Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 Isoforms in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C.

Viral Immunol 2019 05 23;32(4):179-185. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

1 Department of Infectious Diseases and Hepatology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.

Some patients with chronic hepatitis C also demonstrate liver steatosis, but the mechanism remains elusive. To analyze the hepatic expression of phosphorylated kinase Akt at Thr 308 and phosphorylated GSK-3 (Glycogen synthase kinase-3) isoforms, GSK3α at Ser 21 and GSK3β at Ser 9, in chronic hepatitis C patients with normal body weight, glucose, and lipid profiles depending on homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) levels and histological parameters. The study group consisted of 31 patients with chronic hepatitis C. The hepatic expression of kinase Akt (Thr), GSK3β (Ser), and GSK3α (Ser) was measured using Western blot assay. Liver steatosis was observed in 41.93% of patients with HCV infection, in those with increased HOMA-IR index ( = 0.02). However, the hepatic expression of Akt (Thr), GSK3β (Ser), and GSK3α (Ser) was not related to progression of liver steatosis, inflammation, and fibrosis. There was no significant difference in the hepatic expression of kinase Akt (Thr), GSK3β (Ser), and GSK3α (Ser) in relation to HOMA-IR. Liver steatosis was found to be positively associated with HOMA-IR levels in patients with chronic hepatitis C without metabolic disorders. However, the hepatic expression of Akt (Thr308), GSK3β (Ser9), and GSK3α (Ser21) did not correspond to progression of liver disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/vim.2018.0141DOI Listing
May 2019

Contribution of activated beta3 integrin in the PDI release from endothelial cells.

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) 2018 03 1;23:1612-1627. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Department of Cytobiology and Proteomics, Medical University of Lodz, Poland,

Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) is an abundant reticulum endoplasmic protein but also acts as an important functional regulator of some extracellular surface proteins. Recent studies suggest that PDI plays a role in integrin activation and thrombus formation. The aim of this study was to examine whether activation of integrin is the first stage leading to release of PDI from the subcellular compartments of endothelial cells to extracellular space. Our results show that endothelial cells which adhere to fibronectin or fibrinogen release significantly more PDI than those which adhere to poly-L-lysine. Cells treated with RGD peptide, Src and FAK kinase inhibitors and anti alphaVbeta3 antibody display lower PDI secretion. The destruction of the actin cytoskeleton of endothelial cells by cytochalasin D inhibits PDI release. When the endothelial cells adhere to fibrinogen or fibronectin, PDI and alphaVbeta3 gain free thiol groups. Our data suggest that upon activation of integrins, PDI is released from endothelial cells and forms a disulfide bond complex with alphaVbeta3 integrin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2741/4663DOI Listing
March 2018

The role of Protein Disulfide Isomerase and thiol bonds modifications in activation of integrin subunit alpha11.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2018 01 2;495(2):1635-1641. Epub 2017 Dec 2.

Department of Cytobiology and Proteomics, Medical University of Lodz, 6/8 Mazowiecka St., 92-215 Lodz, Poland.

Integrins belong to a family of transmembrane receptors that mediate cell migration and adhesion to ECM. Extracellular domains of integrin heterodimers contain cysteine-rich regions, which are potential sites of thiol-disulfide exchanges. Rearrangements of extracellular disulfide bonds regulate activation of integrin receptors by promoting transition from an inactive state into a ligand-binding competent state. Modifications of integrin disulfide bonds dependent on oxidation-reduction can be mediated by Protein Disulfide Isomerse (PDI). This paper provides evidences that binding to integrin ligands initiate changes in free thiol pattern on cell surface and that thiol-disulfide exchange mediated by PDI leads to activation of integrin subunit α11. By employing co-immunoprecipitation and confocal microscopy analysis we showed that α11β1 and PDI create complexes bounded by disulfide bonds. Using surface plasmon resonance we provide biochemical evidence that PDI can interact directly with integrin subunit α11.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.11.186DOI Listing
January 2018

Virus-directed enzyme prodrug therapy and the assessment of the cytotoxic impact of some benzimidazole derivatives.

