Publications by authors named "Mario Zernotti"

37 Publications

Active smoking effect in allergic rhinitis.

World Allergy Organ J 2021 Feb 17;14(2):100504. Epub 2021 Jan 17.

Dept. on Allergy & Immunology Association of Córdoba, Argentina.

Background: Tobacco smoke has been described as causing increased prevalence of rhinitis symptoms and decreased atopy. Furthermore, these nasal symptoms and quality of life in smokers with Allergic Rhinitis (AR) were not significantly different to non-smokers. As a result of this duality, a comparison study between the quality of life and inflammatory markers of atopy among active smokers and non-smokers having AR was put forward.

Material And Methods: Cross-sectional study in adult smokers and non-smokers, with a clinical diagnosis of AR and positive Skin Prick Test (SPT). Smoking status was confirmed by salivary cotinine measurements. Functional respiratory evaluation was performed, and quality of life between groups was compared using Mini-RQLQ questionnaire. Immunological markers in serum and nasal washes (IgE, IL-4, IL 5, IL 13, IL 17, IL 33) were evaluated, while samples from a third group of passive smokers was incorporated for serological comparison exclusively. The statistical analysis included Student T test, x2, Mann Whitney U (Anova 2-way), and Kruskal Wallis for 3 groups analysis. Values of P < 0.05 were considered significant.

Results: Twenty-two patients per group with similar demographics and allergen sensitivity were studied. Regarding inflammatory markers, a reduction of IL 33 in the serum of smokers (P < 0.001) was the only statistically significant different parameter revealed, showing a remarkable trend in nasal lavage. Salivary cotinine levels were absolutely different (P < 0.0001), but pulmonary function evaluations were not statistically significant after multiple adjusting. There were no significant differences in quality of life parameters.

Conclusions: In our study of AR, active smokers do not demonstrate impaired nasal related quality of life or impact on atopic inflammatory parameters, compared to non-smokers. Reduced levels of IL33 could explain a lack of symptoms alerting smokers of the harmful consequences of smoking.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.waojou.2020.100504DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7816023PMC
February 2021

Late complication of cochlear implantation: Necrotizing meningoencephalitis.

Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp 2021 Jan 13. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Servicio de Otorrinolaringología, Sanatorio Allende, Córdoba, Argentina.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otorri.2020.11.009DOI Listing
January 2021

ARIA-EAACI statement on asthma and COVID-19 (June 2, 2020).

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Marek Jutel Cezmi A Akdis Ludger Klimek Oliver Pfaar Kari C Nadeau Thomas Eiwegger Anna Bedbrook Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Eric D Bateman Kazi S Bennoor Elena Camelia Berghea Karl-Christian Bergmann Hubert Blain Mateo Bonini Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Louis-Philippe Boulet Luisa Brussino Roland Buhl Paulo Camargos Giorgio Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Thomas Casale Sharon Chinthrajah Mübeccel Akdis Tomas Chivato George Christoff Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Stefano Del Giacco Hui Du Yehia El-Gamal Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Yadong Gao Mina Gaga Bilun Gemicioglu Maia Gotua Tari Haahtela David Halpin Eckard Hamelmann Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber Marc Humbert Nataliya Ilina Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Guy Joos Musa Khaitov Bruce Kirenga Edward F Knol Fanny W Ko Seppo Koskinen Marek L Kowalski Helga Kraxner Dmitry Kudlay Piotr Kuna Maciej Kupczyk Violeta Kvedariene Amir H Abdul Latiff Lan T Le Michael Levin Desiree Larenas-Linnemann Renaud Louis Mohammad R Masjedi Erik Melén Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Yousser Mohammad Mario Morais-Almeida Joaquim Mullol Leyla Namazova Hugo Neffen Elisabete Nunes Paul O'Byrne Robyn O'Hehir Liam O'Mahony Ken Ohta Yoshitaka Okamoto Gabrielle L Onorato Petr Panzner Nikos G Papadopoulos Gianni Passalacqua Vincenzo Patella Ruby Pawankar Nhân Pham-Thi Bernard Pigearias Todor A Popov Francesca Puggioni Frederico S Regateiro Giovanni Rolla Menachem Rottem Boleslaw Samolinski Joaquin Sastre Jurgen Schwarze Aziz Sheikh Nicola Scichilone Manuel Soto-Quiros Manuel Soto-Martinez Milan Sova Stefania Nicola Rafael Stelmach Charlotte Suppli-Ulrik Luis Taborda-Barata Teresa To Peter-Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Omar Usmani Arunas Valiulis Maria Teresa Ventura Giovanni Viegi Theodor Vontetsianos De Yun Wang Sian Williams Gary W K Wong Arzu Yorgancioglu Mario Zernotti Mihaela Zidarn Torsten Zuberbier Ioana Agache

Allergy 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Transylvania University Brasov, Brasov, Romania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14471DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7361514PMC
June 2020

[Post- stapedectomy tinnitus´ perception. Experience in a university hospital]

Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba 2020 04 27;77(2):73-78. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

.

Introduccion: La otosclerosis es un trastorno de remodelación ósea caracterizada por disminución de la movilidad del estribo, lo que se traduce en una pérdida auditiva y tinnitus. El tratamiento mas comúnmente utilizado y mas eficaz es la cirugía. El objetivo principal es una mejora significativa en la pérdida auditiva, pero la reducción del tinnitus es un beneficio adicional.

Objetivos: Determinar los cambios en la sensación del tinnitus después de la estapedectomía en pacientes con otosclerosis operados en nuestro medio; así también como los factores que podrían asociarse con dichos cambios.

Materiales Y Metodos: Realizamos un estudio prospectivo, observacional, analítico y longitudinal, en el que se incluyeron 15 pacientes con otosclerosis operados en el Sanatorio que se sometieron a un examen completo con Audiometría, Acúfenometría y Tomografía computada; se recopilaron datos mediante la Escala de Impresión Clínica Global y el Indice Funcional del Tinnitus, al momento previo a la cirugía y a los tres meses de intervenidos. Se utilizó el Soft R- medic e Infostat para analizar las variables y graficar los resultados.

Resultados: Las diferencias entre el estado de audición pre y postoperatoria fueron estadisticamente significativas (p<0.001). Se comprobó además, diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre la percepción del tinnitus antes y despues de la cirugía (p<0.001). Y que dicha diferencia se relaciona estadíticamente con la mejoría de la audición (p=0.01).

