Publications by authors named "Marie Robin"

185 Publications

Improved outcome of patients with graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for hematologic malignancies over time: an EBMT mega-file study.

Haematologica 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

University Hospital Eppendorf, Hamburg.

Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) remains a major threat to successful outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Advances in prophylaxis and supportive care have taken place over the years. The aim of this study is to test whether incidence and mortality of aGvHD have been reduced over time. 102 557 patients with a median age of 47.6 years with malignancies after first allogeneic sibling or unrelated donor (URD) transplant were studied in the following periods: 1990-1995, 1996-2000, 2001-2005, 2006-2010, 2011-2015. Findings: 100-day-incidences of aGvHD grades II-IV decreased from 40%, to 38%, 32%, 29% and 28% over calendar time (p.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2020.265769DOI Listing
June 2021

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in adults: a French SFGM-TC survey.

Chest 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Hôpital FOCH, Service de Pneumologie, Suresnes, France; Laboratoire de Recherche en Pharmacologie Respiratoire, INSERM V2I UMR 1173, Université Paris Saclay, Suresnes, France; Faculté Simone Veil des Sciences de la Santé Université Paris-Saclay, Montigny-le-Bretonneux, France.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2021.05.056DOI Listing
June 2021

Allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation for myelofibrosis: proposed definitions and management strategies for graft failure, poor graft function and relapse: best practice recommendations of the EBMT Chronic Malignancies Working Party.

Leukemia 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

CHU de Lille, Univ Lille, INSERM U1286, Infinite, Lille, France.

Allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) remains the only curative approach in myelofibrosis (MF). Despite advances over recent decades, relapse and non-relapse mortality rates remain significant. Relapse rates vary between 15 and 25% across retrospective studies and management strategies vary widely, ranging from palliation to adoptive immunotherapy and, in some cases, a second allo-HCT. Moreover, in allo-HCT, there is a higher incidence of poor graft function and graft failure due to splenomegaly and a hostile "pro-inflammatory" marrow niche. The Practice Harmonisation and Guidelines subcommittee of the Chronic Malignancies Working Party (CMWP) of EBMT convened an international panel consisting of transplant haematologists, histopathologists and molecular biologists to propose practical, clinically relevant definitions of graft failure, poor graft function and relapse as well as management strategies following allo-HCT. A systematic approach to molecular monitoring, histopathological assessment and chimerism testing is proposed. These proposed recommendations aim to increase the accuracy and uniformity of reporting and to thereby facilitate the development of more consistent approaches to these challenging issues. In addition, we propose management strategies for these complications.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41375-021-01294-2DOI Listing
May 2021

Impact of prior JAK-inhibitor therapy with ruxolitinib on outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for myelofibrosis: a study of the CMWP of EBMT.

Leukemia 2021 May 22. Epub 2021 May 22.

CHU de Lille, Univ Lille, INSERM U1286, Infinite, Lille, France.

JAK1/2 inhibitor ruxolitinib (RUX) is approved in patients with myelofibrosis but the impact of pretreatment with RUX on outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains to be determined. We evaluated the impact of RUX on outcome in 551 myelofibrosis patients who received HSCT without (n = 274) or with (n = 277) RUX pretreatment. The overall leukocyte engraftment on day 45 was 92% and significantly higher in RUX responsive patients than those who had no or lost response to RUX (94% vs. 85%, p = 0.05). The 1-year non-relapse mortality was 22% without significant difference between the arms. In a multivariate analysis (MVA) RUX pretreated patients with ongoing spleen response at transplant had a significantly lower risk of relapse (8.1% vs. 19.1%; p = 0.04)] and better 2-year event-free survival (68.9% vs. 53.7%; p = 0.02) in comparison to patients without RUX pretreatment. For overall survival the only significant factors were age > 58 years (p = 0.03) and HLA mismatch donor (p = 0.001). RUX prior to HSCT did not negatively impact outcome after transplantation and patients with ongoing spleen response at time of transplantation had best outcome.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41375-021-01276-4DOI Listing
May 2021

ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: Management and association with prognosis during the COVID-19 pandemic in France.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2021 May 14;114(5):340-351. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Cardiology Department, University Hospital of Montpellier, University of Montpellier, 34000 Montpellier, France.

Background: Systems of care have been challenged to control progression of the COVID-19 pandemic. Whether this has been associated with delayed reperfusion and worse outcomes in French patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is unknown.

Aim: To compare the rate of STEMI admissions, treatment delays, and outcomes between the first peak of the COVID-19 pandemic in France and the equivalent period in 2019.

