Publications by authors named "Marialuisa Moccia"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Discovery of pyrazolo-thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidinylamino-phenyl acetamides as type-II pan-tropomyosin receptor kinase (TRK) inhibitors: Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 Apr 9;216:113265. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, 72205, USA. Electronic address:

Tropomyosin receptor kinase (TRK) represents an attractive oncology target for cancer therapy related to its critical role in cancer formation and progression. NTRK fusions are found to occur in 3.3% of lung cancers, 2.2% of colorectal cancers, 16.7% of thyroid cancers, 2.5% of glioblastomas, and 7.1% of pediatric gliomas. In this paper, we described the discovery of the type-II pan-TRK inhibitor 4c through the structure-based drug design strategy from the original hits 1b and 2b. Compound 4c exhibited excellent in vitro TRKA, TRKB, and TRKC kinase inhibitory activity and anti-proliferative activity against human colorectal carcinoma derived cell line KM12. In the NCI-60 human cancer cell lines screen, compound 4g demonstrated nearly 80% of growth inhibition for KM12, while only minimal inhibitory activity was observed for the remaining 59 cancer cell lines. Western blot analysis demonstrated that 4c and its urea cousin 4k suppressed the TPM3-TRKA autophosphorylation at the concentrations of 100 nM and 10 nM, respectively. The work presented that 2-(4-(thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino)phenyl)acetamides could serve as a novel scaffold for the discovery and development of type-II pan-TRK inhibitors for the treatment of TRK driven cancers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2021.113265DOI Listing
April 2021

RET Gene Fusions in Malignancies of the Thyroid and Other Tissues.

Genes (Basel) 2020 04 15;11(4). Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnology, University of Naples "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy.

Following the identification of the BCR-ABL1 (Breakpoint Cluster Region-ABelson murine Leukemia) fusion in chronic myelogenous leukemia, gene fusions generating chimeric oncoproteins have been recognized as common genomic structural variations in human malignancies. This is, in particular, a frequent mechanism in the oncogenic conversion of protein kinases. Gene fusion was the first mechanism identified for the oncogenic activation of the receptor tyrosine kinase RET (REarranged during Transfection), initially discovered in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). More recently, the advent of highly sensitive massive parallel (next generation sequencing, NGS) sequencing of tumor DNA or cell-free (cfDNA) circulating tumor DNA, allowed for the detection of RET fusions in many other solid and hematopoietic malignancies. This review summarizes the role of RET fusions in the pathogenesis of human cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes11040424DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7230609PMC
April 2020

Bioisosteric Discovery of NPA101.3, a Second-Generation RET/VEGFR2 Inhibitor Optimized for Single-Agent Polypharmacology.

J Med Chem 2020 05 28;63(9):4506-4516. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Dipartimento di Medicina Molecolare e Biotecnologie Mediche, Università di Napoli "Federico II", 80131 Napoli, Italy.

RET receptor tyrosine kinase is a driver oncogene in human cancer. We recently identified the clinical drug candidate Pz-1, which targets RET and VEGFR2. A key metabolite of Pz-1 is its less active demethylated pyrazole analogue. Using bioisosteric substitution methods, here, we report the identification of NPA101.3, lacking the structural liability for demethylation. NPA101.3 showed a selective inhibitory profile and an inhibitory concentration 50 (IC) of <0.003 μM for both RET and VEGFR2. NPA101.3 inhibited phosphorylation of all tested RET oncoproteins as well as VEGFR2 and proliferation of cells transformed by RET. Oral administration of NPA101.3 (10 mg/kg/day) completely prevented formation of tumors induced by RET/C634Y-transformed cells, while it weakened, but did not abrogate, formation of tumors induced by a control oncogene (HRAS/G12V). The balanced synchronous inhibition of both RET and VEGFR2, as well the resistance to demethylation, renders NPA101.3 a potential clinical candidate for RET-driven cancers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.9b01336DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7901654PMC
May 2020

Identification of Novel Small Molecule Inhibitors of Oncogenic RET Kinase.

PLoS One 2015 5;10(6):e0128364. Epub 2015 Jun 5.

Dipartimento di Medicina Molecolare e Biotecnologie Mediche, Università di Napoli "Federico II", Naples, Italy; Istituto di Endocrinologia ed Oncologia Sperimentale del CNR, Naples, Italy.

Oncogenic mutation of the RET receptor tyrosine kinase is observed in several human malignancies. Here, we describe three novel type II RET tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI), ALW-II-41-27, XMD15-44 and HG-6-63-01, that inhibit the cellular activity of oncogenic RET mutants at two digit nanomolar concentration. These three compounds shared a 3-trifluoromethyl-4-methylpiperazinephenyl pharmacophore that stabilizes the 'DFG-out' inactive conformation of RET activation loop. They blocked RET-mediated signaling and proliferation with an IC50 in the nM range in fibroblasts transformed by the RET/C634R and RET/M918T oncogenes. They also inhibited autophosphorylation of several additional oncogenic RET-derived point mutants and chimeric oncogenes. At a concentration of 10 nM, ALW-II-41-27, XMD15-44 and HG-6-63-01 inhibited RET kinase and signaling in human thyroid cancer cell lines carrying oncogenic RET alleles; they also inhibited proliferation of cancer, but not non-tumoral Nthy-ori-3-1, thyroid cells, with an IC50 in the nM range. The three compounds were capable of inhibiting the 'gatekeeper' V804M mutant which confers substantial resistance to established RET inhibitors. In conclusion, we have identified a type II TKI scaffold, shared by ALW-II-41-27, XMD15-44 and HG-6-63-01, that may be used as novel lead for the development of novel agents for the treatment of cancers harboring oncogenic activation of RET.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0128364PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4457528PMC
March 2016

Identification of two novel RET kinase inhibitors through MCR-based drug discovery: design, synthesis and evaluation.

Eur J Med Chem 2014 Oct 8;86:714-23. Epub 2014 Sep 8.

College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA; The University of Arizona Cancer Center, 1515 N Campbell Ave, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA. Electronic address:

From an MCR fragment library, two novel chemical series have been developed as inhibitors of RET, which is a kinase involved in the pathology of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Structure activity relationship studies (SAR) identified two sub-micromolar tractable leads, 6g and 13g. 6g was confirmed to be a Type-II RET inhibitor. 13g and 6g inhibited RET in cells transformed by RET/C634. A RET DFG-out homology model was established and utilized to predict Type-II inhibitor binding modes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2014.09.023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4666024PMC
October 2014