Publications by authors named "Marilia Teresinha Hartmann"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Morphological, behavioral and genotoxic effects of glyphosate and 2,4-D mixture in tadpoles of two native species of South American amphibians.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2021 Jul 19;85:103637. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Laboratory of Ecology and Conservation, Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Erechim Campus, RS-135 - Km 72, nº 200, Erechim, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Pesticide contamination is an important factor in the global decline of amphibians. The herbicides glyphosate and 2,4-D are the most applied worldwide. These herbicides are often found in surface waters close to agricultural areas. This study aims at evaluating the chronic effects caused by glyphosate + 2,4-D mixture in Boana faber and Leptodactylus latrans tadpoles. The combined solution of the glyphosate and 2,4-D, in 5 different concentrations, was applied for 168 h. Herbicide mixtures did not affect the survival of the exposed tadpoles but growth and swimming activity were altered; besides causing several damages in the mouth and intestine. The erythrocytes showed micronuclei and other nuclear abnormalities. There is an ecological risk in the exposure of tadpoles of B. faber and L. latrans from the mixture of glyphosate + 2,4-D. Therefore, the approach used in this study provides important information on how commonly used pesticides can affect non-target organisms.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2021.103637DOI Listing
July 2021

Genotoxic effects of glyphosate on Physalaemus tadpoles.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2021 Jan 17;81:103516. Epub 2020 Oct 17.

Laboratory of Ecology and Conservation, Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Erechim Campus, Brazil, ERS 135 - Km 72, nº 200, Erechim, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Genotoxicity studies have revealed that pesticides bind to genetic material in non-target vertebrates, thereby impairing the genetic integrity of these animals. The main objective of this study was to determine the genotoxic damage in erythrocytes of two native South American amphibian Physalaemus cuvieri and Physalaemus gracilis, both species exposed to a glyphosate-based herbicide. We evaluated the presence of micronuclei (MN) and erythrocyte nuclear abnormalities (ENA) as biomarkers for potential genotoxic compounds. Tadpoles were exposed to doses permitted by Brazilian legislation and concentrations found naturally in Brazilian and Argentinian waters (500, 700 and 1000 μg/L). Glyphosate-based herbicide caused micronuclei formation and several types of erythrocyte nuclear abnormalities in both Physalaemus species. The total frequency of MN and ENA demonstrated the occurrence of cell damage at all tested concentrations. Glyphosate herbicide can be considered a genotoxic that may impact the genetic integrity of native populations of P. cuvieri and P. gracilis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2020.103516DOI Listing
January 2021

NEOTROPICAL CARNIVORES: a data set on carnivore distribution in the Neotropics.

Ecology 2020 11;101(11):e03128

Independent researcher, Rua Afonso Pena, 226, Lavras, MG, 37200-000, Brazil.

Mammalian carnivores are considered a key group in maintaining ecological health and can indicate potential ecological integrity in landscapes where they occur. Carnivores also hold high conservation value and their habitat requirements can guide management and conservation plans. The order Carnivora has 84 species from 8 families in the Neotropical region: Canidae; Felidae; Mephitidae; Mustelidae; Otariidae; Phocidae; Procyonidae; and Ursidae. Herein, we include published and unpublished data on native terrestrial Neotropical carnivores (Canidae; Felidae; Mephitidae; Mustelidae; Procyonidae; and Ursidae). NEOTROPICAL CARNIVORES is a publicly available data set that includes 99,605 data entries from 35,511 unique georeferenced coordinates. Detection/non-detection and quantitative data were obtained from 1818 to 2018 by researchers, governmental agencies, non-governmental organizations, and private consultants. Data were collected using several methods including camera trapping, museum collections, roadkill, line transect, and opportunistic records. Literature (peer-reviewed and grey literature) from Portuguese, Spanish and English were incorporated in this compilation. Most of the data set consists of detection data entries (n = 79,343; 79.7%) but also includes non-detection data (n = 20,262; 20.3%). Of those, 43.3% also include count data (n = 43,151). The information available in NEOTROPICAL CARNIVORES will contribute to macroecological, ecological, and conservation questions in multiple spatio-temporal perspectives. As carnivores play key roles in trophic interactions, a better understanding of their distribution and habitat requirements are essential to establish conservation management plans and safeguard the future ecological health of Neotropical ecosystems. Our data paper, combined with other large-scale data sets, has great potential to clarify species distribution and related ecological processes within the Neotropics. There are no copyright restrictions and no restriction for using data from this data paper, as long as the data paper is cited as the source of the information used. We also request that users inform us of how they intend to use the data.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.3128DOI Listing
November 2020