Methods: In this nationwide French survey, data from consecutive STEMI patients from 65 centres referred for urgent revascularization between 1 March and 31 May 2020, and between 1 March and 31 May 2019, were analysed. The primary outcome was a composite of in-hospital death or non-fatal mechanical complications of acute myocardial infarction.

Results: A total of 6306 patients were included. During the pandemic peak, a 13.9±6.6% (P=0.003) decrease in STEMI admissions per week was observed. Delays between symptom onset and percutaneous coronary intervention were longer in 2020 versus 2019 (270 [interquartile range 150-705] vs 245 [140-646]min; P=0.013), driven by the increase in time from symptom onset to first medical contact (121 [60-360] vs 150 [62-420]min; P=0.002). During 2020, a greater number of mechanical complications was observed (0.9% vs 1.7%; P=0.029) leading to a significant difference in the primary outcome (112 patients [5.6%] in 2019 vs 129 [7.6%] in 2020; P=0.018). No significant difference was observed in rates of orotracheal intubation, in-hospital cardiac arrest, ventricular arrhythmias and cardiogenic shock.

Conclusions: During the first peak of the COVID-19 pandemic in France, there was a decrease in STEMI admissions, associated with longer ischaemic time, exclusively driven by an increase in patient-related delays and an increase in mechanical complications. These findings suggest the need to encourage the population to seek medical help in case of symptoms.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acvd.2021.01.005DOI Listing
May 2021

Outcomes following second allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation in patients with myelofibrosis: a retrospective study of the Chronic Malignancies Working Party of EBMT.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

CHU de Lille, univ Lille, INSERM U1286, INFINITE, 59000, Lille, France.

Therapeutic management of patients with primary or secondary myelofibrosis (MF) who experience relapse or graft failure following allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) remains heterogeneous. We retrospectively analyzed 216 patients undergoing a second allo-HCT for either relapse (56%) or graft failure (31%) between 2010 and 2017. Median age was 57.3 years (range 51-63). The same donor as for the first allo-HCT was chosen in 66 patients (31%) of whom 19 received an HLA-identical sibling donor, whereas a different donor was chosen for 116 patients (54%). Median follow-up was 40 months. Three-year overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) were 42% and 39%, respectively. Three-year non-relapse mortality (NRM) and relapse rates were 36% and 25%, respectively. Grade II-IV and III-IV acute GVHD occurred in 25% and 11% of patients, respectively, and the 3-year incidence of chronic GVHD was 33% including 14% for extensive grade. Graft-failure incidence at 1 year was 14%. In conclusion, our data suggest that a second allo-HCT is a potential option for patients failing first allo-HCT for MF albeit careful patient assessment is fundamental to identify individual patients who could benefit from this approach.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01271-4DOI Listing
April 2021

Sexuality- and Fertility-Related Issues in Women after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 05 6;27(5):432.e1-432.e6. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Service d'Hématologie Adolescents Jeunes Adultes, Hôpital Saint-Louis, AP-HP, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Sexual dysfunction and fertility related issues appear as major post-allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) late effects in young women, with a heavy impact on quality of life. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the impact of disease and treatments on sexual quality of life, ovarian function, and family planning initiatives in the context of allogeneic HSCT. Between January 2014 and January 2016, adult female patients who underwent HSCT before age 35 and had been followed for more than 2 years in our center were offered participation in the study through a self-reported survey and/or ovarian function assessment if age <40 at inclusion. A total of 63 patients were included, with a median age of 23.4 years at transplantation and 30.9 years at inclusion. Twenty-nine patients (46%) underwent HSCT for acute leukemia and 16 (25%) underwent HSCT for aplastic anemia (AA). The conditioning regimen was myeloablative conditioning (MAC) in 37 patients (59%) and reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) in 26 (41%). Fifty-eight patients completed the survey, and 34 were evaluated for ovarian function. Symptoms of hypoestrogenism were reported by 86% of the patients and changes in sexual life were reported by 76%, due mainly to low sex drive, negative impact of infertility problems, physical sequelae, and loss of self-confidence. Premature ovarian failure (POF) occurred in 74% of patients and was significantly associated with conditioning regimen (MAC versus RIC; P = .001) and baseline disease (bone marrow failure versus acute leukemia versus others; P < .001). However, one-half of the patients developed a POF despite the use of a RIC regimen. For 27 patients (47%), disease and treatments modified their desire for pregnancy, due mainly to fear of relapse and of disease transmission to offspring. Thirteen pregnancies were reported (21%), of which 8 were spontaneous and 5 were obtained through assisted reproductive technologies, mainly oocyte donation. With a median post-transplantation follow-up of 12.2 years, the 10-year cumulative incidence of first pregnancy was 16.6% (95% CI, 8.8-30.0). Among 20 patients (32%) who engaged in a family planning initiative, 13 (65%) succeeded in having children: 11 got pregnant and 2 adopted. Sixteen patients benefited from fertility preservation techniques consisting of ovarian tissue cryopreservation, and a single autologous ovarian tissue transplantation had been performed at the time of this report. This study shows a strong impact of disease and treatments on sexual quality of life, ovarian function, and family planning initiatives in the context of HSCT. It demonstrates the need to improve clinicians' awareness of sexual health- and fertility-related issues after HSCT. The difficulty of predicting ovarian function and fertility issues after RIC supports wide indications of pretransplantation fertility preservation. Evaluation of the use of cryopreserved ovarian tissues is warranted.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtct.2021.02.003DOI Listing
May 2021

