Publications by authors named "Marion Rame"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Somatostatin analogue pasireotide (SOM230) inhibits catecholamine secretion in human pheochromocytoma cells.

Cancer Lett 2021 Oct 9. Epub 2021 Oct 9.

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université de Strasbourg, Institut des Neurosciences Cellulaires et Intégratives, F-67000, Strasbourg, France. Electronic address:

Increasingly common, neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are regarded nowadays as neoplasms potentially causing debilitating symptoms and life-threatening medical conditions. Pheochromocytoma is a NET that develops from chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla, and is responsible for an excessive secretion of catecholamines. Consequently, patients have an increased risk for clinical symptoms such as hypertension, elevated stroke risk and various cardiovascular complications. Somatostatin analogues are among the main anti-secretory medical drugs used in current clinical practice in patient with NETs. However, their impact on pheochromocytoma-associated catecholamine hypersecretion remains incompletely explored. This study investigated the potential efficacy of octreotide and pasireotide (SOM230) on human tumor cells directly cultured from freshly resected pheochromocytomas using an implemented catecholamine secretion measurement by carbon fiber amperometry. SOM230 treatment efficiently inhibited nicotine-induced catecholamine secretion both in bovine chromaffin cells and in human tumor cells whereas octreotide had no effect. Moreover, SOM230 specifically decreased the number of exocytic events by impairing the stimulation-evoked calcium influx as well as the nicotinic receptor-activated inward current in human pheochromocytoma cells. Altogether, our findings indicate that SOM230 acts as an inhibitor of catecholamine secretion through a mechanism involving the nicotinic receptor and might be considered as a potential anti-secretory treatment for patients with pheochromocytoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2021.10.009DOI Listing
October 2021

Nestorone , a 19nor-progesterone derivative boosts remyelination in an animal model of demyelination.

CNS Neurosci Ther 2021 04 24;27(4):464-469. Epub 2020 Dec 24.

Population Council and Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA.

Introduction: We previously showed that Nestorone (NES), a synthetic progestin structurally related to progesterone, stimulated remyelination of the corpus callosum in a Cuprizone (CUP) mouse model of demyelination in intact females by promoting replenishment with mature oligodendrocytes (OL) (Glia. 2015;63:104-117). Here, we further investigated the underlying mechanisms of this promyelinating effect.

Methods: We explored whether NES, applied subcutaneously through Alzet mini-osmotic pumps, regulates specific transcription factors involved in oligodendrocyte progenitor cell (OPC) proliferation and their differentiation into mature OL, using RT-qPCR and Western Blot analysis.

Results: Our present data show that in comparison to controls, a one-week treatment with NES, through Alzet mini-osmotic pumps, enhanced the production of three relevant transcription factor mRNAs encoding Olig2, Myt1, and Sox17. After 3 weeks, NES treatment reversed the effect of CUP on the levels of corresponding Olig2, Myt1, and Sox17 proteins. Moreover, in mice receiving NES + Estradiol (E2) co-treatment, levels of Olig2, Myt1, and Sox17 proteins did not change as compared to NES alone.

Conclusion: NES alone or with E2 increased the levels of transcription factors, essential for myelin synthesis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cns.13538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7941173PMC
April 2021

The receptor tyrosine kinase EPHB6 regulates catecholamine exocytosis in adrenal gland chromaffin cells.

J Biol Chem 2020 05 22;295(22):7653-7668. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Research Centre, Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CRCHUM), Montreal, Quebec, Canada

The erythropoietin-producing human hepatocellular receptor EPH receptor B6 (EPHB6) is a receptor tyrosine kinase that has been shown previously to control catecholamine synthesis in the adrenal gland chromaffin cells (AGCCs) in a testosterone-dependent fashion. EPHB6 also has a role in regulating blood pressure, but several facets of this regulation remain unclear. Using amperometry recordings, we now found that catecholamine secretion by AGCCs is compromised in the absence of EPHB6. AGCCs from male knockout (KO) mice displayed reduced cortical F-actin disassembly, accompanied by decreased catecholamine secretion through exocytosis. This phenotype was not observed in AGCCs from female KO mice, suggesting that testosterone, but not estrogen, contributes to this phenotype. Of note, reverse signaling from EPHB6 to ephrin B1 (EFNB1) and a 7-amino acid-long segment in the EFNB1 intracellular tail were essential for the regulation of catecholamine secretion. Further downstream, the Ras homolog family member A (RHOA) and FYN proto-oncogene Src family tyrosine kinase (FYN)-proto-oncogene c-ABL-microtubule-associated monooxygenase calponin and LIM domain containing 1 (MICAL-1) pathways mediated the signaling from EFNB1 to the defective F-actin disassembly. We discuss the implications of EPHB6's effect on catecholamine exocytosis and secretion for blood pressure regulation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.RA120.013251DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7261780PMC
May 2020