Tumour Biol 2017 Jul;39(7):1010428317713675

1 Department of Applied Pharmacy, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.

Virus-directed enzyme prodrug therapy is one of the major strategy of increasing cytotoxicity of bioreductive agents. This research intended to examine new selected benzimidazole derivatives as a substrate for nitroreductase, the enzyme involved in nitroreduction which is responsible to the production of cytotoxic metabolites. In this way, the selectivity and strength of cytotoxicity can be raised. The effect of benzimidazoles on virus transfected cells and non-virus transfected cells A549 cell line was established by Annexin V + propidium iodide test, western blot, and polymerase chain reaction analysis of specific pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins in the corresponding gene expression and additionally nitroreductase gene expression. Our results proved the pro-apoptotic properties of all tested compounds in normoxia and hypoxia, especially according to virused A549 cells where the time of exposition was reduced from 48 to 4 h. In this shorten period of time, the strongest activity was shown by N-oxide compounds with nitro-groups. The apoptosis was confirmed by generation of BAX gene and protein and reduction of BCL2 gene and protein.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1010428317713675DOI Listing
July 2017

Platelet-Specific Chemokines Contribute to the Pathogenesis of Acute Lung Injury.

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 2017 Feb;56(2):261-270

Divisions of 2 Hematology and.

Platelets and neutrophils contribute to the development of acute lung injury (ALI). However, the mechanism by which platelets make this contribution is incompletely understood. We investigated whether the two most abundant platelet chemokines, CXCL7, which induces neutrophil chemotaxis and activation, and CXCL4, which does neither, mediate ALI through complementary pathogenic pathways. To examine the role of platelet-derived chemokines in the pathogenesis of ALI using Cxcl7 and Cxcl4 knockout mice and mice that express human CXCL7 or CXCL4, we measured levels of chemokines in these mice. ALI was then induced by acid aspiration, and the severity of injury was evaluated by histology and by the presence of neutrophils and protein in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Pulmonary vascular permeability was studied in vivo by measuring extravasation of fluorescently labeled dextran. Murine CXCL7, both recombinant and native protein released from platelets, can be N-terminally processed by cathepsin G to yield a biologically active CXCL7 fragment. Although Cxcl7 mice are protected from lung injury through the preservation of endothelial/epithelial barrier function combined with impaired neutrophils transmigration, Cxcl4 mice are protected through improved barrier function without affecting neutrophils transmigration to the airways. Sensitivity to ALI is restored by transgenic expression of CXCL7 or CXCL4. Platelet-derived CXCL7 and CXCL4 contribute to the pathogenesis of ALI through complementary effects on neutrophil chemotaxis and through activation and vascular permeability.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1165/rcmb.2015-0245OCDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5455412PMC
February 2017

Lumican Inhibits SNAIL-Induced Melanoma Cell Migration Specifically by Blocking MMP-14 Activity.

PLoS One 2016 1;11(3):e0150226. Epub 2016 Mar 1.

CNRS UMR 7369, Matrice Extracellulaire et Dynamique Cellulaire (MEDyC), Université de Reims Champagne Ardenne, Laboratoire de Biochimie Médicale et de Biologie Moléculaire, Reims, France.

Lumican, a small leucine rich proteoglycan, inhibits MMP-14 activity and melanoma cell migration in vitro and in vivo. Snail triggers epithelial-mesenchymal transitions endowing epithelial cells with migratory and invasive properties during tumor progression. The aim of this work was to investigate lumican effects on MMP-14 activity and migration of Snail overexpressing B16F1 (Snail-B16F1) melanoma cells and HT-29 colon adenocarcinoma cells. Lumican inhibits the Snail induced MMP-14 activity in B16F1 but not in HT-29 cells. In Snail-B16F1 cells, lumican inhibits migration, growth, and melanoma primary tumor development. A lumican-based strategy targeting Snail-induced MMP-14 activity might be useful for melanoma treatment.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0150226PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4773148PMC
July 2016

Experimental Validation of a Nonextensive Scaling Law in Confined Granular Media.

Phys Rev Lett 2015 Dec 1;115(23):238301. Epub 2015 Dec 1.

Departamento de Física e Matemática, National Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems, Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica de Minas Gerais - CEFET-MG, Avenida Amazonas 7675, 30510-000 Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil.

