Publications by authors named "Maribel Quintero"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

[Utility of chromosome banding with ALU I enzyme for identifying methylated areas in breast cancer].

Invest Clin 2012 Dec;53(4):331-41

Instituto de Investigaciones Genéticas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

Cancer is a group of disorders characterized by uncontrolled cell growth which is produced by two successive events: increased cell proliferation (tumor or neoplasia) and the invasive capacity of these cells (metastasis). DNA methylation is an epigenetic process which has been involved as an important pathogenic factor of cancer. DNA methylation participates in the regulation of gene expression, directly, by preventing the union of transcription factors, and indirectly, by promoting the "closed" structure of the chromatine. The objectives of this study were to identify hypermethyled chromosomal regions through the use of restriction Alu I endonuclease, and to relate cytogenetically these regions with tumor suppressive gene loci. Sixty peripheral blood samples of females with breast cancer were analyzed. Cell cultures were performed and cytogenetic spreads, previously digested with Alu I enzyme, were stained with Giemsa. Chromosomal centromeric and not centromeric regions were stained in 37% of cases. About 96% of stained hypermethyled chromosomal regions (1q, 2q, 6q) were linked with methylated genes associated with breast cancer. In addition, centromeric regions in chromosomes 3, 4, 8, 13, 14, 15 and 17, usually unstained, were found positive to digestion with Alu I enzime and Giemsa staining. We suggest the importance of this technique for the global visualization of the genome which can find methylated genes related to breast cancer, and thus lead to a specific therapy, and therefore a better therapeutic response.
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December 2012

[Chromosome anomalies in Venezuelan patients with multiple myeloma].

Invest Clin 2003 Dec;44(4):327-35

Escuela de Bioanálisis, Unidad de Genética Médica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

The cytogenetic study is an important prognostic factor in Multiple Myeloma (MM). The chromosomal analysis has demonstrated to be essential for the genetic advise in relation to the diagnosis, prognosis and might suggest precociously, the most appropriate treatment for the majority of hematological malignancies. The objective of this investigation was to identify the chromosomal abnormalities in samples of bone marrow (BM) from patients with diagnosis of MM. The chromosomal studies were carried out in BM cultures, following the technique described by Yunis. Without exception the analysis was carried out previous to any treatment with cytostatics. Twenty two samples of BM were received for chromosomal studies in the Unit of Medical Genetics of the University of the Zulia (UGM-LUZ). In 19 out of 22 samples (86%) appropriate material was obtained by cytogenetic analysis; 6 (32%) showed normal karyotype and 13 (68%) presented numeric and structural chromosomal abnormalities. Eight (62%) of the chromosomal anomalies detected were numerics, three cases (38%) with hyperdiploidy involving chromosomes 3, 5, 7, 15, 17, 18, 19 and four cases (50%) with hypodiploidy involving the chromosomes 8, 16, 17, 18, X and Y. Triploidy was found in one case (12%). Structural abnormalities were present in 4 cases (31%) such as deletions 5p11, 11p14, 14q32, 17p11 and 1 case (7%) presented structural and numeric anomalies. This study shows that the majority of patients with multiple myeloma have several chromosomal abnormalities with some differences from other reports.
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December 2003

[Carrier detection of Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy by analysis of STRs loci linked to the gene of dystrophin in Venezuelan families].

Invest Clin 2002 Dec;43(4):239-54

Unidad de Genética Médica, Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

The Duchenne/Becker Muscular Dystrophy (DMD/BMD) is an X linked recessive lethal disease. The female carrier will transmit the disease gene to half of her sons and half of her daughters; half of the daughters will be carriers, while half will be normal. Half of the sons will be normal and, on average, half will have the disease. It is of particular relevance to be able to detect carrier status among female relatives of the patients for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis. The method of Short Tandem Repeat (STR) sequence polymorphism analysis can determine haplotype at normal status or at risk status and, to establish genetic linkage between the mutated gene and the segregated haplotype. We have analyzed 105 members from 15 unrelated Venezuelan families with one or more siblings affected with DMD/DMB and 7 unrelated males. Of the 105, 37 were male (26 affected and 11 normal) and 68 were female. STR sequences (STR44, STR45, STR49, STR50, STR3'DYS) of the gene of the Dystrophin were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to analyze allelic polymorphism in the families. Five of the 15 families (33%) had a deletion of one or several of the exons. Of the 68 females, 27 (39.7%) were carriers, 27 (39.7%) were non-carriers and in 14 cases (20.58%) it was not possible to reach a definitive diagnosis. The definitive diagnosis could be established in 79% of the females. This analysis also shows that the mutation occurred on the grandpaternal X chromosome in one family. Hemizygocity was detected and carrier status ascertained in the mother of other patient and in one family we were able to do prenatal diagnosis. The germinal mosaicism could not be excluded in 3 patients.
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December 2002

Del(1)(q23) in a patient with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria.

Am J Med Genet 2002 Dec;113(3):298-301

Unidad de Genética Médica, Facultad de Medicina de La Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

A 9-year-old patient with the classical clinical picture of Hutchinson-Gilford progeria (HGP) is described. The karyotype shows a 46,XY,del(1)(q23) constitution. Our findings suggest that the interval 1q23 may play a roll in the etiology of HGP. A perturbation in glycosylation in connective tissue has been demonstrated in patients with this condition. This abnormality may be due to a defect in the UDP-galactose:beta-N-acetylglucosamina-beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase 3 (B4GALT3) gene that has been mapped in the interval 1q21-23. The cytogenetical analyses of this patient suggest that the B4GALT3 gene could be involved in the pathogenesis of HGP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.10753DOI Listing
December 2002