Publications by authors named "Mariam Ameen"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Removal of micropollutants from municipal wastewater using different types of activated carbons.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jan 3;278(Pt 2):111302. Epub 2020 Nov 3.

Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Av. Bento Goncalves 9500, P.O. Box 15003, ZIP 91501-970, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

The water reservoirs are getting polluted due to increasing amounts of micropollutants such as pharmaceuticals, organic polymers and suspended solids. Powdered activated carbon (PAC) has been proved to be a promising solution for the purification of water without having harmful impacts on the environment. Parameters such as PAC dosing, wastewater hardness, the effect of coagulant and flocculant were evaluated in a batch scale study. These parameters were further applied on a pilot plant scale for the performance evaluation of PAC based removal of micropollutants concerning the contact time and PAC dosing with main focus on recirculation of PAC sludge. The obtained optimum dose was 10-20 mg/L providing 84.40-91.30% removal efficiency of suspended solid micropollutants (MPs) and this efficiency increased to 88.90-93.00% along with coagulant which further raised by the addition of polymer and recirculation process at batch scale. On pilot plant scale, the concentration in contact reactor and PAC removal effectiveness of dissolved air flotation, lamella separator and sedimentation tank were compared. Constant optimisation resulted in a concentration ranging from 2.70 to 3.40 g/L at dosing of PAC 10 mg/L, coagulant 2.00 mg/L and polymer 0.50 mg/L. PAC doses of 10-20 mg/L with 15-30 min contact time proved best for above 70-80% elimination. The recirculation system has also proved an efficient technique because the PAC's adsorption capacity was practically completely used. Small PAC dosages yielded high micropollutants elimination.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111302DOI Listing
January 2021

Catalytic reforming of oxygenated hydrocarbons for the hydrogen production: an outlook.

Biomass Convers Biorefin 2020 Oct 23:1-24. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Automotive Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Environmental and Computing, Coventry University, Coventry, CV1 5FB UK.

The catalytic steam reforming of oxygenated hydrocarbons has been holding an interest in scientific societies for the past two decades. The hydrogen production from steam reforming of glycerol, ethanol and other oxygenates such as ethylene glycol and propylene glycol are more suitable choice not just because it can be produced from renewable sources, but it also helps to decrease the transportation fuel price and making it more competitive. In addition, hydrogen itself is a green fuel for the transportation sector. The studies on the production of hydrogen from various reforming technologies revealed a remarkable impact on the environmental and socio-economic issues. Researchers became more focused on glycerol steam reforming (GSR), ethanol steam reforming (ESR) and other oxygenates to investigate the catalyst suitability, their kinetics and challenges for the sustainability of the oil and gas production. In the present work, the authors critically addressed the challenges and strategies for hydrogen production via GSR, ESR and other oxygenates reforming process. This review covers extensively thermodynamic parametric analysis, catalysts developments, kinetics and advancement in the operational process for glycerol, ethanol and few other oxygenates. This detailed investigation only highlights the steam reforming process (SRP) of these oxygenates at the laboratory experimental stage. It was found that from this review, there are many technical issues, which lead to economic challenges. The issues are yet to be addressed and thus, these particular applications require faster accelerations at the pilot scale, taking into the consideration of the current pandemic and economic issues, for a safer and greener environment. Graphical abstract.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13399-020-01081-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7581695PMC
October 2020

Biogasoline production from linoleic acid via catalytic cracking over nickel and copper-doped ZSM-5 catalysts.

Environ Res 2020 07 30;186:109616. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Biomass Processing Lab, Center of Biofuel and Biochemical Research, Institute of Self-Sustainable Building, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610, Bandar Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia.

Catalytic cracking of vegetable oil mainly processed over zeolites, and among all the zeolites particularly HZMS-5 has been investigated on wide range for renewable and clean gasoline production from various plant oils. Despite the fact that HZSM-5 offers a higher conversion degree and boost aromatics yield, the isomerate yield reduces due to high cracking activity and shape selectivity of HZSM-5. Hence, to overcome these problems, in this study the transition metals, such as nickel and copper doped over HZSM-5 were tested for its efficiencies to improve the isoparaffin compounds. The catalysts were screened with linoleic acid in a catalytic cracking reaction conducted at 450 C for 90 min in an atmospheric condition in batch reactor. Then, the gasoline composition of the organic liquid product (OLP) was analysed in terms of paraffin, isoparaffin, olefin, naphthenes and aromatics (PIONA). The results showed that Cu/ZSM-5 produced the highest liquid yield of 79.1%, at the same time reduced the production of gas and coke to 18.8% and 0.7%. Furthermore, the desired isoparaffin composition in biogasoline increased from 1.6% to 6.8% and at the same time reduced the oxygenated and aromatic compounds to 15.4% and 59.7%, respectively. The linoleic acid as model compound of rubber seed oil, in the catalytic cracking reaction provides a clearer understanding of the process. Besides, the water gas shift (WGS) reaction in catalytic cracking reaction provides insitu hydrogen production to saturate the branched olefin into the desired isoparaffin and the aromatics into naphthenes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2020.109616DOI Listing
July 2020