Ruxolitinib before allogeneic hematopoietic transplantation in patients with myelofibrosis on behalf SFGM-TC and FIM groups.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Hôpital Saint-Louis, APHP, Centre d'investigation clinique, Paris, France.

This multicenter prospective phase 2 trial analyzed disease-free survival (DFS) in myelofibrosis patients receiving ruxolitinib for 6 months before transplantation. Seventy-six patients were recruited. Age-adjusted dynamic international prognostic scoring system was intermediate-1, intermediate-2, and high in 27 (36%), 31 (41%), and 18 (24%) patients. All patients received ruxolitinib from inclusion to conditioning regimen (fludarabine-melphalan) or to progression. A donor was found in 64 patients: 18 HLA-matched sibling donor (MSD), 32 HLA-matched unrelated (UD10/10), and 14 HLA mismatched unrelated donor (UD9/10. Among 64 patients with a donor, 20 (31%) achieved a partial response before transplantation and 59 (92%) could be transplanted after ruxolitinib therapy (18/18 MSD, 30/21 UD10/10, 11/34 UD9/10), of whom 19 (32%) were splenectomized. Overall survival from inclusion was 68% at 12 months. One-year DFS after transplantation was 55%: 83%, 40%, and 34% after MSD, UD10/10 or UD9/10, respectively. Cumulative incidence of grade 2-4 acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 66% and non-relapse-mortality was 42% at 12 months. Short course of ruxolitinib before transplantation is followed by a high rate of transplantation. With the platform used in this protocol, outcome was much better in patients transplanted with HLA-matched sibling donor as compared to unrelated donor.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01252-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7992510PMC
March 2021

A prognostic score including mutation profile and clinical features for patients with CMML undergoing stem cell transplantation.

Blood Adv 2021 03;5(6):1760-1769

Department of Stem Cell Transplantation, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

The inclusion of mutation status improved risk stratification for newly diagnosed patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). Stem cell transplantation is a potentially curative treatment option, and patient selection is critical because of relevant transplant-related morbidity and mortality. We aimed to evaluate the impact of mutation status together with clinical presentations on posttransplant outcome. Our study included 240 patients with a median follow-up of 5.5 years. A significant association with worse survival was identified for the presence of mutations in ASXL1 and/or NRAS. In multivariable analysis, ASXL1- and/or NRAS-mutated genotype (hazard ratio [HR], 1.63), marrow blasts >2% (HR, 1.70), and increasing comorbidity index (continuous HR, 1.16) were independently associated with worse survival. A prognostic score (CMML transplant score) was developed, and the following points were assigned: 4 points for an ASXL1- and/or NRAS-mutated genotype or blasts >2% and 1 point each for an increase of 1 in the comorbidity index. The CMML transplant score (range, 0-20) was predictive of survival and nonrelapse mortality (P < .001 for both). Up to 5 risk groups were identified, showing 5-year survival of 81% for a score of 0 to 1, 49% for a score of 2 to 4, 43% for a score of 5 to 7, 31% for a score of 8 to 10, and 19% for a score >10. The score retained performance after validation (concordance index, 0.68) and good accuracy after calibration. Predictions were superior compared with existing scores designed for the nontransplant setting, which resulted in significant risk reclassification. This CMML transplant score, which incorporated mutation and clinical information, was prognostic in patients specifically undergoing transplantation and may facilitate personalized counseling.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2020003600DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7993107PMC
March 2021

Haplotype Motif-Based Models for KIR-Genotype Informed Selection of Hematopoietic Cell Donors Fail to Predict Outcome of Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndromes or Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

Front Immunol 2020 19;11:584520. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Hopital Saint-Louis, APHP, Université de Paris, Paris, France.