In this Letter, we address the relationship between the statistical fluctuations of grain displacements for a full quasistatic plane shear experiment, and the corresponding anomalous diffusion exponent α. We experimentally validate a particular case of the Tsallis-Bukman scaling law, α=2/(3-q), where q is obtained by fitting the probability density function (PDF) of the displacement fluctuations with a q-Gaussian distribution, and the diffusion exponent is measured independently during the experiment. Applying an original technique, we are able to evince a transition from an anomalous diffusion regime to a Brownian behavior as a function of the length of the strain window used to calculate the displacements of the grains. The outstanding conformity of fitting curves to a massive amount of experimental data shows a clear broadening of the fluctuation PDFs as the length of the strain window decreases, and an increment in the value of the diffusion exponent-anomalous diffusion. Regardless of the size of the strain window considered in the measurements, we show that the Tsallis-Bukman scaling law remains valid, which is the first experimental verification of this relationship for a classical system at different diffusion regimes. We also note that the spatial correlations show marked similarities to the turbulence in fluids, a promising indication that this type of analysis can be used to explore the origins of the macroscopic friction in confined granular materials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.238301DOI Listing
December 2015

Protein disulfide isomerase directly interacts with β-actin Cys374 and regulates cytoskeleton reorganization.

J Biol Chem 2014 Feb 10;289(9):5758-73. Epub 2014 Jan 10.

From the Department of Molecular and Medical Biophysics, Medical University of Lodz, 92-215 Lodz, Poland and.

Recent studies support the role of cysteine oxidation in actin cytoskeleton reorganization during cell adhesion. The aim of this study was to explain whether protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) is responsible for the thiol-disulfide rearrangement in the β-actin molecule of adhering cells. First, we showed that PDI forms a disulfide-bonded complex with β-actin with a molecular mass of 110 kDa. Specific interaction of both proteins was demonstrated by a solid phase binding assay, surface plasmon resonance analysis, and immunoprecipitation experiments. Second, using confocal microscopy, we found that both proteins colocalized when spreading MEG-01 cells on fibronectin. Colocalization of PDI and β-actin could be abolished by the membrane-permeable sulfhydryl blocker, N-ethylmaleimide, by the RGD peptide, and by anti-αIIbβ3 antibodies. Consequently, down-regulation of PDI expression by antisense oligonucleotides impaired the spreading of cells and initiated reorganization of the cytoskeleton. Third, because of transfection experiments followed by immunoprecipitation and confocal analysis, we provided evidence that PDI binds to the β-actin Cys(374) thiol. Formation of the β-actin-PDI complex was mediated by integrin-dependent signaling in response to the adhesion of cells to the extracellular matrix. Our data suggest that PDI is released from subcellular compartments to the cytosol and translocated toward the periphery of the cell, where it forms a disulfide bond with β-actin when MEG-01 cells adhere via the αIIbβ3 integrin to fibronectin. Thus, PDI appears to regulate cytoskeletal reorganization by the thiol-disulfide exchange in β-actin via a redox-dependent mechanism.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M113.479477DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3937648PMC
February 2014

Matrix metalloproteinase-2 cleavage of the β1 integrin ectodomain facilitates colon cancer cell motility.

J Biol Chem 2012 Oct 16;287(43):36556-66. Epub 2012 Aug 16.

Department of Molecular and Medical Biophysics, Medical University of Lodz, 92-215 Lodz, Poland.

Cancer cell invasion is a key element in metastasis that requires integrins for adhesion/de-adhesion, as well as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) for focalized proteolysis. Herein we show that MMP-2 is up-regulated in resected colorectal tumors and degrades β1 integrins with the release of fragments containing the β1 I-domain. The β1 cleavage pattern is similar to that produced by digestion of α5β1 and α2β1 with MMP-2. Two such fragments, at 25 and 75 kDa, were identified after immunoprecipitation, with monoclonal antibody BD610468 reacting with the NH(2)-terminal I-like ectodomain followed by SDS-PAGE and microsequencing using electrospray (ISI-Q-TOF-Micromass) spectrometry. Cleavage of the β1 integrin can be abolished by inhibition of MMP-2 activity; it can be induced by up-regulation of MMP-2 expression, as exemplified by HT29 colon cancer cells transfected with pCMV6-XL5-MMP-2. Co-immunoprecipitation studies of colon cancer cells showed that the β1 integrin subunit is associated with MMP-2. The MMP-2-mediated shedding of the I-like domain from β1 integrins resulted in decreased adhesion of colon cancer cells to collagen and fibronectin, thus abolishing their receptivity. Furthermore, such cells showed enhanced motility as evaluated by a "wound healing-like" assay and time-lapse microscopy, indicating their increased invasiveness. Altogether, our data demonstrate that MMP-2 amplifies the motility of colon cancer cells, not only by digesting the extracellular matrix components in the vicinity of cancer cells but also by inactivating their major β1 integrin receptors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M112.384909DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3476322PMC
October 2012

Sphere formation and self-renewal capacity of melanoma cells is affected by the microenvironment.