Catalytic hydrodeoxygenation of rubber seed oil over sonochemically synthesized Ni-Mo/γ-AlO catalyst for green diesel production.

Ultrason Sonochem 2019 Mar 10;51:90-102. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610 Bandar Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia.

Hydrodeoxygenation is one of the promising technologies for the transformation of triglycerides into long-chain hydrocarbon fuel commonly known as green diesel. The hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of rubber seed oil into diesel range (C-C) hydrocarbon over non-sulphided bimetallic (Ni-Mo/γ-AlO solid catalysts were studied. The catalysts were synthesized via wet impregnation method as well as sonochemical method. The synthesized catalysts were subjected to characterization methods including FESEM coupled with EDX, XRD, BET, TEM, XPS, NH-TPD, CO-chemisorption and H-TPR in order to investigate the effects of ultrasound irradiations on physicochemical properties of the catalyst. All the catalysts were tested for HDO reaction at 350 °C, 35 bar, H/oil 1000 N (cm/cm) and WHSV = 1 h in fixed bed tubular reactor. The catalyst prepared via sonochemical method showed comparatively higher specific surface area, particles in nano-size and uniform distribution of particle on the external surface of the support, higher crystallinity and lower reduction temperature as well as higher concentration of Mo deoxygenating metal species. These physicochemical properties improved the catalytic activity compared to conventionally synthesized catalyst for HDO of rubber seed oil. The catalytic performance of sonochemically synthesized Ni-Mo/γ-AlO catalyst (80.87%) was higher than the catalyst prepared via wet impregnation method (63.3%). The sonochemically synthesized Ni-Mo/γ-AlO catalyst is found to be active, produces 80.87 wt% of diesel range hydrocarbons, and it gives high selectivity for Pentadecane (18.7 wt%), Hexadecane (16.65 wt%), Heptadecane (24.45 wt%) and Octadecane (21.0 wt%). The product distribution revealed that the deoxygenation reaction pathway was preferred. Higher conversion and higher HDO yield in this study are associated mainly with the change in concentration ratio between oxidation states of molybdenum (Mo, Mo, and Mo) on the external surface of the catalyst due to ultrasound irradiation during the synthesis process. Consequently, the application of sonochemically synthesized non-sulphided catalysts favored mainly hydrodeoxygenation of diesel range hydrocarbon.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2018.10.011DOI Listing
March 2019

Production of gasoline range hydrocarbons from catalytic cracking of linoleic acid over various acidic zeolite catalysts.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Nov 19;26(33):34039-34046. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Biomass Processing Laboratory, Center for Biofuel and Biochemical Research, Institute for Self-Sustainable Building, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar, Perak, 32610, Malaysia.

Employment of edible oils as alternative green fuel for vehicles had raised debates on the sustainability of food supply especially in the third-world countries. The non-edible oil obtained from the abundantly available rubber seeds could mitigate this issue and at the same time reduce the environmental impact. Therefore, this paper investigates the catalytic cracking reaction of a model compound named linoleic acid that is enormously present in the rubber seed oil. Batch-scale experiments were conducted using 8.8 mL Inconel batch reactor having a cyclic horizontal swing span of 2 cm with a frequency of 60 cycles per minute at 450 °C under atmospheric condition for 90 min. The performance of HZSM-5, HBeta, HFerrierite, HMordenite and HY catalysts was tested for their efficiency in favouring gasoline range hydrocarbons. The compounds present in the organic liquid product were then analysed using GC-MS and classified based on PIONA which stands for paraffin, isoparaffin, olefin, naphthenes and aromatics respectively. The results obtained show that HZSM-5 catalyst favoured gasoline range hydrocarbons that were rich in aromatics compounds and promoted the production of desired isoparaffin. It also gave a higher cracking activity; however, large gaseous as by-products were produced at the same time.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3223-4DOI Listing
November 2019
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