Discusion- Conclusion: La mayoría de los pacientes refirieron una mejoría en el estado de percepción del acúfeno; además de la mejoría en su audición; resultando en asociación significativa ambas variables.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.31053/1853.0605.v77.n2.27743DOI Listing
April 2020

ARIA digital anamorphosis: Digital transformation of health and care in airway diseases from research to practice.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Tari Haahtela Torsten Zuberbier Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Anna Bedbrook Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich G Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Marina Erhola Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Maddalena Illario Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Marek Jutel Ludger Klimek Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Ltt Le Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Olga M Lourenço Erik Melén Joaquim Mullol Marek Niedoszytko Mikaëla Odemyr Yoshitaka Okamoto Nikos G Papadopoulos Vincenzo Patella Oliver Pfaar Nhân Pham-Thi Christine Rolland Boleslaw Samolinski Aziz Sheikh Mikhail Sofiev Charlotte Suppli Ulrik Ana Todo-Bom Peter-Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Sian Williams Arzu Yorgancioglu Ioana Agache Cezmi A Akdis Rute Almeida Ignacio J Ansotegui Isabella Annesi-Maesano Sylvie Arnavielhe Xavier Basagaña Eric D Bateman Annabelle Bédard Martin Bedolla-Barajas Sven Becker Kazi S Bennoor Samuel Benveniste Karl C Bergmann Michael Bewick Slawomir Bialek Nils E Billo Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Leif Bjermer Hubert Blain Matteo Bonini Philippe Bonniaud Isabelle Bosse Jacques Bouchard Louis-Philippe Boulet Rodolphe Bourret Koen Boussery Fluvio Braido Vitalis Briedis Andrew Briggs Christopher E Brightling Jan Brozek Guy Brusselle Luisa Brussino Roland Buhl Roland Buonaiuto Moises A Calderon Paulo Camargos Thierry Camuzat Luis Caraballo Ana-Maria Carriazo Warner Carr Christine Cartier Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Niels H Chavannes Ekaterine Chkhartishvili Derek K Chu Cemal Cingi Jaime Correia de Sousa David J Costa Anne-Lise Courbis Adnan Custovic Biljana Cvetkosvki Gennaro D'Amato Jane da Silva Carina Dantas Dejan Dokic Yves Dauvilliers Giulia De Feo Govert De Vries Philippe Devillier Stefania Di Capua Gerard Dray Ruta Dubakiene Stephen R Durham Mark Dykewicz Motohiro Ebisawa Mina Gaga Yehia El-Gamal Enrico Heffler Regina Emuzyte John Farrell Jean-Luc Fauquert Alessandro Fiocchi Antje Fink-Wagner Jean-François Fontaine José M Fuentes Perez Bilun Gemicioğlu Amiran Gamkrelidze Judith Garcia-Aymerich Philippe Gevaert René Maximiliano Gomez Sandra González Diaz Maia Gotua Nick A Guldemond Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Jawad Hajjam Yunuen R Huerta Villalobos Marc Humbert Guido Iaccarino Despo Ierodiakonou Tomohisa Iinuma Ewa Jassem Guy Joos Ki-Suck Jung Igor Kaidashev Omer Kalayci Przemyslaw Kardas Thomas Keil Musa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Jorg Kleine-Tebbe Rostislav Kouznetsov Marek L Kowalski Vicky Kritikos Inger Kull Stefania La Grutta Lisa Leonardini Henrik Ljungberg Philip Lieberman Brian Lipworth Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Catarina Lopes-Pereira Claudia C Loureiro Renaud Louis Alpana Mair Bassam Mahboub Michaël Makris Joao Malva Patrick Manning Gailen D Marshall Mohamed R Masjedi Jorge F Maspero Pedro Carreiro-Martins Mika Makela Eve Mathieu-Dupas Marcus Maurer Esteban De Manuel Keenoy Elisabete Melo-Gomes Eli O Meltzer Enrica Menditto Jacques Mercier Yann Micheli Neven Miculinic Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Dimitirios I Mitsias Giuliana Moda Maria-Dolores Mogica-Martinez Yousser Mohammad Steve Montefort Ricardo Monti Mario Morais-Almeida Ralph Mösges Lars Münter Antonella Muraro Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Luigi Napoli Leyla Namazova-Baranova Hugo Neffen Kristoff Nekam Angelo Neou Björn Nordlund Ettore Novellino Dieudonné Nyembue Robyn O'Hehir Ken Ohta Kimi Okubo Gabrielle L Onorato Valentina Orlando Solange Ouedraogo Julia Palamarchuk Isabella Pali-Schöll Peter Panzner Hae-Sim Park Gianni Passalacqua Jean-Louis Pépin Ema Paulino Ruby Pawankar Jim Phillips Robert Picard Hilary Pinnock Davor Plavec Todor A Popov Fabienne Portejoie David Price Emmanuel P Prokopakis Fotis Psarros Benoit Pugin Francesca Puggioni Pablo Quinones-Delgado Filip Raciborski Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Frederico S Regateiro Sietze Reitsma Daniela Rivero-Yeverino Graham Roberts Nicolas Roche Erendira Rodriguez-Zagal Christine Rolland Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Nelson Rosario Antonino Romano Menachem Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Mario M Sanchez-Borges Joaquin Sastre Glenis K Scadding Sophie Scheire Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier Holger J Schünemann Faradiba Sarquis Serpa Mohamed Shamji Juan-Carlos Sisul Mikhail Sofiev Dirceu Solé David Somekh Talant Sooronbaev Milan Sova François Spertini Otto Spranger Cristiana Stellato Rafael Stelmach Michel Thibaudon Teresa To Mondher Toumi Omar Usmani Antonio A Valero Rudolph Valenta Marylin Valentin-Rostan Marilyn Urrutia Pereira Rianne van der Kleij Michiel Van Eerd Olivier Vandenplas Tuula Vasankari Antonio Vaz Carneiro Giorgio Vezzani Frédéric Viart Giovanni Viegi Dana Wallace Martin Wagenmann De Yun Wang Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Dennis M Williams Gary Wong Piotr Wroczynski Panayiotis K Yiallouros Osman M Yusuf Heather J Zar Stéphane Zeng Mario E Zernotti Luo Zhang Nan Shan Zhong Mihaela Zidarn

Allergy 2021 01 23;76(1):168-190. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia.

Digital anamorphosis is used to define a distorted image of health and care that may be viewed correctly using digital tools and strategies. MASK digital anamorphosis represents the process used by MASK to develop the digital transformation of health and care in rhinitis. It strengthens the ARIA change management strategy in the prevention and management of airway disease. The MASK strategy is based on validated digital tools. Using the MASK digital tool and the CARAT online enhanced clinical framework, solutions for practical steps of digital enhancement of care are proposed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14422DOI Listing
January 2021

Replica on prevalence of congenital aural atresia in Argentina.

Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp 2020 Jul - Aug;71(4):263. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Catholic University of Cordoba, Argentina; School of Speech Therapy, National University of Cordoba, Argentina. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otorri.2019.12.001DOI Listing
March 2020

The reliability of hearing implants: report on the type and incidence of cochlear implant failures.

Cochlear Implants Int 2020 07 10;21(4):228-237. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Instituto de ORL, Av Ambrosio Olmos 754, Córdoba, Argentina.

This study presents the data collected through a database on the type and incidence of cochlear implant device failures and major complications and quantifies the risk of failures across time based on the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) CI86:2017 standard. Information on reliability of MED-EL cochlear implants was collected from the MED-EL complaint database between 2003 and2013. Explants were categorized and device reliability was calculated according to the AAMI CI86:2017 standard principles. Data were collected for 11662 devices (5462 children, 6200 adults). The mean duration of follow up was 46.16 months. The total failure rate for all devices and all subjects was 2.41%. Medical related explants (MRE) were significantly worse for children than for adults with the ceramic implants, C40+ ( = 0.008) and PULSAR ( = 0.020). Device failure explants (DFE) were significantly worse for children than for adults with all four devices in the study, the C40+ ( < 0.001), PULSAR ( < 0.001), SONATA ( < 0.001), and CONCERTO ( = 0.023). The mean annual failure rate for all subjects and devices was 0.63% (1.03% for children, 0.28% for adults). The mean annual failure rate was 0.90% for the C40+; 0.57% for the PULSAR; 0.46% for the SONATA; and 0.39% for the CONCERTO. Compared to adults, children had significantly worse MRE and DFE due to a higher risk of head trauma and more vulnerable skull anatomy. Further, the authors conclude that the AAMI standard will ensure a more comprehensive and transparent evaluation of cochlear implant reliability in the future.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14670100.2020.1735678DOI Listing
July 2020

[Executive Summary of ARIA 2019: Integrated care pathways for allergic rhinitis in Argentina, Spain and Mexico].

Rev Alerg Mex 2019 Oct-Dec;66(4):409-425

Universidad del Salvador, Facultad de Medicina, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The health and economic impact of allergic diseases are increasing rapidly, and changes in management strategies are required. Its influence reduces the capacity of work and school performance by at least a third. The ICPs of the airways (integrated care pathways for respiratory diseases) are structured multidisciplinary healthcare plans, promoting the recommendations of the guidelines in local protocols and their application to clinical practice. This document presents an executive summary for Argentina, Mexico, and Spain. Next-generation ARIA guidelines are being developed for the pharmacological treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR), using the GRADE-based guidelines for AR, tested with real-life evidence provided by mobile technology with visual analogue scales. It is concluded that in the AR treatment, H1-antihistamines are less effective than intranasal corticosteroids (INCS), in severe AR the INCS represent the first line of treatment, and intranasal combination INCS + anti-H1 is more effective than monotherapy. However, according to the MASK real-life observational study, patients have poor adherence to treatment and often self-medicate, according to their needs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29262/ram.v66i4.643DOI Listing
September 2020

Next-generation ARIA care pathways for rhinitis and asthma: a model for multimorbid chronic diseases.

Authors:
J Jean Bousquet Holger J Schünemann Alkis Togias Marina Erhola Peter W Hellings Torsten Zuberbier Ioana Agache Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Sven Becker Martin Bedolla-Barajas Michael Bewick Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Isabelle Bosse Louis P Boulet Jean Marc Bourrez Guy Brusselle Niels Chavannes Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Mina Gaga Tari Haahtela Maddalena Illario Ludger Klimek Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene L T T Le Desiree Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Olga M Lourenço Enrica Menditto Joaquin Mullol Yashitaka Okamoto Nikos Papadopoulos Nhân Pham-Thi Robert Picard Hilary Pinnock Nicolas Roche Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Christine Rolland Boleslaw Samolinski Aziz Sheikh Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Tuula Vasankari Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Sian Williams Cezmi A Akdis Isabella Annesi-Maesano Sylvie Arnavielhe Xavier Basagana Eric Bateman Anna Bedbrook K S Bennoor Samuel Benveniste Karl C Bergmann Slawomir Bialek Nils Billo Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Leif Bjermer Hubert Blain Mateo Bonini Philippe Bonniaud Jacques Bouchard Vitalis Briedis Christofer E Brightling Jan Brozek Roland Buhl Roland Buonaiuto Giorgo W Canonica Victoria Cardona Ana M Carriazo Warner Carr Christine Cartier Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Eka Chkhartishvili Derek K Chu Cemal Cingi Elaine Colgan Jaime Correia de Sousa Anne Lise Courbis Adnan Custovic Biljana Cvetkosvki Gennaro D'Amato Jane da Silva Carina Dantas Dejand Dokic Yves Dauvilliers Antoni Dedeu Giulia De Feo Philippe Devillier Stefania Di Capua Marc Dykewickz Ruta Dubakiene Motohiro Ebisawa Yaya El-Gamal Esben Eller Regina Emuzyte John Farrell Antjie Fink-Wagner Alessandro Fiocchi Jean F Fontaine Bilun Gemicioğlu Peter Schmid-Grendelmeir Amiran Gamkrelidze Judith Garcia-Aymerich Maximiliano Gomez Sandra González Diaz Maia Gotua Nick A Guldemond Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Jawad Hajjam John O'B Hourihane Marc Humbert Guido Iaccarino Despo Ierodiakonou Maddalena Illario Juan C Ivancevich Guy Joos Ki-Suck Jung Marek Jutel Igor Kaidashev Omer Kalayci Przemyslaw Kardas Thomas Keil Mussa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Jorg Kleine-Tebbe Marek L Kowalski Vicky Kritikos Inger Kull Lisa Leonardini Philip Lieberman Brian Lipworth Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Claudia C Loureiro Renaud Louis Alpana Mair Gert Marien Bassam Mahboub Joao Malva Patrick Manning Esteban De Manuel Keenoy Gailen D Marshall Mohamed R Masjedi Jorge F Maspero Eve Mathieu-Dupas Poalo M Matricardi Eric Melén Elisabete Melo-Gomes Eli O Meltzer Enrica Menditto Jacques Mercier Neven Miculinic Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Giuliana Moda Maria-Dolores Mogica-Martinez Yousser Mohammad Steve Montefort Ricardo Monti Mario Morais-Almeida Ralf Mösges Lars Münter Antonella Muraro Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Luigi Napoli Leila Namazova-Baranova Hugo Neffen Kristoff Nekam Angelo Neou Enrico Novellino Dieudonné Nyembue Robin O'Hehir Ken Ohta Kimi Okubo Gabrielle Onorato Solange Ouedraogo Isabella Pali-Schöll Susanna Palkonen Peter Panzner Hae-Sim Park Jean-Louis Pépin Ana-Maria Pereira Oliver Pfaar Ema Paulino Jim Phillips Robert Picard Davor Plavec Ted A Popov Fabienne Portejoie David Price Emmanuel P Prokopakis Benoit Pugin Filip Raciborski Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Sietze Reitsma Xavier Rodo Antonino Romano Nelson Rosario Menahenm Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Mario M Sanchez-Borges Juan-Carlos Sisul Dirceu Solé David Somekh Talant Sooronbaev Milan Sova Otto Spranger Cristina Stellato Rafael Stelmach Charlotte Suppli Ulrik Michel Thibaudon Teresa To Ana Todo-Bom Peter V Tomazic Antonio A Valero Rudolph Valenta Marylin Valentin-Rostan Rianne van der Kleij Olivier Vandenplas Giorgio Vezzani Frédéric Viart Giovanni Viegi Dana Wallace Martin Wagenmann De Y Wang Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Dennis M Williams Gary Wong Piotr Wroczynski Panayiotis K Yiallouros Arzu Yorgancioglu Osman M Yusuf Heahter J Zar Stéphane Zeng Mario Zernotti Luo Zhang Nan S Zhong Mihaela Zidarn

