Publications by authors named "Marie-Justine Paillard"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Exposure-response analysis of Raltitrexed assessing liver toxicity.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2021 Mar 4;87(3):1327-1337. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

INSERM, EFS BFC, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, UMR1098, Interactions Hôte-Greffon-Tumeur/Ingénierie Cellulaire et Génique, Besançon, F-25000, France.

Aim: Raltitrexed (RTX) is a thymidylate synthase inhibitor with large pharmacokinetics (PK) variability that can be administered in case of 5-fluorouracil (5FU) intolerance or dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency. While it is a more potent thymidylate synthase inhibitor than 5FU, RTX failed to replace this drug for colorectal cancer patients, mainly due to its toxicity at the recommended dose of 3 mg/m every 3 weeks. However, every 2 weeks administration at 2 mg/m demonstrated a favourable toxicity profile.

Method: We performed a randomized crossover comparative population PK study between every 2 weeks TOMOX (RTX 2 mg/m ) and every 3 weeks TOMOX (RTX 3 mg/m ).

Results: A three-compartment model and a proportional error model best describe the data. Creatinine clearance and sex, but not body surface area (BSA), were covariates of RTX clearance leading to decrease of its interindividual variability of 28%. Weight and body surface area were covariates of central and peripheral volumes of distribution, respectively, leading to decreases of interindividual variability of 34.6% and 100%, respectively. In contrast to the dose, AUC was a good predictor of liver toxicity (P = 0.006, OR = 3.91, 95%CI = [1.48-10.34]). Using covariates to compute individual clearance and a threshold AUC (1.639, determined in this study), a covariates-based dose was calculated, leading to less variability in AUC than observed with the actual BSA-based or fixed doses.

Conclusion: These results advocate for the use of creatinine clearance and sex to determine the RTX dose instead of BSA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bcp.14519DOI Listing
March 2021

Open-label, randomized multicentre phase II study to assess the efficacy and tolerability of sunitinib by dose administration regimen (dose modification or dose interruptions) in patients with advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma: study protocol of the SURF trial.

Trials 2018 Apr 12;19(1):221. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Department of Medical Oncology, University Hospital of Besançon, 25000, Besancon, France.

Background: Sunitinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved in the first-line metastatic renal cell carcinoma (MRCC) setting at the dose of 50 mg daily for 4 weeks followed by a pause of 2 weeks. Due to toxicity, this standard schedule (50 mg daily 4/2) can induce up to 50% of sunitinib dose modification (reduction and/or interruption). The current recommendation in such case is to reduce the dose to 37.5 mg per day (standard schedule 4/2). Recent data highlight an alternative schedule: 2 weeks of treatment followed by 1 week of pause (experimental schedule 2/1). The SURF trial is set up to evaluate prospectively experimental schedule 2/1 when toxicity occurs. This article displays the key elements of the study protocol.

Methods/design: SURF [NCT02689167] is a prospective, randomized, open-label phase IIb study. Patients are included at sunitinib initiation while receiving standard schedule 4/2 (50 mg daily) according to the marketing authorization indication. When a dose adjustment of sunitinib is required, patients are randomized between standard schedule 4/2 (37.5 mg daily) and experimental schedule 2/1 (50 mg daily). Key eligibility criteria are the following: patients with locally advanced inoperable or MRCC who are starting first-line treatment with sunitinib, with histologically or cytologically confirmed renal cancer clear cell variant or with a clear cell component, and with Karnofsky performance status ≥70%. The primary objective is to assess the median duration of sunitinib treatment (DOT) in each group. The key secondary objectives are progression-free survival, overall survival, time to randomization, objective response rate, safety, sunitinib dose intensity, health-related quality of life, and the description of main drivers triggering randomization. We hypothesized that experimental schedule 2/1 would result in an improvement in median DOT from 6 to 8.5 months. It was estimated that 112 patients would be needed in each arm during 24 months. In order to take into account the possibility of treatment discontinuation before randomization, 248 patients are necessary.