Melanoma Res 2012 Jun;22(3):215-24

Department of Molecular Biology of Cancer, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.

Melanomas contain subsets of cancer stem-like cells with tumor-initiating capacity. The frequency of these cells in the tumor is still a topic of debate. We investigated the phenotypic plasticity of cancer cells grown as melanospheres to elucidate the influence of the microenvironment on some features of melanoma stem-like cells. Cells from surgical specimens of nodular melanoma were grown as anchorage-independent melanospheres in a stem cell medium and as adherent monolayer cultures in the presence of serum. Proliferation and viability were measured by cell counting and an acid phosphatase assay; surface marker expression was evaluated by flow cytometry, and the clonogenic potential of single cells was assessed by growth in soft agar. Patient-derived melanoma cells could be maintained in cell culture for more than 16 months when grown as melanospheres. In the presence of serum, melanospheres completely changed their growth characteristics and formed adherent monolayers. The transition from melanospheres to monolayers was accompanied by an apparent loss of clonogenic potential, an increased proliferation rate, and altered expressions of cell surface markers ABCB5, CD133, and CD49f. These changes, however, were reversible. Compared with adherent monolayer cultures, melanospheres are enriched in cells with clonogenic potential, reflecting the self-renewing capacity of cancer stem-like cells. This clonogenic potential can be lost and regained depending on the growth conditions. Our results demonstrate how easily melanoma cells change their function upon exposure to external stimuli and suggest that the frequency of melanoma stem-like cells strongly depends on the microenvironment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CMR.0b013e3283531317DOI Listing
June 2012

Synthesis and in vitro biological evaluation of new polyamine conjugates as potential anticancer drugs.

Eur J Med Chem 2010 Dec 29;45(12):5744-51. Epub 2010 Sep 29.

Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Lodz, 1 Muszynskiego Street, 90-151 Lodz, Poland.

The synthesis of new polyamine derivatives containing dimeric quinoline (3a-c), cinnoline (4a-c) and phthalimide (7a-c and 8a-c) moieties is described. Three different polyamines: (1,4-bis(3-aminopropyl)piperazine (a), 4,9-dioxa-1,12-dodecanediamine (b), 3,3'-diamino-N-methyldipropylamine (c) were used as linkers. The new compounds were obtained according to known procedures. Their biological activity was assessed in vitro in a highly aggressive melanoma cell line A375. Polyamine diimides containing phthalimide moieties demonstrated no inhibitory activities against melanoma cells. Quinoline diamides were more efficient than cinnoline ones. Mainly cytostatic activity exerted as altered cell cycle profiles was observed at the concentrations causing about 50% reduction of adherent cell proliferation. Based on their structure as well as their biological activity, we assume that some of the newly synthesized compounds may act as DNA bisintercalators. This study might be useful for further designing and developing anticancer drugs with potent activities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2010.09.032DOI Listing
December 2010

Ero1alpha is expressed on blood platelets in association with protein-disulfide isomerase and contributes to redox-controlled remodeling of alphaIIbbeta3.

J Biol Chem 2010 Sep 18;285(39):29874-83. Epub 2010 Jun 18.

Department of Molecular and Medical Biophysics, Medical University of Lodz, 92-215 Lodz, Poland.

Recent evidence supports a role of protein-disulfide isomerase (PDI) in redox-controlled remodeling of the exofacial domains of α(IIb)β(3) in blood platelets. The aim of this study was to explain whether Ero1α can be responsible for extracellular reoxidation of the PDI active site. We showed that Ero1α can be found on platelets and is rapidly recruited to the cell surface in response to platelet agonists. It is physically associated with PDI and α(IIb)β(3), as suggested by colocalization analysis in confocal microscopy and confirmed by immunoprecipitation experiments. Apart from monomeric oxidized Ero1α, anti-α(IIb)β(3) immunoprecipitates showed the presence of several Ero1α-positive bands that corresponded to the complexes α(IIb)β(3)-PDI-Ero1α, PDI-Ero1α, and Ero1α-Ero1α dimers. It binds more efficiently to the activated α(IIb)β(3) conformer, and its interaction is inhibited by RGD peptides. Ero1α appears to be involved in the regulation of α(IIb)β(3) receptor activity because of the following: (a) blocking the cell surface Ero1α by antibodies leads to a decrease in platelet aggregation in response to agonists and a decrease in fibrinogen and PAC-1 binding, and (b) transfection of MEG01 with Ero1α increases α(IIb)β(3) receptor activity, as indicated by increased binding of fibrinogen.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M109.092486DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2943306PMC
September 2010

[Involvement of platelet collagen receptors in primary hemostasis].