Clin Transl Allergy 2019 9;9:44. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

260University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia.

Background: In all societies, the burden and cost of allergic and chronic respiratory diseases are increasing rapidly. Most economies are struggling to deliver modern health care effectively. There is a need to support the transformation of the health care system into integrated care with organizational health literacy.

Main Body: As an example for chronic disease care, MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel NetworK), a new project of the ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma) initiative, and POLLAR (Impact of Air POLLution on Asthma and Rhinitis, EIT Health), in collaboration with professional and patient organizations in the field of allergy and airway diseases, are proposing real-life ICPs centred around the patient with rhinitis, and using mHealth to monitor environmental exposure. Three aspects of care pathways are being developed: (i) Patient participation, health literacy and self-care through technology-assisted "patient activation", (ii) Implementation of care pathways by pharmacists and (iii) Next-generation guidelines assessing the recommendations of GRADE guidelines in rhinitis and asthma using real-world evidence (RWE) obtained through mobile technology. The EU and global political agendas are of great importance in supporting the digital transformation of health and care, and MASK has been recognized by DG Santé as a Good Practice in the field of digitally-enabled, integrated, person-centred care.

Conclusion: In 20 years, ARIA has considerably evolved from the first multimorbidity guideline in respiratory diseases to the digital transformation of health and care with a strong political involvement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13601-019-0279-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6734297PMC
September 2019

Auditory Performances in Older and Younger Adult Cochlear Implant Recipients: Use of the HEARRING Registry.

Otol Neurotol 2019 09;40(8):e787-e795

St. Petersburg ENT & Speech Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Objective: To evaluate the hearing outcomes of cochlear implantation in different age groups by using data collected in the HEARRING registry.

Methods: A multicenter study. Data of 146 patients were collected in a HEARRING registry. Patients were divided into three different age groups; ≤ 55 years old (age group 1, n = 66), 56 to 69 years old (age group 2, n = 45), and ≥ 70 years old (age group 3, n = 35). Speech in quiet (SPIQ), speech in noise (SPIN), and hearing implant sound quality index (HISQUI19) scores were evaluated for the different age groups at different test moments (preoperatively, 3, 6, 12, and 24 mo after first fitting).

Results: A statistically significant difference (p < 0.01) was found between preoperative scores and the scores on all the follow-up moments across all age groups. For SPIQ and SPIN, none of the time points showed a statistically significant age effect (p = 0.88 and p = 0.89). For HISQUI19 scores, a statistically significant age effect was found at 12 months after first fitting. The oldest age group scored significantly lower on the HISQUI19 compared with the youngest age group.

Conclusion: Hearing outcomes of adult cochlear implant users of different age groups were evaluated. The SPIQ and SPIN tests showed no significant differences between the different age groups. Nevertheless, the youngest group scored significantly better on self -perceived benefit (HISQUI19) with a cochlear implant compared with the oldest age group.Further research is needed to receive more insight into cochlear implantation in the elderly and its implications on rehabilitating and supporting this expanding older population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000002333DOI Listing
September 2019

[MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel Network), a mobile App with ARIA's comprehensive solution in Spanish-speaking countries].

Rev Alerg Mex 2019 Apr-Jun;66(2):263-268

Fundación Clínica Médica Sur, Centro de Excelencia en Asma y Alergia, Ciudad de México, México.

Although there are high quality clinical guidelines about allergic rhinitis, many patients receive deficient treatment, partly due to the high level of self-medication. MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel Network) is an integral part of a project against chronic diseases which it is focused on active and healthy aging and is supported by the European Union. It forms the third phase of ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma) in which, through a mobile app on a smart device, the purpose is to guide patients in the control of their multimorbidity, allergic rhinitis or conjunctivitis, or asthma. The "Allergy Diary" app by MACVIA-ARIA is free and it is available for Android and iOS; on it, patients indicate how unpleasant the symptoms are on a daily basis through five screens with an analogous visual scale; two more screens were recently added (sleep affectation). With the app, it is also possible to download the information of the "Allergy Diary" on the physician's computer through a QR code at the moment of the medical consultation. In this article, we review the first year of experience in Spain, Mexico and Argentina, where the Spanish version is used.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29262/ram.v66i2.628DOI Listing
January 2020

[MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel Network). ARIA's comprehensive solution for mobile app for the multimorbidity of allergic rhinitis and asthma].

Rev Alerg Mex 2019 Jan-Mar;66(1):140-146

Médica Sur, Centro de Excelencia en Asma y alergia, Ciudad de México, México.

The vast majority of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) do not receive the proper management which is recommended by the guidelines, but they frequently self-medicate. MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel Network) is an integral part of a project that is supported by the European Union against chronic diseases and focused on active and healthy aging. MASK represents the third phase of ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma), in which, by using a mobile application in a smart device, the objective is to guide the patient in the control of his/her multi-morbidity, AR and/or allergic conjunctivitis (AC) and/or asthma. The mobile app Allergy Diary by MACVIA-ARIA is free and it is available for both Android and iOS platforms. After it is downloaded to the patient's cell phone, it first requests some information about the patient's profile, allergic pathologies and medication; afterwards, through a visual analog scale, the patient is invited to determine the degree of affectation in the nose, eyes, and bronchi, and its influence on their productivity at work / school. After analyzing the data generated by filling the Allergy Diary, it became clear there is a new clinical entity: allergic rhinitis+ allergic conjunctivitis +asthma, with greater effect; in addition to a high level of self-medication: in general, the patient takes medication on days when symptoms are present. The app has already been deployed in 23 countries, including several Spanish-speaking countries.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29262/ram.v66i1.578DOI Listing
December 2019

ARIA pharmacy 2018 "Allergic rhinitis care pathways for community pharmacy": AIRWAYS ICPs initiative (European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing, DG CONNECT and DG Santé) POLLAR (Impact of Air POLLution on Asthma and Rhinitis) GARD Demonstration project.