18F-FDOPA PET/CT Uptake Parameters Correlate with Catecholamine Secretion in Human Pheochromocytomas.

Neuroendocrinology 2018 27;107(3):228-236. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Aix-Marseille Université, INSERM, U1251, Marseille Medical Genetics and AP-HM, Department of Endocrinology, Hôpital de la Conception, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares Hypophysaires HYPO, Marseille,

Background: 18F-FDOPA positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is a sensitive nuclear imaging technology for the diagnosis of pheochromocytomas (PHEO). However, its utility in determining predictive factors for the secretion of catecholamines remains poorly studied.

Methods: Thirty-nine histologically confirmed PHEO were included in this retrospective single-center study. Patients underwent 18F-FDOPA PET/CT before surgery, with an evaluation of several uptake parameters (standardized uptake values [SUVmax and SUVmean] and the metabolic burden [MB] calculated as follows: MB = SUVmean × tumor volume) and measurement of plasma and/or urinary metanephrine (MN), normetanephrine (NM), and chromogranin A. Thirty-five patients were screened for germline mutations in the RET, SDHx, and VHL genes. Once resected, primary cultures of 5 PHEO were used for real-time measurement of catecholamine release by carbon fiber amperometry.

Results: The MB of the PHEO positively correlated with 24-h urinary excretion of NM (r = 0.64, p < 0.0001), MN (r = 0.49, p = 0.002), combined MN and NM (r = 0.75, p < 0.0001), and eventually plasma free levels of NM (r = 0.55, p = 0.006). In the mutated patients (3 SDHD, 2 SDHB, 3 NF1, 1 VHL, and 3 RET), a similar correlation was observed between MB and 24-h urinary combined MN and NM (r = 0.86, p = 0.0012). For the first time, we demonstrate a positive correlation between the PHEO-to-liver SUVmax ratio and the mean number of secretory granule fusion events of the corresponding PHEO cells revealed by amperometric spikes (p = 0.01).

Conclusion: While the 18F-FDOPA PET/CT MB of PHEO strongly correlates with the concentration of MN, amperometric recordings suggest that 18F-FDOPA uptake could be enhanced by overactivity of catecholamine exocytosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000491578DOI Listing
January 2019

Clozapine counteracts a ketamine-induced depression of hippocampal-prefrontal neuroplasticity and alters signaling pathway phosphorylation.

PLoS One 2017 4;12(5):e0177036. Epub 2017 May 4.

Laboratoire de Physiopathologie des Maladies Psychiatriques, UMR_S894 Inserm, Centre de Psychiatrie et Neurosciences, Paris, France.