Discussion: The SURF trial is asking a pragmatic question adapted to the current practice on what is the best way to adapt sunitinib when treatment-related adverse events occur. The results of the SURF trial will bring high-value data to support the use of an alternative schedule in sunitinib treatment.

Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02689167 . Registered on 26 February 2016.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-2613-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5898055PMC
April 2018

Enterocolitis in Patients with Cancer Treated with Docetaxel.

Anticancer Res 2018 04;38(4):2443-2446

Department of Medical Oncology, University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France.

Background: Enterocolitis is a rare, but serious gastrointestinal complication associated with docetaxel-based chemotherapy in patients with cancer. The incidence, clinical presentation and outcome of enterocolitis in patients with cancer treated with docetaxel-based chemotherapy was assessed in this study Patients and Methods: All patients treated with docetaxel for cancer between January 2010 and December 2014 at the University Hospital of Besançon were identified and their medical records reviewed.

Results: During this period, 1,227 patients received docetaxel chemotherapy and gastrointestinal events occurred in 381 (31.1%) patients. In multivariate analysis, a higher risk of gastrointestinal events was associated with a higher dose of docetaxel (≥75 mg/m) (odds ratio(OR)=46.2; 95% confidence interval(CI)=5.4-397.0, p=0.0005) and the first cycle of docetaxel (OR=4.2; 95% CI=1.8-10.1, p=0.001). Among the 381 patients with gastrointestinal events, grade 3/4 neutropenia, diarrhea, febrile neutropenia, mucositis, nausea/vomiting, and rectal bleeding were diagnosed in 65 (17.1%), 51 (13.4%), 37 (9.7%); 12 (3.1%), seven (1.8%) and three (0.8%) patients, respectively; 54 patients (14.2%) were hospitalized. Computed tomographic scan was performed for 39 patients (10.2%). Twenty-seven patients presented radiological signs of enterocolitis. Three deaths (0.8%) related to enterocolitis were recorded. Docetaxel was resumed in 261 patients (68.5%) and the dose was reduced in 89 patients (23.4%). Docetaxel was discontinued in 120 patients (31.5%).

Conclusion: Gastrointestinal events in patients treated with docetaxel may be a potential sign of fatal enterocolitis and require particular attention. Dose reduction at the first cycle may reduce the risk of such events.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.12497DOI Listing
April 2018

A simple and fast LC-MS/MS method with a very high sensitivity for the measurement of raltitrexed in human plasma.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2017 Aug 13;1060:240-246. Epub 2017 Jun 13.

INSERM, Unit 1098, University of Bourgogne Franche-Comté, F-25020 Besançon, France; CHU Besançon, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, F-25030 Besançon Cedex, France. Electronic address:

Raltitrexed is a thymidylate synthase inhibitor that can be administered safely to patients with cardiovascular disease or dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency, as opposed to 5FU. The recommended dose of 3mg/m every 3 weeks often leads to toxicity. Interestingly, the 2mg/m every 2 weeks dose appears to be less toxic. A pharmacokinetic trial was then performed by our team to investigate such phenomenon. However, there are currently, two main methods for RTX measurement described in the literature: a radioimmunoassay (RIA) and chromatographic-based methods with either UV or mass spectrometry detections. The RIA methods: display a low limit of quantification (below 1μg/L), but also a low extent of linearity for the calibration curve. The chromatographic-based methods: include high level of calibrators, but have poor sensitivity (>2μg/mL). If a high sensitivity is essential to satisfactorily describe the elimination of RTX, high concentrations in the calibration curve are also needed to avoid bias linked to the dilutions of the samples. A new LC-MS/MS method was then developed that allows to simultaneously measure very low (0.1μg/L) and very high (3000μg/L) concentrations in the same run. Moreover, the extraction steps are very simple and fast with mainly a precipitation and a filtration steps. This method was validated following the EMA recommendations. In view of the extent of the calibration curve, the carry-over effect was more deeply investigated. With this method, it was possible to measure RTX in samples taken 3 weeks after the administration. Taken together, this method allows to simply and quickly measure RTX in plasma of patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2017.06.021DOI Listing
August 2017

Time-to-event endpoints in operable non-small-cell lung cancer randomized clinical trials.