Authors:
Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Elisio Costa Enrica Menditto Olga Lourenço Ettore Novellino Slawomir Bialek Vitalis Briedis Roland Buonaiuto Henry Chrystyn Biljana Cvetkovski Stefania Di Capua Vicky Kritikos Alpana Mair Valentina Orlando Ema Paulino Johanna Salimäki Rojin Söderlund Rachel Tan Dennis M Williams Piotr Wroczynski Ioana Agache Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Anna Bedbrook Claus Bachert Mike Bewick Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Jan L Brozek Giorgio Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Warner Carr Thomas B Casale Niels H Chavannes Jaime Correia de Sousa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Giuseppe De Carlo Pascal Demoly Philippe Devillier Mark S Dykewicz Mina Gaga Yehia El-Gamal João Fonseca Wytske J Fokkens Maria Antonieta Guzmán Tari Haahtela Peter W Hellings Maddalena Illario Juan Carlos Ivancevich Jocelyne Just Igor Kaidashev Musa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Thomas Keil Ludger Klimek Marek L Kowalski Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Lan T T Le Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Bassam Mahboub Dieter Maier Joao Malva Patrick J Manning Mário Morais-Almeida Ralph Mösges Joaquim Mullol Lars Münter Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Leyla Namazova-Baranova Kristof Nekam Tshipukane Dieudonné Nyembue Kimi Okubo Robyn E O'Hehir Ken Ohta Yoshitaka Okamoto Gabrielle L Onorato Susanna Palkonen Petr Panzner Nikolaos G Papadopoulos Hae-Sim Park Ruby Pawankar Oliver Pfaar Jim Phillips Davor Plavec Todor A Popov Paul C Potter Emmanuel P Prokopakis Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Menachem Rottem Dermot Ryan Bolesław Samolinski Mario Sanchez-Borges Holger J Schunemann Aziz Sheikh Juan Carlos Sisul David Somekh Cristiana Stellato Teresa To Ana Maria Todo-Bom Peter Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Antonio Valero Arunas Valiulis Errka Valovirta Maria Teresa Ventura Martin Wagenmann Dana Wallace Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Panayiotis K Yiallouros Arzu Yorgancioglu Osman M Yusuf Heather J Zar Mario E Zernotti Luo Zhang Mihaela Zidarn Torsten Zuberbier Jean Bousquet

Allergy 2019 07 30;74(7):1219-1236. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

MACVIA-France, Fondation Partenariale FMC VIA-LR, Montpellier, France.

Pharmacists are trusted health care professionals. Many patients use over-the-counter (OTC) medications and are seen by pharmacists who are the initial point of contact for allergic rhinitis management in most countries. The role of pharmacists in integrated care pathways (ICPs) for allergic diseases is important. This paper builds on existing studies and provides tools intended to help pharmacists provide optimal advice/interventions/strategies to patients with rhinitis. The Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA)-pharmacy ICP includes a diagnostic questionnaire specifically focusing attention on key symptoms and markers of the disease, a systematic Diagnosis Guide (including differential diagnoses), and a simple flowchart with proposed treatment for rhinitis and asthma multimorbidity. Key prompts for referral within the ICP are included. The use of technology is critical to enhance the management of allergic rhinitis. However, the ARIA-pharmacy ICP should be adapted to local healthcare environments/situations as regional (national) differences exist in pharmacy care.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13701DOI Listing
July 2019

Congenital Aural Atresia prevalence in the Argentinian population.

Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp 2019 Jan - Feb;70(1):32-35. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Otoneurology Department, Sanatorio Allende, Cordoba, Argentina.

Introduction: Congenital Aural Atresia (CAA) or microtia is a malformation that results in esthetic and functional problems. There is little information on prevalence, considering that Latin American is the most affected region in the world.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of microtia, considering the different ethnical structure of the population.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of the clinical reports of newborn infants (public hospitals) in three different regions.

Results: The incidence of CAA in Argentina was 1 case per 7500 new births (i.e. 1.3/10,000). Marked differences were found per geographical area. The means were calculated per year by bilateral parametric estimation, according to the ethnical origins of the population. In the Caucasoid area: 02.47/10,000 (±1.2), in the Mestizo area: 03.99/10,000 (±0.0) and finally in the Amerindian area: 20.93/10,000 (±0.1).

Conclusion: This study shows different incidences according to the demographic features of the population from 1.90/10,000 to 20.9/10,000. This data indicates that CAA is associated with a genetic problem (ethnic differences).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otorri.2017.10.006DOI Listing
August 2019

Otitis media with effusion and atopy: is there a causal relationship?

World Allergy Organ J 2017 14;10(1):37. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Allergy, Beijing TongRen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Key Laboratory of Nasal Diseases, Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology, Beijing, China.

Otitis Media with Effusion (OME) is an inflammatory condition of the middle ear cleft, acute or chronic, with collection of fluid in the middle ear with an intact tympanic membrane. It is a very common disease in childhood, the most frequent cause of hearing loss in childhood and often requiring surgery. OME is called when the fluid in the middle ear persists for more than three months or when the episodes recur six or more times in one year. The current article covers various aspects of OME including definition, epidemiology. Pathomechanisms, risk factors, role of allergy in OME, impact of upper airway disease on OME, eosinophilic otitis media and management of OME.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40413-017-0168-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5684754PMC
November 2017

Hearing preservation cochlear implantation in children: The HEARRING Group consensus and practice guide.

Cochlear Implants Int 2018 01 26;19(1):1-13. Epub 2017 Oct 26.

j Antwerp University Hospital , Antwerp , Belgium.

Objectives: To provide multidisciplinary cochlear implant teams with a current consensus statement to support hearing preservation cochlear implantation (HPCI) in children, including those children with symptomatic partial deafness (PD) where the intention is to use electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS). The main objectives are to provide guidelines on who is a candidate, how to assess these children and when to implant if Med-El Flex electrode arrays are chosen for implantation.

Methods: The HEARRING group reviewed the current evidence and practice regarding the management of children to be considered for HPCI surgery emphasizing the assessment needed prior to implantation in order to demonstrate the benefits in these children over time. The consensus statement addresses following three key questions: (1) Should these children be treated? (2) How to identify these children? (3) How to manage these children?

