Publications by authors named "Marie-Pierre Pruniaux-Harnist"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A G-protein-biased S1P1 agonist, SAR247799, improved LVH and diastolic function in a rat model of metabolic syndrome.

PLoS One 2022 14;17(1):e0257929. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Diabetes and Cardiovascular Research, Sanofi US Services, Bridgewater, NJ, United States of America.

Aim: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a major cause of death worldwide with no approved treatment. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and diastolic dysfunction represent the structural and functional components of HFpEF, respectively. Endothelial dysfunction is prevalent in HFpEF and predicts cardiovascular events. We investigated if SAR247799, a G-protein-biased sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1P1) agonist with endothelial-protective properties, could improve cardiac and renal functions in a rat model of metabolic syndrome LVH and diastolic function.

Methods: 31- and 65-week-old obese ZSF1 (Ob-ZSF1) rats, representing adult and aged animals with LVH and diastolic dysfunction, were randomized to a chow diet containing 0.025% (w/w) of SAR247799, or control (CTRL) chow for 4 weeks. Age-matched lean ZSF1 (Le-ZSF1) rats were fed control chow. Echocardiography, telemetry, biochemical and histological analysis were performed to evaluate the effect of SAR247799.

Results: Echocardiography revealed that Ob-ZSF1 rats, in contrast to Le-ZSF1 rats, developed progressive diastolic dysfunction and cardiac hypertrophy with age. SAR247799 blunted the progression of diastolic dysfunction in adult and aged animals: in adult animals E/e' was evaluated at 21.8 ± 1.4 for Ob-ZSF1-CTRL, 19.5 ± 1.2 for Ob-ZSF1-SAR247799 p<0.01, and 19.5 ± 2.3 for Le-ZSF1-CTRL (median ± IQR). In aged animals E/e' was evaluated at 23.15 ± 4.45 for Ob-ZSF1-CTRL, 19.5 ± 5 for Ob-ZSF1-SAR247799 p<0.01, and 16.69 ± 1.7 for Le-ZSF1-CTRL, p<0.01 (median ± IQR). In aged animals, SAR247799 reduced cardiac hypertrophy (g/mm mean ± SEM of heart weight/tibia length 0.053 ± 0.001 for Ob-ZSF1-CTRL vs 0.046 ± 0.002 for Ob-ZSF1-SAR247799 p<0.01, Le-ZSF1-CTRL 0.035 ± 0.001) and myocardial perivascular collagen content (p<0.001), independently of any changes in microvascular density. In adult animals, SAR247799 improved endothelial function as assessed by the very low frequency bands of systolic blood pressure variability (mean ± SEM 67.8 ± 3.41 for Ob-ZSF1-CTRL 55.8 ± 4.27 or Ob-ZSF1-SAR247799, p<0.05 and 57.3 ± 1.82 Le-ZSF1-CTRL), independently of any modification of arterial blood pressure. In aged animals, SAR247799 reduced urinary protein/creatinine ratio, an index of glomerular injury, (10.3 ± 0.621 vs 8.17 ± 0.231 for Ob-ZSF1-CTRL vs Ob-ZSF1-SAR247799, respectively, p<0.05 and 0.294 ± 0.029 for Le-ZSF1-CTRL, mean ± SEM) and the fractional excretion of electrolytes. Circulating lymphocytes were not decreased by SAR247799, confirming lack of S1P1 desensitization.

Conclusions: These experimental findings suggest that S1P1 activation with SAR247799 may be considered as a new therapeutic approach for LVH and diastolic dysfunction, major components of HFpEF.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0257929PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8759645PMC
January 2022

Generation of iPSC line from MYH7 R403L mutation carrier with severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and isogenic CRISPR/Cas9 corrected control.