Postepy Biochem 2007 ;53(4):344-55

Department of Molecular and Medical Biophysics, Medical University in Lodz, 6/8 Mazowiecka St., 92-215 Lodz, Poland.

At sites of vassel injury, platelets adhere to various components of the subendothelial matrices (SEM). Platelets can interact with several SEM proteins, but of principal importance are collagens and von Willebrand Factor (vWF). The initial entrapment of platelets on subendothelial collagenes requires vWF which under high shear rates conditions created by rapid blood flow present in arteries binds simultaneously to collagen and the platelet glycoprotein complex GPIb/IX/V. Adhered platelets are activated by intracellular signaling pathways and resultant activation of integrin alpha(IIb)beta3 on platelet membranes leads to platelet aggregation by its interaction with vWF or with fibrinogen. The role of GPIb/IX/V for intracellular signaling and integrin alpha(IIb)beta3 activation has remained controversial for a long time. It was assumed that the GPIb/ IX/V/vWF interaction only provides a physical force which fixes platelets to SEM, but now it is evident that the GPIb/IX/V complex mediates signaling which leads to platelet activation. This review will address the molecular mechanisms of platelet function with emphasis on the role of vWF and GPIb/IX/V complex in mediating platelet interaction with the vessel wall.
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January 2009

Combined effects of doxorubicin and STI571 on growth, differentiation and apoptosis of CML cell line K562.

Acta Biochim Pol 2007 25;54(4):839-46. Epub 2007 Oct 25.

Department of Molecular Biology of Cancer, Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland.

STI571 (imatinib mesylate; Gleevec) is an inhibitor that targets the tyrosine kinase activity of Bcr-Abl present in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cells. Some preclinical studies have demonstrated that the combination of STI571 with chemotherapeutic drugs results in enhanced toxicity in Bcr-Abl-positive leukemias. We investigated the potential benefit of using STI571 to down-regulate Bcr-Abl activity for the enhancement of doxorubicin anti-proliferative action in K562 cell line derived from blast crisis of CML. At low concentrations of both drugs (40 nM doxorubicin combined with STI571 in the range of 100-150 nM), the antiproliferative effects were mainly due to cellular differentiation as assessed by benzidine staining for hemoglobin synthesis level and real-time PCR for gamma-globin expression. Higher concentrations of STI571 used in combinations with doxorubicin caused mainly apoptosis as shown by DNA degradation and nuclear fragmentation visualized by fluorescence microscopy after DAPI staining, changes in cell morphology observed after Giemza-May Grünwald staining and cellular membrane organization estimated by flow cytometry after Annexin V staining. As compared with either drug alone, cotreatment with STI571 and DOX induced stronger cellular responses. A low concentration of STI571 in combination with a low concentration of DOX might be tested as an alternative approach to increasing the efficacy of chemotherapy against CML.
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August 2008

GATA-1 binding to the alphaV promoter negatively regulates expression of the integrin alphaV subunit in human leukemic K562 cells.

Acta Biochim Pol 2002 ;49(1):19-28

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Institute of Physiology and Biochemistry, Medical University of Lódź Poland.

Recently we observed that the transcription factors Sp1 and Sp3 bind to the CTCCTCCTC sequence located between positions -194 and -172 of the alphaV promoter region and are directly involved in the regulation of transcriptional activity of the alphaV gene in human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) (Czyz & Cierniewski, 1999, Eur. J. Biochem. 265, 638). In this report we provide evidence that the GATA-1 factor regulates alphaV expression during differentiation of pluripotent K562 cells induced either by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) or butyric acid (BA) through interaction with the GATA element in the alphaV gene promoter. DNase I footprinting analysis revealed that region -413 to -408, covering the GATA binding site, was protected by nuclear extract from K562 cells. There was no protection of this region by HUVEC nuclear extract. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) analysis of nuclear extract of K562 cells treated with BA revealed an increase in GATA binding activity, which was associated with reduced alphaV mRNA and alphaV protein on the cell surface. Stimulation of K562 cells with PMA resulted in opposite effects: lower expression of GATA-1 was associated with increased levels of alphaV. We conclude that the GATA-1 transcription factor specifically binds to the GATA element in the alphaV gene promoter and negatively regulates alphaV gene expression.
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January 2003