Summary: The HEARRING group concludes that irrespective of the degree of residual hearing present, the concepts of hearing and structure preservation should be applied in every child undergoing cochlear implantation and that HPCI is a safe and reliable treatment option. Early detection and multidisciplinary assessment are key to the identification of children with symptomatic PD, these children should undergo HPCI as early as possible.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14670100.2017.1379933DOI Listing
January 2018

[ARIA 2016 executive summary: Integrated care pathways for predictive medicine throughout the life cycle in Argentina].

Rev Alerg Mex 2017 Jul-Sep;64(3):298-308

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad del Salvador, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The ARIA initiative was started during a World Health Organization workshop in 1999. The initial goals were to propose a new classification for allergic rhinitis, to promote the concept of multi-morbidity in asthma and rhinitis and to develop guidelines with stakeholders for world-wide use. ARIA is now focused on the implementation of emerging technologies for individualized and predictive medicine. MASK: MACVIA-Aria Sentinel Network uses mobile technology to develop care pathways that enable management by a multidisciplinary group or by patients themselves. An App for iOS and Android uses a visual analogue scale to assess symptom control and work productivity, as well as a clinical decision support system; it is associated with an interoperable tablet for health professionals. The escalation strategy uses recommendations of the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing. The aim of ARIA's new approach is to provide an active and healthy life to people affected by rhinitis, regardless of age, gender or socioeconomic status, in order to reduce social and health inequalities caused by the disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29262/ram.v64i3.286DOI Listing
July 2019

Towards a Unified Testing Framework for Single-Sided Deafness Studies: A Consensus Paper.

Audiol Neurootol 2016 21;21(6):391-398. Epub 2017 Mar 21.

University Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Antwerp University Hospital, and University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgiu.

Background: While hearing aids for a contralateral routing of signals (CROS-HA) and bone conduction devices have been the traditional treatment for single-sided deafness (SSD) and asymmetric hearing loss (AHL), in recent years, cochlear implants (CIs) have increasingly become a viable treatment choice, particularly in countries where regulatory approval and reimbursement schemes are in place. Part of the reason for this shift is that the CI is the only device capable of restoring bilateral input to the auditory system and hence of possibly reinstating binaural hearing. Although several studies have independently shown that the CI is a safe and effective treatment for SSD and AHL, clinical outcome measures in those studies and across CI centers vary greatly. Only with a consistent use of defined and agreed-upon outcome measures across centers can high-level evidence be generated to assess the safety and efficacy of CIs and alternative treatments in recipients with SSD and AHL.

Methods: This paper presents a comparative study design and minimum outcome measures for the assessment of current treatment options in patients with SSD/AHL. The protocol was developed, discussed, and eventually agreed upon by expert panels that convened at the 2015 APSCI conference in Beijing, China, and at the CI 2016 conference in Toronto, Canada.

Results: A longitudinal study design comparing CROS-HA, BCD, and CI treatments is proposed. The recommended outcome measures include (1) speech in noise testing, using the same set of 3 spatial configurations to compare binaural benefits such as summation, squelch, and head shadow across devices; (2) localization testing, using stimuli that rove in both level and spectral content; (3) questionnaires to collect quality of life measures and the frequency of device use; and (4) questionnaires for assessing the impact of tinnitus before and after treatment, if applicable.

Conclusion: A protocol for the assessment of treatment options and outcomes in recipients with SSD and AHL is presented. The proposed set of minimum outcome measures aims at harmonizing assessment methods across centers and thus at generating a growing body of high-level evidence for those treatment options.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000455058DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5472212PMC
February 2018

Comparative outcomes of active and passive hearing devices by transcutaneous bone conduction.

Acta Otolaryngol 2016 Jun 16;136(6):556-8. Epub 2016 Mar 16.

b Sanatorio Allende , Cordoba , Argentina.

Conclusion Bonebridge (BB) and Sophono (SP) devices improved hearing; with the BB implant showing a better performance at medium and high frequencies. Furthermore, the BB, as an active implant, showed higher functional gain and increased time of use, when compared to the SP, a passive system. Objectives This study aims to compare surgical and audiological outcomes of SP and BB devices in order to assess and further differentiate the indication criteria. Methods Fourteen patients with conductive and mixed hearing loss were evaluated pre- and post-operatively (BB or SP) (period 2013-2014). Age, gender, surgical history, cause and type of hearing loss, implant use per day, levels of bone and air conduction, and functional gain were recorded. Data was analysed by Wilcoxon singed-rank and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests. Results Fourteen patients (BB; n = 10 and SP; n = 4) with an average age = 25.42 years (CI95 = 12.41-38.43) were evaluated. The gender relation was equal (1:1), with pre-implantation osseous thresholds of 20.42 dB (CI95 = 11.15-29.69), and pre-implantation aerial thresholds of 70.83 dB (CI95 = 62.52-79.14). The SP wearing time was significantly lower than that of the BB (SP = 7-10 h/day, BB = 8-12 h/day; p = 0.0323). The functional gain did not differ significantly between the two devices (BB = 40.00 ± 13.19 dB, SP = 34.06 ± 15.63 dB; p = 0.3434), but a significant improvement from pre- to post-implantation was observed (p < 0.05). BB and SP decreased auditory thresholds at 1 and 2 kHz (< 0.01), respectively. The BB even significantly decreased thresholds at 0.5 kHz (p = 0.0140) and 4 kHz (p < 0.0001). No relevant surgical complications were found.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00016489.2016.1143119DOI Listing
June 2016

Postoperative pain in patients undergoing a transcutaneous active bone conduction implant (Bonebridge).

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Dec 11;273(12):4103-4110. Epub 2016 Mar 11.

Department of Otolaryngology, "La Paz" University Hospital, IdiPAZ, Paseo de la Castellana, 261, 28046, Madrid, Spain.