Results from registry studies suggest that harnessing Natural Killer (NK) cell reactivity mediated through Killer cell Immunoglobulin-like Receptors (KIR) could reduce the risk of relapse after allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation (HCT). Several competing models have been developed to classify donors as KIR-advantageous or disadvantageous. Basically, these models differ by grouping donors based on distinct KIR-KIR-ligand combinations or by haplotype motif assignment. This study aimed to validate different models for unrelated donor selection for patients with Myelodysplatic Syndromes (MDS) or secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia (sAML). In a joint retrospective study of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) and the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) registry data from 1704 patients with secondary AML or MDS were analysed. The cohort consisted mainly of older patients (median age 61 years) with high risk disease who had received chemotherapy-based reduced intensity conditioning and anti-thymocyte globulin prior to allogeneic HCT from well-matched unrelated stem cell donors. The impact of the predictors on Overall Survival (OS) and relapse incidence was tested in Cox regression models adjusted for patient age, a modified disease risk index, performance status, donor age, HLA-match, sex-match, CMV-match, conditioning intensity, type of T-cell depletion and graft type. genes were typed using high-resolution amplicon-based next generation sequencing. In univariable and multivariable analyses none of the models predicted OS and the risk of relapse consistently. Our results do not support the hypothesis that optimizing NK-mediated alloreactivity is possible by KIR-genotype informed selection of HLA-matched unrelated donors. However, in the context of allogeneic transplantation, NK-cell biology is complex and only partly understood. KIR-genes are highly diverse and current assignment of haplotype motifs based on the presence or absence of selected KIR genes is over-simplistic. As a consequence, further research is highly warranted and should integrate cutting edge knowledge on KIR genetics, and NK-cell biology into future studies focused on homogeneous groups of patients and treatment modalities.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2020.584520DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7851088PMC
June 2021

PRADOC: a trial on the efficiency of a transition care management plan for hospitalized patients with heart failure in France.

ESC Heart Fail 2021 04 25;8(2):1649-1655. Epub 2020 Dec 25.

Department of Cardiology, Montpellier University Hospital, Montpellier Cedex 5, 34295, France.

Aims: Transition care programmes are designed to improve coordination of care between hospital and home. For heart failure patients, meta-analyses show a high efficacy but with moderate evidence level. Moreover, difficulties for implementation of such programmes limit their extrapolation.

Methods And Results: We designed a mixed-method study to assess the implementation of the PRADO-IC, a nationwide transition programme that aims to be offered to every patient with heart failure in France. This programme consists essentially in an administrative assistance to schedule follow-up visits and in a nurse follow-up during 2 to 6 months and aims to reduce the annual heart failure readmission rate by 30%. This study assessed three quantitative aims: the cost to avoid a readmission for heart failure within 1 year (primary aim, intended sample size 404 patients), clinical care pathways, and system economic outcomes; and two qualitative aims: perceived problems and benefits of the PRADO-IC. All analyses will be gathered at the end of study for a joint interpretation. Strengths of this study design are the randomized controlled design, the population included in six centres with low motivation bias, the primary efficiency analysis, the secondary efficacy analyses on care pathway and clinical outcomes, and the joint qualitative analysis. Limits are the heterogeneity of centres and of intervention in a control group and parallel development of other new therapeutic interventions in this field.

Conclusions: The results of this study may help decision-makers to support an administratively managed transition programme.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ehf2.13086DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8006694PMC
April 2021

Splenectomy before allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for myelofibrosis: A French nationwide study.

Am J Hematol 2021 01 18;96(1):80-88. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

CHU de Lille, LIRIC, INSERM 995, Université de Lille, Lille, France.

The value of pretransplant splenectomy in patients with myelofibrosis (MF) is subject to debate, since the procedure may preclude subsequent allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). To determine the impact of pretransplant splenectomy on the incidence of allo-HCT, we conducted a comprehensive retrospective study of all patients with MF for whom an unrelated donor search had been initiated via the French bone marrow transplantation registry (RFGM) between 1 January 2008 and 1 January 2017. Additional data were collected from the patients' medical files and a database held by the French-Language Society for Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cell Therapy (SFGM-TC). We used a multistate model with four states ("RFGM registration"; "splenectomy"; "death before allo-HCT", and "allo-HCT") to evaluate the association between splenectomy and the incidence of allo-HCT. The study included 530 patients from 57 centers. With a median follow-up time of 6 years, we observed 81 splenectomies, 99 deaths before allo-HCT (90 without splenectomy and nine after), and 333 allo-HCTs (268 without splenectomy and 65 after). In a bivariable analysis, the hazard ratio [95% confidence interval (CI)] for the association of splenectomy with allo-HCT was 7.2 [5.1-10.3] in the first 4 months and 1.18 [0.69-2.03] thereafter. The hazard ratio [95% CI] for death associated with splenectomy was 1.58 [0.79-3.14]. These reassuring results suggest that splenectomy does not preclude allo-HCT in patients with MF.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.26034DOI Listing
January 2021

Impact of spleen size and splenectomy on outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for myelofibrosis: A retrospective analysis by the chronic malignancies working party on behalf of European society for blood and marrow transplantation (EBMT).

