Publications by authors named "Marta Ruano"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Potentiality of Melittin-Loaded Niosomal Vesicles Against Vancomycin-Intermediate and Staphylococcal Skin Infection.

Int J Nanomedicine 2021 16;16:7639-7661. Epub 2021 Nov 16.

Division of Clinical Microbiology, Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Background: is an important human pathogen, especially causing skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). Over the decades, the infections caused by antibiotic-resistant strains have often become life-threatening. Consequently, exploration and development of competent approaches to combat these serious circumstances are urgently required.

Methods: The antibacterial activity of melittin (Mel) on , methicillin-resistant (MRSA) and clinical isolates of vancomycin-intermediate (VISA) was investigated by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and time-killing assays. The localization of Mel on the bacterial cell was visualized by confocal laser scanning microscopy and its effect on the membrane was indicated based on propidium iodide uptake. The non-ionic surfactant vesicle (NISV) or niosome nanocarrier was established for Mel loading (Mel-loaded NISV) by the thin-film hydration method. Physicochemical and in vitro biological properties of Mel-loaded NISVs were characterized. The cellular uptake of Mel-loaded NISVs was evaluated by holotomography analysis. In addition, an ex vivo study was conducted on a porcine ear skin model to assess the permeation ability of Mel-loaded NISVs and their potential to inhibit bacterial skin infection.

Results: The effective inhibitory activity of Mel on skin pathogens was demonstrated. Among the tested strains, VISA was most susceptible to Mel. Regarding to its function, Mel targeted the bacterial cell envelope and disrupted cell membrane integrity. Mel-loaded NISVs were successfully fabricated with a nano-size of 120-200 nm and entrapment efficiency of greater than 90%. Moreover, Mel-loaded NISVs were taken up and accumulated in the intracellular space. Meanwhile, Mel was released and distributed throughout the cytosol and nucleus. Mel-loaded NISVs efficiently inhibited the growth of bacteria, particularly MRSA and VISA. Importantly, they not only penetrated epidermal and dermal skin layers, but also reduced the bacterial growth in infected skin.

Conclusion: Mel-loaded NISVs have a great potential to exhibit antibacterial activity. Therapeutic application of Mel-loaded NISVs could be further developed as an alternative platform for the treatment of skin infection via dermal and transdermal delivery.
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November 2021

Fabrication of Robust Capsules by Sequential Assembly of Polyelectrolytes onto Charged Liposomes.

Langmuir 2021 05 4;37(20):6189-6200. Epub 2021 May 4.

Departamento de Química Física, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, Madrid 28040, Spain.

This work presents a simple methodology for coating small unilamellar liposomes bearing different degrees of positive charge with polyelectrolyte multilayers using the sequential layer-by-layer deposition method. The liposomes were made of mixtures of 1,2-dioleyl--glycero-3-phosphocoline and dimethyl dioctadecyl ammonium bromide (DODAB) and coated by alternated layers of the sodium salt of poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) and poly(allylamine) (PAH) as polyanions and polycations, respectively. The results show that the zeta potential of the liposomes was not very sensitive to the mole fraction of DODAB in the membrane, , in the range 0.3 ≤ ≤ 0.8. We were able to coat the liposomes with up to four polymer bilayers. The growth of the capsule size was followed by dynamic light scattering, and in some cases, by cryo-transmission electron microscopy, with good agreement between both techniques. The thickness of the layers, measured from the hydrodynamic radius of the coated liposome, depends on the polyelectrolyte used, so that the PSS layers adopt a much more packaged conformation than the PAH layers. An interesting finding is that the PSS amount needed to reach the isoelectric point of the capsules increases linearly with the charge density of the bare liposomes, whereas the amount of PAH does not depend on it. As expected, the preparation of the multilayers has to be done in such a way that when the system is close to the isoelectric point, the capsules do not aggregate. For this, we dropped the polyelectrolyte solution quickly, stirred it fast, and used dilute liposome suspensions. The method is very flexible and not limited to liposomes or polyelectrolyte multilayers; also, coatings containing charged nanoparticles can be easily made. Once the liposomes have been coated, lipids can be easily eliminated, giving rise to polyelectrolyte nanocapsules (polyelectrosomes) with potential applications as drug delivery platforms.
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May 2021

Layer-by-Layer polyelectrolyte assemblies for encapsulation and release of active compounds.

Adv Colloid Interface Sci 2017 Nov 20;249:290-307. Epub 2017 Apr 20.

Departamento de Química Física I, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain; Instituto Pluridisciplinar, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Paseo de Juan XXIII, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Soft assemblies obtained following the Layer-by-Layer (LbL) approach are accounted among the most interesting systems for designing biomaterials and drug delivery platforms. This is due to the extraordinary versatility and flexibility offered by the LbL method, allowing for the fabrication of supramolecular multifunctional materials using a wide range of building blocks through different types of interactions (electrostatic, hydrogen bonds, acid-base or coordination interactions, or even covalent bonds). This provides the bases for the building of materials with different sizes, shapes, compositions and morphologies, gathering important possibilities for tuning and controlling the physico-chemical properties of the assembled materials with precision in the nanometer scale, and consequently creating important perspective for the application of these multifunctional materials as cargo systems in many areas of technological interest. This review studies different physico - chemical aspects associated with the assembly of supramolecular materials by the LbL method, paying special attention to the description of these aspects playing a central role in the application of these materials as cargo platforms for encapsulation and release of active compounds.
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November 2017