Single sub-anesthetic doses of ketamine can exacerbate the symptoms of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, yet similar ketamine treatments rapidly reduce depressive symptoms in major depression. Acute doses of the atypical antipsychotic drug clozapine have also been shown to counteract ketamine-induced psychotic effects. In the interest of understanding whether these drug effects could be modeled with alterations in neuroplasticity, we examined the impact of acutely-administered ketamine and clozapine on in vivo long-term potentiation (LTP) in the rat's hippocampus-to-prefrontal cortex (H-PFC) pathway. We found that a low dose of ketamine depressed H-PFC LTP, whereas animals that were co-administrated the two drugs displayed LTP that was similar to a saline-treated control. To address which signaling molecules might mediate such effects, we also examined phosphorylation and total protein levels of GSK3β, GluA1, TrkB, ERK, and mTOR in prefrontal and hippocampal sub-regions. Among the statistically significant effects that were detected (a) both ketamine and clozapine increased the phosphorylation of Ser9-GSK3β throughout the prefrontal cortex and of Ser2481-mTOR in the dorsal hippocampus (DH), (b) clozapine increased the phosphorylation of Ser831-GluA1 throughout the prefrontal cortex and of Ser845-GluA1 in the ventral hippocampus, (c) ketamine treatment increased the phosphorylation of Thr202/Tyr204-ERK in the medial PFC (mPFC), and (d) clozapine treatment was associated with decreases in the phosphorylation of Tyr705-TrkB in the DH and of Try816-TrkB in the mPFC. Further analyses involving phosphorylation effect sizes also suggested Ser831-GluA1 in the PFC displayed the highest degree of clozapine-responsivity relative to ketamine. These results provide evidence for how ketamine and clozapine treatments affect neuroplasticity and signaling pathways in the stress-sensitive H-PFC network. They also demonstrate the potential relevance of H-PFC pathway neuroplasticity for modeling ketamine-clozapine interactions in regards to psychosis.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0177036PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5417651PMC
September 2017

Nestorone® as a Novel Progestin for Nonoral Contraception: Structure-Activity Relationships and Brain Metabolism Studies.

Endocrinology 2017 01;158(1):170-182

Population Council, Center for Biomedical Research, New York, New York 10065.

Nestorone® (NES) is a potent nonandrogenic progestin being developed for contraception. NES is a synthetic progestin that may possess neuroprotective and myelin regenerative potential as added health benefits. In receptor transactivation experiments, NES displayed greater potency than progesterone to transactivate the human progesterone receptor (PR). This was confirmed by docking experiments where NES adopts the same docking position within the PR ligand-binding domain (LBD) as progesterone and forms additional stabilizing contacts between 17α-acetoxy and 16-methylene groups and PR LBD, supporting its higher potency than progesterone. The analog 13-ethyl NES also establishes similar contacts as NES with Met909, leading to comparable potency as NES. In contrast, NES is not stabilized within the human androgen receptor LBD, leading to negligible androgen receptor transactivation. Because progesterone acts in the brain by both PR binding and indirectly via binding of the metabolite allopregnanolone to γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor (GABAAR), we investigated if NES is metabolized to 3α, 5α-tetrahydronestorone (3α, 5α-THNES) in the brain and if this metabolite could interact with GABAAR. In female mice, low concentrations of reduced NES metabolites were identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in both plasma and brain. Electrophysiological studies showed that 3α, 5α-THNES exhibited only limited activity to enhance GABAAR-evoked responses with WSS-1 cells and did not modulate synaptic GABAARs of mouse cortical neurons. Thus, the inability of reduced metabolite of NES (3α, 5α-THNES) to activate GABAAR suggests that the neuroprotective and myelin regenerative effects of NES are mediated via PR binding and not via its interaction with the GABAAR.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/en.2016-1426DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5412978PMC
January 2017

Dynamic Regulation of AMPAR Phosphorylation In Vivo Following Acute Behavioral Stress.

Cell Mol Neurobiol 2016 Nov 27;36(8):1331-1342. Epub 2016 Jan 27.

Physiopathologie des Maladies Psychiatriques, UMR_S 894 Inserm, Centre de Psychiatrie et Neurosciences, 2ter rue d'Alesia, 75014, Paris, France.

The tuning of glutamatergic transmission is an essential mechanism for neuronal communication. α-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors (AMPARs) are ionotropic glutamate receptors that mediate fast synaptic transmission. The phosphorylation states of specific serine residues on the GluA1 and GluA2 AMPAR subunits are considered critical post-translational modifications that regulate AMPAR activity and subcellular trafficking. While behavioral stress, via stress hormones, exerts specific alterations on such glutamatergic processes, there have been conflicting data concerning the influence of stress on AMPAR phosphorylation in different brain regions, and the post-stress signaling mechanisms mediating these processes are not well delineated. Here, we examined the dynamics of phosphorylation at three AMPAR serine residues (ser831-GluA1, ser845-GluA1, and ser880-GluA2) in four brain regions [amygdala, medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), dorsal hippocampus, and ventral hippocampus] of the rat during the hour following behavioral stress. We also tested the impact of post-stress corticosteroid receptor blockade on AMPAR phosphorylation. Both GluA1 subunit residues exhibited elevated phosphorylation after stress, yet post-stress administration of corticosteroid receptor antagonists curtailed these effects only at ser831-GluA1. In contrast, ser880-GluA2 displayed a time-dependent tendency for early decreased phosphorylation (that was selectively augmented by mifepristone treatment in the amygdala and mPFC of stressed animals) followed by increased phosphorylation later on. These findings show that the in vivo regulation of AMPAR phosphorylation after stress is a dynamic and subunit-specific process, and they provide support for the hypothesis that corticosteroid receptors have an ongoing role in the regulation of ser831-GluA1 phosphorylation during the post-stress interval.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10571-016-0332-9DOI Listing
November 2016

