Publications by authors named "Marie C Guiot"

4 Publications

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Unsupervised machine learning reveals lesional variability in focal cortical dysplasia at mesoscopic scale.

Neuroimage Clin 2020 18;28:102438. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Neuroimaging of Epilepsy Laboratory, Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is the most common epileptogenic developmental malformation and a prevalent cause of surgically amenable epilepsy. While cellular and molecular biology data suggest that FCD lesional characteristics lie along a spectrum, this notion remains to be verified in vivo. We tested the hypothesis that machine learning applied to MRI captures FCD lesional variability at a mesoscopic scale.

Methods: We studied 46 patients with histologically verified FCD Type II and 35 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. We applied consensus clustering, an unsupervised learning technique that identifies stable clusters based on bootstrap-aggregation, to 3 T multicontrast MRI (T1-weighted MRI and FLAIR) features of FCD normalized with respect to distributions in controls.

Results: Lesions were parcellated into four classes with distinct structural profiles variably expressed within and across patients: Class-1 with isolated white matter (WM) damage; Class-2 combining grey matter (GM) and WM alterations; Class-3 with isolated GM damage; Class-4 with GM-WM interface anomalies. Class membership was replicated in two independent datasets. Classes with GM anomalies impacted local function (resting-state fMRI derived ALFF), while those with abnormal WM affected large-scale connectivity (assessed by degree centrality). Overall, MRI classes reflected typical histopathological FCD characteristics: Class-1 was associated with severe WM gliosis and interface blurring, Class-2 with severe GM dyslamination and moderate WM gliosis, Class-3 with moderate GM gliosis, Class-4 with mild interface blurring. A detection algorithm trained on class-informed data outperformed a class-naïve paradigm.

Significance: Machine learning applied to widely available MRI contrasts uncovers FCD Type II variability at a mesoscopic scale and identifies tissue classes with distinct structural dimensions, functional and histopathological profiles. Integrating in vivo staging of FCD traits with automated lesion detection is likely to inform the development of novel personalized treatments.
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September 2020

Preferential susceptibility of limbic cortices to microstructural damage in temporal lobe epilepsy: A quantitative T1 mapping study.

Neuroimage 2018 11 3;182:294-303. Epub 2017 Jun 3.

Neuroimaging of Epilepsy Laboratory, McConnell Brain Imaging Centre, Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada. Electronic address:

The majority of MRI studies in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) have utilized morphometry to map widespread cortical alterations. Morphological markers, such as cortical thickness or grey matter density, reflect combinations of biological events largely driven by overall cortical geometry rather than intracortical tissue properties. Because of its sensitivity to intracortical myelin, quantitative measurement of longitudinal relaxation time (qT) provides and an in vivo proxy for cortical microstructure. Here, we mapped the regional distribution of qT in a consecutive cohort of 24 TLE patients and 20 healthy controls. Compared to controls, patients presented with a strictly ipsilateral distribution of qT increases in temporopolar, parahippocampal and orbitofrontal cortices. Supervised statistical learning applied to qT maps could lateralize the seizure focus in 92% of patients. Intracortical profiling of qT along streamlines perpendicular to the cortical mantle revealed marked effects in upper levels that tapered off at the white matter interface. Findings remained robust after correction for cortical thickness and interface blurring, suggesting independence from previously reported morphological anomalies in this disorder. Mapping of qT along hippocampal subfield surfaces revealed marked increases in anterior portions of the ipsilateral CA1-3 and DG that were also robust against correction for atrophy. Notably, in operated patients, qualitative histopathological analysis of myelin stains in resected hippocampal specimens confirmed disrupted internal architecture and fiber organization. Both hippocampal and neocortical qT anomalies were more severe in patients with early disease onset. Finally, analysis of resting-state connectivity from regions of qT increases revealed altered intrinsic functional network embedding in patients, particularly to prefrontal networks. Analysis of qT suggests a preferential susceptibility of ipsilateral limbic cortices to microstructural damage, possibly related to disrupted myeloarchitecture. These alterations may reflect atypical neurodevelopment and affect the integrity of fronto-limbic functional networks.
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November 2018

Multimodal MRI profiling of focal cortical dysplasia type II.