Am J Hematol 2021 01 27;96(1):69-79. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

CHU de Lille, Université de Lille, Lille, France.

The role of spleen size and splenectomy for the prediction of post-allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HCT) outcome in myelofibrosis remains under debate. In EBMT registry, we identified a cohort of 1195 myelofibrosis patients transplanted between 2000-2017 after either fludarabine-busulfan or fludarabine-melphalan regimens. Overall, splenectomy was performed in 202 (16.9%) patients and its use decreased over time (28.3% in 2000-2009 vs 14.1% in 2010-2017 period). By multivariate analysis, splenectomy was associated with less NRM (HR 0.64, 95% CI 0.44-0.93, P = .018) but increased risk of relapse (HR 1.43, 95% CI 1.01-2.02, P = .042), with no significant impact on OS (HR 0.86, 95% CI 0.67-1.12, P = .274). However, in subset analysis comparing the impact of splenectomy vs specific spleen sizes, for patients with progressive disease, an improved survival was seen in splenectomised subjects compared to those patients with a palpable spleen length ≥ 15 cm (HR 0.44, 95% CI 0.28-0.69, P < .001), caused by a significant reduction in NRM (HR 0.26, 95% CI 0.14-0.49, P < .001), without significantly increased relapse risk (HR 1.47, 95% CI 0.87-2.49, P = .147). Overall, despite the possible biases typical of retrospective cohorts, this study highlights the potential detrimental effect of massive splenomegaly in transplant outcome and supports the role of splenectomy for myelofibrosis patients with progressive disease and large splenomegaly.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.26020DOI Listing
January 2021

Elastography improves accuracy of early hepato-biliary complications diagnosis after allogeneic stem cell transplantation.

Haematologica 2020 07 30. Epub 2020 Jul 30.

Hematology and transplantation unit, Saint Louis Hospital, APHP, Paris, France;

Significant morbidity and mortality have been associated with liver complications after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Causes and consequences of these hepato-biliary complications are various and might be life-threatening. A high misdiagnosis rate has been reported because of a weak correlation between clinical, laboratory and imaging data. Liver elastography, a liver stiffness measure, is able to assess liver fibrosis and portal hypertension in most liver diseases, but data after allo-HSCT are scarce. Our aim was to determine the interest of sequential liver stiffness measurements for the diagnosis of early hepatic complications after allo-HSCT. Over a two years period of time, 161 consecutive adult patients were included and 146 were analyzed. Ultrasonography and elastography measurements were performed before transplantation, at day+7 and day+14 by three different experienced radiologists unaware of patients'clinical status. Eighty-one (55%) patients had liver involvements within the first 100 days after allo-HSCT. Baseline elastography was not predictive for the occurrence of overall liver abnormalities. A significant increase in 2D real-time shearwave elastography (2D-SWE) was found in patients with sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS). Fifteen patients (10%) fulfilled EBMT score criteria and twelve (8%) reached Baltimore criteria for SOS diagnosis, but only six (4%) had a confirmed SOS. 2D-SWE at day+14 allowed early detection of SOS (AUROC=0.84, p=0.004) and improved sensibility (75%), specificity (99%) and positive predictive value (60%) over the Seattle, Baltimore or EBMT scores. A 2D-SWE measurement above 8.1kPa at day+14 after allo-HSCT seems a promising, non-invasive, and reproducible tool for early and accurate diagnosis of SOS.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2019.245407DOI Listing
July 2020

Which lower risk myelodysplastic syndromes should be treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation?

Leukemia 2020 10 13;34(10):2552-2560. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Service d'hématologie-sénior, hôpital Saint-Louis, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris (APHP) and Université de Paris, Paris, France.

Indications of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remain controversial in patients with lower risk myelodysplastic syndrome. We review prognostic factors in lower risk MDS, delineating patients with relatively poor risk who may potentially benefit from HSCT during the disease course. Results of HSCT in those patients, and main efforts to decrease non-relapse mortality (NRM) are detailed. Prospective studies are needed to determine more precisely which lower risk MDS patients may benefit from transplantation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41375-020-0967-xDOI Listing
October 2020

Long-term outcomes and risk factor analysis of steroid-refractory graft versus host disease after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 01 25;56(1):38-49. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Assistance Publique Hôpitaux des Paris, Saint Louis Hospital, Hematology and Transplantation Unit, Paris, France.