Chronic cannabinoid exposure during adolescence leads to long-term structural and functional changes in the prefrontal cortex.

Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2016 Jan 3;26(1):55-64. Epub 2015 Dec 3.

Laboratoire de Physiopathologie des maladies Psychiatriques, UMR_S894 Inserm, Centre de Psychiatrie et Neurosciences, 75014 Paris, France; Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France. Electronic address:

In many species, adolescence is a critical phase in which the endocannabinoid system can regulate the maturation of important neuronal networks that underlie cognitive function. Therefore, adolescents may be more susceptible to the neural consequences of chronic cannabis abuse. We reported previously that chronically exposing adolescent rats to the synthetic cannabinoid agonist CP55,940 leads to impaired performances in adulthood i.e. long-lasting deficits in both visual and spatial short-term working memories. Here, we examined the synaptic structure and function in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of adult rats that were chronically treated with CP55,940 during adolescence. We found that chronic cannabinoid exposure during adolescence induces long-lasting changes, including (1) significantly altered dendritic arborization of pyramidal neurons in layer II/III in the medial PFC (2) impaired hippocampal input-induced synaptic plasticity in the PFC and (3) significant changes in the expression of PSD95 (but not synaptophysin or VGLUT3) in the medial PFC. These changes in synaptic structure and function in the PFC provide key insight into the structural, functional and molecular underpinnings of long-term cognitive deficits induced by adolescent cannabinoid exposure. They suggest that cannabinoids may impede the structural maturation of neuronal circuits in the PFC, thus leading to impaired cognitive function in adulthood.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2015.11.005DOI Listing
January 2016

Progesterone and nestorone promote myelin regeneration in chronic demyelinating lesions of corpus callosum and cerebral cortex.

Glia 2015 Jan 4;63(1):104-17. Epub 2014 Aug 4.

UMR 788 Inserm and University Paris-Sud, 94276, Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.

Multiple Sclerosis affects mainly women and consists in intermittent or chronic damages to the myelin sheaths, focal inflammation, and axonal degeneration. Current therapies are limited to immunomodulators and antiinflammatory drugs, but there is no efficient treatment for stimulating the endogenous capacity of myelin repair. Progesterone and synthetic progestins have been shown in animal models of demyelination to attenuate myelin loss, reduce clinical symptoms severity, modulate inflammatory responses and partially reverse the age-dependent decline in remyelination. Moreover, progesterone has been demonstrated to promote myelin formation in organotypic cultures of cerebellar slices. In the present study, we show that progesterone and the synthetic 19-nor-progesterone derivative Nestorone® promote the repair of severe chronic demyelinating lesions induced by feeding cuprizone to female mice for up to 12 weeks. Progesterone and Nestorone increase the density of NG2(+) oligodendrocyte progenitor cells and CA II(+) mature oligodendrocytes and enhance the formation of myelin basic protein (MBP)- and proteolipid protein (PLP)-immunoreactive myelin. However, while demyelination in response to cuprizone was less marked in corpus callosum than in cerebral cortex, remyelination appeared earlier in the former. The remyelinating effect of progesterone was progesterone receptor (PR)-dependent, as it was absent in PR-knockout mice. Progesterone and Nestorone also decreased (but did not suppress) neuroinflammatory responses, specifically astrocyte and microglial cell activation. Therefore, some progestogens are promising therapeutic candidates for promoting the regeneration of myelin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/glia.22736DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4237628PMC
January 2015
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