Expert Rev Anticancer Ther 2017 Feb 23;17(2):167-173. Epub 2016 Dec 23.

a Methodology and Quality of Life in Oncology Unit , University Hospital of Besançon , Besançon , France.

Introduction: No guideline for time-to-event endpoints (TTEE) definitions in lung cancer trials exists. Areas covered: The aim of the study was to evaluate the reporting of TTEE in operable non-small-cell lung cancer randomized clinical trials. Expert commentary: Sixty-two TTEE were recorded. In the Methods section, using four key points to define TTEE we observed that the 'starting point', 'events', 'information on censoring', 'assessment of events' were clearly defined for 43 (69.4%), 34 (54.8%), 6 (9.7%), 33 (53.2%) endpoints respectively. In the results section, using five key points, we observed that the 'Kaplan-Meier estimation', 'estimation of effect size', 'precision (confidence interval)', 'number of events', 'number of patients at risk', 'multivariate analysis' were clearly identified for 46 (74.2%), 31 (50%), 30 (48.4%), 37 (59.7%), 28 (45.2%), and 17 (27.4%) endpoints, respectively. A majority of articles failed to provide a complete reporting of TTEE. Guidelines for TTEE is warranted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14737140.2016.1271718DOI Listing
February 2017

[Prevalence and management of pain in patients with metastatic cancer in Franche-Comté].

Bull Cancer 2016 Oct 29;103(10):849-860. Epub 2016 Sep 29.

CHRU de Besançon, pôle pharmacie, 3, boulevard Alexandre-Fleming, 25030 Besançon cedex, France; Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, INSERM, EFS BFC, UMR1098, interactions hôte-greffon-tumeur - ingénierie cellulaire et génique, Besançon, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Pain management is a major public health problem, especially in oncology. In order to assess professional practice, the IRFC-FC conducted a survey amongst patients with metastatic osteophilic solid tumor in Franche-Comté. The aims were to assess the pain prevalence, and its characteristics, its management and its impact on patients' quality of life in patients in pain.

Methods: An observational, prospective and multicenter survey was conducted using a self-report questionnaire. Patients with metastatic breast or prostate cancer managed in 5 day-hospitals of the IRFC-FC over a period of three months were included.

Results: Two hundred thirty-three questionnaires were analyzed. Pain prevalence rate was 48.5%. Three quarters of patients in pain had chronic background pain, moderate to severe, with or without breakthrough pain. Considering their pain intensity and their analgesic therapy, 42.0% of patients seem to have an inadequate treatment. Eighty-five percent of treated patients reported to be compliant and felt that their pain was well managed despite a strong impact on their quality of life.

Conclusion: The setting of a specific clinical pathway is essential to secure the standardized, optimal and efficient management of patients in pain. The assessment of patient satisfaction and quality of life must be integrated in clinical practice to identify patients in pain for which the treatment is inappropriate.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2016.08.007DOI Listing
October 2016

[Efficacy, safety and cost of eribulin in patients with metastatic breast cancer].

Bull Cancer 2015 Sep 26;102(9):737-48. Epub 2015 May 26.

CHU de Besançon, hôpital Jean-Minjoz, pôle cancérologie-oncologie médicale, boulevard Fleming, 25000 Besançon cedex, France; Inserm U1098, 25000 Besançon, France; Université de Franche-Comté, SFR SMP, 25000 Besançon, France; EFS Bourgogne Franche-Comté, UMR1098, 25000 Besançon, France.

Eribulin gained its approval in March 2011 for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC) whose disease has progressed despite anthracycline and taxane-containing regimens. This study retrospectively assessed the efficacy, safety and cost of this treatment for all patients with MBC treated by eribulin in Franche-Comté. Ninety-four patients received eribulin between July 2006 and October 2013. The median age was 62 years (35-83). Median overall survival was 10.3 months [95% CI: 7.6 to 17.9]. Median progression-free-survival was 3.8 months [95% CI: 2.9 to 5.0]. Clinical benefit was obtained in 55% evaluable patients [95% CI: 43.1 to 66.9] by RECIST criteria. Most common grade 3-4 adverse events (AEs) were neutropenia (38%), asthenia (10%) and peripheral neuropathy (7%). Median cost of the treatment was 9767 € per patient (6344-17,517). This analysis found similar results to the EMBRACE study despite less selected population. A medico-economic evaluation cost-utility type would assess the effectiveness of this strategy compared to standard treatments.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2015.03.021DOI Listing
September 2015

Cisplatin/gemcitabine or oxaliplatin/gemcitabine in the treatment of advanced biliary tract cancer: a systematic review.