Neurology 2017 Feb 27;88(8):734-742. Epub 2017 Jan 27.

From the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital (S.-J.H., B.C.B., B.C., J.A.H., M.C.G., N.B., A.B.), Neuroimaging of Epilepsy Laboratory, McConnell Brain Imaging Centre (S.-J.H., B.C.B., B.C., D.S., N.B., A.B.), and Department of Pathology (M.C.G.), McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Objective: To characterize in vivo MRI signatures of focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) type IIA and type IIB through combined analysis of morphology, intensity, microstructure, and function.

Methods: We carried out a multimodal 3T MRI profiling of 33 histologically proven FCD type IIA (9) and IIB (24) lesions. A multisurface approach operating on manual consensus labels systematically sampled intracortical and subcortical lesional features. Geodesic distance mapping quantified the same features in the lesion perimeter. Logistic regression assessed the relationship between MRI and histology, while supervised pattern learning was used for individualized subtype prediction.

Results: FCD type IIB was characterized by abnormal morphology, intensity, diffusivity, and function across all surfaces, while type IIA lesions presented only with increased fluid-attenuated inversion recovery signal and reduced diffusion anisotropy close to the gray-white matter interface. Similar to lesional patterns, perilesional anomalies were more marked in type IIB extending up to 16 mm. Structural MRI markers correlated with categorical histologic characteristics. A profile-based classifier predicted FCD subtypes with equal sensitivity of 85%, while maintaining a high specificity of 94% against healthy and disease controls.

Conclusions: Image processing applied to widely available MRI contrasts has the ability to dissociate FCD subtypes at a mesoscopic level. Integrating in vivo staging of pathologic traits with automated lesion detection is likely to provide an objective definition of lesional boundary and assist emerging approaches, such as minimally invasive thermal ablation, which do not supply tissue specimen.
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February 2017

The spectrum of structural and functional imaging abnormalities in temporal lobe epilepsy.

Ann Neurol 2016 07 9;80(1):142-53. Epub 2016 Jun 9.

From the Neuroimaging of Epilepsy Laboratory, Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: Although most temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients show marked hippocampal sclerosis (HS) upon pathological examination, 40% present with no significant cell loss but gliotic changes only. To evaluate effects of hippocampal pathology on brain structure and functional networks, we aimed at dissociating multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics in patients with HS (TLE-HS) and those with gliosis only (TLE-G).

Methods: In 20 TLE-HS, 19 TLE-G, and 25 healthy controls, we carried out a novel MRI-based hippocampal subfield surface analysis that integrated volume, T2 signal intensity, and diffusion markers with seed-based hippocampal functional connectivity.

Results: Compared to controls, TLE-HS presented with marked ipsilateral atrophy, T2 hyperintensity, and mean diffusivity increases across all subfields, whereas TLE-G presented with dentate gyrus hypertrophy, focal increases in T2 intensity and mean diffusivity. Multivariate assessment confirmed a more marked ipsilateral load of anomalies across all subfields in TLE-HS, whereas anomalies in TLE-G were restricted to the subiculum. A between-cohort dissociation was independently suggested by resting-state functional connectivity analysis, revealing marked hippocampal decoupling from anterior and posterior default mode hubs in TLE-HS, whereas TLE-G did not differ from controls. Back-projection connectivity analysis from cortical targets revealed consistently decreased network embedding across all subfields in TLE-HS, while changes in TLE-G were limited to the subiculum. Hippocampal disconnectivity strongly correlated to T2 hyperintensity and marginally to atrophy.

Interpretation: Multimodal MRI reveals diverging structural and functional connectivity profiles across the TLE spectrum. Pathology-specific modulations of large-scale functional brain networks lend novel evidence for a close interplay of structural and functional disruptions in focal epilepsy. Ann Neurol 2016;80:142-153.
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July 2016