Publications by authors named "Mariam M Ismail"

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Novel [l,2,4]triazolo[3,4-a]isoquinoline chalcones as new chemotherapeutic agents: Block IAP tyrosine kinase domain and induce both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways of apoptosis.

Invest New Drugs 2021 Feb 28;39(1):98-110. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Two novel chemotherapeutic chalcones were synthesized and their structures were confirmed by different spectral tools. Theoretical studies such as molecular modeling were done to detect the mechanism of action of these compounds. In vitro cytotoxicity showed a strong effect against all tested cell lines (MCF7, A459, HepG2, and HCT116), and low toxic effect against normal human melanocytes (HFB4). The lung carcinoma cell line was chosen for further molecular studies. Real-time PCR demonstrated that the two compounds upregulated gene expression of (BAX, p53, casp-3, casp-8, casp-9) genes and decreased the expression of anti-apoptotic genes bcl2, CDK4, and MMP1. Flow-cytometry indicated that cell cycle arrest of A459 was induced at the G2/M phase and the apoptotic percentage increased significantly compared to the control sample. Cytochrome c oxidase and VEGF enzyme activity were detected by ELISA assay. SEM tool was used to follow the morphological changes that occurred on the cell surface, cell granulation, and average roughness of the cell surface. The change in the number and morphology of mitochondria, cell shrinkage, increase in the number of cytoplasmic organelles, membrane blebbing, chromatin condensation, and apoptotic bodies were observed using TEM. The obtained data suggested that new chalcones exerted their pathways on lung carcinoma through induction of two pathways of apoptosis. Graphical abstract Novel chalcones were prepared and confirmed by different spectral tools. Docking simulations were done to detect the mechanism of action. In vitro cytotoxicity indicated a strong effect against different cancer cell lines and low toxic effects against normal human melanocytes (HFB4). The lung carcinoma cell line was chosen for further molecular studies that include Real-time PCR, Flow-cytometry, Cytochrome c oxidase, and ELISA assay. SEM and TEM tool were used to follow the morphological changes occurred on the cell surface.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10637-020-00987-2DOI Listing
February 2021
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