Publications by authors named "Mariana Faria Veloso"

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Spectro-temporal analysis of the Paraopeba River water after the tailings dam burst of the Córrego do Feijão mine, in Brumadinho, Brazil.

Environ Monit Assess 2021 Jun 21;193(7):435. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Forest Engineering, Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Vicosa, MG, Brazil.

Remote sensing is an important tool for environmental assessment, especially in the event of disasters such as the tailings dam burst at the Córrego do Feijão mine, located in the Paraopeba River basin, Brazil. Thus, this study aimed to carry out a spectro-temporal analysis of the Paraopeba River water given the dam burst, using multispectral images from the MSI sensor onboard Sentinel-2 satellites. For this analysis, sections along the river were defined by the creation of buffers, with 10-km intervals each, starting from the origin of the burst. For each section, the average visible to near-infrared (NIR) reflectance values per band and the Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) were obtained. We found that the red edge and NIR bands (B5, B6, B7, B8, and B8A) showed higher reflectance values when compared to the visible bands in the months immediately after the disaster, especially in the first 20 km. In these months, negative NDWI values were also found for almost all sections downstream, demonstrating the large volume of mining tailings in the Paraopeba River. The seasonal variation of the observed values indicates the resuspension of the material deposited at the river bottom with the beginning of the rainy season. Finally, we highlight the usefulness of the MSI/Sentinel-2 red edge and NIR bands for further studies on the monitoring from space of water bodies subjected to contamination by large amounts of mud with iron ore tailings and contaminants, as occurred in the state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil.
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June 2021