The objective of the study was to evaluate postoperative pain following a transcutaneous active conductive hearing implant. 27 patients undergoing Bonebridge (BB) bone conduction implantation were evaluated with two pain-related questionnaires. The Headache Impact Test (HIT-6) was used to measure the degree of disability including none or little impact (≤49), mild (50-55), moderate (56-59), and severe (≥60). The Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) was used to assess pain severity score and function interference (0 = no pain to 10 = worst pain); meaningful pain was considered to be ≥3. The impact of surgical factors on postoperative pain was analyzed. Postoperative BB pain results were compared with 11 Vibrant Soundbridge™ (VSB) and 103 cochlear implant (CI) users. The mean pre- and postoperative HIT-6 scores for BB implantation were 42.6 and 41.8, respectively and the mean preoperative BPI pain severity score changed from 0.6 to 0.9 postoperatively, whereas the preoperative interference score changed from 0.1 to 0.3. None of the mean postoperative values revealed significant pain. The retrosigmoid approach, the need for dural or sinus compression, and the use of bone conduction implant lifts had no significant impact on pain scores. The mean postoperative HIT-6 pain scores for patients with BB, VSB, and CI were 41.8, 46.4, and 42.8, respectively, with the differences not being significant. BB implantation causes no significant postoperative pain irrespective of sinus or dura compression. Pain scores were similar to those experienced by patients with other transcutaneous auditory implants such as middle ear or CIs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-016-3972-yDOI Listing
December 2016

Active Bone Conduction Prosthesis: Bonebridge(TM).

Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2015 Oct;19(4):343-8

Clinical support Med-El Latin America, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Introduction Bone conduction implants are indicated for patients with conductive and mixed hearing loss, as well as for patients with single-sided deafness (SSD). The transcutaneous technology avoids several complications of the percutaneous bone conduction implants including skin reaction, skin growth over the abutment, and wound infection. The Bonebridge (MED-EL, Austria) prosthesis is a semi-implantable hearing system: the BCI (Bone Conduction Implant) is the implantable part that contains the Bone Conduction-Floating Mass Transducer (BC-FMT), which applies the vibrations directly to the bone; the external component is the audio processor Amadé BB (MED-EL, Austria), which digitally processes the sound and sends the information through the coil to the internal part. Bonebridge may be implanted through three different approaches: the transmastoid, the retrosigmoid, or the middle fossa approach. Objective This systematic review aims to describe the world́s first active bone conduction implant system, Bonebridge, as well as describe the surgical techniques in the three possible approaches, showing results from implant centers in the world in terms of functional gain, speech reception thresholds and word recognition scores. Data Synthesis The authors searched the MEDLINE database using the key term Bonebridge. They selected only five publications to include in this systematic review. The review analyzes 20 patients that received Bonebridge implants with different approaches and pathologies. Conclusion Bonebridge is a solution for patients with conductive/mixed hearing loss and SSD with different surgical approaches, depending on their anatomy. The system imparts fewer complications than percutaneous bone conduction implants and shows proven benefits in speech discrimination and functional gain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1564329DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4593900PMC
October 2015

Quality standards for bone conduction implants.

Acta Otolaryngol 2015 29;135(12):1277-85. Epub 2015 Jul 29.

j 10 Antwerp University Hospital , Antwerp, Belgium.

Conclusion: Bone conduction implants are useful in patients with conductive and mixed hearing loss for whom conventional surgery or hearing aids are no longer an option. They may also be used in patients affected by single-sided deafness.

Objectives: To establish a consensus on the quality standards required for centers willing to create a bone conduction implant program.

Method: To ensure a consistently high level of service and to provide patients with the best possible solution the members of the HEARRING network have established a set of quality standards for bone conduction implants. These standards constitute a realistic minimum attainable by all implant clinics and should be employed alongside current best practice guidelines.

Results: Fifteen items are thoroughly analyzed. They include team structure, accommodation and clinical facilities, selection criteria, evaluation process, complete preoperative and surgical information, postoperative fitting and assessment, follow-up, device failure, clinical management, transfer of care and patient complaints.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00016489.2015.1067904DOI Listing
August 2016

The international survey on the management of allergic rhinitis by physicians and patients (ISMAR).

World Allergy Organ J 2015 20;8(1):10. Epub 2015 Mar 20.

ENT Consultant, Al Zahra Hospital, P O Box 3499, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Epidemiologic studies suggest that the prevalence of allergic rhinitis (AR) is rising worldwide. Several reports, in fact, indicate increasing trends in the prevalence of AR especially in developing countries, likely related to the environment and climate changes and the adoption of an urbanized Western lifestyle. The primary objective of the present study was to collect information about management in real-life settings, including a characterization of typical patients' profile referring to physicians, the disease features, the common approaches to diagnostic assessments and therapeutic decisions. This was an international, multicenter, cross-sectional study conducted in adults or children (≥6 years) suffering from rhinitis confirmed by physician's diagnosis for at least one year. The 234 physicians who participated in the study included a total of 2778 patients in Egypt, Mexico, Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Iran, Venezuela, Argentina, Israel, Kuwait and United Arab Emirates. It was found that clinical history was the selected tool to diagnose and categorize AR patients (97.1%), with less than half of patients undergoing allergy testing, may be explaining the scarce use of immunotherapy on management of disease. Out of 2776 patients, 93.4% had somehow received a recommendation to avoid allergens and irritant agent exposure. Notably, 91.4% were receiving at least one treatment at the time of the survey, mostly oral antihistamines (79.7%) and intranasal corticosteroids (66.3%). Oral antihistamines, intranasal steroids and decongestants were considered both safe and effective by patients and physicians, preferring oral and nasal route of administration. The ISMAR registry was designed according to the most accepted epidemiological recommendations, and provides interesting information regarding the management of rhinitis from a patient and physician points of view, with many similarities between the participating countries. Further efforts are required to better manage AR and its comorbidities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40413-015-0057-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4367873PMC
May 2015

Hearing preservation and cochlear implants according to inner ear approach: multicentric evaluation.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2015 Mar-Apr;81(2):190-6. Epub 2014 Dec 27.

Department of Otolaryngology and Ophthalmology, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Electroacoustic stimulation is an excellent option for people with residual hearing in the low frequencies, who obtain insufficient benefit with hearing aids. To be effective, the subject's residual hearing should be preserved during cochlear implant surgery.

Objectives: To evaluate the hearing preservation in patients that underwent implant placement and to compare the results in accordance with the approach to the inner ear.

Methods: 19 subjects underwent a soft surgical technique, and the electrode MED-EL FLEX™ EAS, designed to be atraumatic, was used. We evaluated pre- and postoperative tonal audiometric tests with an average of 18.4 months after implantation, to measure the rate of hearing preservation.

Results: 17 patients had total or partial preservation of residual hearing; 5 had total hearing preservation and two individuals had no preservation of hearing. The insertion of the electrode occurred through a cochleostomy in 3 patients, and in 2 of these there was no hearing preservation; the other 16 patients experienced electrode insertion through a round window approach. All patients benefited from the cochlear implant, even those who are only using electrical stimulation.

Conclusion: The hearing preservation occurred in 89.4% of cases. There was no significant difference between the forms of inner ear approach.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2014.12.002DOI Listing
May 2016

[ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma). Achievements in 10 years and future needs in Latin America].

