Publications by authors named "Marie Ange Blanchon"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

[Therapeutic education in elderly over 75 years old living at home A pilot study of 48 patients].

Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil 2020 03;18(1):43-52

Département de gérontologie clinique, CHU de Saint-Étienne, France.

Therapeutic patient education (TPE) allows elderly as well as young adults to evaluate patient's self-care and adaptation skills to their own clinical condition. Falling is a symptom present in various chronic diseases, which leads to loss of autonomy, fear of recidivism and frequent admissions into institutions. Study objective was to evaluate at 3 and 6 months the impact of TPE on fall recurrence, perceived quality of life and fear of falling, in elderly over 75 living at home.

Methods: We performed a prospective study comparing two groups: a group participating in day hospital (group "TPE") and a control group (group "Hospitalized") of elderly patient not receiving TPE recruited in short geriatric stays following a fall at home.

Results: 28 patients in the "TPE" group and 20 patients in the "Hospitalized" group were included. The "TPE" group reported significantly better perceived quality of life at 3 months and 6 months. At 6 months, fear of falling was twice as high in the "Hospitalized" group than in the "TPE" group.

Conclusions: The group of subjects who was able to benefit from therapeutic education at home had an improved quality of life at 3 and 6 months and a decrease in the fear of falling at 6 months.
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March 2020

Prevention of pressure ulcers with a motorized air support in at-risk patients hospitalized in rehabilitation departments APAM + an observational prevalence study with historical control and incidence study.

Panminerva Med 2018 Dec 28;60(4):161-169. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Rehabilitation, University Hospital, Saint-Etienne, France.

Background: The main study was a cross-sectional multicenter study of the prevalence of pressure ulcers in rehabilitation services (RS) where Axtair Automorpho® Plus mattresses were made available ad libitum. The primary objective was to enable comparison with prevalence as observed in the national PERSE study (historical control) in similar departments using a variety of prevention aids.

Methods: This cross-sectional prevalence study was combined with a prospective study of the incidence of pressure ulcer occurrence in the high-risk target population whose beds were systematically equipped with the studied support.

Results: On the day of the prevalence study, 18 of the 456 patients presented pressure ulcers which occurred during the period when Axtair Automorpho® Plus supports were made available to the departments. This corresponds to a prevalence of 3.9% [2.4, 6.2] which is significantly lower than those recorded in the PERSE study: 11.8% [10.8; 12.8] p <0.0001. The ulcer incidence study covers 57 patients who were hospitalized on a bed with an Axtair Automorpho® Plus support because of their risk of contracting pressure ulcers. One pressure ulcer occurred in 3 patients and 3 pressure ulcers occurred in another patient, i.e. 4 out of 57 corresponding to an incidence of 7.0% [2.0; 17.0].

Conclusions: The results of the pressure ulcer prevalence study in rehabilitation departments where Axtair Automorpho® Plus supports were available as well as results of the study of pressure ulcer incidence in patients bedridden on Axtair Automorpho® Plus, confirm the expected benefit provided to patients in terms of prevention.
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December 2018

Severe sensory neuropathy increases risk of heel pressure ulcer in older adults.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2013 Nov;61(11):2050-2

Geriatrics Department, Bretonneau Hospital, Paris, France; Laboratory of Tissue Biology and Therapeutic Engineering, UMR CNRS 5305, University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Lyon, France.

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November 2013

[Botulinum toxin in the elderly to the care of limbs spastic hypertonia and toes or fingers dystonias].

Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil 2012 Mar;10(1):17-26

Unité de médecine physique et de réadaptation, Hôpital La Charité, CHU de Saint-Étienne.

Objective: To show the botulinum toxin interest and limits in the elderly presenting a limbs spastic hypertonia and/or a dystonia, through a clinical study and a literature review.

Method: We report a 6 years and 8 months retrospective single center study, concerning 49 patients, all of them was more than 70 years old and had received one or several botulinum toxin injections for a limbs spastic hypertonia and/or a dystonia.

Results: The population average was 76,9 years old (70 to 92 years old). It was possible to realize several sessions for the same patient if respecting a three months interval between two sessions. No major side effects was noticed. More than half of the patients felt a significant improvement of their life quality, their functional status and/or on pain. A multidisciplinary care was systematically associated with the botulinum toxin.

Conclusion: The botulinum toxin is an additional asset for the spasticity care of the geriatric patient in rehabilitation, if indications and contraindications are advisedly targeted. The age cannot be considered as a limitating factor.
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March 2012

[Does the care for the fear of falling bring a profit to community living elderly people who had experienced falls?].

Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil 2007 Sep;5(3):225-34

CHU de Saint-Etienne, Hôpital Charité, Gérontologie Clinique, 42055, Saint-Etienne Cedex 2, France.

Introduction: fall is common in old people and has multiple consequences, physical but also psychological, with a fear of falling which results in reduction in the activities of everyday life, loss of autonomy and entry in dependence. The aim of the study was to evluate the benefit of taking into account the fear of falling in the care of old people who had experienced falls.

Methodology: old people who experienced falls and with a good cognitive status were followed in a day hospital during one year. Evaluation including a specific assessment of the responsibility of the psychological factor, the photolangage, was performed before and after multi-field rehabilitation. We used the rating scales ADL, IADL, SF-36, SAFE, and verbal and analogical scales of the fear of falling.

Results: fifteen patients were included (mean age 85 years +/- 5,7). The majority were women living alone, with a good nutritional status, a moderated renal insufficiency, and a comorbidity involving polymedication. Scores on the ADL and IADL scales showed a consolidation of the patients' autonomy, with a slight but significant improvement of the IADL scores (p < 0,05). All scales assessing the fear of falling (visual analogical, verbal scales, SAFE) showed a statistically significant improvement (p<0,001). SF-36 scale, exploring the quality of life perceived by the patients, showed a great deterioration immediately after falling, and a statistically significant improvement on seven of the eight subscales after rehabilitation. The global physical score (GCV) was improved in a nonsignificant way, whereas the global psychic score (MCS) progressed in a statistically significant way (p < 0,001).

Conclusion: this pilot study shows that multi-field rehabilitation and adapted assumption of responsibility of fear of falling brings a benefit in term of quality of life and preservation of autonomy in old people living in the community who had experienced falls.
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September 2007

Mini motor test: a clinical test for rehabilitation of patients showing psychomotor disadaptation syndrome (PDS).

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2005 Mar-Apr;40(2):201-11

Service de Médecine Gériatrique, Centre Hospitalier Régional, Université de Dijon, Centre de Champmaillot, 2 rue Jules Violle BP 87909, 21079 Dijon Cédex, France.

Direct observation of postural and motor abilities appears as very important in assessment of patients showing psychomotor disadaptation syndrome (PDS). We examine feasibility and reliability of mini motor test (MMT) which has been developed in order to establish rehabilitation goals in this population. MMT is a 20-item score which assesses abilities in bed, quality of sitting position, abilities in the standing position, and quality of gait. MMT has been conducted by two different independent investigators, a physiotherapist and a physician, in four different geriatric centers. One hundred and one subjects (mean age: 84.9 +/- 6.0 years) were included in the study. The agreement between the two investigators was highly satisfying for both MMT total score and each item of MMT. Redundancy between items appeared very limited. The difference between investigators for MMT total score did not vary significantly with score of the mini-mental-state examination (MMSE). The correlation between MMT and the Katz index was found significantly negative. MMT is an easy direct-observation test which may be particularly useful in patients who present with severe postural and gait impairment. This test can be used in clinical practice by different professional actors in order to allow an interdisciplinary approach for a common rehabilitation goal in the PDS patients.
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July 2005