Publications by authors named "Mariana C Fabra"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Eicosapentaenoic acid supplemented to in vitro maturation medium results in lesser lipid content and intracellular reactive oxygen species in blastocysts of cattle.

Anim Reprod Sci 2021 Jun 9;229:106765. Epub 2021 May 9.

IGEVET - Instituto de Genética Veterinaria "Ing. Fernando N Dulout"(UNLP-CONICET LA PLATA), Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias UNLP, Calles 60 y 118, B1904AMA, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

Sub-optimal cattle embryo development to the blastocyst stage still is a problem when conducting in vitro production (IVP) procedures. Supplementation of in vitro maturation (IVM) medium with omega 3-polyunsaturated eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is an approach that might have positive effects on lipid metabolism of cattle oocytes, potentially improving subsequent embryo development. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of EPA addition to serum-free IVM medium on pronuclear formation after in vitro fertilization, cleavage, and blastocyst rates. Effects of EPA on lipid accumulation and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation with IVP of cattle embryos was also investigated. In all experiments, cumulus-oocyte complexes were matured in IVM medium supplemented with 0 nM, 1 nM, or 1 μM EPA for 24 h. Pronuclear formation, cleavage, and blastocyst rates were similar for embryos when there was supplementation of EPA at all concentrations to those of the control group (P > 0.05). The inclusion of 1 nM EPA in medium resulted in a greater lipid content and less intracellular ROS in day 8-embryos compared with those of the Control group (P < 0.05). There were no differences, however, when there was inclusion of 1 μM EPA compared to embryos of the Control group at the day 8 developmental stage (P > 0.05). In conclusion, supplementation with IVM medium with the 1 nM EPA concentration resulted in a lesser blastocyst lipid and intracellular ROS concentration, without modifying embryo development, therefore, EPA could be a desirable supplement to improve embryo quality in cattle.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2021.106765DOI Listing
June 2021

Amitraz induced cytotoxic effect on bovine cumulus cells and impaired oocyte maturation.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Feb 7. Epub 2021 Feb 7.

IGEVET - Instituto de Genética Veterinaria "Ing. Fernando N Dulout" (UNLP-CONICET LA PLATA), Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Calle 60 y 118, B1904AMA, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of amitraz (AMZ) on the primary culture of bovine cumulus cells (CC) and oocyte nuclear maturation. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by assessing mitochondrial activity with the 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Genotoxicity was estimated using the alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assay. Apoptosis was detected with the Annexin V-affinity assay. The in vitro maturation test was performed in bovine oocytes. To understand AMZ action, glutathione content, superoxide dismutase enzyme activity, and lipid peroxidation were evaluated in CC. Results showed that AMZ lethal concentration (LC 50) for bovine CC was 32.55 μg/mL (MTT assay). A 25 μg/mL induced late apoptosis and necrotic cells (p < 0.05); however, DNA damage was decreased at the same concentration (SCGE assay; p < 0.05). A decrease in metaphase II was observed at 25 μg/mL, and degenerate oocytes were observed at 15 and 25 μg/mL (p < 0.05). None of the oxidative stress parameters evaluated showed significant differences. This study contributes to a better understanding of AMZ in this model, suggesting its potential cytotoxicity and impact on bovine reproduction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-12670-xDOI Listing
February 2021

Effect of alpha-lipoic acid during preimplantation development of cattle embryos when there were different in vitro culture conditions.

Anim Reprod Sci 2020 Oct 25;221:106550. Epub 2020 Jul 25.

IGEVET - Instituto de Genética Veterinaria "Ing. Fernando N Dulout" (UNLP-CONICET LA PLATA), Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias UNLP, Calles 60 y 118, B1904AMA La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

In many species, alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is essential for embryo development. There, therefore, was investigation of effects of ALA supplementation to culture media for in vitro development of cattle embryos. In Experiment I, there were assessments of embryo production and oxidative status of cattle embryos derived by in vitro maturation and fertilization (IVM/IVF)that were cultured until the blastocyst stage of development using different ALA concentrations (5, 25 and 100 μM), fetal bovine serum (FBS) and amino acids (aa) as well as 20 % oxygen (O) in the culture atmosphere. In Experiment II, embryos were cultured without FBS, at different ALA concentrations (2.5, 5 and 7.5 μM) and in the presence or absence of aa when there was a 7 % O atmosphere. Embryo development rates and blastocyst quality were evaluated. With 20 % O concentration, treatment with 100 μM ALA resulted in lesser hatching rates and development to the blastocyst stage (P < 0.01), while with supplementation with 5 μM ALA there were lesser (P = 0.04) glutathione concentrations and greater protein contents of embryos (P < 0.01). Culturing in the 7 % O atmosphere, combined with supplementation with 2.5 μM ALA with FBS and aa resulted in a greater blastocyst cell number (P = 0.03) and lesser hatching rates (P = 0.04). Taken together, results indicate supplementation with the greater ALA concentrations resulted in impairment of embryo development, regardless of the O concentration imposed during the culture period, while the relatively lesser supplementation-concentrations with ALA led to improvements in embryo quality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2020.106550DOI Listing
October 2020