Rev Alerg Mex 2013 Oct-Dec;60(4):184-92

CIMER. Centro de Investigación en Medicina, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Católica de Córdoba. División Respiratoria, Hospital Pediátrico, Córdoba, Argentina. Fundación LIBRA. Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Allergic rhinitis and asthma represent global problems of public health affecting all age groups; asthma and allergic rhinitis frequently coexist in the same patients. In Latin American prevalence of allergic rhinitis, although variable, is very high. Allergic rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) started during a workshop of the World Health Organization performed in 1999 and was published in 2001. ARIA proposed a new classification of allergic rhinitis in intermittent or persistent and mild or moderate-severe. This approach of classification reflects more nearly the impact of allergic rhinitis in patients. In its review of 2010 ARIA developed guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis and of clinical practices for management of comorbidities of allergic rhinitis and asthma based on GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Development and Evaluation). ARIA has been spread and implemented in more than 50 countries. In Latin American an intense activity has been developed to spread these recommendations in almost all the countries of the region and it is important to record the obtained goals in the diffusion and implementation of ARIA, as well as to identify the unsatisfied needs from the clinical, research and implementation points of view. Final objective is to reinforce the priority that allergy and asthma should have, especially in children, in the programs of public health, as they have been prioritized in European Union in 2011.
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July 2014

[Enchondroma of the mastoid secondary to generalised enchondromatosis].

Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp 2014 Jul-Aug;65(4):271-2. Epub 2013 May 31.

Servicio Otorrinolaringología, Sanatorio Allende. Universidad Católica de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otorri.2013.02.003DOI Listing
February 2016

Is there an age limit for cochlear implantation?

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2013 Apr;122(4):222-8

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, La Paz University Hospital, Idipaz Institute for Health Research, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: We evaluated the quality of life following cochlear implantation in elderly postlingually deaf adults.

Methods: Data were studied concerning demographics and audiometric evaluation in postlingually deaf adults at least 60 years of age who underwent cochlear implantation in 3 institutions. The Glasgow Benefit Inventory was used to quantify the quality of life. The patients were divided into 2 groups (those less than 70 years of age and those at least 70 years of age), and the results were also compared to those of younger adult cochlear implant recipients (less than 60 years of age).

Results: Eighty-one patients were included in this study. The mean age at implantation was 68 years (range, 60 to 82 years). Cochlear implantation significantly improved the patients' audiometric outcomes (pure tone average and speech perception; p < 0.05). The Glasgow Benefit Inventory showed a benefit overall (+36) and on the individual subscales (+49, +20, and +1). The difference in quality of life was not significant between those less than 70 and those at least 70 years of age (p = 0.90). The results were similar to those of younger postlingually deaf implant recipients.

Conclusions: Elderly cochlear implant users experience an improvement in their quality of life, with outcomes similar to those achieved in younger adults. Particular attention must be paid to the possibility of age-related conditions in the elderly that may increase the risks of surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/000348941312200402DOI Listing
April 2013

Vibrant Soundbridge in congenital osseous atresia: multicenter study of 12 patients with osseous atresia.

Acta Otolaryngol 2013 Jun 28;133(6):569-73. Epub 2013 Feb 28.

Division of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Sanatorio Allende, Ciudad de Córdoba, Argentina.

Conclusion: The study suggests that the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) middle ear implant could be a valid alternative for patients with congenital aural atresia to compensate for their hearing loss.

Objective: To determine the audiologic benefit the VSB provides in patients with congenital aural atresia.

Methods: Twelve patients with congenital aural atresia were implanted with VSB: eight patients were unilaterally atretic (67%) and 4 (33%) were bilaterally atretic. In five cases the implant was placed onto the round window, in another five cases the implant was placed on the stapes, in only one case a prosthesis (coupler) was used to fix the implant into the oval window, and in one case a fenestration on the cochlear endostium was performed.

Results: The mean functional gain obtained for all patients evaluated was 62 dB at 0.5 kHz, 60 dB at 1 kHz, 48.3 dB at 2 kHz, and 50.8 dB at 4 kHz. The mean functional gain for all frequencies evaluated was 55.1 dB.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00016489.2012.762117DOI Listing
June 2013

Effect of premedication with systemic steroids on surgical field bleeding and visibility during nasosinusal endoscopic surgery.

Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp 2013 Mar-Apr;64(2):133-9. Epub 2013 Jan 11.

Departamento de Otorrinolaringología, Sanatorio Allende, Córdoba Capital, Córdoba, Argentina.

Introduction: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is the inflammation of the nasal and paranasal sinus mucosa persisting for at least 12 weeks. The success of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) depends on minimising oedema and intraoperative bleeding. For this purpose, some surgeons advocate the use of preoperative systemic steroids (SS). Our aim was to assess if the administration of preoperative SS in patients with CRS with or without nasal polyps (NP) facilitates the surgical procedure.

Methods: Non-randomized clinical trial in CRS patients with or without NP. Patients in the ESS group received oral meprednisone preoperatively, whereas the control group did not. The visibility of the surgical field, intraoperative bleeding and surgery duration were recorded.

Results: Each group (SS group and control group) included 27 patients. The administration of SS reduced the values of all the parameters in patients without NP, with no significant differences. In patients with NP, only operative bleeding was reduced significantly.

Conclusions: Even though all the parameters decreased with the preoperative administration of SS, only operative bleeding was significantly reduced in patients with CRS with NP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otorri.2012.09.009DOI Listing
May 2014

Olfactory dysfunction in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis.

Int J Otolaryngol 2012 20;2012:327206. Epub 2012 May 20.

Otolaryngology Department, Sanatorio Allende, Independencia 757 3rd Floor, Nueva Córdoba. Córdoba CP 5000, Argentina.

Objectives. To measure the prevalence of and identify the clinical characteristics associated with olfactory decline in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Methods and Materials. There is analytical, prospective, and observational study in adult patients with a diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis. The olfactory test used was the Connecticut Chemosensory Clinical Research Center (CCCRC). Results. They are 33 patients total. Within the group of patients aged 18 to 39, 9% had normosmia, 73% hyposmia, and 18% anosmia (P < 0.001). Between 40 and 64 years old, there was no patient with normosmia, 63% hyposmia, and 37% anosmia (P < 0.001). Of patients older than 65 years old, 33% showed mild hyposmia, 34% severe hyposmia, and 33% anosmia (P < 0.001). 52% were females, and 48% were males. Conclusion. Nasal polyposis, asthma, septal deviation, turbinate hypertrophy, tobacco, and allergic rhinitis are predicting factors of olfactory dysfunction. Antecedents of previous endoscopic surgeries, age, and gender would not be associated with olfactory loss.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/327206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3363990PMC
August 2012