Cancer Med 2014 Dec 11;3(6):1502-11. Epub 2014 Aug 11.

Department of Medical Oncology, University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France; Methodology and Quality of Life in Oncology Unit, University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France.

Cisplatin/gemcitabine association has been a standard of care for first-line regimen in advanced biliary tract cancer nevertheless oxaliplatin/gemcitabine regimen is frequently preferred. Because comparative effectiveness in clinical outcomes of cisplatin- versus oxaliplatin-containing chemotherapy is not available, a systematic review of studies assessing cisplatin/gemcitabine or oxaliplatin/gemcitabine chemotherapies in advanced biliary tract cancer was performed. Published studies evaluating cisplatin/gemcitabine or oxaliplatin/gemcitabine in advanced biliary tract cancer were included. Each study was weighted according to the number of patients included. The primary objective was to assess weighted median of medians overall survival (mOS) reported for both regimens. Secondary goals were to assess weighted median of medians progression-free survival (mPFS) and toxic effects were pooled and compared within each arm. Thirty-three studies involving 1470 patients were analyzed. In total, 771 and 699 patients were treated by cisplatin/gemcitabine and oxaliplatin/gemcitabine, respectively. Weighted median of mOS was 9.7 months in cisplatin group and 9.5 months in oxaliplatin group. Cisplatin-based chemotherapy was significantly associated with more grade 3 and 4 asthenia, diarrhea, liver toxicity, and hematological toxicity. Sensitivity analysis including only the studies with the standard regimen of cisplatin (25-35 mg/m(2) administered on days 1 and 8) showed that the weighted median of mOS increased from 9.7 to 11.7 months but Gem/CDDP regimen remained more toxic than Gemox regimen. These results suggest that the Gem/CDDP regimen with cisplatin (25-35 mg/m(2)) administered on days 1 and 8 is associated with survival advantage than Gemox regimen but with addition of toxicity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cam4.299DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4298376PMC
December 2014

Clinical impact of targeted therapies in patients with metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma.

Onco Targets Ther 2014 27;7:365-74. Epub 2014 Feb 27.

Inserm U645 EA-2284 IFR-133, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France ; Department of Medical Oncology, Besançon, France.

Introduction: The aim of this retrospective clinical study was to assess, in the context of the recent evolution of systemic therapies, the potential effect of targeted therapies on overall survival (OS) of patients with metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (mccRCC) in daily practice.

Patients And Methods: All consecutive patients with histologically confirmed mccRCC who received systemic therapy between January 2000 and December 2010 in two oncology treatment centers in our Franche-Comté region in eastern France were included in the analysis. The primary end point was OS. The analysis of prognostic factors was performed using a two-step approach: univariate then multivariate analysis with a stepwise Cox proportional hazards regression model.

Results: For the entire cohort of 111 patients, the median OS was 17 months (95% confidence interval [CI]; 13-22 months) and the two-year OS was 39%. Three prognostic factors were independent predictors of long survival: prior nephrectomy (hazard ratio =0.38 [0.22-0.64], P<0.0001); systemic therapy by targeted therapy (hazard ratio =0.50 [0.31-0.80], P=0.005); and lack of liver metastasis (hazard ratio =0.43 [0.22-0.82], P=0.002). Median OS was 21 months [14-29 months] for patients who received at least one targeted therapy compared with 12 months [7-15 months] for patients who were treated only by immunotherapy agents (P=0.003).

Conclusion: Our results suggest that targeted therapies are associated with improved OS in comparison with cytokines, which is in line with other publications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S56370DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3942215PMC
March 2014