Can environmental concentrations of glyphosate affect survival and cause malformation in amphibians? Effects from a glyphosate-based herbicide on Physalaemus cuvieri and P. gracilis (Anura: Leptodactylidae).

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jun 21;27(18):22619-22630. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Laboratory of Ecology and Conservation, Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Erechim Campus, ERS 135 - Km 72, n°200, Erechim, RS, Brazil.

Herbicides are the most common agrochemicals used in crops. Among them, glyphosate is the most widely applied in the world. Herbicides, especially organophosphates, have been shown to be hazardous to non-target species, including amphibians. The present study evaluated the acute and chronic effects of glyphosate-based herbicide (GBH), Roundup original® DI on tadpoles from two South American native species, Physalaemus cuvieri and P. gracilis. Spawnings were collected in the natural environment and maintained in the laboratory under controlled conditions. Acute and chronic toxicology trials began at stage 25 of Gosner (Herpetological 16:183-190, 1960). In an acute toxicity assay, seven GBH concentrations between 100 and 4500 μg a.e./L were tested over 96 h. For the chronic trials, tadpoles were subjected to both doses allowed by Brazilian legislation and to concentrations found in natural environment waters from Brazil and Argentina, between 65 and 1000 μg a.e/L over 14 days. Glyphosate had lethal effects on both studied species. Tadpoles showed shorter lengths and lower masses; that is, those that survived suffered chronic effects on growth and weight. The GBH maximum acceptable toxicant concentration for mortality and malformation was lower than the allowed level for Brazilian waters. The GBH tested in this study presented a high environmental and acute risk for the two studied species.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-08869-zDOI Listing
June 2020

Acute and chronic toxicity of pesticides on tadpoles of Physalaemus cuvieri (Anura, Leptodactylidae).

Ecotoxicology 2018 Apr 3;27(3):360-368. Epub 2018 Feb 3.

Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Campus Erechim, Brazil. ERS 135 - Km 72, nº 200, Erechim, RS, Brazil.

Brazil is the largest consumer of pesticides in the world. However, knowledge on how these pesticides affect wildlife is scarce. Among the vertebrates, amphibians are particularly important in research to assess the impact of pesticides because of the correlation between pesticide and the decline of these species. This study aimed to evaluate the acute and chronic toxicity of commercial formulations of pesticides, i.e., atrazine (herbicide), cypermethrin (insecticide), and tebuconazole (fungicide) in Physalaemus cuvieri tadpoles. Eggs were collected in nature and cultivated under controlled conditions in the laboratory. Toxicity tests were carried out under standard conditions to determine the lethal concentration (LC) after 96 h of exposure and to determine the effect of sublethal concentrations after 7 days. In addition, we performed swimming activity tests on tadpoles exposed to sublethal concentrations. The lethal concentration (LC) was 19.69 mg/L for atrazine, 0.24 mg/L for cypermethrin and 0.98 mg/L for tebuconazole. In the acute test, atrazine showed lower toxicity than cypermethrin and tebuconazole for P. cuvieri. Swimming activity was affected at sublethal doses of atrazine and cypermethrin, but was not after exposure to tebuconazole. Cypermethrin was the insecticide that most altered the swimming activity of the individuals tested. The risk evaluation analysis indicated risks for tadpoles exposed to three tested pesticides, specially cypermethrin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10646-018-1900-1DOI Listing
April 2018
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