Stem Cell Res 2021 04 11;52:102245. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

ICAN - Institute for Cardiometabolism and Nutrition, F-75013 Paris, France; Sorbonne Université, INSERM, UMR_S1166, AP-HP, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, F-75013 Paris, France. Electronic address:

MYH7 is a major gene responsible for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). From patient's skin fibroblasts, we derived an iPSC line (CDGEN1.16) harboring the heterozygous MYH7 R403L mutation, a hot-spot codon in HCM. We subsequently corrected the mutated codon using CRISPR/Cas9 editing and obtained the isogenic control line (CDGEN1.16.40.5) preserving the genomic background of the patient. Both lines were pluripotent and could be efficiently committed to beating cardiomyocytes (CM) suitable for subsequent cell or pseudo-tissue study of HCM pathology.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scr.2021.102245DOI Listing
April 2021

SAR340835, a Novel Selective Na/Ca Exchanger Inhibitor, Improves Cardiac Function and Restores Sympathovagal Balance in Heart Failure.

J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2021 05 18;377(2):293-304. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Cardiovascular and Metabolism TSU (M.P., F.B., C.D., T.L., S.M., G.T., L.L., Ph.B., M.-P.P.-H., P.J., F.C.-G.) and Integrated Drug Discovery (Pa.B.), Sanofi R&D, Chilly Mazarin, France; Preclinical Safety, Sanofi R&D, Alfortville, France (L.L.-N., V.B., J.-M.G., M.T.); Sanofi R&D, Industriepark Höchst, Frankfurt, Germany (K.S., K.W., H.G., P.A., N.R., J.W.); and Integrated Drug Discovery, Sanofi R&D, Vitry sur Seine, France (G.M.)

In failing hearts, Na/Ca exchanger (NCX) overactivity contributes to Ca depletion, leading to contractile dysfunction. Inhibition of NCX is expected to normalize Ca mishandling, to limit afterdepolarization-related arrhythmias, and to improve cardiac function in heart failure (HF). SAR340835/SAR296968 is a selective NCX inhibitor for all NCX isoforms across species, including human, with no effect on the native voltage-dependent calcium and sodium currents in vitro. Additionally, it showed in vitro and in vivo antiarrhythmic properties in several models of early and delayed afterdepolarization-related arrhythmias. Its effect on cardiac function was studied under intravenous infusion at 250,750 or 1500 µg/kg per hour in dogs, which were either normal or submitted to chronic ventricular pacing at 240 bpm (HF dogs). HF dogs were infused with the reference inotrope dobutamine (10 µg/kg per minute, i.v.). In normal dogs, NCX inhibitor increased cardiac contractility (dP/dt) and stroke volume (SV) and tended to reduce heart rate (HR). In HF dogs, NCX inhibitor significantly and dose-dependently increased SV from the first dose (+28.5%, +48.8%, and +62% at 250, 750, and 1500 µg/kg per hour, respectively) while significantly increasing dP/dt only at 1500 (+33%). Furthermore, NCX inhibitor significantly restored sympathovagal balance and spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) from the first dose and reduced HR at the highest dose. In HF dogs, dobutamine significantly increased dP/dt and SV (+68.8%) but did not change HR, sympathovagal balance, or BRS. Overall, SAR340835, a selective potent NCX inhibitor, displayed a unique therapeutic profile, combining antiarrhythmic properties, capacity to restore systolic function, sympathovagal balance, and BRS in HF dogs. NCX inhibitors may offer new therapeutic options for acute HF treatment. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: HF is facing growing health and economic burden. Moreover, patients hospitalized for acute heart failure are at high risk of decompensation recurrence, and no current acute decompensated HF therapy definitively improved outcomes. A new potent, Na/Ca exchanger inhibitor SAR340835 with antiarrhythmic properties improved systolic function of failing hearts without creating hypotension, while reducing heart rate and restoring sympathovagal balance. SAR340835 may offer a unique and attractive pharmacological profile for patients with acute heart failure as compared with current inotrope, such as dobutamine.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/jpet.120.000238DOI Listing
May 2021
-->