Steroid-refractory graft versus host disease (GVHD) represents a fearsome complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We conducted a retrospective study on outcomes and risk factors associated with acute and chronic steroid-refractory GVHD in a large cohort of 1207 patients receiving HSCT in Saint Louis Hospital between 2007 and 2017. Among patients who developed an acute and/or a chronic GVHD, the cumulative incidences of acute and chronic steroid-refractory disease were 31% and 48%, respectively, at day +100 and 1-year post-HSCT. Through a multivariable analysis we selected several risk factors associated with the development of a steroid-refractory disease. For acute GVHD steroid refractoriness, we identified (1) a very high disease risk index, (2) an unrelated donor, (3) the absence of in vivo T-depletion as GVHD prophylaxis, and (4) a reduced intensity conditioning regimen. For chronic GVHD, (1) the use of peripheral blood stem cells, (2) unrelated donors, and (3) absence of in vivo T-depletion were more likely associated with a steroid-refractory disease. After the construction of a multistate dynamic model, we found that the probability of being alive without relapse after the resolution of all GVHD episodes was about 36% in the long term.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-020-0977-3DOI Listing
January 2021

Contemporary treatment approaches to CMML - Is allogeneic HCT the only cure?

Best Pract Res Clin Haematol 2020 06 30;33(2):101138. Epub 2019 Dec 30.

Département D'Hématologie Immunologie, Service Hématologie-Greffe, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, F-75010, Paris, France; Université de Paris, Génomes, Biologie Cellulaire et Thérapeutique U944, INSERM, CNRS, F-75010, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemias are frequently diagnosed in older adults. Their prognosis is heterogeneous, but several prognostic factors can identify patients with an expected survival of a few years only, including among younger patients eligible for allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Based on the retrospective data available, we discuss how to identify CMML patients for whom curative therapy must be envisaged. We emphasize that, although transplantation remains the only path to cure in CMML, it can be envisaged in only a minority of patients. Despite increased donor availability, its potential remains limited by significant rates of mortality caused both by the procedure and by post-transplantation relapses. We review the options available to bridge patients to transplant, the management of transplantation itself (choice of donor, graft source and condition regimen), and finally the potential for post-transplantation interventions. Our review underscores the need for further prospective studies of allogeneic stem cell transplantation in CMML.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beha.2019.101138DOI Listing
June 2020

Human-Derived α1-Antitrypsin is Still Efficacious in Heavily Pretreated Patients with Steroid-Resistant Gastrointestinal Graft-versus-Host Disease.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2020 09 25;26(9):1620-1626. Epub 2020 May 25.

Service d'Hématologie-greffe, Hôpital Saint Louis, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France; Université de Paris, INSERM U976, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Almost one-half of patients developing graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) will not respond to standard first-line steroid treatment. Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) is able to induce tolerance in preclinical models of GVHD. AAT alters the cytokine milieu, promotes a tolerogenic shift of dendritic cells, and skews effector T cells toward regulatory T cells. Gastrointestinal steroid-refractory (SR)-GVHD is a protein-losing enteropathy that might represent the optimal setting in which to use AAT. Here we analyze the outcomes of 16 patients treated with human-derived AAT in advanced-stage gut SR-GVHD, with two-thirds of the patients having failed at least 1 treatment for SR-GVHD. The overall response rate (ORR) was 44%, with a complete response (CR) rate of 27%. Gastrointestinal response was observed in 61% of patients. The median time to best response was 21 days (range, 6 to 26 days). At day 56 after AAT treatment, all CRs were maintained, and the ORR was 39%. The 1-year overall survival was 48% (95% confidence interval, 26% to 74%). Ancillary studies showed that AAT serum levels were in the normal range at the beginning of treatment, whereas fecal loss was elevated. AAT levels consistently rose after exogenous administration, but no correlation was found between serum levels and response. REG3α and IL-33 levels were associated with response while, in contrast to previous reports, regulatory T cells decreased during AAT treatment. This retrospective analysis supports a previous report of AAT as a promising agent in the management of gut SR-GVHD and should prompt its evaluation at an earlier stage.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2020.05.014DOI Listing
September 2020

Expansion of Circulating CD49bLAG3 Type 1 Regulatory T Cells in Human Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease.

J Invest Dermatol 2021 Jan 16;141(1):193-197.e2. Epub 2020 May 16.

INSERM U976, Human Immunology, Pathophysiology and Immunotherapy, Institut de Recherche Saint-Louis, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France; Institut de Recherche Saint-Louis, Université de Paris, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France; Service de Dermatologie, AP-HP, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jid.2020.04.018DOI Listing
January 2021

[Awareness on the law of bioethics].

Bull Cancer 2020 May 30;107(5):541-542. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

CHU/IUCT-O, 31059 Toulouse, France. Electronic address:

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2020.04.005DOI Listing
May 2020

Functional and phylogenetic alterations in gut microbiome are linked to graft-versus-host disease severity.

Blood Adv 2020 05;4(9):1824-1832

INSERM U1139, Faculté de Pharmacie, Université de Paris, Paris, France.

Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is the main complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Changes in gut microbiota composition have been associated with subsequent aGVHD, and reconstitution of healthy microbiota is currently being explored as a therapeutic approach. However, the specific actors in the intestinal ecosystem involved in the pathologic process at the time of aGVHD onset are not yet fully known. We prospectively collected stool samples from patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT. Patients sampled at aGVHD onset were compared with non-GVHD patients. To identify phylogenetic and functional signatures of the disease process, we determined fecal short-chain fatty acid (SFCA) profiles and used high-throughput DNA sequencing and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction to assess the microbiota composition. Microbiota alterations were highly specific of gastrointestinal (GI) aGVHD severity. Bacterial biomass and α-diversity were lower in severe aGVHD. We identified several bacterial signatures associated with severe aGVHD at disease onset; a negative correlation was observed with anaerobic bacteria of the Lachnospiraceae, especially the Blautia genus, and Ruminococcaceae families. In parallel, in severe aGVHD patients, we showed a dramatic decrease in the levels of the main SFCAs: acetate (75.8%), propionate (95.8%), and butyrate (94.6%). Mild aGVHD patients were characterized by conserved levels of propionate and Blautia propionate producers. Butyrate was significantly decreased in all GI aGVHD stages, representing a potential diagnostic marker of the disease. Specific microbiota and metabolic alterations were thus associated with aGVHD severity and may be useful for diagnostic and pathophysiologic purposes.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2020001531DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218439PMC
May 2020

Determinants of survival in myelofibrosis patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation.

Leukemia 2021 01 14;35(1):215-224. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

CHU de Lille, LIRIC, INSERM U995, Université de Lille, 59000, Lille, France.

We aimed to evaluate the determinants of survival in myelofibrosis patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) and to describe factors predicting the main post-HCT complications. This retrospective study by the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation included 2916 myelofibrosis patients who underwent first allo-HCT from an HLA-identical sibling or unrelated donor between 2000 and 2016. After a median follow-up of 4.7 years from transplant, projected median survival of the series was 5.3 years. Factors independently associated with increased mortality were age ≥ 60 years and Karnofsky Performance Status <90% at transplant, and occurrence of graft failure, grades III-IV acute graft-vs.-host disease (aGVHD), and disease progression/relapse during follow-up. The opposing effects of chronic graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD) on non-relapse mortality and relapse incidence resulted in a neutral influence on survival. Graft failure increased in unrelated donor recipients and decreased with myeloablative conditioning (MAC) and negative donor/recipient cytomegalovirus serostatus. Risk of grades III-IV aGVHD was higher with unrelated donors and decreased with MAC. Relapse incidence tended to be higher in patients with intermediate-2/high-risk DIPSS categories and to decrease in CALR-mutated patients. Acute and chronic GVHD reduced the subsequent risk of relapse. This information has potential implications for patient counseling and clinical decision-making.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41375-020-0815-zDOI Listing
January 2021

Outcome of patients with Fanconi anemia developing myelodysplasia and acute leukemia who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A retrospective analysis on behalf of EBMT group.

Am J Hematol 2020 07 21;95(7):809-816. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation Unit, Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, Italy.

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is curative for bone marrow failure in patients with Fanconi anemia (FA), but the presence of a malignant transformation is associated with a poor prognosis and the management of these patients is still challenging. We analyzed outcome of 74 FA patients with a diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (n = 35), acute leukemia (n = 35) or with cytogenetic abnormalities (n = 4), who underwent allo-HSCT from 1999 to 2016 in EBMT network. Type of diagnosis, pre-HSCT cytoreductive therapies and related toxicities, disease status pre-HSCT, donor type, and conditioning regimen were considered as main variables potentially influencing outcome. The 5-year OS and EFS were 42% (30-53%) and 39% (27-51%), respectively. Patients transplanted in CR showed better OS compared with those transplanted in presence of an active malignant disease (OS:71%[48-95] vs 37% [24-50],P = .04), while none of the other variables considered had an impact. Twenty-two patients received pre-HSCT cytoreduction and 9/22 showed a grade 3-4 toxicity, without any lethal event or negative influence on survival after HSCT(OS:toxicity pre-HSCT 48% [20-75%] vs no-toxicity 51% [25-78%],P = .98). The cumulative incidence of day-100 grade II-IV a-GvHD and of 5-year c-GvHD were 38% (26-50%) and 40% (28-52%). Non-relapse-related mortality and incidence of relapse at 5-years were 40% (29-52%) and 21% (11-30%) respectively, without any significant impact of the tested variables. Causes of death were transplant-related events in most patients (34 out of the 42 deaths, 81%). This analysis confirms the poor outcome of transformed FA patients and identifies the importance of achieving CR pre-HSCT, suggesting that, in a newly diagnosed transformed FA patient, a cytoreductive approach pre-HSCT should be considered if a donor have been secured.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.25810DOI Listing
July 2020

Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome.

Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2020 09 3;44(4):480-485. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Department of Hepatology, DHU Unity, Beaujon Hospital, AP-HP, 100, boulevard du Général-Leclerc, 92118 Clichy, France; French Network for Rare Liver Diseases FILFOIE, Saint-Antoine Hospital, AP-HP, 184, rue du Faubourg-Saint-Antoine, 75012 Paris, France; Reference center of vascular liver diseases, European Reference Network (ERN) 'Rare-Liver', France.

Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS), previously known as veno-occlusive disease, is characterized by concentric and non-thrombotic obstruction of the sinusoid and central vein lumen with no identified primitive or thrombotic hepatic vein lesions. The initial lesion is a result of endothelial denudation, corresponding to the migration of damaged sinusoidal cells to the central veins of the hepatic lobules, leading to sinusoidal and veno-occlusive congestive obstruction. SOS may be associated with other lesions such as centrilobular perisinusoidal fibrosis, peliosis, or nodular regenerative hyperplasia. The first cases of SOS were documented in 1920 in South Africa, after ingestion of food sources contaminated by pyrrolizidine alkaloids. SOS is a well-known complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Numerous toxins and drugs have been associated with SOS, mainly chemotherapies and immunosuppressive therapies, as well as total body or liver irradiation and ABO mismatch platelet transfusion. The pathogenesis of this entity remains unknown.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinre.2020.03.019DOI Listing
September 2020

Should Transplantation Still Be Considered for Ph1-Negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms in Transformation?

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2020 06 28;26(6):1160-1170. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Hematology and Transplantation, Saint Louis Hospital, Paris, France; University of Paris, INSERM U976, Paris, France. Electronic address:

BCR-ABL-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) in transformation have a dismal prognosis, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is considered the sole curative therapeutic option. We retrospectively analyzed 53 molecularly annotated patients treated at Saint Louis Hospital, Paris, diagnosed with MPN in transformation between 2008 and 2018. The median patient age was 65 years, and the median interval between MPN diagnosis and MPN transformation was 46 months. The median overall survival (OS) of the entire cohort after transformation was 7.1 months. OS was better for patients treated with hypomethylating agents (HMAs) or with chemotherapy compared than for those treated by best supportive care or single-agent targeted therapy (median, 9.1 months versus 1.5 months; P < .001). Patients treated with chemotherapy more often achieved complete remission compared with those treated with HMAs (68% versus 29%; P = .02), and were more often candidates for transplantation (59% versus 14%; P = .02), but the median OS was similar in the 2 groups. We then compared the outcomes in transplant recipients and nonrecipients using the Mantel-Byar methodology and found that allo-HSCT did not improve survival. In multivariate analysis, independent factors in prognosis were performance status at transformation (P < .01), initial treatment with HMAs or chemotherapy (P = .02), and the ability to achieve complete remission during follow-up (P < .01). Our data demonstrate that the indication for allo-HSCT for high-risk MPN should be discussed before transformation, because transplantation rescues few patients after transformation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2020.02.019DOI Listing
June 2020

Outcome of allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in myeloproliferative neoplasm, unclassifiable: a retrospective study by the Chronic Malignancies Working Party of the EBMT.

Br J Haematol 2020 08 28;190(3):437-441. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Université de Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille. INSERM, Infinite, U1286, Lille, France.

Myeloproliferative Neoplasm (MPN), unclassifiable (MPN-U) is a heterogeneous disease with regards to both clinical phenotype and disease course. Patients may initially be asymptomatic or present with leucocytosis or thrombocytosis, anaemia, progressive splenomegaly, constitutional symptom, thromboses or accelerated/blastic phase disease. Treatment strategies are variable and there are no widely accepted consensus management guidelines for MNU-U. Allogeneic Haematopoietic Cell Transplantation (allo-HCT) remains the only curative strategy yet outcomes, to date, are not well defined. We hereby report on the largest retrospective study of patients with MPN-U undergoing allo-HCT, highlighting the potentially curative role and providing clinicians with robust engraftment, GvHD and outcome data to facilitate patient discussion.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.16537DOI Listing
August 2020
-->